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Ord 672 Authorizing the issuance of General Obligation Refunding Bonds 2011TOWN OF WESTLAKE ORDINANCE NO. 672 ORDINANCE AUTHORIZING THE ISSUANCE OF TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS, GENERAL OBLIGATION REFUNDING BONDS; ESTABLISHING PROCEDURES FOR THE SALE AND DELIVERY OF THE BONDS; PROVIDING FOR THE SECURITY FOR AND PAYMENT OF SAID BONDS; PROVIDING AN EFFECTIVE DATE; AND ENACTING OTHER PROVISIONS RELATING TO THE SUBJECT THE STATE OF TEXAS COUNTIES OF TARRANT AND DENTON TOWN OF WESTLAKE WHEREAS, there are presently the outstanding obligations of the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Issuer") described in Schedule I attached hereto, collectively, the "Eligible Refunded Obligations"; WHEREAS, the Issuer now desires to refund all or part of the Eligible Refunded Obligations, and those Eligible Refunded Obligations designated by the Pricing Officer in the Pricing Certificate, each as defined below, to be refunded are herein referred to as the "Refunded Obligations"; WHEREAS, Chapter 1207, Texas Government Code, authorizes the Issuer to issue refunding bonds and to deposit the proceeds from the sale thereof, together with any other available funds or resources; directly with a paying agent for any of the Refunded Obligations or a trust company or commercial bank that does not act as a depository for the Issuer and is named in these proceedings, and such deposit, if made before the payment dates of the Refunded Obligations, shall constitute the making of farm banking and financial arrangements for the discharge and final payment of the Refunded Obligations; WHEREAS, Chapter 1207, Texas Government Code, further authorizes the Issuer to enter into an escrow or similar agreement with such paying agent for the Refunded Obligations or trust company or commercial bank with respect to the safekeeping, investment, reinvestment, administration and disposition of any such deposit, upon such terms and conditions as the Issuer and such paying agent or trust company or commercial bank may agree; WHEREAS, this Town Council hereby finds and determines that it is a public purpose and in the best interests of the Issuer to refund the Refunded Obligations in order to achieve a present value debt service savings of not less than 5.00%, with such savings, among other information and terms to be included in a pricing certificate (the "Pricing Certificate") to be executed by the Pricing Officer (hereinafter designated), all in accordance with the provisions of Section 1207.007, Texas Government Code; WHEREAS, all the Refunded Obligations mature or are subject to redemption prior to maturity within 20 years of the date of the bonds hereinafter authorized; WHEREAS, the bonds hereafter authorized are being issued and delivered pursuant to said Chapter 1207, Texas Government Code; and WHEREAS, it is officially found, determined, and declared that the meeting at which this Ordinance has been adopted was open to the public and public notice of the time, place and subject matter of the public Ordinance 872 Page 1 of 28 business to be considered and acted upon at said meeting, including this Ordinance, was given, all as required by the applicable provisions of Tex. Gov't Code Ann. ch. 55 l; Now, Therefore BE IT ORDAINED BY THE TOWN COUNCIL OF THE TOWN_ OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS: SECTION 1. RECITALS, AMOUNT, PURPOSE AND DESIGNATION OF THE BONDS. (a) The recitals set forth in the preamble hereof are incorporated herein and shall have the same force and effect as if set forth in this Section. (b) The bonds of the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Issuer") are hereby authorized to be issued and delivered in the aggregate principal amount hereinafter provided for the public purpose of providing funds to refund a portion of the Issuer's outstanding indebtedness and to pay the costs incurred in connection with the issuance ofthe Bonds. (c) Each bond issued pursuant to this Ordinance shall be designated: "TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS, GENERAL OBLIGATION REFUNDING BOND, SERIES 2011," and initially there shall be issued, sold, and delivered hereunder fully registered Bonds, without interest coupons, payable to the respective registered owners thereof (with the initial bonds being made payable to the initial purchaser as described in Section 10 hereof), or to the registered assignee or assignees of said bonds or any portion or portions thereof (in each case, the "Registered Owner"). The Bonds shall be in the respective denominations and principal amounts, shall be numbered, shall mature and be payable on the date or dates in each of the years and in the principal amounts, and shall bear interest to their respective dates of maturity or redemption prior to maturity at the rates per annum, as set forth in the Pricing Certificate. SECTION 2. DELEGATION TO PRICING OFFICER. (a) As authorized by Section 1207.007, Texas Government Code, as amended, the Town Manager or Finance Director of the Town, or either of them (the "Pricing Officer"), are hereby authorized to act on behalf ofthe Issuer in selling and delivering the Bonds, determining which ofthe Eligible Refunded Obligations shall be refunded and carrying out the other procedures specified in this Ordinance, including, determining the date of the Bonds, any additional or different designation or title by which the Bonds shall be known, the price at which the Bonds will be sold, the years in which the Bonds will mature, the principal amount to mature in each of such years, the rate of interest to be borne by each such maturity, the interest payment and record dates, the price and terms upon and at which the Bonds shall be subject to redemption prior to maturity at the option of the Issuer, as well as any mandatory sinking fund redemption provisions, and all other matters relating to the issuance, sale, and delivery of the Bonds and the refunding of the Refunded Bonds, including without limitation establishing the redemption date for and effecting the redemption of the Refunded Obligations and obtaining municipal bond insurance for all or any portion of the Bonds and providing for the terms and provisions thereof applicable to the Bonds, all of which shall be specified in the Pricing Certificate; provided that: (i) the aggregate original principal amount of the Bonds shall not exceed $7,905,000; (ii) the refunding must produce a present value debt service savings of at least 5.00%, - Ordinance 572 Page 2 of 28 (iii) the true interest cost of the Bonds shall not exceed 3.75% per annum provided that the net effective interest rate on the Bonds shall not exceed the maximum rate set forth in Chapter 1204, Texas Government Code, as amended; (iv) the final maturity of the Bonds may not be later than May 1, 2032; and (v) the delegation made hereby shall expire if not exercised by the Pricing Officer on or before December 31, 2011. (b) In establishing the aggregate principal amount of the Bonds, the Pricing Officer shall establish an amount not exceeding the amount authorized in Subsection (a) hereof, which shall be sufficient in amount to provide for the purposes for which the Bonds are authorized and to pay costs of issuing the Bonds. The Bonds shall be sold with and subject to such terms as set forth in the Pricing Certificate. SECTION 3. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BONDS. (a) Registration. The selection and appointment of the paying agent/registrar for the Bonds (the "Paying Agent/Registrar") shall be as set forth in the Pricing Certificate. The Issuer shall keep or cause to be kept at the corporate trust office of the Paying Agent/Registrar books or records for the registration of the transfer, conversion and exchange of the Bonds (the "Registration Books") iii accordance with the terms and provisions of a "Paying Agent/Registrar Agreement" which the Pricing Officer is hereby authorized to execute and deliver in connection with the delivery of the Bonds, and the Issuer hereby appoints the Paying Agent/Registrar as its registrar and transfer agent to keep such books or records and make such registrations of transfers, conversions and exchanges under such reasonable regulations as the Issuer and Paying Agent/Registrar may prescribe; and the Paying Agent/Registrar shall make such registrations, transfers, conversions and exchanges as herein provided within three days of presentation in due and proper form. The Paying Agent/Registrar shall obtain and record in the Registration Books the address of the registered owner of each Bond to which payments with respect to the Bonds shall be mailed, as herein provided; but it shall be the duty of each registered owner to notify the Paying Agent/Registrar in writing of the address to which payments shall be mailed, and such interest payments shall not be mailed unless such notice has been given. The Issuer shall have the right to inspect the Registration Books during regular business hours of the Paying Agent/Registrar, but otherwise the Paying Agent/Registrar shall keep the Registration Books confidential and, unless otherwise required by law, shall not permit their inspection by any other entity. The Issuer shall pay the Paying Agent/Registrar's standard or customary fees and charges for making such registration, transfer, conversion, exchange and delivery of a substitute Bond or Bonds. Registration of assignments, transfers, conversions and exchanges of Bonds shall be made in the manner provided and with the effect stated in the FORM OF BOND set forth in this Ordinance. Each substitute Bond shall bear a letter and/or number to distinguish it from each other Bond. (b) Transfer,. Conversion and Exchange. Except as provided in Section 3(d) of this Ordinance, an authorized representative of the Paying Agent/Registrar shall, before the delivery of any such Bond, date and manually sign said Bond, and no such Bond shall be deemed to be issued or outstanding unless such Bond is so executed. The Paying Agent/Registrar promptly shall cancel all paid Bonds and Bonds surrendered for conversion and exchange. No additional ordinances, orders, or resolutions need be passed or adopted by the governing body of the Issuer or any other body or person so as to accomplish the foregoing conversion and exchange of any Bond or portion thereof, and the Paying Agent/Registrar shall provide for the printing, execution, and delivery of the substitute Bonds in the manner prescribed herein. Pursuant to Chapter 1201, Government Code, as amended, the duty of conversion and exchange of Bonds as aforesaid is hereby imposed Ordinance 672 Page 3 of 28 upon the Paying Agent/Registrar, and, upon the execution of said Bond, the converted and exchanged Bond shall be valid, incontestable, and enforceable in the same manner and with the same effect as the Bonds that initially were issued and delivered pursuant to this Ordinance, approved by the Attorney General and registered by the Comptroller of Public Accounts. (c) Payment of Bonds and Interest. The Issuer hereby further appoints the Paying Agent/Registrar to act as the paying agent for paying the principal of and interest on the Bonds, all as provided in this Ordinance. The Paying Agent/Registrar shall keep proper records of all payments made by the Issuer and the Paying Agent/Registrar with respect to the Bonds, and of all conversions and exchanges of Bonds, and all replacements of Bonds, as provided in this Ordinance. However, in the event of a nonpayment of interest on a scheduled payment date, and for thirty (30) days thereafter, a new record date for such interest payment (a "Special Record Date") will be established by the Paying Agent/Registrar, if and when funds for the payment of such interest have been received from the Issuer. Notice of the Special Record Date and of the scheduled payment date of the past due interest (which shall be 15 days after the Special Record Date) shall be sent at least five (5) business days prior to the Special Record Date by United States mail, first class postage prepaid, to the address of each registered owner appearing on the Registration Books at the close of business on the last business day next preceding the date of mailing of such notice. (d) In General. The Bonds (i) shall be issued in fully registered form, without interest coupons, with the principal of and interest on such Bonds to be payable only to the registered owners thereof, (ii) shall be in the denominations, (iii) may be converted and exchanged for other Bonds, (iv) may be transferred and assigned, (v) shall have the characteristics, (vi) shall be signed, sealed, executed and authenticated, (vii) the principal of and interest on the Bonds shall be payable, and (viii) shall be administered and the Paying Agent/Registrar and the Issuer shall have certain duties and responsibilities with respect to the Bonds, all as provided, and in the manner and to the effect as required or indicated, in the FORM OF BOND set forth in this Ordinance. The Bond initially issued and delivered pursuant to this Ordinance is not required to be, and shall not be, authenticated by the Paying Agent/Registrar, but on each substitute Bond issued in conversion of and exchange for any Bond or Bonds issued under this Ordinance the Paying Agent/Registrar shall execute the PAYING AGENT/REGISTRAR'S AUTHENTICATION CERTIFICATE, in the form set forth in the FORM OF BOND. (c) Payio Agent/Registrar. The Issuer covenants with the registered owners of the Bonds that at all times while the Bonds are outstanding the Issuer will provide a competent and legally qualified bank, trust company, financial institution, or other entity to act as and perform the services of Paying Agent/Registrar for the Bonds under this Ordinance, and that the Paying Agent/Registrar will be one entity. The Issuer reserves the right to, and may, at its option, change the Paying Agent/Registrar upon not less than 120 days written notice to the Paying Agent/Registrar, to be effective not later than 60 days prior to the next principal or interest payment date after such notice. In the event that the entity at any time acting as Paying Agent/Registrar (or its successor by merger, acquisition, or other method) should resign or otherwise cease to act as such, the Issuer covenants that promptly it will appoint a competent and legally qualified bank, trust company, financial institution, or other agency to act as Paying Agent/Registrar under this Ordinance. Upon any change in the Paying Agent/Registrar, the previous Paying Agent/Registrar promptly shall transfer and deliver the Registration Books (or a copy thereof), along with all other pertinent books and records relating to the Bonds, to the new Paying Agent/Registrar designated and appointed by the Issuer. Upon any change in the Paying Agent/Registrar, the Issuer promptly will cause a written notice thereof to be sent by the new Paying Agent/Registrar to each Registered Owner of the Bonds, by United States mail, first-class postage prepaid, which notice also shall give the address of the new Paying Agent/Registrar, By accepting the position and ordinance 672 Page 4 of 28 performing as such, each Paying Agent/Registrar shall be deemed to have agreed to the provisions of this Ordinance, and a certified copy of this Ordinance shall be delivered to each Paying Agent/Registrar. (f) Authentication. Except as provided below, no Bond shall be valid or obligatory for any purpose or be entitled to any security or benefit of this Ordinance unless and until there appears thereon the Certificate of Paying Agent/Registrar substantially in the form provided in this Ordinance, duly authenticated by manual execution of the Paying Agent/Registrar. It shall not be required that the same authorized representative ofthe Paying Agent/Registrar sign the Certificate of Paying Agent/Registrar on all of the Bonds. In lieu of the executed Certificate of Paying Agent/Registrar described above, the Initial Bond delivered on the closing date shall have attached thereto the Comptroller's Registration Certificate substantially in the form provided in this Ordinance, manually executed by the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas or by his duly authorized agent, which certificate shall be evidence that the Initial Bond has been duly approved by the Attorney General of the State of Texas and that it is a valid and binding obligation of the Issuer, and has been registered by the Comptroller. (g) Book -Entry Only System. Upon issuance, the ownership of the definitive Bonds may, if so designated by the Pricing Officer, be registered in the name of Cede & Co., as nominee of The Depository Trust Company, New York, New York ("DTC"), pursuant to the Book -Entry Only System hereinafter described and the provisions of subsections (g), (h) and (i) of this Section shall apply to the Bonds, and except as provided in subsection 0) hereof, all of the outstanding Bonds shall be registered in the name of Cede & Co., as nominee of DTC. With respect to Bonds registered in the name of Cede & Co., as nominee of DTC, the Issuer and the Paying Agent/Registrar shall have no responsibility or obligation to any securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies, clearing corporations and certain other organizations on whose behalf DTC was created ("DTC Participant") to hold securities to facilitate the clearance and settlement of securities transactions among DTC Participants or to any person on behalf of whom such a DTC Participant holds an interest in the Bonds. Without limiting the immediately preceding sentence, the Issuer and the Paying Agent/Registrar shall have no responsibility or obligation with respect to (i) the accuracy of the records of DTC, Cede & Co. or any DTC Participant with respect to any ownership interest in the Bonds, (ii) the delivery to any DTC Participant or any other person, other than a Registered Owner of Bonds, as shown on the Registration Books, of any notice with respect to the Bonds, or (iii) the payment to any DTC Participant or any other person, other than a Registered Owner of Bonds, as shown in the Registration Books of any amount with respect to principal of or interest on the Bonds. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Ordinance to the contrary, the Issuer and the Paying Agent/Registrar shall be entitled to treat and consider the person in whose name each Bond is registered in the Registration Books as the absolute owner of such Bond for the purpose of payment of principal and interest with respect to such Bond, for the purpose of registering transfers with respect to such Bond, and for all other purposes whatsoever. The Paying Agent/Registrar shall pay all principal of and interest on the Bonds only to or upon the order of the Registered Owners, as shown in the Registration Books as provided in this Ordinance, or their respective attorneys duly authorized in writing, and all such payments shall be valid and effective to fully satisfy and discharge the Issuer's obligations with respect to payment of principal of and interest on the Bonds to the extent of the sum or sums so paid. No person other than a Registered Owner, as shown in the Registration Books, shall receive a Bond evidencing the obligation of the Issuer to make payments of principal and interest pursuant to this Ordinance. Upon delivery by DTC to the Paying Agent/Registrar of written notice to the effect that DTC has determined to substitute a new nominee in place of Cede & Co., and subject to the provisions in this Ordinance with respect to interest checks being mailed to the Registered Owner at the close of business on the Record date, the words "Cede & Co." in this Ordinance shall refer to such new nominee of DTC. Ordinance 672 Page 5 of 28 The previous execution and delivery of the Blanket Letter of Representations with respect to obligations of the Issuer is hereby ratified and confirmed; and the provisions thereof shall be fully applicable to the Bonds. (h) Successor Securities Depository; Transfers Outside Book -Entry Only System. In the event that the Issuer determines that DTC is incapable of discharging its responsibilities described herein and in the representations letter of the Issuer to DTC or that it is in the best interest of the beneficial owners of the Bonds that they be able to obtain certificated Bonds, the Issuer shall (i) appoint a successor securities depository, qualified to act as such under Section 17A of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, notify DTC and DTC Participants of the appointment of such successor securities depository and transfer one or more separate Bonds to such successor securities depository or (ii) notify DTC and DTC Participants of the availability through DTC of Bonds and transfer one or more separate certificated Bonds to DTC Participants having Bonds credited to their DTC accounts. In such event, the Bonds shall no longer be restricted to being registered in the Registration Books in the name of Cede & Co., as nominee of DTC, but may be registered in the name of the successor securities depository, or its nominee, or in whatever name or names Registered Owners transferring or exchanging Bonds shall designate, in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance. (i) Payments to Cede & Co. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Ordinance to the contrary, so long as any Bond is registered in the name of Cede & Co., as nominee of DTC, all payments with respect to principal of and interest on such Bond and all notices with respect to such Bond shall be made and given, respectively, in the manner provided in the representations letter of the Issuer to DTC. 0) Cancellation of Initial Bond. On the closing date, one initial Bond representing the entire principal amount of the Bonds, payable in stated installments to the purchaser designated in Section 10 or its designee, executed by manual or facsimile signature of the Mayor and Town Secretary of the Issuer, approved by the Attorney General of Texas, and registered and manually signed by the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas, will be delivered to such purchaser or its designee. Upon payment for the initial Bond, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall: (i) if the Bonds are sold by private placement, insert the delivery date on the initial Bond and deliver the initial Bond to the Purchaser, with any Bonds transferred, exchanged or substituted therefor to be registered in the name of the Registered Owner thereof, or (ii) ifthe Bonds are sold by negotiated or competitive sale, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall cancel the initial Bond and deliver to the Depository Trust Company on behalf of such purchaser one registered definitive Bond for each year of maturity of the Bonds, in the aggregate principal amount of all of the Bonds for such maturity. To the extent that the Paying Agent/Registrar is eligible to participate in DTC's FAST System, pursuant to an agreement between the Paying Agent/Registrar and DTC, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall hold the definitive Bonds in safekeeping for DTC SECTION 4. FORM OF BONDS. The form of the Bonds, including the form of Paying Agent/Registrar's Authentication Certificate, the form of Assignment and the form of Registration Certificate of the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas to be attached to the Bonds initially issued and delivered pursuant to this Ordinance, shall be, respectively, substantially as follows, with such appropriate variations, omissions or insertions as are permitted or required by this Ordinance, and with the Bonds to be completed with information set forth in the Pricing Certificate, (a) Form of Bond. NO. R- UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PRINCIPAL STATE OF TEXAS AMOUNT � C-1 Ordinan e 672 Page 6 of 28 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS GENERAL OBLIGATION REFUNDING BOND SERIES 2011 INTEREST RATE DATE OF BONDS MATURITY DATE CUSIP NO. REGISTERED OWNER: PRINCIPAL AMOUNT: DOLLARS ON THE MATURITY DATE specified above, the Town of Westlake, in Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas (the "Issuer"), being a political subdivision and municipal corporation of the State of Texas, hereby promises to pay to the Registered Owner specified above, or registered assigns (hereinafter called the "Registered Owner"), on the Maturity Date specified above, the Principal Amount specified above. The Issuer promises to pay interest on the unpaid principal amount hereof (calculated on the basis of a 360 -day year of twelve 30 -day months) from at the Interest Rate per annum specified above. Interest is payable on and semiannually on each and thereafter to the Maturity Date specified above, or the date of redemption prior to maturity; except, if this Bond is required to be authenticated and the date of its authentication is later than the first Record Date (hereinafter defined), such principal amount shall bear interest from the interest payment date next preceding the date of authentication, unless such date of authentication is after any Record Date but on or before the next following interest payment date, in which case such principal amount shall bear interest from such next following interest payment date; provided, however, that if on the date of authentication hereof the interest on the Bond or Bonds, if any, for which this Bond is being exchanged is due but has not been paid, then this Bond shall bear interest from the date to which such interest has been paid in full. THE PRINCIPAL OF AND INTEREST ON this Bond are payable in lawful money of the United States of America, without exchange or collection charges. The principal of this Bond shall be paid to the registered owner hereof upon presentation and surrender of this Bond at maturity, or upon the date fixed for its redemption prior to maturity, at the principal corporate trust office of , Texas, which is the "Paying Agent/Registrar" for this Bond. The payment of interest on this Bond shall be made by the Paying Agent/Registrar to the registered owner hereof on each interest payment date by check or draft, dated as of such interest payment date, drawn by the Paying Agent/Registrar on, and payable solely from, funds of the Issuer required by the ordinance authorizing the issuance of this Bond (the "Bond Ordinance") to be on deposit with the Paying Agent/Registrar for such purpose as hereinafter provided; and such check or draft shall be sent by the Paying Agent/Registrar by United States mail, first-class postage prepaid, on each such interest payment date, to the registered owner hereof, at its address as it appeared on the day of the month preceding each such date (the "Record Date") on the Registration Books kept by the Paying Agent/Registrar, as hereinafter described. In addition, interest may be paid by such other method, acceptable to the Paying Agent/Registrar, requested by, and at the risk and expense of, the registered owner. In the event of a non-payment of interest on a scheduled payment date, and for 30 days thereafter, a new record date for such interest payment (a "Special Record Date") will be established by the Paying Agent/Registrar, if and when funds for the payment of such interest have been received from the Issuer. Notice of the Special Record Date and of the scheduled payment date of the past due interest (which shall be 15 days after the Special Record Date) shall be sent at least five business days prior to the Special Record Date by United States mail, first-class IIA Ordinance 872 Page 7 of 28 postage prepaid, to the address of each owner of a Bond appearing on the Registration Books at the close of business on the last business day next preceding the date of mailing of such notice. ANY ACCRUED INTEREST due at maturity or upon the redemption of this Bond prior to maturity as provided herein shall be paid to the registered owner upon presentation and surrender of this Bond for payment or redemption at the principal corporate trust office of the Paying Agent/Registrar. The Issuer covenants with the registered owner of this Bond that on or before each principal payment date and interest payment date for this Bond it will make available to the Paying Agent/Registrar, from the "Interest and Sinking Fund" created by the Bond Ordinance, the amounts required to provide for the payment, in immediately available funds, of all principal of and interest on the Bonds, when due. IF THE DATE for any payment of the principal of or interest on this Bond shall be a Saturday, Sunday, a legal holiday or a day on which banking institutions in the city where the principal corporate trust office of the Paying Agent/Registrar is located are authorized by law or executive order to close, then the date for such payment shall be the next succeeding day that is not such a Saturday, Sunday, legal holiday or: day on which banking institutions are authorized to close; and payment on such date shall have the same force and effect as if made on the original date payment was due. THIS BOND is one of a series of Bonds dated , authorized in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the State of Texas in the principal amount of $ for the public purposes of refunding certain outstanding obligations of the Issuer, and to pay the costs incurred in connection with the issuance of the Bonds. ON , or on any date thereafter, the Bonds of this series may be redeemed prior to their scheduled maturities, at the option ofthe Issuer, with funds derived from any available and lawful source, as a whole, or in part, and, if in part, the particular Bonds, or portions thereof, to be redeemed shall be selected and designated by the Issuer (provided that a portion of a Bond may be redeemed only in an integral multiple of $5,000), at a redemption price equal to the principal amount to be redeemed plus accrued interest to the date fixed for redemption. THE BONDS scheduled to mature on in the years and (the "Term Bonds") are subject to scheduled mandatory redemption by the Paying Agent/Registrar by lot, or by any other customary method that results in a random selection, at a price equal to the principal amount thereof, plus accrued interest to the redemption date, out of moneys available for such purpose in the interest and sinking fund for the Bonds, on the dates and in the respective principal amounts, set forth in the following schedule: Term Bond Term Bond Maturity: Maturity: , Principal Principal Mandatory Redemption Date (maturity) Amount Mandatory Redemption Date (maturity) Amount The principal amount of Term Bonds of a stated maturity required to be redeemed on any mandatory redemption date pursuant to the operation of the mandatory sinking fund redemption provisions shall be reduced, at the option of the District, by the principal amount of any Term Bonds of the same maturity which, Ordinance 677 Page 8 of 28 at least 50 days prior to a mandatory redemption date (1) shall have been acquired by the District at a price not exceeding the principal amount of such Term Bonds plus accrued interest to the date of purchase thereof, and delivered to the Paying Agent/Registrar for cancellation, (2) shall have been purchased and canceled by the Paying Agent/Registrar at the request of the District at a price not exceeding the principal amount of such Term Bonds plus accrued interest to the date of purchase, or (3) shall have been redeemed pursuant to the optional redemption provisions and not theretofore credited against a mandatory redemption requirement. IF AT THE TIME OF MAILING of notice of optional redemption there shall not have either been deposited with the Paying Agent/Registrar or legally authorized escrow agent immediately available funds sufficient to redeem all the Bonds called for redemption, such notice may state that it is conditional, and is subject to the deposit of the redemption moneys with the Paying AgentlR.egistrar or legally authorized escrow agent at or prior to the redemption date. If such redemption is not effectuated, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall, within five days thereafter, give notice in the manner in which the notice of redemption was given that such moneys were not so received and shall rescind the redemption. AT LEAST 30 days prior to the date fixed for any redemption of Bonds or portions thereof prior to maturity a written notice of such redemption shall be sent by the Paying Agent/Registrar by United States mail, first-class postage prepaid, at least 30 days prior to the date fixed for any such redemption, to the registered owner of each Bond to be redeemed at its address as it appeared on the 45th day prior to such redemption date; provided, however, that the failure of the registered owner to receive such notice, or any defect therein or in the sending or mailing thereof, shall not affect the validity or effectiveness ofthe proceedings for the redemption of any Bond. By the date fixed for any such redemption due provision shall be made with the Paying AgentlRegistrar for the payment of the required redemption price for the Bonds or portions thereof that are to be so redeemed. If such written notice of redemption is sent and if due provision for such payment is made, all as provided above, the Bonds or portions thereof that are to be so redeemed thereby automatically shall be treated as redeemed prior to their scheduled maturities, and they shall not bear interest after the date fixed for redemption, and they shall not be regarded as being outstanding except for the right of the registered owner to receive the redemption price from the Paying Agent/Registrar out of the funds provided for such payment. If a portion of any Bond shall be redeemed, a substitute Bond or Bonds having the same maturity date, bearing interest at the same rate, in any denomination or denominations in any integral multiple of $5,000, at the written request of the registered owner, and in aggregate principal amount equal to the unredeemed portion thereof, will be issued to the registered owner upon the surrender thereof for cancellation, at the expense of the Issuer, all as provided in the Bond Ordinance. ALL BONDS OF THIS SERIES are issuable solely as fully registered bonds, without interest coupons, in the denomination of any integral multiple of $5,000. As provided in the Bond Ordinance, this Bond may, at the request of the registered owner or the assignee or assignees hereof, be assigned, transferred, converted into and exchanged for a like aggregate principal amount of fully registered Bonds, without interest coupons, payable to the appropriate registered owner, assignee or assignees, as the case may be, having the same denomination or denominations in any integral multiple of $5,000 as requested in writing by the appropriate registered owner, assignee or assignees, as the case may be, upon surrender of this Bond to the Paying Agent/Registrar for cancellation, all in accordance with the form and procedures set forth in the Bond Ordinance. Among other requirements for such assignment and transfer, this Bond must be presented and surrendered to the Paying Agent/Registrar, together with proper instruments of assignment, in form and with guarantee of signatures satisfactory to the Paying Agent/Registrar, evidencing assignment of this Bond or any portion or portions hereof in any integral multiple of $5,000 to the assignee or assignees in whose name or names this Bond or any such portion or portions hereof is or are to be registered. The form of Assignment printed or endorsed on this Bond may be executed by the registered owner to evidence the assignment hereof, Ordinance 672 Page 9 of 28 but such method is not exclusive, and other instruments of assignment satisfactory to the Paying Agent/Registrar may be used to evidence the assignment of this Bond or any portion or portions hereof from time to time by the registered owner. The Paying Agent/Registrar's reasonable standard or customary fees and charges for assigning, transferring, converting and exchanging any Bond -or portion thereof will be paid by the Issuer. In any circumstance, any taxes or governmental charges required to be paid with respect thereto shall be paid by the one requesting such assignment, transfer, conversion or exchange, as a condition precedent to the exercise of such privilege. The Paying Agent/Registrar shall not be required to make any such transfer, conversion, or exchange (i) during the period commencing with the close of business on any Record Date and ending with the opening ofbusiness on the next following principal or interest payment date, or (ii) with respect to any Bond or any portion thereof called for redemption prior to maturity, within 45 days prior to its redemption date. IN THE EVENT any Paying Agent/Registrar for the Bonds is changed by the Issuer, resigns, or otherwise ceases to act as such, the Issuer has covenanted in the Bond Ordinance that it promptly will appoint a competent and legally qualified substitute therefor, and cause written notice thereof to be mailed to the registered owners of the Bonds. IT IS HEREBY certified, recited and covenanted that this Bond has been duly and validly authorized, issued and delivered; that all acts, conditions and things required or proper to be performed, exist and be done precedent to or in the authorization, issuance and delivery of this Bond have been performed, existed and been done in accordance with law; and that annual ad valorem taxes sufficient to provide for the payment of the interest on and principal of this Bond, as such interest comes due and such principal matures, have been levied and ordered to be levied against all taxable property in said Issuer, and have been pledged for such payment, within the limit prescribed by law. THE IS SUER HAS RESERVED THE RIGHT to amend the Bond Ordinance as provided therein, and under some (but not all) circumstances amendments thereto must be approved by the registered owners of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Bonds. BY BECOMING the registered owner of this Bond, the registered owner thereby acknowledges all of the terms and provisions of the Bond Ordinance, agrees to be bound by such terms and provisions, acknowledges that the Bond Ordinance is duly recorded and available for inspection in the official minutes and records of the governing body ofthe Issuer, and agrees that the terms and provisions of this Bond and the Bond Ordinance constitute a contract between each registered owner hereof and the Issuer. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Issuer has caused this Bond to be signed with the manual or facsimile signature of the Mayor of the Issuer (or in the Mayor's absence, the Mayor Pro Tem of the Issuer) and countersigned with the manual or facsimile signature of the Town Secretary of said Issuer, and has caused the official seal of the Issuer to be duly impressed, or placed in facsimile, on this Bond. (SEAL) si ature (si ature) Town Secretary Mayor 10 Ordinance 672 Page 10 of 28 (b) Forms of Paving Agent/Registrar's Authentication Certificate. PAYING AGENT/REGISTRAR'S AUTHENTICATION CERTIFICATE (To be executed if this Bond is not accompanied by an executed Registration Certificate of the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas) It is hereby certified that this Bond has been issued under the provisions of the Bond Ordinance described in the text of this Bond; and that this Bond has been issued in conversion or replacement of, or in exchange for, a Bond, Bonds, or a portion of a Bond or Bonds of a series that originally was approved by the Attorney General of the State of Texas and registered by the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas. Dated: Texas (c) Form of Assignment. Paying Agent/Registrar Authorized Representative ASSIGNMENT (Please print or type clearly) For value received, the undersigned hereby sells, assigns and transfers unto: Transferee's Social Security or Taxpayer Identification Number: Transferee's name and address, including zip code: the within Bond and all rights thereunder, and hereby irrevocably constitutes and appoints , attorney, to register the transfer of the within Bond on the books kept for registration thereof, with full power of substitution in the premises. Dated: Signature Guaranteed: NOTICE: Signature(s) must be guaranteed by an eligible guarantor institution participating in a securities transfer association recognized signature guarantee program. 11 NOTICE: The signature above must correspond with the name of the registered owner as it appears upon the front of this Bond in every particular, without alteration or enlargement or any change whatsoever. Ordinance 672 Page 11 of 28 (d) Form of Registration Certificate of the Comptroller of Public Accounts. COMPTROLLER'S REGISTRATION CERTIFICATE: REGISTER NO. I hereby certify that this Bond has been examined, certified as to validity and approved by the Attorney General of the State of Texas, and that this Bond has been registered by the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas. Witness my signature and seal this Comptroller of Public Accounts ofthe State of Texas (COMPTROLLER'S SEAL) (e) Initial Bond Insertions. (i) The initial Bond shall be in the form set forth is paragraph (a) of this Section, except that: A. immediately under the name of the Bond, the headings "Interest Rate" and "Maturity Date" shall both be completed with the words "As shown below" and "CUSIP No. " shall be deleted. B, the first paragraph shall be deleted and the following will be inserted: "THE TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS, in Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas (the "Issuer"), being a political subdivision and municipal corporation ofthe State of Texas, hereby promises to pay to the Registered Owner specified above, or registered assigns (hereinafter called the "Registered Owner"), on in each of the years, in the principal installments and bearing interest at the per annum rates set forth in the following schedule: Years Principal Amount Interest Rates (Information from Section 2 to be inserted) The Issuer promises to pay interest on the unpaid principal amount hereof (calculated on the basis of 3601 -day year of twelve 30 -day months) from , at the respective Interest Rate per annum specified above. Interest is payable on , and semiannually on each and thereafter to the date of payment of the principal installment specified above, or the date of redemption prior to maturity; except, that if this Bond is required to be authenticated and the date of its authentication is later than the first Record Date (hereinafter defined), such Principal Amount shall bear interest from the interest payment date next preceding the date of authentication, unless such date of authentication is after any Record Date but on or before the next following interest payment date, in which case such principal amount shall bear interest from such next following interest payment date; provided, however, that if on the date of authentication hereof the interest on the Bond or Bonds, if any, for which this Bond is being exchanged is due but has not been paid, then this Bond shall bear interest from the date to which such interest has been paid in full." 12 Ordinance 672 Page 12 of 28 C. The Initial Bond shall be numbered "T-1." SECTION 5. INTEREST AND SINKING FUND. (a) A special "Interest and Sinking Fund" is hereby created and shall be established and maintained by the Issuer as a separate fund or account and the funds therein shall be deposited into and held in an account at an official depository bank of said Issuer. Said Interest and Sinking Fund shall be kept separate and apart from all other funds and accounts of said Issuer, and shall be used only for paying the interest on and principal of said Bonds. All amounts received from the sale of the Bonds as accrued interest shall be deposited upon receipt to the Interest and Sinking Fund, and all ad valorem taxes levied and collected for and on account of said Bonds shall be deposited, as collected, to the credit of said Interest and Sinking Fund. During each year while any of said Bonds are outstanding and unpaid, the governing body of said Issuer shall compute and ascertain a rate and amount of ad valorem tax that will be sufficient to raise and produce the money required to pay the interest on said Bonds as such interest comes due, and to provide and maintain a sinking fund adequate to pay the principal of said Bonds as such principal matures (but never less than 2% of the original amount of said Bonds as a sinking fund each year); and said tax shall be based on the latest approved tax rolls of said Issuer, with full allowances being made for tax delinquencies and the cost of tax collection. Said rate and amount of ad valorem tax is hereby levied, and is hereby ordered to be levied, against all taxable property in said Issuer, for each year while any of said Bonds are outstanding and unpaid, and said tax shall be assessed and collected each such year and deposited to the credit of the aforesaid Interest and Sinking Fund. Said ad valorem taxes sufficient to provide for the payment of the interest on and principal of said Bonds, as such interest comes due and such principal matures, are hereby pledged for such payment, within the limit prescribed bylaw. If lawfully available moneys of the Issuer are actually on deposit in the Interest and Sinking Fund in advance of the time when ad valorem taxes are scheduled to be levied for any year, then the amount of taxes that otherwise would have been required to be levied pursuant to this Section may be reduced to the extent and by the amount of the lawfully available funds then on deposit in the Interest and Sinking Fund. (b) Article 1208, Government Code, applies to the issuance of the Bonds and the pledge of the taxes granted by the Issuer under this Section and is therefore valid, effective, and perfected. Should Texas law be amended at any time while the Bonds are outstanding and unpaid, the result of such amendment being that the pledge ofthe taxes granted by the Issuer under this Section is to be subject to the filing requirements of Chapter 9, Business & Commerce Code, in order to preserve to the registered owners of the Bonds a security interest in said pledge, the Issuer agrees to take such measures as it determines are reasonable and necessary under Texas law to comply with the applicable provisions of Chapter 9, Business & Commerce Code and enable a filing of a security interest in said pledge to occur. SECTION 6. DEFEASANCE OF BONDS. (a) Any Bond and the interest thereon shall be deemed to be paid, retired and no longer outstanding (a "Defeased Bond") within the meaning of this Ordinance, except to the extent provided in subsection (d) of this Section, when payment of the principal of such Bond, plus interest thereon to the due date (whether such due date be by reason of maturity or otherwise) either (i) shall have been made or caused to be made in accordance with the terms thereof, or (ii) shall have been provided for on or before such due date by irrevocably depositing with or making available to the Paying Agent/Registrar in accordance with an escrow agreement or other instrument (the "Future Escrow Agreement") for such payment (1) lawful money of the United States of America sufficient to make such payment or (2) Defeasance Securities that mature as to principal and interest in such amounts and at such times as will insure the availability, without reinvestment, of sufficient money to provide for such payment, and when proper arrangements have been made by the Issuer with the 13 Ordinance 672 Page 13 of 28 Paying Agent/Registrar for the payment of its services until all Defeased Bonds shall have become due and payable. At such time as a Bond shall be deemed to be a Defeased Bond hereunder, as aforesaid, such Bond and the interest thereon shall no longer be secured by, payable from, or entitled to the benefits of, the ad valorem taxes herein levied and pledged as provided in this Ordinance, and such principal and interest shall be payable solely from such money or Defeasance Securities. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Ordinance to the contrary, it is hereby provided that any determination not to redeem Defeased Bonds that is made in conjunction with the payment arrangements specified in subsection (a)(i) or (ii) of this Section shall not be irrevocable, provided that: (1) in the proceedings providing for such payment arrangements, the Issuer expressly reserves the right to call the Defeased Bonds for redemption; (2) gives notice of the reservation of that right to the owners ofthe Defeased Bonds immediately following the making of the payment arrangements; and (3) directs that notice of the reservation be included in any redemption notices that it authorizes. (b) Any moneys so deposited with the Paying Agent/Registrar may at the written direction of the Issuer be invested in Defeasance Securities, maturing in the amounts and times as hereinbefore set forth, and all income from such Defeasance Securities received by the Paying Agent/Registrar that is not required for the payment of the Bonds and interest thereon, with respect to which such money has been so deposited, shall be turned over to the Issuer, or deposited as directed in writing by the Issuer. Any Future Escrow Agreement pursuant to which the money and/or Defeasance Securities are held for the payment of Defeased Bonds may contain provisions permitting the investment or reinvestment of such moneys in Defeasance Securities or the substitution of other Defeasance Securities upon the satisfaction of the requirements specified in subsection (a)(i) or (ii) of this Section. All income from such Defeasance Securities received by the Paying Agent/Registrar which is not required for the payment of the Defeased Bonds, with respect to which such money has been so deposited, shall be remitted to the Issuer or deposited as directed in writing by the Issuer. (c) The term "Defeasance Securities" means any securities and obligations now or hereafter authorized by State law that are eligible to refund, retire or otherwise discharge obligations such as the Bonds. (d) Until all Defeased Bonds shall have become due and payable, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall perform the services of Paying Agent/Registrar for such Defeased Bonds the same as if they had not been defeased, and the Issuer shall make proper arrangements to provide and pay for such services as required by this Ordinance. (e) In the event that the Issuer elects to defease less than all of the principal amount of Bonds of a maturity, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall select, or cause to be selected, such amount of Bonds by such random method as it deems fair and appropriate. SECTION 7. DAMAGED, MUTILATED, LOST, STOLEN, OR DESTROYED BONDS. (a) Replacement Bonds. In the event any outstanding Bond is damaged, mutilated, lost, stolen or destroyed, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall cause to be printed, executed and delivered, a new Bond of the same principal amount, maturity and interest rate, as the damaged, mutilated, lost, stolen or destroyed Bond, in replacement for such Bond in the manner hereinafter provided. (b) Application for Replacement Bonds. Application for replacement of damaged, mutilated, lost, stolen or destroyed Bonds shall be made by the registered owner thereof to the Paying Agent/Registrar. In every case of loss, theft or destruction of a Bond, the registered owner applying for a replacement Bond shall furnish to the Issuer and to the Paying Agent/Registrar such security or indemnity as may be required by them to save each of them harmless from any loss or damage with respect thereto. Also, in every case of loss, theft 14 Ordinance 672 Page 14 of 28 or destruction of a Bond, the registered owner shall furnish to the Issuer and to the Paying Agent/Registrar evidence to their satisfaction of the loss, theft or destruction of such Bond, as the case may be, In every case of damage or mutilation of a Bond, the registered owner shall surrender to the Paying Agent/Registrar for cancellation the Bond so damaged or mutilated. (c) No Default Occurred. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this , in the event any such Bond shall have matured, and no default has occurred that is then continuing in the payment of the principal of, redemption premium, if any, or interest on the Bond, the Issuer may authorize the payment of the same (without surrender thereof except in the case of a damaged or mutilated Bond) instead of issuing a replacement Bond, provided security or indemnity is furnished as above provided in this Section. (d) Charge for Issuing Relaeement Bonds. Priorto the issuance of any replacement Bond, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall charge the registered owner of such Bond with all legal, printing, and other expenses in connection therewith. Every replacement Bond issued pursuant to the provisions of this Section by virtue of the fact that any Bond is lost, stolen or destroyed shall constitute a contractual obligation of the Issuer whether or not the lost, stolen or destroyed Bond shall be found at any time, or be enforceable by anyone, and shall be entitled to all the benefits of this Ordinance equally and proportionately with any and all other Bonds duly issued under this Ordinance. (e) Authority for Issuing Replacement Bonds. In accordance with Sec. 1206.022, Government Code, this Section 7 of this Ordinance shall constitute authority for the issuance of any such replacement Bond without necessity of further action by the governing body of the Issuer or any other body or person, and the duty ofthe replacement of such Bonds is hereby authorized and imposed upon the Paying Agent/Registrar, and the Paying Agent/Registrar shall authenticate and deliver such Bonds in the form and manner and with the effect, as provided in Section 3(a) of this Ordinance for Bonds issued in conversion and exchange for other Bonds. SECTION S. CUSTODY, APPROVAL, AND REGISTRATION OF BONDS; BOND COUNSEL'S OPINION; CUSIP NUMBERS AND CONTINGENT INSURANCE PROVISION, IF OBTAINED; ENGAGEMENT OF BOND COUNSEL. (a) The Mayor of the Issuer and the Pricing Officer are hereby authorized to have control ofthe Bonds initially issued and delivered hereunder and all necessary records and proceedings pertaining to the Bonds pending their delivery and their investigation, examination, and approval by the Attorney General of the State of Texas, and their registration by the Comptroller of Public Accounts ofthe State of Texas. Upon registration of the Bonds said Comptroller of Public Accounts (or a deputy designated in writing to act for said Comptroller) shall manually sign the Comptroller's Registration Certificate attached to such Bonds, and the seal of said Comptroller shall be impressed, or placed in facsimile, on such Bond. The approving legal opinion of the Issuer's Bond Counsel and the assigned CUSIP numbers may, at the option ofthe Issuer, be printed on the Bonds issued and delivered under this Ordinance, but neither shall have any legal effect, and shall be solely for the convenience and information of the registered owners of the Bonds. In addition, if bond insurance is obtained, the Bonds may bear an appropriate legend as provided by the insurer. (b) The obligation of the initial purchaser to accept delivery of the Bonds is subject to the initial purchaser being furnished with the final, approving opinion of McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P., bond counsel to the Issuer, which opinion shall be dated as of and delivered on the date of initial delivery of the Bonds to the initial purchaser. The engagement of such firm as bond counsel to the Issuer in connection with issuance, sale and delivery of the Bonds is hereby approved and confirmed. The execution and delivery of an 15 Ordinance 672 Page 15 of 28 engagement leiter between the Issuer and such firm, with respect to such services as bond counsel, is hereby authorized in such form as may be approved by the Mayor, and the Mayor is hereby authorized to execute such engagement letter. SECTION 9. COVENANTS REGARDING TAX EXEMPTION OF INTEREST ON THE BONDS. (a) Covenants. The Issuer covenants to take any action necessary to assure, or refrain from any action that would adversely affect, the treatment of the Bonds as Obligation described in section 103 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"), the interest on which is not includable in the "gross income" of the holder for purposes of federal income taxation. In furtherance thereof, the Issuer covenants as follows: (1) to take any action to assure that no more than 10 percent of the proceeds of the Bonds (less amounts deposited to a reserve fund, if any) are used for any "private business use," as defined in section 141(b)(6) of the Code or, if more than 10 percent of the proceeds or the projects financed or refinanced therewith (the "Projects") are so used, such amounts, whether or not received by the Issuer, with respect to such private business use, do not, under the terms of this Ordinance or any underlying arrangement, directly or indirectly, secure or provide for the payment of more than 10 percent of the debt service on the Bonds, in contravention of section 141(b)(2) of the Code; (2) to take any action to assure that in the event that the "private business use" described in subsection (1) hereof exceeds 5 percent of the proceeds of the Bonds or the projects financed therewith (less amounts deposited into a reserve fund, if any) then the amount in excess of 5 percent is used for a "private business use" that is "related" and not "disproportionate," within the meaning of section 141(b)(3) of the Code, to the governmental use, (3) to take any action to assure that no amount that is greater than the lesser of $5,000,000, or 5 percent ofthe proceeds of the Bonds (less amounts deposited into a reserve fund, if any) is directly or indirectly used to finance loans to persons, other than state or local governmental units, in contravention of section 141(c) of the Code; (4) to refrain from taking any action that would otherwise result in the Bonds being treated as "private activity bonds" within the meaning of section 141(b) of the Code; (5) to refrain from taking any action that would result in the Bonds being "federally guaranteed" within the meaning of section 149(b) of the Code; (6) to refrain from using any portion of the proceeds of the Bonds, directly or indirectly, to acquire or to replace funds that were used, directly or indirectly, to acquire investment property (as defined in section 148(b)(2) of the Code) that produces a materially higher yield over the term of the Bonds, other than investment property acquired with — (A) proceeds of the Bonds invested for a reasonable temporary period of 3 years or less or, in the case of an advance refunding bond, for a period of 30 days or less until such proceeds are needed for the purpose for which the bonds are issued, and in the case of a current refunding bond, for a period of 90 days or less, 16 Ordinance 672 Page 16 of 28 (B) amounts invested in a bona fide debt service find, within the meaning of section 1.148-1(b) of the Treasury Regulations, and (C) amounts deposited in any reasonably required reserve or replacement fund to the extent such amounts do not exceed 10 percent of the proceeds of the Bonds; (7) to otherwise restrict the use of the proceeds ofthe Bonds or amounts treated as proceeds of the Bonds, as may be necessary, so that the Bonds do not otherwise contravene the requirements of section 148 of the Code (relating to arbitrage) and, to the extent applicable, section 149(d) ofthe Code (relating to advance refundings); and (8) to pay to the United States of America at least once during each five-year period (beginning on the date of delivery of the Bonds) an amount that is at least equal to 90 percent of the "Excess Earnings," within the meaning of section 148(f) of the Code and to pay to the United States of America, not later than 60 days after the Bonds have been paid in full, 100 percent of the amount then required to be paid as a result of Excess Earnings under section 148(f) of the Code. (b) Rebate Fund. In order to facilitate compliance with the above covenant (a)(8), a "Rebate Fund" is hereby established by the Issuer for the sole benefit of the United States of America, and such Fund shall not be subject to the claim of any other person, including without limitation the Bondholders. The Rebate Fund is established for the additional purpose of compliance with section 148 of the Code. (c) Usc of Proceeds. For purposes ofthe foregoing covenants (a)(1) and (a)(2), the Issuer understands that the term "proceeds" includes "disposition proceeds" as defined in the Treasury Regulations and, in the case of refunding bonds, transferred proceeds (if any) and proceeds of the Refunded Obligations expended prior to the date of issuance of the Bonds. It is the understanding of the Issuer that the covenants contained herein are intended to assure compliance with the Code and any regulations or rulings promulgated by the U.S. Department ofthe Treasury pursuant thereto. In the event that regulations or rulings are hereafter promulgated that modify or expand provisions of the Code, as applicable to the Bonds, the Issuer will not be required to comply with any covenant contained herein to the extent that such failure to comply, in the opinion of nationally recognized bond counsel, will not adversely affect the exemption from federal income taxation of interest on the Bonds under section 103 of the Code. In the event that regulations or rulings are hereafter promulgated that impose additional requirements applicable to the Bonds, the Issuer agrees to comply with the additional requirements to the extent necessary, in the opinion of nationally recognized bond counsel, to preserve the exemption from federal income taxation of interest on the Bonds under section 103 ofthe Code. In furtherance of such intention, the Issuer hereby authorizes and directs the Mayor and the Pricing Officer to execute any documents, certificates or reports required by the Code and to make such elections, on behalf ofthe Issuer, that may be permitted by the Code as are consistent with the purpose for the issuance of the Bonds. (d) Disposition of Project. The Issuer covenants that the Project will not be sold or otherwise disposed in a transaction resulting in the receipt by the Issuer of cash or other compensation, unless the Issuer obtains an opinion of nationally -recognized bond counsel that such sale or other disposition will not adversely affect the tax-exempt status of the Bonds. For purposes of the foregoing, the portion of the property comprising personal property and disposed in the ordinary course shall not be treated as a transaction resulting in the receipt of cash or other compensation. For purposes hereof, the Issuer shall not be obligated to comply with this covenant if it obtains a legal opinion that such failure to comply will not adversely affect the excludability for federal income tax proposes from gross income of the interest. 17 Ordinance 672 Page 17 of 28 (e) Designation as Qualified Tax-Exem t Obligations. The Issuer hereby designates the Bonds as "qualified tax-exempt obligations" as defined in section 265(b)(3) of the Code. In furtherance of such designation, the Issuer represents, covenants and warrants the following: (a) that during the calendar year in which the Bonds are issued, the Issuer (including any subordinate entities) -has not designated nor will designate obligations that when aggregated with the Bonds, will result in more than $10,000,000 of"qualified tax-exempt obligations" being issued; (b) that the Issuer reasonably anticipates that the amount of tax-exempt obligations issued, during the calendar year in which the Bonds are issued, by the Issuer (or any subordinate entities) will not exceed $10,000,000; and, (c) that the Issuer will take such action or refrain from such action as necessary, and as more particularly set forth in this Section, hereof, in order that the Bonds will not be considered "private activity bonds" within the meaning of section 141 of the Code. SECTION 10. SALE OF BONDS AND APPROVAL OF OFFICIAL STATEMENT; FURTHER PROCEDURES. (a) The Bonds shall be sold and delivered subject to the provisions of Section 1 and Section 3' and pursuant to the terms and provisions of a bond purchase agreement (the "Purchase Agreement") which the Pricing Officer is hereby authorized to execute and deliver and in which the purchaser or purchasers (the "Underwriters") of the Bonds shall be designated. The Bonds shall initially be registered in the name of the purchaser thereof as set forth in the Pricing Certificate. (b) The Mayor and Town Secretary are further authorized and directed to execute and deliver for and on behalf of the Issuer copies of a Preliminary Official Statement and Official Statement, prepared in connection with the offering of the Bonds by the Purchasers, in final form as may be required by the Purchasers, and such final Official Statement in the form and content as approved by the Pricing Officer or as manually executed by said officials shall be deemed to be approved by the Town Council of the Issuer and constitute the Official Statement authorized for distribution and use by the Purchasers. The form and substance of the Preliminary Official Statement for the Bonds and any addenda, supplement or amendment thereto, all as approved by the Pricing Officer, are hereby deemed to be approved in all respects by the Town Council of the Issuer, and the Preliminary Official Statement is hereby deemed final as of its date (except for the omission of pricing and related information) within the meaning and for the purpose of paragraph (b)(1) of the Rule (hereinafter defined) . (c) The Pricing Officer is authorized, in connection with effecting the sale ofthe Bonds, to obtain from a municipal bond insurance company so designated in the Pricing Certificate (the "Insurer") a municipal bond insurance policy (the "Insurance Policy") in support of the Bonds. To that end, should the Pricing Officer exercise such authority and commit the Issuer to obtain a municipal bond insurance policy, for so long as the Insurance Policy is in effect, the requirements of the Insurer relating to the issuance of the Insurance Policy as set forth in the Pricing Certificate are incorporated by reference into this Ordinance and made a part hereof for all purposes, notwithstanding any other provision of this Ordinance to the contrary. The Pricing Officer shall have the authority to execute any documents to effect the issuance of the Insurance Policy by the Insurer. (d) The Mayor and Mayor Pro Tem, the Town Secretary and the Pricing Officer shall be and they are hereby expressly authorized, empowered and directed from time to time and at any time to do and perform all such acts and things and to execute, acknowledge and deliver in the name and under the corporate seal and on behalf of the Issuer a Paying Agent/Registrar Agreement with the Paying Agent/Registrar and all other instruments, whether or not herein mentioned, as may be necessary or desirable in order to carry out the terms and provisions of this Ordinance, the Pricing Certificate, the Bonds, the sale of the Bonds and the Official Statement. In case any officer whose signature shall appear on any Bond shall cease to be such officer before 18 Ordinance 672 Page 18 of 28 the delivery of such Bond, such signature shall nevertheless be valid and sufficient for all purposes the same as if such officer had remained in office until such delivery. SECTION 11. COMPLIANCE WITH RULE 15c2-12. (a) Definitions. That as used in this Section, the following terms have the meanings ascribed to such terms below: "MSRB" means the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board. "Rule" means SEC Rule 15c2-12, as amended from time to time. "SEC" means the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. (b) Annual Reports. (i) The Issuer agrees to provide annually to the MSRB, in an electronic format as prescribed by the MSRB, within six months after the end of each fiscal year, financial information and operating data with respect to the Issuer, as provided in the Pricing Certificate. Any financial statements so to be provided shall be (1) prepared in accordance with the accounting principles described in the financial statements of the Issuer appended to the Official Statement, or such other accounting principles as the Issuer may be required to employ from time to time pursuant to state law or regulation, and (2) audited, if the Issuer commissions an audit of such statements and the audit is completed within the period during which they must be provided. If the audit of such financial statements is not complete within, such period, then the Issuer shall provide unaudited financial information by the required time, and shall provide audited financial statements for the applicable fiscal year to the MSRB, when and if the audit report on such statements become available. (ii) If the Issuer changes its fiscal year, it will notify the MSRB of the change (and of the date of the new fiscal year end) prior to the next date by which the Issuer otherwise would be required to provide financial information and operating data pursuant to this Section. The financial information and operating data to be provided pursuant to this Section may be set forth in full in one or more documents or may be included by specific reference to any document that is available to the public on the MSRB's internet website or filed with the SEC. All documents provided to the MSRB pursuant to this Section shall be accompanied by identifying information as prescribed by the MSRB. (c) Event Notices. (i) The Issuer shall notify the MSRB in an electronic format as prescribed by the MSRB, in a timely manner (but not in excess often business days after the occurrence of the event) of any ofthe following events with respect to the Bonds, if such event is material within the meaning of the federal securities laws: 1. Non-payment related defaults; 2. Modifications to rights of Bondholders; 3. Bond calls; 19 Ordinance 672 Page 19 of 28 4. Release, substitution, or sale of property securing repayment of the Bonds; 5. The consummation of a merger, consolidation, or acquisition involving an obligated person or the sale of all or substantially all of the assets of the obligated person, other than in the ordinary course of business, the entry into a definitive agreement to undertake such an action or the termination of a definitive agreement relating to any such actions, other than pursuant to its terms; and 6. Appointment of a successor or additional trustee or the change of name of a trustee. (ii) The Issuer shall notify the MSRB in an electronic format as prescribed by the MSRB, in a timely manner (but not in excess of ten business days after the occurrence of the event) of any of the following events with respect to the Bonds, without regard to whether such event is considered material within the meaning of the federal securities laws: 1. Principal and interest payment delinquencies; 2. Unscheduled draws on debt service reserves reflecting financial difficulties; 3. Unscheduled draws on credit enhancements reflecting financial difficulties; 4. Substitution of credit or liquidity providers, or their failure to perform; 5. Adverse tax opinions or the issuance by the Internal Revenue Service of proposed or final determinations of taxability, Notices of Proposed Issue (IRS Form 5701—TEB) or other material notices or determinations with respect to the tax-exempt status of the Bonds, or other events affecting the tax-exempt status of the Bonds; 6. Tender offers; 7. Defeasances; 8. Rating changes; and 9. Bankruptcy, insolvency, receivership or similar event of an obligated person. (iii) The Issuer shall notify the MSRB, in a timely manner, of any failure by the Issuer to provide financial information or operating data in accordance with subsection (b) of this Section by the time required by such subsection. (d) Limitations, Disclaimers, and Amendments. (i) The Issuer shall be obligated to observe and perform the covenants specified in this Section for so long as, but only for so long as, the Issuer remains an `obligated person" with respect to the Bonds within the meaning of the Rule, except that the Issuer in any event will give notice of any deposit made in accordance with this Ordinance or applicable law that causes Bonds no longer to be outstanding. 20 Ordinance 672 Page 20 of 28 (ii) The provisions of this Section are for the sole benefit of the registered owners and beneficial owners of the Bonds, and nothing in this Section, express or implied, shall give any benefit or any legal or equitable right, remedy, or claim hereunder to any other person. The Issuer undertakes to provide only the financial information, operating data, financial statements, and notices which it has expressly agreed to provide pursuant to this Section and does not hereby undertake to provide any other information that may be relevant or material to a complete presentation of the Issuer's financial results, condition, or prospects or hereby undertake to update any information providedin accordance with this Section or otherwise, except as expressly provided herein. The Issuer does not make any representation or warranty concerning such information or its usefulness to a decision to invest in or sell Bonds at any future date. (iii) UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHALL THE ISSUER BE LIABLE TO THE REGISTERED OWNER OR BENEFICIAL OWNER OF ANY BOND ORANY OTHER PERSON, IN CONTRACT OR TORT, FOR DAMAGES RESULTING IN WHOLE OR IN PART FROM ANY BREACH BY THE ISSUER, WHETHER NEGLIGENT OR WITHOUT FAULT ON ITS PART, OF ANY COVENANT SPECIFIED IN THIS SECTION, BUT EVERY RIGHT AND REMEDY OF ANY SUCH PERSON, IN CONTRACT OR TORT, FOR OR ON ACCOUNT OF ANY SUCHBREACH SHALL BE LIMITED TO AN ACTION FORMANDAMUS OR SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE. (iv) No default by the Issuer in observing or performing its obligations under this Section shall comprise a breach of or default under this Ordinance for purposes of any other provision of this Ordinance. Nothing in this Section is intended or shall act to disclaim, waive, or otherwise limit the duties of the Issuer under federal and state securities laws. (v) Should the Rule be amended to obligate the Issuer to make filings with or provide notices to entities other than the MSRB, the Issuer hereby agrees to undertake such obligation with respect to the Bonds in accordance with the Rule as amended. The provisions ofthis Section may be amended by the Issuer from time to time to adapt to changed circumstances that arise from a change in legal requirements, a change in law, or a change in the identity, nature, status, or type of operations of the Issuer, but only if (1) the provisions of this Section, as so amended, would have permitted an underwriter to purchase or sell Bonds in the primary offering of the Bonds in compliance with the Rule, taking into account any amendments or interpretations of the Rule since such offering as_well as such changed circumstances and (2) either (a) the registered owners of a majority in aggregate principal amount (or any greater amount required by any other provision of this Ordinance that authorizes such an amendment) of the outstanding Bonds consent to such amendment or (b) a person that is unaffiliated with the Issuer (such as nationally recognized bond counsel) determined that such amendment will not materially impair the interest of the registered owners and beneficial owners ofthe Bonds. The Issuer may also amend or repeal the provisions of this continuing disclosure agreement if the SEC amends or repeals the applicable provision of the Rule or a court of final jurisdiction enters judgment that such provisions of the Rule are invalid, but only if and to the extent that the provisions of this sentence would not prevent an underwriter from lawfully purchasing or selling Bonds in the primary offering of the Bonds. If the Issuer so amends the provisions of this Section, it shall include with any amended financial information or operating data next provided in accordance with subsection (b) of this Section an explanation, in narrative form, ofthe reason for the amendment and of the impact of any change in the type of financial information or operating data so provided. 21 Ordinance 672 Page 21 of 28 SECTION 12. METHOD OF AMENDMENT. The Issuer hereby reserves the right to amend this Ordinance subject to the following terms and conditions, to -wit: (a) The Issuer may from time to time, without the consent of any -holder, except as otherwise required by paragraph (b) below, amend or supplement this Ordinance in order to (i) cure any ambiguity, defect or omission in this Ordinance that does not materially adversely affect the interests of the holders, (ii) grant additional rights or security for the benefit of the holders, (iii) add events of default as shall not be inconsistent with the provisions of this Ordinance and that shall not materially adversely affect the interests of the holders, (iv) qualify this Ordinance under the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended, or corresponding provisions of federal laws from time to time in effect, or (v) make such other provisions in regard to matters or questions arising under this Ordinance as shall not be inconsistent with the provisions of this Ordinance and that shall not in the opinion ofnationally recognized bond counsel materially adversely affect the interests of the holders. (b) Except as provided in paragraph (a) above, the holders of Bonds aggregating in principal amount 51 % ofthe aggregate principal amount ofthen outstanding Bonds that are the subject of a proposed amendment shall have the right from time to time to approve any amendment hereto that may be deemed necessary or desirable by the Issuer; provided, however, that without the consent of 100% of the holders in aggregate principal amount ofthe then outstanding Bonds, nothing herein contained shall permit or be construed to permit amendment of the terms and conditions of this Ordinance or in any of the Bonds so as to: (1) Make any change in the maturity of any of the outstanding Bonds; (2) Reduce the rate of interest borne by any of the outstanding Bonds; (3) Reduce the amount of the principal of, or redemption premium, if any, payable on any outstanding Bonds; (4) Modify the terms of payment of principal or of interest or redemption premium on outstanding Bonds or any of them or impose any condition with respect to such payment; or (5) Change the minimum percentage of the principal amount of the Bonds necessary for consent to such amendment. (c) If at any time the Issuer shall desire to amend this Ordinance under this Section, the Issuer shall send by U.S. mail to each registered owner of the affected Bonds a copy of the proposed amendment. Such published notice shall briefly set forth the nature of the proposed amendment and shall state that a copy thereof is on file at the office of the Issuer for inspection by all holders of such Bonds. (d) Whenever at any time within one year from the date of mailing of such notice the Issuer shall receive an instrument or instruments executed by the holders of at least 51 % in aggregate principal amount of all of the Bonds then outstanding that are required for the amendment, which instrument or instruments shall consent to and approve such amendment, the Issuer may adopt the amendment in substantially the same form. (e) Upon the adoption of any amendatory Ordinance pursuant to the provisions of this Section, this Ordinance shall be deemed to be modified and amended in accordance with such amendatory Ordinance, and the respective rights, duties, and obligations of the Issuer and all holders of such affected Bonds shall thereafter be determined, exercised, and enforced, subject in all respects to such amendment. 22 Ordinance 672 Page 22 of 28 (f) Any consent given by the holder of a Bond pursuant to the provisions of this Section shall be irrevocable for a period of six months from the date of such consent, and shall be conclusive and binding upon all future holders of the same Bond during such period. Such consent may be revoked at any time after six months from the date of such consent by the holder who gave such consent, or by a successor in title, by filing notice with the Issuer, but such revocation shall not be effective if the holders of 51% in aggregate principal amount of the affected Bonds then outstanding, have, prior to the attempted revocation, consented to and approved the amendment. For the purposes of establishing ownership of the Bonds, the Issuer shall rely solely upon the registration of the ownership of such Bonds on the registration books kept by the Paying Agent/Registrar. SECTION 13. DEFAULT AND REMEDIES. (a) Events of Default. Each of the following occurrences or events for the purpose of this Ordinance is hereby declared to be an Event of Default: (i) the failure to make payment of the principal of or interest on any of the Bonds when the same becomes due and payable; or (ii) default in the performance or observance of any other covenant, agreement or obligation of the Issuer, the failure to perform which materially, adversely affects the rights of the Registered Owners of the Bonds, including, but not limited to, their prospect or ability to be repaid in accordance with this Ordinance, and the continuation thereof for a period of 60 days after notice of such default is given by any Registered Owner to the Issuer. (b) Remedies for Default. (i) Upon the happening of any Event of Default, then and in every case, any Registered Owner or an authorized representative thereof, including, but not limited to, a trustee or trustees therefor, may proceed against the Issuer for the purpose of protecting and enforcing the rights of the Registered Owners under this Ordinance, by mandamus or other suit, action or special proceeding in equity or at law, in any court of competent jurisdiction, for any relief permitted by law, including the specific performance of any covenant or agreement contained herein, or thereby to enjoin any act or thing_that may be unlawful or in violation of any right of the Registered Owners hereunder or any combination of such remedies. (ii) It is provided that all such proceedings shall be instituted and maintained for the equal benefit of all Registered Owners of Bonds then outstanding. (c) Remedies Not Exclusive. (i) No remedy herein conferred or reserved is intended to be exclusive of any other available remedy or remedies, but each and every such remedy shall be cumulative and shall be in addition to every other remedy given hereunder or under the Bonds or now or hereafter existing at law or in equity; provided, however, that notwithstanding any other provision of this Ordinance, the right to accelerate the debt evidenced by the Bonds shall not be available as a remedy under this Ordinance. 23 Ordinance 672 Page 23 of 28 (ii) The exercise of any remedy herein conferred or reserved shall not be deemed a waiver of any other available remedy. (iii) By accepting the delivery of a Bond authorized under this Ordinance, such Registered Owner agrees that the certifications required to effectuate any covenants or representations contained in this Ordinance do not and shall never constitute or give rise to a personal or pecuniary liability or charge against the officers, employees or trustees of the Issuer or the Board of Trustees. SECTION 14. APPROVAL OF ESCROW AGREEMENT AND TRANSFER OF FUNDS. In furtherance of authority granted by Section 1207.007(b), Texas Government Code, the Mayor or the Pricing Officer are further authorized to enter into and execute on behalf of the Issuer with the escrow agent named therein, an escrow or similar agreement, in the form and substance as shall be approved by the Pricing Officer, which agreement will provide for the payment in full of the Refunded Obligations. In addition, the Mayor or the Pricing Officer is authorized to purchase such securities, to execute such subscriptions for the purchase of the Escrowed Securities (as defined in the agreement), if any, and to authorize such contributions for the escrow fund as provided in the agreement. SECTION 15. REDEMPTION OF REFUNDED OBLIGATIONS. (a) Subject to execution and delivery of the Purchase Agreement with the Purchaser, the Issuer hereby directs that the Refunded Obligations be called for redemption on the dates and at such prices as set forth in the Pricing Certificate. The Pricing Officer is hereby authorized and directed to issue or cause to be issued a Notice of Redemption of the Refunded Obligations in substantially the form set forth in Exhibit A attached hereto, completed with information from the Pricing Certificate, to the paying agents for the Refunded Obligations. (b) In addition, the paying agents for the Refunded Obligations are hereby directed to provide the appropriate notices of redemption and defeasance as specified by the ordinances authorizing the issuance of Refunded Obligations and is hereby directed to make appropriate arrangements so that the Refunded Obligations may be redeemed on their redemption dates. The Refunded Obligations shall be presented for redemption at the paying agents therefor, and shall not bear interest after the date fixed for redemption, (c) If the redemption of the Refunded Obligations results in the partial refunding of any maturity of the Refunded Obligations, the Pricing Officer shall direct the paying agent/registrar for the Refunded Obligations to designate at random and by lot which of the Refunded Obligations will be payable from and secured solely from ad valorem taxes of the Issuer pursuant to the ordinance of the Issuer authorizing the issuance of such Refunded Obligations (the "Refunded Bond Ordinance"). The paying agent/registrar shall notify by first-class mail all registered owners of all affected bonds of such maturities that: (i) a portion of such bonds have been refunded and are secured until final maturity solely with cash and investments maintained by the Escrow Agent in the Escrow Fund, (ii) the principal amount of all affected bonds of such maturities registered in the name of such registered owner that have been refunded and are payable solely from cash and investments in the Escrow Fund and the remaining principal amount of all affected bonds of such maturities registered in the name of such registered owner, if any, have not been refunded and are payable and secured solely from ad valorem taxes of the Issuer described in the Refunded Obligation Ordinance, (iii) the registered owner is required to submit his or her Refunded Obligations to the paying agent/registrar, for the purposes of re -registering such registered owner's bonds and assigning new CUSIP numbers in order to distinguish the source of payment for the principal and interest on such bonds, and (iv) payment of principal of and interest 24 Ordinance 672 Page 24 of 28 on such bonds may, in some circumstances, be delayed until such bonds have been re -registered and new CUSIP numbers have been assigned as required by (iii) above. (d) The source of funds for payment of the principal of and interest on the Refunded Obligations on their respective maturity or redemption dates shall be from the funds deposited with the Escrow Agent pursuant to the Escrow Agreement approved in Section 14 of this Ordinance. SECTION 16. APPROPRIATION. To pay the debt service coming due on the Bonds, if any (as determined by the .Pricing Certificate) prior to receipt of the taxes levied to pay such debt service, there is hereby appropriated from current funds on hand, which are hereby certified to be on hand and available for such purpose, an amount sufficient to pay such debt service, and such amount shall be used for no other purpose. SECTION 17. SEVERABILITY. If any section, article, paragraph, sentence, clause, phrase or word in this Ordinance, or application thereof to any persons or circumstances is held invalid or unconstitutional by a court of competent jurisdiction, such holding shall not affect the validity of the remaining portion ofthis Ordinance, despite such invalidity, which remaining portions shall remain in full force and effect. SECTION 18. EFFECTIVE DATE. In accordance with the provisions of Texas Government Code, Section 1201.028, this Ordinance shall be effective immediately upon its adoption by the Town Council,. [Execution Page Follows] 25 Ordinance 672 Page 25 of 28 PASSED AND APPROVED ON THIS 14Th DAY OF NOVEMBER, 2011. .ATTEST: Kelly Edwards, own Secretary G' Laura eat, Mayor Thom s E. Brymer, O� ager [CITY SEAL] F AS Ordinance 672 Page 26 of 28 SCHEDULEI SCHEDULE OF ELIGIBLE REFUNDED OBLIGATIONS Town of Westlake, Texas Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2002, dated February 1, 2002, maturities May 1 in the years 2012 through 2015 and 2024, inclusive. Town of Westlake, Texas Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2003, dated June 1, 2003, maturities May 1 in the years 2012 through 2018, 2023, 2028 and 2032, inclusive. Ordinance 672 Page 27 of 28 EXHIBIT A NOTICE OF REDEMPTION CUSIP Prefix No. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the Town of Westlake, Texas has called for redemption the outstanding Certificates of Obligation of the Town described as follows (collectively, the "Refunded Obligations"): Town of Westlake, Texas , Series , dated maturing through , inclusive, in the aggregate principal amount of $ , to the call date of the Refunded Obligations so called for redemption at . Call date: On , interest on the Refunded Obligations shall cease to accrue and be payable. THE REFUNDED OBLIGATIONS shall be redeemed in whole at U.S. Bank National Association, as the Paying Agent/Registrar for said Refunded Obligations. Upon presentation of the Refunded Obligations at the Paying Agent/Registrar on the aforementioned redemption date, the holder thereof shall be entitled to receive the redemption price equal to par and accrued interest to the redemption date. NOTICE IS GIVEN that due and proper arrangements have been made for providing the place of payment of said Refunded Obligations called for redemption with funds sufficient to pay the principal amount of said Refunded Obligations and the interest thereon to the redemption date. In the event said Refunded Obligations, or any of them are not presented for redemption by the date fixed for their redemption, they shall not thereafter bear interest. UNDER THE PROVISIONS of Section 3406 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended paying agents making payments of interest and principal on municipal securities may be obligated to withhold a tax from remittance to individuals who have failed to furnish the paying agent with a valid taxpayer identification number. Registered holders who wish to avoid the imposition of the tax should submit certified taxpayer identification numbers (via form W-9) when presenting the Refunded Obligations for payment. THIS NOTICE is issued and given pursuant to the redemption provisions in the proceedings authorizing the issuance of the aforementioned Refunded Obligations and in accordance with the recitals and provisions of said Refunded Obligations. NOTICE IS FURTHER GIVEN that the Refunded Obligations should be submitted to the following addresses: By Mail Overnight Courier/Hand Delivery U.S. Bank National Association Corporate Trust Services P.O. Box 64111 St. Paul, Minnesota 55164-0111 Tel: (800) 934-6802 U.S. Bank National Association Corporate Trust Services 60 Livingston Avenue First Floor - Bond Drop Window St. Paul, Minnesota 55107 Tel: (800) 934-6802 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS A-1 Ordinance 672 Page 28 of 28 TRANSCRIPT OF PROCEEDINGS RELATING TO $7,375,000 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS GENERAL OBLIGATION REFUNDING BONDS SERIES 2011 LAW OFFICES McCALL, PARKHURST & HORTON L.L.P. 717 NORTH HARWOOD, SUITE 900 DALLAS, TEXAS 75201 Transcript of Proceedings relating to $7,375,000 Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Table of Contents Document [.FFIM" INEW Certified Ordinance Authorizing Issuance of the Bonds ................................... 1 Pricing Certificate.............................................................. 2 Purchase Agreement............................................................ 3 Official Statement.............................................................. 4 Paying Agent/Registrar Agreement .................................................. 5 Escrow Agreement.............................................................. 6 Corporate Authority and Signature Identification Certificate of Escrow Agent ................. 7 Verification Report of Grant Thornton LLP ........................................... 8 General and No -Litigation Certificate ................................................ 9 Closing Certificate.............................................................. 10 Paying Agent's Certificate of Notice of Redemption of Refunded Obligations .................. 11 Approving Opinion of Attorney General of Texas and Certificate of Registration of Comptroller of Public Accounts ............................ 12 Rating Letter.................................................................. 13 Federal Tax Certificate.......................................................... 14 Information Return for Tax -Exempt Government Bond Issues Form 8038-G and Transmittal.................................................... 15 Town's Letter of Instructions to the Paying Agent/Registrar Regarding Disbursement of Proceeds with Closing Memorandum ......................... 16 -i- Town's Letter of Instructions to the Escrow Agent ...................................... 17 Escrow Agent's Receipt and Certification ............................................. 18 Issuer's Receipt of Payment....................................................... 19 SpecimenBond................................................................ 20 Opinion of Counsel to the Underwriter ............................................... 21 Opinion of Bond Counsel......................................................... 22 Supplemental Opinion of Bond Counsel .............................................. 23 u� CERTIFICATE FOR ORDINANCE THE STATE OF TEXAS COUNTIES OF TARRANT AND DENTON TOWN OF WESTLAKE I, the undersigned Town Secretary of the Town of Westlake, Texas, hereby certify as follows: 1. The Town Council of said Town convened in Regular Session on November 14, 2011, at the scheduled meeting place thereof, and the roll was called of the duly constituted officers and members of said Town Council, to -wit: Laura Wheat, Mayor Clifton Cox, Member Rick Rennhack, Member Tim Brittan, Member Carol Langdon, Member David Levitan, Member and all of said persons were present, except Carol Langdon, thus constituting a quorum. Whereupon, among other business, the following was transacted at said meeting: a written Ordinance entitled ORDINANCE AUTHORIZING THE ISSUANCE OF TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS, GENERAL OBLIGATION REFUNDING BONDS; ESTABLISHING PROCEDURES FOR THE SALE AND DELIVERY OF THE BONDS; PROVIDING FOR THE SECURITY FOR AND PAYMENT OF SAID BONDS; PROVIDING AN EFFECTIVE DATE; AND ENACTING OTHER PROVISIONS RELATING TO THE SUBJECT was duly introduced for consideration and passage. It was then duly moved and seconded that said Ordinance be passed; and, after due discussion, said motion, carrying with it the passage of said Ordinance, prevailed and carried by the following vote: AYES: 4 NOES: 0 ABSTENTIONS: 0 2. A true, full and correct copy of the aforesaid Ordinance passed at the meeting described in the above and foregoing paragraph is attached to and follows this Certificate; said Ordinance has been duly recorded in the official minutes of said Town Council; the above and foregoing paragraph is a true and correct excerpt from said minutes of said meeting pertaining to the passage of said Ordinance; the persons named in the above and foregoing paragraph, at the time of said meeting and the passage of said Ordinance, were the duly chosen, qualified and acting members of said Town Council as indicated therein; each of said officers and member was duly and sufficiently notified officially and personally in advance, of the time, place and purpose of the aforesaid meeting and that said Ordinance would be introduced and considered for passage at said meeting; and said meeting was open to the public, and public notice of the time, place and purpose of said meeting was given, all as required by Tex. Gov't Code Ann. ch. 551. SIGNED AND SEALED this Nwery bty A4. 201 (TOWN SEAL) Town S creta Town of Westlake, Texas TOWN OF WESTLAKE ORDINANCE NO. 672 ORDINANCE AUTHORIZING THE ISSUANCE OF TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS, GENERAL OBLIGATION REFUNDING BONDS; ESTABLISHING PROCEDURES FOR THE SALE AND DELIVERY OF THE BONDS; PROVIDING FOR THE SECURITY FOR AND PAYMENT OF SAID BONDS; PROVIDING AN EFFECTIVE DATE; AND ENACTING OTHER PROVISIONS RELATING TO THE SUBJECT THE STATE OF TEXAS § COUNTIES OF TARRANT AND DENTON § TOWN OF WESTLAKE § WHEREAS, there are presently the outstanding obligations of the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Issuer") described in Schedule I attached hereto, collectively, the 'Eligible Refunded Obligations"; WHEREAS, the Issuer now desires to refund all or part of the Eligible Refunded Obligations, and those Eligible Refunded Obligations designated by the Pricing Officer in the Pricing Certificate, each as defined below, to be refunded are herein referred to as the "Refunded Obligations"; WHEREAS, Chapter 1207, Texas Government Code, authorizes the Issuer to issue refunding bonds and to deposit the proceeds from the sale thereof, together with any other available funds or resources, directly with a paying agent for any of the Refunded Obligations or a trust company or commercial bank that does not act as a depository for the Issuer and is named in these proceedings, and such deposit, if made before the payment dates of the Refunded Obligations, shall constitute the making of firm banking and financial arrangements for the discharge and final payment of the Refunded Obligations; WHEREAS, Chapter 1207, Texas Government Code, further authorizes the Issuer to enter into an escrow or similar agreement with such paying agent for the Refunded Obligations or trust company or commercial bank with respect to the safekeeping, investment, reinvestment, administration and disposition of any such deposit, upon such terms and conditions as the Issuer and such paying agent or trust company or commercial bank may agree; WHEREAS, this Town Council hereby finds and determines that it is a public purpose and in the best interests of the Issuer to refund the Refunded Obligations in order to achieve a present value debt service savings of not less than 5.00%, with such savings, among other information and terms to be included in a pricing certificate (the "Pricing Certificate") to be executed by the Pricing Officer (hereinafter designated), all in accordance with the provisions of Section 1207.007, Texas Government Code; WHEREAS, all the Refunded Obligations mature or are subject to redemption prior to maturity within 20 years of the date of the bonds hereinafter authorized; WHEREAS, the bonds hereafter authorized are being issued and delivered pursuant to said Chapter 1207, Texas Government Code; and WHEREAS, it is officially found, determined, and declared that the meeting at which this Ordinance has been adopted was open to the public and public notice of the time, place and subject matter of the public Ordinance 672 Page 1 of 28 business to be considered and acted upon at said meeting, including this Ordinance, was given, all as required by the applicable provisions of Tex. Gov't Code Ann. ch. 551; Now, Therefore BE IT ORDAINED BY THE TOWN COUNCIL OF THE TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS: SECTION 1. RECITALS, AMOUNT, PURPOSE AND DESIGNATION OF THE BONDS. (a) The recitals set forth in the preamble hereof are incorporated herein and shall have the same force and effect as if set forth in this Section. (b) The bonds of the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Issuer") are hereby authorized to be issued and delivered in the aggregate principal amount hereinafter provided for the public purpose of providing funds to refund a portion of the Issuer's outstanding indebtedness and to pay the costs incurred in connection with the issuance of the Bonds. (c) Each bond issued pursuant to this Ordinance shall be designated: "TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS, GENERAL OBLIGATION REFUNDING BOND, SERIES 2011," and initially there shall be issued, sold, and delivered hereunder fully registered Bonds, without interest coupons, payable to the respective registered owners thereof (with the initial bonds being made payable to the initial purchaser as described in Section 10 hereof), or to the registered assignee or assignees of said bonds or any portion or portions thereof (in each case, the "Registered Owner"). The Bonds shall be in the respective denominations and principal amounts, shall be numbered, shall mature and be payable on the date or dates in each of the years and in the principal amounts, and shall bear interest to their respective dates of maturity or redemption prior to maturity at the rates per annum, as set forth in the Pricing Certificate. SECTION 2. DELEGATION TO PRICING OFFICER. (a) As authorized by Section 1207.007, Texas Government Code, as amended, the Town Manager or Finance Director of the Town, or either of them (the "Pricing Officer"), are hereby authorized to act on behalf of the Issuer in selling and delivering the Bonds, determining which of the Eligible Refunded Obligations shall be refunded and carrying out the other procedures specified in this Ordinance, including, determining the date of the Bonds, any additional or different designation or title by which the Bonds shall be known, the price at which the Bonds will be sold, the years in which the Bonds will mature, the principal amount to mature in each of such years, the rate of interest to be borne by each such maturity, the interest payment and record dates, the price and terms upon and at which the Bonds shall be subject to redemption prior to maturity at the option of the Issuer, as well as any mandatory sinking fund redemption provisions, and all other matters relating to the issuance, sale, and delivery of the Bonds and the refunding of the Refunded Bonds, including without limitation establishing the redemption date for and effecting the redemption of the Refunded Obligations and obtaining municipal bond insurance for all or any portion of the Bonds and providing for the terms and provisions thereof applicable to the Bonds, all of which shall be specified in the Pricing Certificate; provided that: (i) the aggregate original principal amount of the Bonds shall not exceed $7,905,000; (ii) the refunding must produce a present value debt service savings of at least 5.00%; Ordinance 672 Page 2 of 28 (iii) the true interest cost of the Bonds shall not exceed 3.75% per annum provided that the net effective interest rate on the Bonds shall not exceed the maximum rate set forth in Chapter 1204, Texas Government Code, as amended; (iv) the final maturity of the Bonds may not be later than May 1, 2032; and (v) the delegation made hereby shall expire if not exercised by the Pricing Officer on or before December 31, 2011. (b) In establishing the aggregate principal amount of the Bonds, the Pricing Officer shall establish an amount not exceeding the amount authorized in Subsection (a) hereof, which shall be sufficient in amount to provide for the purposes for which the Bonds are authorized and to pay costs of issuing the Bonds. The Bonds shall be sold with and subject to such terms as set forth in the Pricing Certificate. SECTION 3. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BONDS. (a) Registration. The selection and appointment of the paying agent/registrar for the Bonds (the "Paying Agent/Registrar") shall be as set forth in the Pricing Certificate. The Issuer shall keep or cause to be kept at the corporate trust office of the Paying Agent/Registrar books or records for the registration of the transfer, conversion and exchange of the Bonds (the "Registration Books") in accordance with the terms and provisions of a "Paying Agent/Registrar Agreement" which the Pricing Officer is hereby authorized to execute and deliver in connection with the delivery of the Bonds, and the Issuer hereby appoints the Paying Agent/Registrar as its registrar and transfer agent to keep such books or records and make such registrations of transfers, conversions and exchanges under such reasonable regulations as the Issuer and Paying Agent/Registrar may prescribe; and the Paying Agent/Registrar shall make such registrations, transfers, conversions and exchanges as herein provided within three days of presentation in due and proper form. The Paying Agent/Registrar shall obtain and record in the Registration Books the address of the registered owner of each Bond to which payments with respect to the Bonds shall be mailed, as herein provided; but it shall be the duty of each registered owner to notify the Paying Agent/Registrar in writing of the address to which payments shall be mailed, and such interest payments shall not be mailed unless such notice has been given. The Issuer shall have the right to inspect the Registration Books during regular business hours of the Paying Agent/Registrar, but otherwise the Paying Agent/Registrar shall keep the Registration Books confidential and, unless otherwise required by law, shall not permit their inspection by any other entity. The Issuer shall pay the Paying Agent/Registrar's standard or customary fees and charges for making such registration, transfer, conversion, exchange and delivery of a substitute Bond or Bonds. Registration of assignments, transfers, conversions and exchanges of Bonds shall be made in the manner provided and with the effect stated in the FORM OF BOND set forth in this Ordinance. Each substitute Bond shall bear a letter and/or number to distinguish it from each other Bond. (b) Transfer, Conversion and Exchange. Except as provided in Section 3(d) of this Ordinance, an authorized representative of the Paying Agent/Registrar shall, before the delivery of any such Bond, date and manually sign said Bond, and no such Bond shall be deemed to be issued or outstanding unless such Bond is so executed. The Paying Agent/Registrar promptly shall cancel all paid Bonds and Bonds surrendered for conversion and exchange. No additional ordinances, orders, or resolutions need be passed or adopted by the governing body of the Issuer or any other body or person so as to accomplish the foregoing conversion and exchange of any Bond or portion thereof, and the Paying Agent/Registrar shall provide for the printing, execution, and delivery of the substitute Bonds in the manner prescribed herein. Pursuant to Chapter 1201, Government Code, as amended, the duty of conversion and exchange of Bonds as aforesaid is hereby imposed Ordinance 672 Page 3 of 28 upon the Paying Agent/Registrar, and, upon the execution of said Bond, the converted and exchanged Bond shall be valid, incontestable, and enforceable in the same manner and with the same effect as the Bonds that initially were issued and delivered pursuant to this Ordinance, approved by the Attorney General and registered by the Comptroller of Public Accounts. (c) Payment of Bonds and Interest. The Issuer hereby further appoints the Paying Agent/Registrar to act as the paying agent for paying the principal of and interest on the Bonds, all as provided in this Ordinance. The Paying Agent/Registrar shall keep proper records of all payments made by the Issuer and the Paying Agent/Registrar with respect to the Bonds, and of all conversions and exchanges of Bonds, and all replacements of Bonds, as provided in this Ordinance. However, in the event of a nonpayment of interest on a scheduled payment date, and for thirty (30) days thereafter, a new record date for such interest payment (a "Special Record Date") will be established by the Paying Agent/Registrar, if and when funds for the payment of such interest have been received from the Issuer. Notice of the Special Record Date and of the scheduled payment date of the past due interest (which shall be 15 days after the Special Record Date) shall be sent at least five (5) business days prior to the Special Record Date by United States mail, first class postage prepaid, to the address of each registered owner appearing on the Registration Books at the close of business on the last business day next preceding the date of mailing of such notice. (d) In General. The Bonds (i) shall be issued in fully registered form, without interest coupons, with the principal of and interest on such Bonds to be payable only to the registered owners thereof, (ii) shall be in the denominations, (iii) may be converted and exchanged for other Bonds, (iv) may be transferred and assigned, (v) shall have the characteristics, (vi) shall be signed, sealed, executed and authenticated, (vii) the principal of and interest on the Bonds shall be payable, and (viii) shall be administered and the Paying Agent/Registrar and the Issuer shall have certain duties and responsibilities with respect to the Bonds, all as provided, and in the manner and to the effect as required or indicated, in the FORM OF BOND set forth in this Ordinance. The Bond initially issued and delivered pursuant to this Ordinance is not required to be, and shall not be, authenticated by the Paying Agent/Registrar, but on each substitute Bond issued in conversion of and exchange for any Bond or Bonds issued under this Ordinance the Paying Agent/Registrar shall execute the PAYING AGENT/REGISTRAR'S AUTHENTICATION CERTIFICATE, in the form set forth in the FORM OF BOND. (e) Paying Agent/Registrar. The Issuer covenants with the registered owners of the Bonds that at all times while the Bonds are outstanding the Issuer will provide a competent and legally qualified bank, trust company, financial institution, or other entity to act as and perform the services of Paying Agent/Registrar for the Bonds under this Ordinance, and that the Paying Agent/Registrar will be one entity. The Issuer reserves the right to, and may, at its option, change the Paying Agent/Registrar upon not less than 120 days written notice to the Paying Agent/Registrar, to be effective not later than 60 days prior to the next principal or interest payment date after such notice. In the event that the entity at any time acting as Paying Agent/Registrar (or its successor by merger, acquisition, or other method) should resign or otherwise cease to act as such, the Issuer covenants that promptly it will appoint a competent and legally qualified bank, trust company, financial institution, or other agency to act as Paying Agent/Registrar under this Ordinance. Upon any change in the Paying Agent/Registrar, the previous Paying Agent/Registrar promptly shall transfer and deliver the Registration Books (or a copy thereof), along with all other pertinent books and records relating to the Bonds, to the new Paying Agent/Registrar designated and appointed by the Issuer. Upon any change in the Paying Agent/Registrar, the Issuer promptly will cause a written notice thereof to be sent by the new Paying Agent/Registrar to each Registered Owner of the Bonds, by United States mail, first-class postage prepaid, which notice also shall give the address of the new Paying Agent/Registrar. By accepting the position and 4 Ordinance 672 Page 4 of 28 performing as such, each Paying Agent/Registrar shall be deemed to have agreed to the provisions of this Ordinance, and a certified copy of this Ordinance shall be delivered to each Paying Agent/Registrar. (f) Authentication. Except as provided below, no Bond shall be valid or obligatory for any purpose or be entitled to any security or benefit of this Ordinance unless and until there appears thereon the Certificate of Paying Agent/Registrar substantially in the form provided in this Ordinance, duly authenticated by manual execution of the Paying Agent/Registrar. It shall not be required that the same authorized representative of the Paying Agent/Registrar sign the Certificate of Paying Agent/Registrar on all of the Bonds. In lieu of the executed Certificate of Paying Agent/Registrar described above, the Initial Bond delivered on the closing date shall have attached thereto the Comptroller's Registration Certificate substantially in the form provided in this Ordinance, manually executed by the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas or by his duly authorized agent, which certificate shall be evidence that the Initial Bond has been duly approved by the Attorney General of the State of Texas and that it is a valid and binding obligation of the Issuer, and has been registered by the Comptroller. (g) Book -Entry Only System. Upon issuance, the ownership of the definitive Bonds may, if so designated by the Pricing Officer, be registered in the name of Cede & Co., as nominee of The Depository Trust Company, New York, New York ("DTC"), pursuant to the Book -Entry Only System hereinafter described and the provisions of subsections (g), (h) and (i) of this Section shall apply to the Bonds, and except as provided in subsection 0) hereof, all of the outstanding Bonds shall be registered in the name of Cede & Co., as nominee of DTC. With respect to Bonds registered in the name of Cede & Co., as nominee of DTC, the Issuer and the Paying Agent/Registrar shall have no responsibility or obligation to any securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies, clearing corporations and certain other organizations on whose behalf DTC was created ("DTC Participant") to hold securities to facilitate the clearance and settlement of securities transactions among DTC Participants or to any person on behalf of whom such a DTC Participant holds an interest in the Bonds. Without limiting the immediately preceding sentence, the Issuer and the Paying Agent/Registrar shall have no responsibility or obligation with respect to (i) the accuracy of the records of DTC, Cede & Co. or any DTC Participant with respect to any ownership interest in the Bonds, (ii) the delivery to any DTC Participant or any other person, other than a Registered Owner of Bonds, as shown on the Registration Books, of any notice with respect to the Bonds, or (iii) the payment to any DTC Participant or any other person, other than a Registered Owner of Bonds, as shown in the Registration Books of any amount with respect to principal of or interest on the Bonds. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Ordinance to the contrary, the Issuer and the Paying Agent/Registrar shall be entitled to treat and consider the person in whose name each Bond is registered in the Registration Books as the absolute owner of such Bond for the purpose of payment of principal and interest with respect to such Bond, for the purpose of registering transfers with respect to such Bond, and for all other purposes whatsoever. The Paying Agent/Registrar shall pay all principal of and interest on the Bonds only to or upon the order of the Registered Owners, as shown in the Registration Books as provided in this Ordinance, or their respective attorneys duly authorized in writing, and all such payments shall be valid and effective to fully satisfy and discharge the Issuer's obligations with respect to payment of principal of and interest on the Bonds to the extent of the sum or sums so paid. No person other than a Registered Owner, as shown in the Registration Books, shall receive a Bond evidencing the obligation of the Issuer to make payments of principal and interest pursuant to this Ordinance. Upon delivery by DTC to the Paying Agent/Registrar of written notice to the effect that DTC has determined to substitute a new nominee in place of Cede & Co., and subject to the provisions in this Ordinance with respect to interest checks being mailed to the Registered Owner at the close of business on the Record date, the words "Cede & Co." in this Ordinance shall refer to such new nominee of DTC. Ordinance 672 Page 5 of 28 The previous execution and delivery of the Blanket Letter of Representations with respect to obligations of the Issuer is hereby ratified and confirmed; and the provisions thereof shall be fully applicable to the Bonds. (h) Successor Securities Depository; Transfers Outside Book -Entry Only System. In the event that the Issuer determines that DTC is incapable of discharging its responsibilities described herein and in the representations letter of the Issuer to DTC or that it is in the best interest of the beneficial owners of the Bonds that they be able to obtain certificated Bonds, the Issuer shall (i) appoint a successor securities depository, qualified to act as such under Section 17A of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, notify DTC and DTC Participants ofthe appointment of such successor securities depository and transfer one or more separate Bonds to such successor securities depository or (ii) notify DTC and DTC Participants of the availability through DTC of Bonds and transfer one or more separate certificated Bonds to DTC Participants having Bonds credited to their DTC accounts. In such event, the Bonds shall no longer be restricted to being registered in the Registration Books in the name of Cede & Co., as nominee of DTC, but may be registered in the name of the successor securities depository, or its nominee, or in whatever name or names Registered Owners transferring or exchanging Bonds shall designate, in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance. (i) Payments to Cede & Co. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Ordinance to the contrary, so long as any Bond is registered in the name of Cede & Co., as nominee of DTC, all payments with respect to principal of and interest on such Bond and all notices with respect to such Bond shall be made and given, respectively, in the manner provided in the representations letter of the Issuer to DTC. 0) Cancellation of Initial Bond. On the closing date, one initial Bond representing the entire principal amount of the Bonds, payable in stated installments to the purchaser designated in Section 10 or its designee, executed by manual or facsimile signature of the Mayor and Town Secretary of the Issuer, approved by the Attorney General of Texas, and registered and manually signed by the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas, will be delivered to such purchaser or its designee. Upon payment for the initial Bond, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall: (i) if the Bonds are sold by private placement, insert the delivery date on the initial Bond and deliver the initial Bond to the Purchaser, with any Bonds transferred, exchanged or substituted therefor to be registered in the name of the Registered Owner thereof, or (ii) if the Bonds are sold by negotiated or competitive sale, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall cancel the initial Bond and deliver to the Depository Trust Company on behalf of such purchaser one registered definitive Bond for each year of maturity of the Bonds, in the aggregate principal amount of all of the Bonds for such maturity. To the extent that the Paying Agent/Registrar is eligible to participate in DTC's FAST System, pursuant to an agreement between the Paying Agent/Registrar and DTC, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall hold the definitive Bonds in safekeeping for DTC SECTION 4. FORM OF BONDS. The form of the Bonds, including the form of Paying Agent/Registrar's Authentication Certificate, the form of Assignment and the form of Registration Certificate of the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas to be attached to the Bonds initially issued and delivered pursuant to this Ordinance, shall be, respectively, substantially as follows, with such appropriate variations, omissions or insertions as are permitted or required by this Ordinance, and with the Bonds to be completed with information set forth in the Pricing Certificate. (a) Form of Bond. NO. R- UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PRINCIPAL STATE OF TEXAS AMOUNT 6 Ordinance 672 Page 6 of 28 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS GENERAL OBLIGATION REFUNDING BOND SERIES 2011 INTEREST RATE DATE OF BONDS MATURITY DATE CUSIP NO. REGISTERED OWNER: PRINCIPAL AMOUNT: DOLLARS ON THE MATURITY DATE specified above, the Town of Westlake, in Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas (the "Issuer"), being a political subdivision and municipal corporation of the State of Texas, hereby promises to pay to the Registered Owner specified above, or registered assigns (hereinafter called the "Registered Owner"), on the Maturity Date specified above, the Principal Amount specified above. The Issuer promises to pay interest on the unpaid principal amount hereof (calculated on the basis of a 360 -day year of twelve 30 -day months) from at the Interest Rate per annum specified above. Interest is payable on and semiannually on each and thereafter to the Maturity Date specified above, or the date of redemption prior to maturity; except, if this Bond is required to be authenticated and the date of its authentication is later than the first Record Date (hereinafter defined), such principal amount shall bear interest from the interest payment date next preceding the date of authentication, unless such date of authentication is after any Record Date but on or before the next following interest payment date, in which case such principal amount shall bear interest from such next following interest payment date; provided, however, that if on the date of authentication hereof the interest on the Bond or Bonds, if any, for which this Bond is being exchanged is due but has not been paid, then this Bond shall bear interest from the date to which such interest has been paid in full. THE PRINCIPAL OF AND INTEREST ON this Bond are payable in lawful money of the United States of America, without exchange or collection charges. The principal of this Bond shall be paid to the registered owner hereof upon presentation and surrender of this Bond at maturity, or upon the date fixed for its redemption prior to maturity, at the principal corporate trust office of , , Texas, which is the "Paying Agent/Registrar" for this Bond. The payment of interest on this Bond shall be made by the Paying Agent/Registrar to the registered owner hereof on each interest payment date by check or draft, dated as of such interest payment date, drawn by the Paying Agent/Registrar on, and payable solely from, funds of the Issuer required by the ordinance authorizing the issuance of this Bond (the 'Bond Ordinance") to be on deposit with the Paying Agent/Registrar for such purpose as hereinafter provided; and such check or draft shall be sent by the Paying Agent/Registrar by United States mail, first-class postage prepaid, on each such interest payment date, to the registered owner hereof, at its address as it appeared on the day of the month preceding each such date (the 'Record Date") on the Registration Books kept by the Paying Agent/Registrar, as hereinafter described. In addition, interest may be paid by such other method, acceptable to the Paying Agent/Registrar, requested by, and at the risk and expense of, the registered owner. In the event of a non-payment of interest on a scheduled payment date, and for 30 days thereafter, a new record date for such interest payment (a "Special Record Date") will be established by the Paying Agent/Registrar, if and when funds for the payment of such interest have been received from the Issuer. Notice of the Special Record Date and of the scheduled payment date of the past due interest (which shall be 15 days after the Special Record Date) shall be sent at least five business days prior to the Special Record Date by United States mail, first-class 7 Ordinance 672 Page 7 of 28 postage prepaid, to the address of each owner of a Bond appearing on the Registration Books at the close of business on the last business day next preceding the date of mailing of such notice. ANY ACCRUED INTEREST due at maturity or upon the redemption of this Bond prior to maturity as provided herein shall be paid to the registered owner upon presentation and surrender of this Bond for payment or redemption at the principal corporate trust office of the Paying Agent/Registrar. The Issuer covenants with the registered owner of this Bond that on or before each principal payment date and interest payment date for this Bond it will make available to the Paying Agent/Registrar, from the "Interest and Sinking Fund" created by the Bond Ordinance, the amounts required to provide for the payment, in immediately available funds, of all principal of and interest on the Bonds, when due. IF THE DATE for any payment of the principal of or interest on this Bond shall be a Saturday, Sunday, a legal holiday or a day on which banking institutions in the city where the principal corporate trust office of the Paying Agent/Registrar is located are authorized by law or executive order to close, then the date for such payment shall be the next succeeding day that is not such a Saturday, Sunday, legal holiday or day on which banking institutions are authorized to close; and payment on such date shall have the same force and effect as if made on the original date payment was due. THIS BOND is one of a series of Bonds dated I , authorized in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the State of Texas in the principal amount of $ for the public purposes of refunding certain outstanding obligations of the Issuer, and to pay the costs incurred in connection with the issuance of the Bonds. ON , or on any date thereafter, the Bonds of this series may be redeemed prior to their scheduled maturities, at the option of the Issuer, with funds derived from any available and lawful source, as a whole, or in part, and, if in part, the particular Bonds, or portions thereof, to be redeemed shall be selected and designated by the Issuer (provided that a portion of a Bond may be redeemed only in an integral multiple of $5,000), at a redemption price equal to the principal amount to be redeemed plus accrued interest to the date fixed for redemption. THE BONDS scheduled to mature on in the years and (the "Term Bonds") are subject to scheduled mandatory redemption by the Paying Agent/Registrar by lot, or by any other customary method that results in a random selection, at a price equal to the principal amount thereof, plus accrued interest to the redemption date, out of moneys available for such purpose in the interest and sinking fund for the Bonds, on the dates and in the respective principal amounts, set forth in the following schedule: Term Bond Term Bond Maturity: Maturity: , Principal Principal Mandatory Redemption Date (maturity) Amount Mandatory Redemption Date (maturity) Amount The principal amount of Term Bonds of a stated maturity required to be redeemed on any mandatory redemption date pursuant to the operation of the mandatory sinking fund redemption provisions shall be reduced, at the option of the District, by the principal amount of any Term Bonds of the same maturity which, Ordinance 672 Page 8 of 28 at least 50 days prior to a mandatory redemption date (1) shall have been acquired by the District at a price not exceeding the principal amount of such Term Bonds plus accrued interest to the date of purchase thereof, and delivered to the Paying Agent/Registrar for cancellation, (2) shall have been purchased and canceled by the Paying Agent/Registrar at the request of the District at a price not exceeding the principal amount of such Term Bonds plus accrued interest to the date of purchase, or (3) shall have been redeemed pursuant to the optional redemption provisions and not theretofore credited against a mandatory redemption requirement. IF AT THE TIME OF MAILING of notice of optional redemption there shall not have either been deposited with the Paying Agent/Registrar or legally authorized escrow agent immediately available funds sufficient to redeem all the Bonds called for redemption, such notice may state that it is conditional, and is subject to the deposit of the redemption moneys with the Paying Agent/Registrar or legally authorized escrow agent at or prior to the redemption date. If such redemption is not effectuated, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall, within five days thereafter, give notice in the manner in which the notice of redemption was given that such moneys were not so received and shall rescind the redemption. AT LEAST 30 days prior to the date fixed for any redemption of Bonds or portions thereof prior to maturity a written notice of such redemption shall be sent by the Paying Agent/Registrar by United States mail, first-class postage prepaid, at least 30 days prior to the date fixed for any such redemption, to the registered owner of each Bond to be redeemed at its address as it appeared on the 45th day prior to such redemption date; provided, however, that the failure of the registered owner to receive such notice, or any defect therein or in the sending or mailing thereof, shall not affect the validity or effectiveness of the proceedings for the redemption of any Bond. By the date fixed for any such redemption due provision shall be made with the Paying Agent/Registrar for the payment of the required redemption price for the Bonds or portions thereof that are to be so redeemed. If such written notice of redemption is sent and if due provision for such payment is made, all as provided above, the Bonds or portions thereof that are to be so redeemed thereby automatically shall be treated as redeemed prior to their scheduled maturities, and they shall not bear interest after the date fixed for redemption, and they shall not be regarded as being outstanding except for the right of the registered owner to receive the redemption price from the Paying Agent/Registrar out of the funds provided for such payment. If a portion of any Bond shall be redeemed, a substitute Bond or Bonds having the same maturity date, bearing interest at the same rate, in any denomination or denominations in any integral multiple of $5,000, at the written request of the registered owner, and in aggregate principal amount equal to the unredeemed portion thereof, will be issued to the registered owner upon the surrender thereof for cancellation, at the expense of the Issuer, all as provided in the Bond Ordinance. ALL BONDS OF THIS SERIES are issuable solely as fully registered bonds, without interest coupons, in the denomination of any integral multiple of $5,000. As provided in the Bond Ordinance, this Bond may, at the request of the registered owner or the assignee or assignees hereof, be assigned, transferred, converted into and exchanged for a like aggregate principal amount of fully registered Bonds, without interest coupons, payable to the appropriate registered owner, assignee or assignees, as the case may be, having the same denomination or denominations in any integral multiple of $5,000 as requested in writing by the appropriate registered owner, assignee or assignees, as the case may be, upon surrender of this Bond to the Paying Agent/Registrar for cancellation, all in accordance with the form and procedures set forth in the Bond Ordinance. Among other requirements for such assignment and transfer, this Bond must be presented and surrendered to the Paying Agent/Registrar, together with proper instruments of assignment, in form and with guarantee of signatures satisfactory to the Paying Agent/Registrar, evidencing assignment of this Bond or any portion or portions hereof in any integral multiple of $5,000 to the assignee or assignees in whose name or names this Bond or any such portion or portions hereof is or are to be registered. The form of Assignment printed or endorsed on this Bond may be executed by the registered owner to evidence the assignment hereof, 9 Ordinance 672 Page 9 of 28 but such method is not exclusive, and other instruments of assignment satisfactory to the Paying Agent/Registrar may be used to evidence the assignment of this Bond or any portion or portions hereof from time to time by the registered owner. The Paying Agent/Registrar's reasonable standard or customary fees and charges for assigning, transferring, converting and exchanging any Bond or portion thereof will be paid by the Issuer. In any circumstance, any taxes or governmental charges required to be paid with respect thereto shall be paid by the one requesting such assignment, transfer, conversion or exchange, as a condition precedent to the exercise of such privilege. The Paying Agent/Registrar shall not be required to make any such transfer, conversion, or exchange (i) during the period commencing with the close of business on any Record Date and ending with the opening of business on the next following principal or interest payment date, or (ii) with respect to any Bond or any portion thereof called for redemption prior to maturity, within 45 days prior to its redemption date. IN THE EVENT any Paying Agent/Registrar for the Bonds is changed by the Issuer, resigns, or otherwise ceases to act as such, the Issuer has covenanted in the Bond Ordinance that it promptly will appoint a competent and legally qualified substitute therefor, and cause written notice thereof to be mailed to the registered owners of the Bonds. IT IS HEREBY certified, recited and covenanted that this Bond has been duly and validly authorized, issued and delivered; that all acts, conditions and things required or proper to be performed, exist and be done precedent to or in the authorization, issuance and delivery of this Bond have been performed, existed and been done in accordance with law; and that annual ad valorem taxes sufficient to provide for the payment of the interest on and principal of this Bond, as such interest comes due and such principal matures, have been levied and ordered to be levied against all taxable property in said Issuer, and have been pledged for such payment, within the limit prescribed by law. THE ISSUER HAS RESERVED THE RIGHT to amend the Bond Ordinance as provided therein, and under some (but not all) circumstances amendments thereto must be approved by the registered owners of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Bonds. BY BECOMING the registered owner of this Bond, the registered owner thereby acknowledges all of the terms and provisions of the Bond Ordinance, agrees to be bound by such terms and provisions, acknowledges that the Bond Ordinance is duly recorded and available for inspection in the official minutes and records of the governing body of the Issuer, and agrees that the terms and provisions of this Bond and the Bond Ordinance constitute a contract between each registered owner hereof and the Issuer. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Issuer has caused this Bond to be signed with the manual or facsimile signature of the Mayor of the Issuer (or in the Mayor's absence, the Mayor Pro Tem of the Issuer) and countersigned with the manual or facsimile signature of the Town Secretary of said Issuer, and has caused the official seal of the Issuer to be duly impressed, or placed in facsimile, on this Bond. (signature) Town Secretary (SEAL) 10 (signature) Mayor Ordinance 672 Page 10 of 28 (b) Form of Paying Agent/Registrar's Authentication Certificate. PAYING AGENT/REGISTRAR'S AUTHENTICATION CERTIFICATE (To be executed if this Bond is not accompanied by an executed Registration Certificate of the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas) It is hereby certified that this Bond has been issued under the provisions of the Bond Ordinance described in the text of this Bond; and that this Bond has been issued in conversion or replacement of, or in exchange for, a Bond, Bonds, or a portion of a Bond or Bonds of a series that originally was approved by the Attorney General of the State of Texas and registered by the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas. Dated: (c) Form of Assignment. , Texas Paying Agent/Registrar Authorized Representative ASSIGNMENT (Please print or type clearly) For value received, the undersigned hereby sells, assigns and transfers unto: Transferee's Social Security or Taxpayer Identification Number: Transferee's name and address, including zip code: the within Bond and all rights thereunder, and hereby irrevocably constitutes and appoints , attorney, to register the transfer of the within Bond on the books kept for registration thereof, with full power of substitution in the premises. Dated: Signature Guaranteed: NOTICE: Signature(s) must be guaranteed by an eligible guarantor institution participating in a securities transfer association recognized signature guarantee program. 11 NOTICE: The signature above must correspond with the name of the registered owner as it appears upon the front of this Bond in every particular, without alteration or enlargement or any change whatsoever. Ordinance 672 Page 11 of 28 (d) Form of Registration Certificate of the Comptroller of Public Accounts. COMPTROLLER'S REGISTRATION CERTIFICATE: REGISTER NO. I hereby certify that this Bond has been examined, certified as to validity and approved by the Attorney General of the State of Texas, and that this Bond has been registered by the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas. Witness my signature and seal this Comptroller ofPublic Accounts ofthe State of Texas (COMPTROLLER'S SEAL) (e) Initial Bond Insertions. (i) The initial Bond shall be in the form set forth is paragraph (a) of this Section, except that: A. immediately under the name of the Bond, the headings "Interest Rate" and "Maturity Date" shall both be completed with the words "As shown below" and "CUSIP No. " shall be deleted. B. the first paragraph shall be deleted and the following will be inserted: "THE TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS, in Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas (the "Issuer"), being a political subdivision and municipal corporation of the State of Texas, hereby promises to pay to the Registered Owner specified above, or registered assigns (hereinafter called the "Registered Owner"), on in each of the years, in the principal installments and bearing interest at the per annum rates set forth in the following schedule: Years Principal Amount Interest Rates (Information from Section 2 to be inserted) The Issuer promises to pay interest on the unpaid principal amount hereof (calculated on the basis of a 360 -day year of twelve 30 -day months) from at the respective Interest Rate per annum specified above. Interest is payable on , and semiannually on each and thereafter to the date of payment of the principal installment specified above, or the date of redemption prior to maturity; except, that if this Bond is required to be authenticated and the date of its authentication is later than the first Record Date (hereinafter defined), such Principal Amount shall bear interest from the interest payment date next preceding the date of authentication, unless such date of authentication is after any Record Date but on or before the next following interest payment date, in which case such principal amount shall bear interest from such next following interest payment date; provided, however, that if on the date of authentication hereof the interest on the Bond or Bonds, if any, for which this Bond is being exchanged is due but has not been paid, then this Bond shall bear interest from the date to which such interest has been paid in full." 12 Ordinance 672 Page 12 of 28 C. The Initial Bond shall be numbered "T-1." SECTION 5. INTEREST AND SINKING FUND. (a) A special "Interest and Sinking Fund" is hereby created and shall be established and maintained by the Issuer as a separate fund or account and the funds therein shall be deposited into and held in an account at an official depository bank of said Issuer. Said Interest and Sinking Fund shall be kept separate and apart from all other funds and accounts of said Issuer, and shall be used only for paying the interest on and principal of said Bonds. All amounts received from the sale of the Bonds as accrued interest shall be deposited upon receipt to the Interest and Sinking Fund, and all ad valorem taxes levied and collected for and on account of said Bonds shall be deposited, as collected, to the credit of said Interest and Sinking Fund. During each year while any of said Bonds are outstanding and unpaid, the governing body of said Issuer shall compute and ascertain a rate and amount of ad valorem tax that will be sufficient to raise and produce the money required to pay the interest on said Bonds as such interest comes due, and to provide and maintain a sinking fund adequate to pay the principal of said Bonds as such principal matures (but never less than 2% of the original amount of said Bonds as a sinking fund each year); and said tax shall be based on the latest approved tax rolls of said Issuer, with full allowances being made for tax delinquencies and the cost of tax collection. Said rate and amount of ad valorem tax is hereby levied, and is hereby ordered to be levied, against all taxable property in said Issuer, for each year while any of said Bonds are outstanding and unpaid, and said tax shall be assessed and collected each such year and deposited to the credit of the aforesaid Interest and Sinking Fund. Said ad valorem taxes sufficient to provide for the payment of the interest on and principal of said Bonds, as such interest comes due and such principal matures, are hereby pledged for such payment, within the limit prescribed by law. If lawfully available moneys of the Issuer are actually on deposit in the Interest and Sinking Fund in advance of the time when ad valorem taxes are scheduled to be levied for any year, then the amount of taxes that otherwise would have been required to be levied pursuant to this Section may be reduced to the extent and by the amount of the lawfully available funds then on deposit in the Interest and Sinking Fund. (b) Article 1208, Government Code, applies to the issuance of the Bonds and the pledge of the taxes granted by the Issuer under this Section and is therefore valid, effective, and perfected. Should Texas law be amended at any time while the Bonds are outstanding and unpaid, the result of such amendment being that the pledge of the taxes granted by the Issuer under this Section is to be subject to the filing requirements of Chapter 9, Business & Commerce Code, in order to preserve to the registered owners of the Bonds a security interest in said pledge, the Issuer agrees to take such measures as it determines are reasonable and necessary under Texas law to comply with the applicable provisions of Chapter 9, Business & Commerce Code and enable a filing of a security interest in said pledge to occur. SECTION 6. DEFEASANCE OF BONDS. (a) Any Bond and the interest thereon shall be deemed to be paid, retired and no longer outstanding (a "Defeased Bond") within the meaning of this Ordinance, except to the extent provided in subsection (d) of this Section, when payment of the principal of such Bond, plus interest thereon to the due date (whether such due date be by reason of maturity or otherwise) either (i) shall have been made or caused to be made in accordance with the terms thereof, or (ii) shall have been provided for on or before such due date by irrevocably depositing with or making available to the Paying Agent/Registrar in accordance with an escrow agreement or other instrument (the "Future Escrow Agreement") for such payment (1) lawful money of the United States of America sufficient to make such payment or (2) Defeasance Securities that mature as to principal and interest in such amounts and at such times as will insure the availability, without reinvestment, of sufficient money to provide for such payment, and when proper arrangements have been made by the Issuer with the 13 Ordinance 672 Page 13 of 28 Paying Agent/Registrar for the payment of its services until all Defeased Bonds shall have become due and payable. At such time as a Bond shall be deemed to be a Defeased Bond hereunder, as aforesaid, such Bond and the interest thereon shall no longer be secured by, payable from, or entitled to the benefits of, the ad valorem taxes herein levied and pledged as provided in this Ordinance, and such principal and interest shall be payable solely from such money or Defeasance Securities. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Ordinance to the contrary, it is hereby provided that any determination not to redeem Defeased Bonds that is made in conjunction with the payment arrangements specified in subsection (a)(i) or (ii) of this Section shall not be irrevocable, provided that: (1) in the proceedings providing for such payment arrangements, the Issuer expressly reserves the right to call the Defeased Bonds for redemption; (2) gives notice of the reservation of that right to the owners of the Defeased Bonds immediately following the making of the payment arrangements; and (3) directs that notice of the reservation be included in any redemption notices that it authorizes. (b) Any moneys so deposited with the Paying Agent/Registrar may at the written direction of the Issuer be invested in Defeasance Securities, maturing in the amounts and times as hereinbefore set forth, and all income from such Defeasance Securities received by the Paying Agent/Registrar that is not required for the payment of the Bonds and interest thereon, with respect to which such money has been so deposited, shall be turned over to the Issuer, or deposited as directed in writing by the Issuer. Any Future Escrow Agreement pursuant to which the money and/or Defeasance Securities are held for the payment of Defeased Bonds may contain provisions permitting the investment or reinvestment of such moneys in Defeasance Securities or the substitution of other Defeasance Securities upon the satisfaction of the requirements specified in subsection (a)(i) or (ii) of this Section. All income from such Defeasance Securities received by the Paying Agent/Registrar which is not required for the payment of the Defeased Bonds, with respect to which such money has been so deposited, shall be remitted to the Issuer or deposited as directed in writing by the Issuer. (c) The term "Defeasance Securities" means any securities and obligations now or hereafter authorized by State law that are eligible to refund, retire or otherwise discharge obligations such as the Bonds. (d) Until all Defeased Bonds shall have become due and payable, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall perform the services of Paying Agent/Registrar for such Defeased Bonds the same as if they had not been defeased, and the Issuer shall make proper arrangements to provide and pay for such services as required by this Ordinance. (e) In the event that the Issuer elects to defease less than all of the principal amount of Bonds of a maturity, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall select, or cause to be selected, such amount of Bonds by such random method as it deems fair and appropriate. SECTION 7. DAMAGED, MUTILATED, LOST, STOLEN, OR DESTROYED BONDS. (a) Replacement Bonds. In the event any outstanding Bond is damaged, mutilated, lost, stolen or destroyed, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall cause to be printed, executed and delivered, a new Bond of the same principal amount, maturity and interest rate, as the damaged, mutilated, lost, stolen or destroyed Bond, in replacement for such Bond in the manner hereinafter provided. (b) Application for Replacement Bonds. Application for replacement of damaged, mutilated, lost, stolen or destroyed Bonds shall be made by the registered owner thereof to the Paying Agent/Registrar. In every case of loss, theft or destruction of a Bond, the registered owner applying for a replacement Bond shall furnish to the Issuer and to the Paying Agent/Registrar such security or indemnity as may be required by them to save each of them harmless from any loss or damage with respect thereto. Also, in every case of loss, theft 14 Ordinance 672 Page 14 of 28 or destruction of a Bond, the registered owner shall furnish to the Issuer and to the Paying Agent/Registrar evidence to their satisfaction of the loss, theft or destruction of such Bond, as the case may be. In every case of damage or mutilation of a Bond, the registered owner shall surrender to the Paying Agent/Registrar for cancellation the Bond so damaged or mutilated. (c) No Default Occurred. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this , in the event any such Bond shall have matured, and no default has occurred that is then continuing in the payment of the principal of, redemption premium, if any, or interest on the Bond, the Issuer may authorize the payment of the same (without surrender thereof except in the case of a damaged or mutilated Bond) instead of issuing a replacement Bond, provided security or indemnity is furnished as above provided in this Section. (d) Charge for Issuing Replacement Bonds. Prior to the issuance of any replacement Bond, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall charge the registered owner of such Bond with all legal, printing, and other expenses in connection therewith. Every replacement Bond issued pursuant to the provisions of this Section by virtue of the fact that any Bond is lost, stolen or destroyed shall constitute a contractual obligation of the Issuer whether or not the lost, stolen or destroyed Bond shall be found at any time, or be enforceable by anyone, and shall be entitled to all the benefits of this Ordinance equally and proportionately with any and all other Bonds duly issued under this Ordinance. (e) Authority for Issuing Replacement Bonds. In accordance with Sec. 1206.022, Government Code, this Section 7 of this Ordinance shall constitute authority for the issuance of any such replacement Bond without necessity of further action by the governing body of the Issuer or any other body or person, and the duty of the replacement of such Bonds is hereby authorized and imposed upon the Paying Agent/Registrar, and the Paying Agent/Registrar shall authenticate and deliver such Bonds in the form and manner and with the effect, as provided in Section 3(a) of this Ordinance for Bonds issued in conversion and exchange for other Bonds. SECTION 8. CUSTODY, APPROVAL, AND REGISTRATION OF BONDS; BOND COUNSEL'S OPINION; CUSIP NUMBERS AND CONTINGENT INSURANCE PROVISION, IF OBTAINED; ENGAGEMENT OF BOND COUNSEL. (a) The Mayor of the Issuer and the Pricing Officer are hereby authorized to have control of the Bonds initially issued and delivered hereunder and all necessary records and proceedings pertaining to the Bonds pending their delivery and their investigation, examination, and approval by the Attorney General of the State of Texas, and their registration by the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas. Upon registration of the Bonds said Comptroller of Public Accounts (or a deputy designated in writing to act for said Comptroller) shall manually sign the Comptroller's Registration Certificate attached to such Bonds, and the seal of said Comptroller shall be impressed, or placed in facsimile, on such Bond. The approving legal opinion of the Issuer's Bond Counsel and the assigned CUSIP numbers may, at the option of the Issuer, be printed on the Bonds issued and delivered under this Ordinance, but neither shall have any legal effect, and shall be solely for the convenience and information of the registered owners of the Bonds. In addition, if bond insurance is obtained, the Bonds may bear an appropriate legend as provided by the insurer. (b) The obligation of the initial purchaser to accept delivery of the Bonds is subject to the initial purchaser being furnished with the final, approving opinion of McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P., bond counsel to the Issuer, which opinion shall be dated as of and delivered on the date of initial delivery of the Bonds to the initial purchaser. The engagement of such firm as bond counsel to the Issuer in connection with issuance, sale and delivery of the Bonds is hereby approved and confirmed. The execution and delivery of an 15 Ordinance 672 Page 15 of 28 engagement letter between the Issuer and such firm, with respect to such services as bond counsel, is hereby authorized in such form as may be approved by the Mayor, and the Mayor is hereby authorized to execute such engagement letter. SECTION 9. COVENANTS REGARDING TAX EXEMPTION OF INTEREST ON THE BONDS. (a) Covenants. The Issuer covenants to take any action necessary to assure, or refrain from any action that would adversely affect, the treatment of the Bonds as Obligation described in section 103 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"), the interest on which is not includable in the "gross income" of the holder for purposes of federal income taxation. In furtherance thereof, the Issuer covenants as follows: (1) to take any action to assure that no more than 10 percent of the proceeds of the Bonds (less amounts deposited to a reserve fund, if any) are used for any "private business use," as defined in section 141(b)(6) of the Code or, if more than 10 percent of the proceeds or the projects financed or refinanced therewith (the 'Projects") are so used, such amounts, whether or not received by the Issuer, with respect to such private business use, do not, under the terms of this Ordinance or any underlying arrangement, directly or indirectly, secure or provide for the payment of more than 10 percent of the debt service on the Bonds, in contravention of section 141(b)(2) of the Code; (2) to take any action to assure that in the event that the "private business use" described in subsection (1) hereof exceeds 5 percent of the proceeds of the Bonds or the projects financed therewith (less amounts deposited into a reserve fund, if any) then the amount in excess of 5 percent is used for a "private business use" that is "related" and not "disproportionate," within the meaning of section 141(b)(3) of the Code, to the governmental use; (3) to take any action to assure that no amount that is greater than the lesser of $5,000,000, or 5 percent of the proceeds of the Bonds (less amounts deposited into a reserve fund, if any) is directly or indirectly used to finance loans to persons, other than state or local governmental units, in contravention of section 141(c) of the Code; (4) to refrain from taking any action that would otherwise result in the Bonds being treated as "private activity bonds" within the meaning of section 141(b) of the Code; (5) to refrain from taking any action that would result in the Bonds being "federally guaranteed" within the meaning of section 149(b) of the Code; (6) to refrain from using any portion of the proceeds of the Bonds, directly or indirectly, to acquire or to replace funds that were used, directly or indirectly, to acquire investment property (as defined in section 148(b)(2) of the Code) that produces a materially higher yield over the term of the Bonds, other than investment property acquired with — (A) proceeds of the Bonds invested for a reasonable temporary period of 3 years or less or, in the case of an advance refunding bond, for a period of 30 days or less until such proceeds are needed for the purpose for which the bonds are issued, and in the case of a current refunding bond, for a period of 90 days or less, 16 Ordinance 672 Page 16 of 28 (B) amounts invested in a bona fide debt service fund, within the meaning of section 1.148-1(b) of the Treasury Regulations, and (C) amounts deposited in any reasonably required reserve or replacement fund to the extent such amounts do not exceed 10 percent of the proceeds of the Bonds; (7) to otherwise restrict the use of the proceeds of the Bonds or amounts treated as proceeds of the Bonds, as may be necessary, so that the Bonds do not otherwise contravene the requirements of section 148 of the Code (relating to arbitrage) and, to the extent applicable, section 149(d) of the Code (relating to advance refundings); and (8) to pay to the United States of America at least once during each five-year period (beginning on the date of delivery of the Bonds) an amount that is at least equal to 90 percent of the "Excess Earnings," within the meaning of section 148(f) of the Code and to pay to the United States of America, not later than 60 days after the Bonds have been paid in full, 100 percent of the amount then required to be paid as a result of Excess Earnings under section 148(f) of the Code. (b) Rebate Fund. In order to facilitate compliance with the above covenant (a)(8), a "Rebate Fund" is hereby established by the Issuer for the sole benefit of the United States of America, and such Fund shall not be subject to the claim of any other person, including without limitation the Bondholders. The Rebate Fund is established for the additional purpose of compliance with section 148 of the Code. (c) Use of Proceeds. For purposes of the foregoing covenants (a)(1) and (a)(2), the Issuer understands that the term "proceeds" includes "disposition proceeds" as defined in the Treasury Regulations and, in the case of refunding bonds, transferred proceeds (if any) and proceeds of the Refunded Obligations expended prior to the date of issuance of the Bonds. It is the understanding of the Issuer that the covenants contained herein are intended to assure compliance with the Code and any regulations or rulings promulgated by the U.S. Department of the Treasury pursuant thereto. In the event that regulations or rulings are hereafter promulgated that modify or expand provisions of the Code, as applicable to the Bonds, the Issuer will not be required to comply with any covenant contained herein to the extent that such failure to comply, in the opinion of nationally recognized bond counsel, will not adversely affect the exemption from federal income taxation of interest on the Bonds under section 103 of the Code. In the event that regulations or rulings are hereafter promulgated that impose additional requirements applicable to the Bonds, the Issuer agrees to comply with the additional requirements to the extent necessary, in the opinion of nationally recognized bond counsel, to preserve the exemption from federal income taxation of interest on the Bonds under section 103 of the Code. In furtherance of such intention, the Issuer hereby authorizes and directs the Mayor and the Pricing Officer to execute any documents, certificates or reports required by the Code and to make such elections, on behalf of the Issuer, that may be permitted by the Code as are consistent with the purpose for the issuance of the Bonds. (d) Disposition of Project. The Issuer covenants that the Project will not be sold or otherwise disposed in a transaction resulting in the receipt by the Issuer of cash or other compensation, unless the Issuer obtains an opinion of nationally -recognized bond counsel that such sale or other disposition will not adversely affect the tax-exempt status of the Bonds. For purposes of the foregoing, the portion of the property comprising personal property and disposed in the ordinary course shall not be treated as a transaction resulting in the receipt of cash or other compensation. For purposes hereof, the Issuer shall not be obligated to comply with this covenant if it obtains a legal opinion that such failure to comply will not adversely affect the excludability for federal income tax proposes from gross income of the interest. 17 Ordinance 672 Page 17 of 28 (e) Designation as Qualified Tax -Exempt Obligations. The Issuer hereby designates the Bonds as "qualified tax-exempt obligations" as defined in section 265(b)(3) of the Code. In furtherance of such designation, the Issuer represents, covenants and warrants the following: (a) that during the calendar year in which the Bonds are issued, the Issuer (including any subordinate entities) has not designated nor will designate obligations that when aggregated with the Bonds, will result in more than $10,000,000 of "qualified tax-exempt obligations" being issued; (b) that the Issuer reasonably anticipates that the amount of tax-exempt obligations issued, during the calendar year in which the Bonds are issued, by the Issuer (or any subordinate entities) will not exceed $10,000,000; and, (c) that the Issuer will take such action or refrain from such action as necessary, and as more particularly set forth in this Section, hereof, in order that the Bonds will not be considered "private activity bonds" within the meaning of section 141 of the Code. SECTION 10. SALE OF BONDS AND APPROVAL OF OFFICIAL STATEMENT; FURTHER PROCEDURES. (a) The Bonds shall be sold and delivered subject to the provisions of Section 1 and Section 3 and pursuant to the terms and provisions of a bond purchase agreement (the 'Purchase Agreement") which the Pricing Officer is hereby authorized to execute and deliver and in which the purchaser or purchasers (the "Underwriters") of the Bonds shall be designated. The Bonds shall initially be registered in the name of the purchaser thereof as set forth in the Pricing Certificate. (b) The Mayor and Town Secretary are further authorized and directed to execute and deliver for and on behalf of the Issuer copies of a Preliminary Official Statement and Official Statement, prepared in connection with the offering of the Bonds by the Purchasers, in final form as may be required by the Purchasers, and such final Official Statement in the form and content as approved by the Pricing Officer or as manually executed by said officials shall be deemed to be approved by the Town Council of the Issuer and constitute the Official Statement authorized for distribution and use by the Purchasers. The form and substance of the Preliminary Official Statement for the Bonds and any addenda, supplement or amendment thereto, all as approved by the Pricing Officer, are hereby deemed to be approved in all respects by the Town Council of the Issuer, and the Preliminary Official Statement is hereby deemed final as of its date (except for the omission of pricing and related information) within the meaning and for the purpose of paragraph (b)(1) of the Rule (hereinafter defined). (c) The Pricing Officer is authorized, in connection with effecting the sale of the Bonds, to obtain from a municipal bond insurance company so designated in the Pricing Certificate (the "Insurer") a municipal bond insurance policy (the "Insurance Policy") in support of the Bonds. To that end, should the Pricing Officer exercise such authority and commit the Issuer to obtain a municipal bond insurance policy, for so long as the Insurance Policy is in effect, the requirements of the Insurer relating to the issuance of the Insurance Policy as set forth in the Pricing Certificate are incorporated by reference into this Ordinance and made a part hereof for all purposes, notwithstanding any other provision of this Ordinance to the contrary. The Pricing Officer shall have the authority to execute any documents to effect the issuance of the Insurance Policy by the Insurer. (d) The Mayor and Mayor Pro Tem, the Town Secretary and the Pricing Officer shall be and they are hereby expressly authorized, empowered and directed from time to time and at any time to do and perform all such acts and things and to execute, acknowledge and deliver in the name and under the corporate seal and on behalf of the Issuer a Paying Agent/Registrar Agreement with the Paying Agent/Registrar and all other instruments, whether or not herein mentioned, as may be necessary or desirable in order to carry out the terms and provisions of this Ordinance, the Pricing Certificate, the Bonds, the sale of the Bonds and the Official Statement. In case any officer whose signature shall appear on any Bond shall cease to be such officer before 18 Ordinance 672 Page 18 of 28 the delivery of such Bond, such signature shall nevertheless be valid and sufficient for all purposes the same as if such officer had remained in office until such delivery. SECTION 11. COMPLIANCE WITH RULE 15c2-12. (a) Definitions. That as used in this Section, the following terms have the meanings ascribed to such terms below: "MSRB" means the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board. "Rule" means SEC Rule 15c2-12, as amended from time to time. "SEC" means the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. (b) Annual Reports. (i) The Issuer agrees to provide annually to the MSRB, in an electronic format as prescribed by the MSRB, within six months after the end of each fiscal year, financial information and operating data with respect to the Issuer, as provided in the Pricing Certificate. Any financial statements so to be provided shall be (1) prepared in accordance with the accounting principles described in the financial statements of the Issuer appended to the Official Statement, or such other accounting principles as the Issuer may be required to employ from time to time pursuant to state law or regulation, and (2) audited, if the Issuer commissions an audit of such statements and the audit is completed within the period during which they must be provided. If the audit of such financial statements is not complete within such period, then the Issuer shall provide unaudited financial information by the required time, and shall provide audited financial statements for the applicable fiscal year to the MSRB, when and if the audit report on such statements become available. (ii) If the Issuer changes its fiscal year, it will notify the MSRB of the change (and of the date of the new fiscal year end) prior to the next date by which the Issuer otherwise would be required to provide financial information and operating data pursuant to this Section. The financial information and operating data to be provided pursuant to this Section may be set forth in full in one or more documents or may be included by specific reference to any document that is available to the public on the MSRB's internet website or filed with the SEC. All documents provided to the MSRB pursuant to this Section shall be accompanied by identifying information as prescribed by the MSRB. (c) Event Notices. (i) The Issuer shall notify the MSRB in an electronic format as prescribed by the MSRB, in a timely manner (but not in excess of ten business days after the occurrence of the event) of any of the following events with respect to the Bonds, if such event is material within the meaning of the federal securities laws: 1. Non-payment related defaults; 2. Modifications to rights of Bondholders; 3. Bond calls; 19 Ordinance 672 Page 19 of 28 4. Release, substitution, or sale of property securing repayment of the Bonds; 5. The consummation of a merger, consolidation, or acquisition involving an obligated person or the sale of all or substantially all of the assets of the obligated person, other than in the ordinary course ofbusiness, the entry into a definitive agreement to undertake such an action or the termination of a definitive agreement relating to any such actions, other than pursuant to its terms; and 6. Appointment of a successor or additional trustee or the change of name of a trustee. (ii) The Issuer shall notify the MSRB in an electronic format as prescribed by the MSRB, in a timely manner (but not in excess of ten business days after the occurrence of the event) of any of the following events with respect to the Bonds, without regard to whether such event is considered material within the meaning of the federal securities laws: 1. Principal and interest payment delinquencies; 2. Unscheduled draws on debt service reserves reflecting financial difficulties; 3. Unscheduled draws on credit enhancements reflecting financial difficulties; 4. Substitution of credit or liquidity providers, or their failure to perform; 5. Adverse tax opinions or the issuance by the Internal Revenue Service of proposed or final determinations of taxability, Notices of Proposed Issue (IRS Form 5701—TEB) or other material notices or determinations with respect to the tax-exempt status of the Bonds, or other events affecting the tax-exempt status of the Bonds; 6. Tender offers; 7. Defeasances; 8. Rating changes; and 9. Bankruptcy, insolvency, receivership or similar event of an obligated person. (iii) The Issuer shall notify the MSRB, in a timely manner, of any failure by the Issuer to provide financial information or operating data in accordance with subsection (b) of this Section by the time required by such subsection. (d) Limitations, Disclaimers, and Amendments. (i) The Issuer shall be obligated to observe and perform the covenants specified in this Section for so long as, but only for so long as, the Issuer remains an "obligated person" with respect to the Bonds within the meaning of the Rule, except that the Issuer in any event will give notice of any deposit made in accordance with this Ordinance or applicable law that causes Bonds no longer to be outstanding. IM Ordinance 672 Page 20 of 28 (ii) The provisions of this Section are for the sole benefit of the registered owners and beneficial owners of the Bonds, and nothing in this Section, express or implied, shall give any benefit or any legal or equitable right, remedy, or claim hereunder to any other person. The Issuer undertakes to provide only the financial information, operating data, financial statements, and notices which it has expressly agreed to provide pursuant to this Section and does not hereby undertake to provide any other information that may be relevant or material to a complete presentation of the Issuer's financial results, condition, or prospects or hereby undertake to update any information provided in accordance with this Section or otherwise, except as expressly provided herein. The Issuer does not make any representation or warranty concerning such information or its usefulness to a decision to invest in or sell Bonds at any future date. (iii) UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHALL THE ISSUER BE LIABLE TO THE REGISTERED OWNER OR BENEFICIAL OWNER OF ANY BOND OR ANY OTHER PERSON, IN CONTRACT OR TORT, FOR DAMAGES RESULTING IN WHOLE OR IN PART FROM ANY BREACH BY THE ISSUER, WHETHER NEGLIGENT OR WITHOUT FAULT ON ITS PART, OF ANY COVENANT SPECIFIED IN THIS SECTION, BUT EVERY RIGHT AND REMEDY OF ANY SUCH PERSON, IN CONTRACT OR TORT, FOR OR ON ACCOUNT OF ANY SUCH BREACH SHALL BE LIMITED TO AN ACTION FOR MANDAMUS OR SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE. (iv) No default by the Issuer in observing or performing its obligations under this Section shall comprise a breach of or default under this Ordinance for purposes of any other provision of this Ordinance. Nothing in this Section is intended or shall act to disclaim, waive, or otherwise limit the duties of the Issuer under federal and state securities laws. (v) Should the Rule be amended to obligate the Issuer to make filings with or provide notices to entities other than the MSRB, the Issuer hereby agrees to undertake such obligation with respect to the Bonds in accordance with the Rule as amended. The provisions of this Section may be amended by the Issuer from time to time to adapt to changed circumstances that arise from a change in legal requirements, a change in law, or a change in the identity, nature, status, or type of operations of the Issuer, but only if (1) the provisions of this Section, as so amended, would have permitted an underwriter to purchase or sell Bonds in the primary offering of the Bonds in compliance with the Rule, taking into account any amendments or interpretations of the Rule since such offering as well as such changed circumstances and (2) either (a) the registered owners of a majority in aggregate principal amount (or any greater amount required by any other provision of this Ordinance that authorizes such an amendment) of the outstanding Bonds consent to such amendment or (b) a person that is unaffiliated with the Issuer (such as nationally recognized bond counsel) determined that such amendment will not materially impair the interest of the registered owners and beneficial owners of the Bonds. The Issuer may also amend or repeal the provisions of this continuing disclosure agreement if the SEC amends or repeals the applicable provision of the Rule or a court of final jurisdiction enters judgment that such provisions of the Rule are invalid, but only if and to the extent that the provisions of this sentence would not prevent an underwriter from lawfully purchasing or selling Bonds in the primary offering of the Bonds. If the Issuer so amends the provisions of this Section, it shall include with any amended financial information or operating data next provided in accordance with subsection (b) of this Section an explanation, in narrative form, of the reason for the amendment and of the impact of any change in the type of financial information or operating data so provided. 21 Ordinance 672 Page 21 of 28 SECTION 12. METHOD OF AMENDMENT. The Issuer hereby reserves the right to amend this Ordinance subject to the following terms and conditions, to -wit: (a) The Issuer may from time to time, without the consent of any holder, except as otherwise required by paragraph (b) below, amend or supplement this Ordinance in order to (i) cure any ambiguity, defect or omission in this Ordinance that does not materially adversely affect the interests of the holders, (ii) grant additional rights or security for the benefit of the holders, (iii) add events of default as shall not be inconsistent with the provisions of this Ordinance and that shall not materially adversely affect the interests of the holders, (iv) qualify this Ordinance under the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended, or corresponding provisions of federal laws from time to time in effect, or (v) make such other provisions in regard to matters or questions arising under this Ordinance as shall not be inconsistent with the provisions of this Ordinance and that shall not in the opinion of nationally recognized bond counsel materially adversely affect the interests of the holders. (b) Except as provided in paragraph (a) above, the holders of Bonds aggregating in principal amount 51 % of the aggregate principal amount ofthen outstanding Bonds that are the subject of a proposed amendment shall have the right from time to time to approve any amendment hereto that may be deemed necessary or desirable by the Issuer; provided, however, that without the consent of 100% of the holders in aggregate principal amount of the then outstanding Bonds, nothing herein contained shall permit or be construed to permit amendment of the terms and conditions of this Ordinance or in any of the Bonds so as to: (1) Make any change in the maturity of any of the outstanding Bonds; (2) Reduce the rate of interest borne by any of the outstanding Bonds; (3) Reduce the amount of the principal of, or redemption premium, if any, payable on any outstanding Bonds; (4) Modify the terms of payment of principal or of interest or redemption premium on outstanding Bonds or any of them or impose any condition with respect to such payment; or (5) Change the minimum percentage of the principal amount of the Bonds necessary for consent to such amendment. (c) If at any time the Issuer shall desire to amend this Ordinance under this Section, the Issuer shall send by U.S. mail to each registered owner of the affected Bonds a copy of the proposed amendment. Such published notice shall briefly set forth the nature of the proposed amendment and shall state that a copy thereof is on file at the office of the Issuer for inspection by all holders of such Bonds. (d) Whenever at any time within one year from the date of mailing of such notice the Issuer shall receive an instrument or instruments executed by the holders of at least 51 % in aggregate principal amount of all of the Bonds then outstanding that are required for the amendment, which instrument or instruments shall consent to and approve such amendment, the Issuer may adopt the amendment in substantially the same form. (e) Upon the adoption of any amendatory Ordinance pursuant to the provisions of this Section, this Ordinance shall be deemed to be modified and amended in accordance with such amendatory Ordinance, and the respective rights, duties, and obligations of the Issuer and all holders of such affected Bonds shall thereafter be determined, exercised, and enforced, subject in all respects to such amendment. 22 Ordinance 672 Page 22 of 28 (f) Any consent given by the holder of a Bond pursuant to the provisions of this Section shall be irrevocable for a period of six months from the date of such consent, and shall be conclusive and binding upon all future holders of the same Bond during such period. Such consent may be revoked at any time after six months from the date of such consent by the holder who gave such consent, or by a successor in title, by filing notice with the Issuer, but such revocation shall not be effective if the holders of 51 % in aggregate principal amount of the affected Bonds then outstanding, have, prior to the attempted revocation, consented to and approved the amendment. For the purposes of establishing ownership of the Bonds, the Issuer shall rely solely upon the registration of the ownership of such Bonds on the registration books kept by the Paying Agent/Registrar. SECTION 13. DEFAULT AND REMEDIES. (a) Events of Default. Each of the following occurrences or events for the purpose of this Ordinance is hereby declared to be an Event of Default: (i) the failure to make payment of the principal of or interest on any of the Bonds when the same becomes due and payable; or (ii) default in the performance or observance of any other covenant, agreement or obligation of the Issuer, the failure to perform which materially, adversely affects the rights of the Registered Owners of the Bonds, including, but not limited to, their prospect or ability to be repaid in accordance with this Ordinance, and the continuation thereof for a period of 60 days after notice of such default is given by any Registered Owner to the Issuer. (b) Remedies for Default. (i) Upon the happening of any Event of Default, then and in every case, any Registered Owner or an authorized representative thereof, including, but not limited to, a trustee or trustees therefor, may proceed against the Issuer for the purpose of protecting and enforcing the rights of the Registered Owners under this Ordinance, by mandamus or other suit, action or special proceeding in equity or at law, in any court of competent jurisdiction, for any relief permitted by law, including the specific performance of any covenant or agreement contained herein, or thereby to enjoin any act or thing that may be unlawful or in violation of any right of the Registered Owners hereunder or any combination of such remedies. (ii) It is provided that all such proceedings shall be instituted and maintained for the equal benefit of all Registered Owners of Bonds then outstanding. (c) Remedies Not Exclusive. (i) No remedy herein conferred or reserved is intended to be exclusive of any other available remedy or remedies, but each and every such remedy shall be cumulative and shall be in addition to every other remedy given hereunder or under the Bonds or now or hereafter existing at law or in equity; provided, however, that notwithstanding any other provision of this Ordinance, the right to accelerate the debt evidenced by the Bonds shall not be available as a remedy under this Ordinance. 23 Ordinance 672 Page 23 of 28 (ii) The exercise of any remedy herein conferred or reserved shall not be deemed a waiver of any other available remedy. (iii) By accepting the delivery of a Bond authorized under this Ordinance, such Registered Owner agrees that the certifications required to effectuate any covenants or representations contained in this Ordinance do not and shall never constitute or give rise to a personal or pecuniary liability or charge against the officers, employees or trustees of the Issuer or the Board of Trustees. SECTION 14. APPROVAL OF ESCROW AGREEMENT AND TRANSFER OF FUNDS. In furtherance of authority granted by Section 1207.007(b), Texas Government Code, the Mayor or the Pricing Officer are further authorized to enter into and execute on behalf of the Issuer with the escrow agent named therein, an escrow or similar agreement, in the form and substance as shall be approved by the Pricing Officer, which agreement will provide for the payment in full of the Refunded Obligations. In addition, the Mayor or the Pricing Officer is authorized to purchase such securities, to execute such subscriptions for the purchase of the Escrowed Securities (as defined in the agreement), if any, and to authorize such contributions for the escrow fund as provided in the agreement. SECTION 15. REDEMPTION OF REFUNDED OBLIGATIONS. (a) Subject to execution and delivery of the Purchase Agreement with the Purchaser, the Issuer hereby directs that the Refunded Obligations be called for redemption on the dates and at such prices as set forth in the Pricing Certificate. The Pricing Officer is hereby authorized and directed to issue or cause to be issued a Notice of Redemption of the Refunded Obligations in substantially the form set forth in Exhibit A attached hereto, completed with information from the Pricing Certificate, to the paying agents for the Refunded Obligations. (b) In addition, the paying agents for the Refunded Obligations are hereby directed to provide the appropriate notices of redemption and defeasance as specified by the ordinances authorizing the issuance of Refunded Obligations and is hereby directed to make appropriate arrangements so that the Refunded Obligations may be redeemed on their redemption dates. The Refunded Obligations shall be presented for redemption at the paying agents therefor, and shall not bear interest after the date fixed for redemption. (c) If the redemption of the Refunded Obligations results in the partial refunding of any maturity of the Refunded Obligations, the Pricing Officer shall direct the paying agent/registrar for the Refunded Obligations to designate at random and by lot which of the Refunded Obligations will be payable from and secured solely from ad valorem taxes of the Issuer pursuant to the ordinance of the Issuer authorizing the issuance of such Refunded Obligations (the "Refunded Bond Ordinance"). The paying agent/registrar shall notify by first-class mail all registered owners of all affected bonds of such maturities that: (i) a portion of such bonds have been refunded and are secured until final maturity solely with cash and investments maintained by the Escrow Agent in the Escrow Fund, (ii) the principal amount of all affected bonds of such maturities registered in the name of such registered owner that have been refunded and are payable solely from cash and investments in the Escrow Fund and the remaining principal amount of all affected bonds of such maturities registered in the name of such registered owner, if any, have not been refunded and are payable and secured solely from ad valorem taxes of the Issuer described in the Refunded Obligation Ordinance, (iii) the registered owner is required to submit his or her Refunded Obligations to the paying agent/registrar, for the purposes of re -registering such registered owner's bonds and assigning new CUSIP numbers in order to distinguish the source of payment for the principal and interest on such bonds, and (iv) payment of principal of and interest 24 Ordinance 672 Page 24 of 28 on such bonds may, in some circumstances, be delayed until such bonds have been re -registered and new CUSIP numbers have been assigned as required by (iii) above. (d) The source of funds for payment of the principal of and interest on the Refunded Obligations on their respective maturity or redemption dates shall be from the funds deposited with the Escrow Agent pursuant to the Escrow Agreement approved in Section 14 of this Ordinance. SECTION 16. APPROPRIATION. To pay the debt service coming due on the Bonds, if any (as determined by the Pricing Certificate) prior to receipt of the taxes levied to pay such debt service, there is hereby appropriated from current funds on hand, which are hereby certified to be on hand and available for such purpose, an amount sufficient to pay such debt service, and such amount shall be used for no other purpose. SECTION 17. SEVERABILITY. If any section, article, paragraph, sentence, clause, phrase or word in this Ordinance, or application thereof to any persons or circumstances is held invalid or unconstitutional by a court of competent jurisdiction, such holding shall not affect the validity of the remaining portion of this Ordinance, despite such invalidity, which remaining portions shall remain in full force and effect. SECTION 18. EFFECTIVE DATE. In accordance with the provisions of Texas Government Code, Section 1201.028, this Ordinance shall be effective immediately upon its adoption by the Town Council. [Execution Page Follows] 25 Ordinance 672 Page 25 of 28 PASSED AND APPROVED ON THIS 14TH DAY OF NOVEMBER, 2011. ATTEST: Kelly Edwards, hO�N OF WEST * : m Laura eat, Mayor 1 Secretary Thomas E. Brymer; I'oy6 Manager [CITY SEAL] Ordinance 672 Page 26 of 28 SCHEDULEI SCHEDULE OF ELIGIBLE REFUNDED OBLIGATIONS Town of Westlake, Texas Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2002, dated February 1, 2002, maturities May 1 in the years 2012 through 2015 and 2024, inclusive. Town of Westlake, Texas Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2003, dated June 1, 2003, maturities May 1 in the years 2012 through 2018, 2023, 2028 and 2032, inclusive. Ordinance 672 Page 27 of 28 EXHIBIT A NOTICE OF REDEMPTION CUSIP Prefix No. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the Town of Westlake, Texas has called for redemption the outstanding Certificates of Obligation of the Town described as follows (collectively, the "Refunded Obligations"): Town of Westlake, Texas , Series , dated , maturing through , inclusive, in the aggregate principal amount of $ , to the call date of the Refunded Obligations so called for redemption at . Call date: On , interest on the Refunded Obligations shall cease to accrue and be payable. THE REFUNDED OBLIGATIONS shall be redeemed in whole at U.S. Bank National Association, as the Paying Agent/Registrar for said Refunded Obligations. Upon presentation of the Refunded Obligations at the Paying Agent/Registrar on the aforementioned redemption date, the holder thereof shall be entitled to receive the redemption price equal to par and accrued interest to the redemption date. NOTICE IS GIVEN that due and proper arrangements have been made for providing the place of payment of said Refunded Obligations called for redemption with funds sufficient to pay the principal amount of said Refunded Obligations and the interest thereon to the redemption date. In the event said Refunded Obligations, or any of them are not presented for redemption by the date fixed for their redemption, they shall not thereafter bear interest. UNDER THE PROVISIONS of Section 3406 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended paying agents making payments of interest and principal on municipal securities may be obligated to withhold a tax from remittance to individuals who have failed to furnish the paying agent with a valid taxpayer identification number. Registered holders who wish to avoid the imposition of the tax should submit certified taxpayer identification numbers (via form W-9) when presenting the Refunded Obligations for payment. THIS NOTICE is issued and given pursuant to the redemption provisions in the proceedings authorizing the issuance of the aforementioned Refunded Obligations and in accordance with the recitals and provisions of said Refunded Obligations. NOTICE IS FURTHER GIVEN that the Refunded Obligations should be submitted to the following addresses: By Mail Overnight Courier/Hand Delivery U.S. Bank National Association U.S. Bank National Association Corporate Trust Services Corporate Trust Services P.O. Box 64111 60 Livingston Avenue St. Paul, Minnesota 55164-0111 First Floor - Bond Drop Window Tel: (800) 934-6802 St. Paul, Minnesota 55107 Tel: (800) 934-6802 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS A-1 Ordinance 672 Page 28 of 28 PRICING CERTIFICATE I, the undersigned Town Manager of the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Town"), acting as Pricing Officer pursuant to the authority granted to me by the ordinance adopted by the Town Council of the Town on November 14, 2011 (the "Bond Ordinance") relating to the issuance of the Town of Westlake, Texas, General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 (the "Bonds") hereby find, determine and commit on behalf of the Town to sell and deliver the Bonds on the following terms: 1. Capitalized terms not otherwise defined herein have the meaning assigned in the Bond Ordinance. 2. The Bonds are hereby sold and shall be delivered to Southwest Securities, Inc., for cash at a price of $7,748,505.93 being the par amount of the Bonds, plus a net reoffering premium of $424,195.85, less an Underwriter's discount of $50,689.92, according to the following terms: A. The aggregate principal amount ofthe Bonds shall be $7,375,000, and the Bonds shall be entitled Town of Westlake, Texas, General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011. B. The Bonds shall be dated December 1, 2011, shall be numbered from R-1 upwards (except that the initial Bond shall be numbered T-1) and shall mature and bear interest from their dated date as follows: Maturity Date Principal Amount February 15, 2013 $ 100,000 February 15, 2014 100,000 February 15, 2015 440,000 February 15, 2016 100,000 February 15, 2017 275,000 February 15, 2018 700,000 February 15, 2019 715,000 February 15, 2020 730,000 February 15, 2021 750,000 February 15, 2022 770,000 February 15, 2023 790,000 February 15, 2024 820,000 February 15, 2025 260,000 February 15, 2026 260,000 February 15, 2027 275,000 February 15, 2028 290,000 Interest Rate Yield 2.000% 0.650% 2.000% 0.850% 2.000% 1.150% 2.000% 1.350% 3.000% 1.550% 3.000% 1.750% 3.000% 2.000% 3.000% 2.150% 3.000% 2.250% 3.000% 2.400% 3.000% 2.500% 3.500% 2.650% 3.500% 2.800% 3.500% 2.900% 4.000% 3.000% 4.000% 3.100% C. The true interest cost on the bonds is 2.5816292% and the net effective interest rate for the Bonds does not exceed the maximum rate set forth in Chapter 1204, Texas Government Code, as amended. D. The delivery date of the Bonds shall be December 20, 2011. E. The Paying Agent/Registrar for the Bonds shall be U. S. Bank National Association, Dallas, Texas. The Escrow Agent shall be The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., Dallas, Texas, and the Escrow Agreement with the Escrow Agent is hereby approved as evidenced by my execution thereof. F. Interest on the Bonds shall accrue from their delivery date and shall be payable semiannually on February 15 and August 15 of each year, commencing February 15, 2012. The record date for the Bonds shall be the last business day of the month preceding an interest payment date. G. The Bonds scheduled to mature on and after February 15, 2022, shall be redeemable prior to their scheduled maturities, in whole or in part, at the option of the Issuer, on February 15, 2021, or on any date thereafter, at the redemption price of par, together with accrued interest to the redemption date, as set forth in the Form of Certificate attached hereto as Exhibit B. H. The Initial Bond shall be initially registered in the name of Southwest Securities, Inc. I. The Bonds shall be initially issued in Book -Entry -Only form, in accordance with Section 3(g) of the Bond Ordinance, and the definitive Bonds shall be registered in the name of CEDE & Co. 3. The Bonds are in amounts sufficient to refund the Refunded Obligations and to pay the costs of issuing the Bonds. 4. The issuance of the Bonds produces a present value savings of $705,672 and actual debt service savings of $893,301, net of any Issuer contribution to the refunding, being equal to 10.400% net present value savings for the Refunded Obligations. 5. The Eligible Refunded Obligations that are to be refunded in connection with the issuance of the Bonds (the "Refunded Obligations"), and the redemption date of the Refunded Obligations, are designated and set forth in Exhibit A attached hereto. 6. The form of Bond, completed in accordance with the terms of sale set forth herein, is attached hereto as Exhibit B. 7. In satisfaction of Section 1201.022(a)(3), Texas Government Code, as authorized by Section 10(d) of the Bond Ordinance, and upon consultation with the City's Financial Advisor, the undersigned hereby determines that the final terms of the Bonds as set forth in this Certificate are in the City's best interests. 8. Pursuant to Section 10(b) of the Bond Ordinance, and in the name of the Issuer, distribution and use of the Preliminary Official Statement and the final Official Statement by the underwriters of the Bonds designated in paragraph 2 is authorized and approved. 9. The description of annual financial information referred to in Section 11(b) of the Bond Ordinance is set forth on Exhibit C attached hereto. [Execution Page Follows] WITNESS MY HAND this November 16 , 2011 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS EXHIBIT A SCHEDULE OF REFUNDED OBLIGATIONS Description Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2002 Total (a) Represents Term Bond maturing May 1, 2024 Redemption Date: May 1, 2014 Description Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2003 Total (b) Represents Term Bond maturing May 1, 2023 (b) Represents Term Bond maturing May 1, 2028 Redemption Date: May 1, 2014 Principal Principal Amount Amount Maturity Date Outstanding Refunded 5/1/2017 Principal Principal 5/1/2018 Amount Amount Maturity Date Outstanding (a) Refunded 5/1/2020 230,000 5/1/2015 $ 350,000 5/1/2021 $ 350,000 5/1/2018 405,000 (a) 405,000 5/1/2019 425,000 (a) 425,000 5/1/2020 445,000 (a) 445,000 5/1/2021 470,000 (a) 470,000 5/1/2022 495,000 (a) 495,000 5/1/2023 520,000 (a) 520,000 5/1/2024 550.000 (a) 550.000 (bl $ 3,660,000 $ 3,660,000 Principal Principal Amount Amount Maturity Date Outstanding Refunded 5/1/2017 $ 200,000 $ 200,000 5/1/2018 210,000 210,000 5/1/2019 220,000 (a) 220,000 5/1/2020 230,000 (a) 230,000 5/1/2021 240,000 (a) 240,000 5/1/2022 250,000 (a) 250,000 5/1/2023 260,000 (a) 260,000 5/1/2024 275,000 (b) 275,000 5/1/2025 290,000 (b) 290,000 5/1/2026 300,000 (b) 300,000 5/1/2027 315,000 (b) 315,000 5/1/2028 335.000 (bl 335.000 $ 3,125,000 $ 3,125,000 A-1 (a) Form of Bond. INTEREST RATE REGISTERED OWNER: EXHIBIT B FORM OF BOND UNITED STATES OF AMERICA STATE OF TEXAS TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS GENERAL OBLIGATION REFUNDING BOND SERIES 2011 DELIVERY DATE MATURITY DATE PRINCIPAL AMOUNT CUSIP NO. PRINCIPAL AMOUNT: DOLLARS ON THE MATURITY DATE specified above, the Town of Westlake, in Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas, (the "Issuer"), being a political subdivision and municipal corporation of the State of Texas, hereby promises to pay to the Registered Owner specified above, or registered assigns (hereinafter called the "Registered Owner"), on the Maturity Date specified above, the Principal Amount specified above. The Issuer promises to pay interest on the unpaid principal amount hereof (calculated on the basis of a 360 -day year of twelve 30 -day months) from the Delivery Date set forth above Rate per annum specified above. Interest is payable on February 15, 2012 and semiannually on each August 15 and February 15 thereafter to the Maturity Date specified above, or the date of redemption prior to maturity; except, if this Bond is required to be authenticated and the date of its authentication is later than the first Record Date (hereinafter defined), such principal amount shall bear interest from the interest payment date next preceding the date of authentication, unless such date of authentication is after any Record Date but on or before the next following interest payment date, in which case such principal amount shall bear interest from such next following interest payment date; provided, however, that if on the date of authentication hereof the interest on the Bond or Bonds, if any, for which this Bond is being exchanged is due but has not been paid, then this Bond shall bear interest from the date to which such interest has been paid in full. THE PRINCIPAL OF AND INTEREST ON this Bond are payable in lawful money of the United States of America, without exchange or collection charges. The principal of this Bond shall be paid to the registered owner hereof upon presentation and surrender of this Bond at maturity, or upon the date fixed for its redemption prior to maturity, at the principal corporate trust office of U.S. Bank National Association, Dallas, Texas, which is the "Paying Agent/Registrar" for this Bond. The payment of interest on this Bond shall be made by the Paying Agent/Registrar to the registered owner hereof on each interest payment date by check or draft, dated as of such interest payment date, drawn by the Paying Agent/Registrar on, and payable solely from, funds of the Issuer required by the ordinance authorizing the issuance of this Bond (the 'Bond Ordinance") to be on deposit with the Paying Agent/Registrar for such purpose as hereinafter provided; and such check or draft shall be sent by the Paying Agent/Registrar by United States mail, first-class postage prepaid, on each such interest payment date, to the registered owner hereof, at its address as it appeared on the last business day of the month preceding each such date (the 'Record Date") on the Registration Books kept by the Paying Agent/Registrar, as hereinafter described. In addition, interest may be paid by such other method, acceptable to the Paying Agent/Registrar, requested by, and at the risk and expense of, the registered owner. In the event of a non-payment of interest on a scheduled payment date, and for 30 days thereafter, a new record date for such interest payment (a "Special Record Date") will be established by the Paying Agent/Registrar, if and when funds for the payment of such interest have been received from the Issuer. Notice of the Special Record Date and of the scheduled payment date of the past due interest (which shall be 15 days after the Special Record Date) shall be sent at least five business days prior to the Special Record Date by United States mail, first-class postage prepaid, to the address of each owner of a Bond appearing on the Registration Books at the close of business on the last business day next preceding the date of mailing of such notice. ANY ACCRUED INTEREST due at maturity or upon the redemption of this Bond prior to maturity as provided herein shall be paid to the registered owner upon presentation and surrender of this Bond for payment or redemption at the principal corporate trust office of the Paying Agent/Registrar. The Issuer covenants with the registered owner of this Bond that on or before each principal payment date and interest payment date for this Bond it will make available to the Paying Agent/Registrar, from the "Interest and Sinking Fund" created by the Bond Ordinance, the amounts required to provide for the payment, in immediately available funds, of all principal of and interest on the Bonds, when due. IF THE DATE for any payment of the principal of or interest on this Bond shall be a Saturday, Sunday, a legal holiday or a day on which banking institutions in the city where the principal corporate trust office of the Paying Agent/Registrar is located are authorized by law or executive order to close, then the date for such payment shall be the next succeeding day that is not such a Saturday, Sunday, legal holiday or day on which banking institutions are authorized to close; and payment on such date shall have the same force and effect as if made on the original date payment was due. THIS BOND is one of a series of Bonds dated December 1, 2011, authorized in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the State of Texas in the principal amount of $7,375,000 for the public purposes of providing funds for refunding certain outstanding obligations of the Issuer, and to pay the costs incurred in connection with the issuance of the Bonds. ON FEBRUARY 15, 2021, or on any date thereafter, the Bonds of this series may be redeemed prior to their scheduled maturities, at the option of the Issuer, with funds derived from any available and lawful source, as a whole, or in part, and, if in part, the particular Bonds, or portions thereof, to be redeemed shall be selected and designated by the Issuer (provided that a portion of a Bond may be redeemed only in an integral multiple of $5,000), at a redemption price equal to the principal amount to be redeemed plus accrued interest to the date fixed for redemption. IF AT THE TIME OF MAILING of notice of optional redemption there shall not have either been deposited with the Paying Agent/Registrar or legally authorized escrow agent immediately available funds sufficient to redeem all the Bonds called for redemption, such notice may state that it is conditional, and is subject to the deposit of the redemption moneys with the Paying Agent/Registrar or legally authorized escrow agent at or prior to the redemption date. If such redemption is not effectuated, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall, within five days thereafter, give notice in the manner in which the notice of redemption was given that such moneys were not so received and shall rescind the redemption. AT LEAST 30 days prior to the date fixed for any redemption of Bonds or portions thereof prior to maturity a written notice of such redemption shall be sent by the Paying Agent/Registrar by United States mail, IM first-class postage prepaid, at least 30 days prior to the date fixed for any such redemption, to the registered owner of each Bond to be redeemed at its address as it appeared on the 45th day prior to such redemption date; provided, however, that the failure of the registered owner to receive such notice, or any defect therein or in the sending or mailing thereof, shall not affect the validity or effectiveness of the proceedings for the redemption of any Bond. By the date fixed for any such redemption due provision shall be made with the Paying Agent/Registrar for the payment of the required redemption price for the Bonds or portions thereof that are to be so redeemed. If such written notice of redemption is sent and if due provision for such payment is made, all as provided above, the Bonds or portions thereof that are to be so redeemed thereby automatically shall be treated as redeemed prior to their scheduled maturities, and they shall not bear interest after the date fixed for redemption, and they shall not be regarded as being outstanding except for the right of the registered owner to receive the redemption price from the Paying Agent/Registrar out of the funds provided for such payment. If a portion of any Bond shall be redeemed, a substitute Bond or Bonds having the same maturity date, bearing interest at the same rate, in any denomination or denominations in any integral multiple of $5,000, at the written request of the registered owner, and in aggregate principal amount equal to the unredeemed portion thereof, will be issued to the registered owner upon the surrender thereof for cancellation, at the expense of the Issuer, all as provided in the Bond Ordinance. ALL BONDS OF THIS SERIES are issuable solely as fully registered bonds, without interest coupons, in the denomination of any integral multiple of $5,000. As provided in the Bond Ordinance, this Bond may, at the request of the registered owner or the assignee or assignees hereof, be assigned, transferred, converted into and exchanged for a like aggregate principal amount of fully registered Bonds, without interest coupons, payable to the appropriate registered owner, assignee or assignees, as the case may be, having the same denomination or denominations in any integral multiple of $5,000 as requested in writing by the appropriate registered owner, assignee or assignees, as the case may be, upon surrender of this Bond to the Paying Agent/Registrar for cancellation, all in accordance with the form and procedures set forth in the Bond Ordinance. Among other requirements for such assignment and transfer, this Bond must be presented and surrendered to the Paying Agent/Registrar, together with proper instruments of assignment, in form and with guarantee of signatures satisfactory to the Paying Agent/Registrar, evidencing assignment of this Bond or any portion or portions hereof in any integral multiple of $5,000 to the assignee or assignees in whose name or names this Bond or any such portion or portions hereof is or are to be registered. The form of Assignment printed or endorsed on this Bond may be executed by the registered owner to evidence the assignment hereof, but such method is not exclusive, and other instruments of assignment satisfactory to the Paying Agent/Registrar may be used to evidence the assignment of this Bond or any portion or portions hereof from time to time by the registered owner. The Paying Agent/Registrar's reasonable standard or customary fees and charges for assigning, transferring, converting and exchanging any Bond or portion thereof will be paid by the Issuer. In any circumstance, any taxes or governmental charges required to be paid with respect thereto shall be paid by the one requesting such assignment, transfer, conversion or exchange, as a condition precedent to the exercise of such privilege. The Paying Agent/Registrar shall not be required to make any such transfer, conversion, or exchange (i) during the period commencing with the close of business on any Record Date and ending with the opening ofbusiness on the next following principal or interest payment date, or (ii) with respect to any Bond or any portion thereof called for redemption prior to maturity, within 45 days prior to its redemption date. IN THE EVENT any Paying Agent/Registrar for the Bonds is changed by the Issuer, resigns, or otherwise ceases to act as such, the Issuer has covenanted in the Bond Ordinance that it promptly will appoint a competent and legally qualified substitute therefor, and cause written notice thereof to be mailed to the registered owners of the Bonds. IM IT IS HEREBY certified, recited and covenanted that this Bond has been duly and validly authorized, issued and delivered; that all acts, conditions and things required or proper to be performed, exist and be done precedent to or in the authorization, issuance and delivery of this Bond have been performed, existed and been done in accordance with law; and that annual ad valorem taxes sufficient to provide for the payment of the interest on and principal of this Bond, as such interest comes due and such principal matures, have been levied and ordered to be levied against all taxable property in said Issuer, and have been pledged for such payment, within the limit prescribed by law. THE IS SUER HAS RESERVED THE RIGHT to amend the Bond Ordinance as provided therein, and under some (but not all) circumstances amendments thereto must be approved by the registered owners of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Bonds. BY BECOMING the registered owner of this Bond, the registered owner thereby acknowledges all of the terms and provisions of the Bond Ordinance, agrees to be bound by such terms and provisions, acknowledges that the Bond Ordinance is duly recorded and available for inspection in the official minutes and records of the governing body of the Issuer, and agrees that the terms and provisions of this Bond and the Bond Ordinance constitute a contract between each registered owner hereof and the Issuer. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Issuer has caused this Bond to be signed with the manual or facsimile signature of the Mayor of the Issuer (or in his absence, the Mayor Pro Tem) and countersigned with the manual or facsimile signature of the Town Secretary of said Issuer, and has caused the official seal of the Issuer to be duly impressed, or placed in facsimile, on this Bond. (SEAL) (signature) (signature) Town Secretary Mayor (b) Form of Paying Agent/Registrar's Authentication Certificate. PAYING AGENT/REGISTRAR'S AUTHENTICATION CERTIFICATE (To be executed if this Bond is not accompanied by an executed Registration Certificate of the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas) It is hereby certified that this Bond has been issued under the provisions of the Bond Ordinance described in the text of this Bond; and that this Bond has been issued in conversion or replacement of, or in exchange for, a Bond, Bonds, or a portion of a Bond or Bonds of a series that originally was approved by the Attorney General of the State of Texas and registered by the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas. Dated: ME U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION Dallas, Texas Paying Agent/Registrar Lo Authorized Representative (c) Form of Assignment. ASSIGNMENT (Please print or type clearly) For value received, the undersigned hereby sells, assigns and transfers unto: Transferee's Social Security or Taxpayer Identification Number: Transferee's name and address, including zip code: the within Bond and all rights thereunder, and hereby irrevocably constitutes and appoints , attorney, to register the transfer of the within Bond on the books kept for registration thereof, with full power of substitution in the premises. Dated: Signature Guaranteed: NOTICE: Signature(s) must be guaranteed by an eligible guarantor institution participating in a securities transfer association recognized signature guarantee program. NOTICE: The signature above must correspond with the name of the registered owner as it appears upon the front of this Bond in every particular, without alteration or enlargement or any change whatsoever. (d) Form of Registration Certificate of the Comptroller of Public Accounts. COMPTROLLER'S REGISTRATION CERTIFICATE: REGISTER NO. I hereby certify that this Bond has been examined, certified as to validity and approved by the Attorney General of the State of Texas, and that this Bond has been registered by the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas. Witness my signature and seal this Comptroller ofPublic Accounts ofthe State of Texas (COMPTROLLER'S SEAL) (e) Initial Bond Insertions. (i) The initial Bond shall be in the form set forth is paragraph (a) of this Section, except that: A. immediately under the name of the Bond, the headings "Interest Rate" and "Maturity Date" shall both be completed with the words "As shown below" and "CUSIP No. " shall be deleted. IM B. the first paragraph shall be deleted and the following will be inserted: "THE TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS, in Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas (the "Issuer"), being a political subdivision and municipal corporation of the State of Texas, hereby promises to pay to the Registered Owner specified above, or registered assigns (hereinafter called the "Registered Owner"), on February 15 in each of the years, in the principal installments and bearing interest at the per annum rates set forth in the following schedule: Years Principal Installments Interest Rates (Information from Section 2 to be inserted) The Issuer promises to pay interest on the unpaid principal amount hereof (calculated on the basis of a 360 -day year of twelve 30 -day months) from the Delivery Date set forth above at the respective Interest Rate per annum specified above. Interest is payable on February 15, 2012, and semiannually on each August 15 and February 15 thereafter to the date of payment of the principal installment specified above, or the date of redemption prior to maturity; except, that if this Bond is required to be authenticated and the date of its authentication is later than the first Record Date (hereinafter defined), such Principal Amount shall bear interest from the interest payment date next preceding the date of authentication, unless such date of authentication is after any Record Date but on or before the next following interest payment date, in which case such principal amount shall bear interest from such next following interest payment date; provided, however, that if on the date of authentication hereof the interest on the Bond or Bonds, if any, for which this Bond is being exchanged is due but has not been paid, then this Bond shall bear interest from the date to which such interest has been paid in full." C. The Initial Bond shall be numbered "T-1." IM EXHIBIT C DESCRIPTION OF ANNUAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION. Annual Financial Statements and Operating Data The financial information and operating data with respect to the Issuer to be provided annually are as specified (and included in the Appendix or under the headings of the Official Statement referred to) below: — Financial information and operating data, which is customarily prepared by the Issuer and is publicly available, of the general type described in Tables Ithrough 4 and 6 through 12 . -- Appendix B (FINANCIAL INFORMATION FOR THE LAST COMPLETED FISCAL YEAR WHICH WILL BE UNAUDITED, UNLESS AN AUDIT IS PERFORMED IN WHICH EVENT THE AUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS WILL BE MADE AVAILABLE) Accounting Principles The accounting principles referred to in such Section are the accounting principles described in the notes to the financial statements referred to in paragraph above. C-1 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS (A political subdivision and municipal corporation of the State of Texas located within Tarrant and Denton Counties) $7,375,000 GENERAL OBLIGATION REFUNDING BONDS SERIES 2011 PURCHASE AGREEMENT November 16, 2011 Honorable Mayor and City Council Town of Westlake, Texas 3 Village Circle, Suite 202 Westlake, Texas 76262 Ladies and Gentlemen: The undersigned, Southwest Securities, Inc. (the "Underwriter"), acting on its own behalf and not acting as a fiduciary or agent for you, offers to enter into the following agreement (this "Agreement") with the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Issuer") which, upon the Issuer's written acceptance of this offer, will be binding upon the Issuer and upon the Underwriter. This offer is made subject to the Issuer's written acceptance hereof on or before 10:00 p.m., Westlake, Texas time, on November 16, 2011, and, if not so accepted, will be subject to withdrawal by the Underwriter upon written notice delivered to the Issuer at any time prior to the acceptance hereof by the Issuer. Terms not otherwise defined in this Agreement shall have the same meanings set forth in the Ordinance (as defined herein) or in the Official Statement (as defined herein). 1. Purchase and Sale of the Bonds. Subject to the terms and conditions and in reliance upon the representations, warranties and agreements set forth herein, the Underwriter hereby agrees to purchase from the Issuer, and the Issuer hereby agrees to sell and deliver to the Underwriter, all, but not less than all, of the Issuer's $7,350,000 General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 (the "Bonds"). Inasmuch as this purchase and sale represents a negotiated transaction, the Issuer understands, and hereby confirms, that the Underwriter is not acting as a fiduciary of the Issuer, but rather is acting solely in its capacity as Underwriter for its own account. The Issuer acknowledges and agrees that (i) the purchase and sale of the Bonds pursuant to this Agreement is an arm's-length commercial transaction between the Issuer and the Underwriter, (ii) in connection therewith and with the discussions, undertakings, and procedures leading up to the consummation of this transaction, the Underwriter is and has been acting solely as a principal and is not acting as the agent or fiduciary of the Issuer, (iii) the Underwriter has not HOU:3164561.2 assumed an advisory or fiduciary responsibility in favor of the Issuer with respect to the offering described herein or the discussions, undertakings, and procedures leading thereto (regardless of whether the Underwriter has provided other services or is currently providing other services to the Issuer on other matters) and the Underwriter has no obligation to the Issuer with respect to the offering described herein except the obligations expressly set forth in this Agreement, and (iv) the Issuer has consulted its own legal, financial, and other advisors to the extent it has deemed appropriate. The Underwriter has been duly authorized to execute this Agreement and to act hereunder. The principal amount of the Bonds to be issued, the dated date therefor, and the maturities, redemption provisions and interest rates per annum are set forth in the Pricing Certificate (defined below) attached as Schedule I hereto. The Bonds shall be as described in, and shall be issued and secured under and pursuant to the provisions of an ordinance adopted by the Issuer on November 14, 2011 (the "Ordinance"). The purchase price for the Bonds shall be $7,748,505.93 (representing the par amount of the Bonds, plus a reoffering premium of $424,195.85 and less an underwriting discount of $50,689.92). Delivered to the Issuer herewith is the Underwriter's good faith corporate check payable to the order of the Issuer in the amount of $74,500 (the "Check"). In the event you accept this offer, the Check shall be held uncashed by you until the time of Closing (as defined herein), at which time the Check shall be returned uncashed to the Underwriter upon the purchase and delivery of the Bonds. In the event that the Issuer does not accept this Agreement, the Check shall be immediately returned to the Underwriter. Should the Issuer fail to deliver the Bonds at the Closing, or should the Issuer be unable to satisfy the conditions of the obligations of the Underwriter to purchase, accept delivery of and pay for the Bonds, as set forth in this Agreement (unless waived by the Underwriter), or should such obligations of the Underwriter be terminated for any reason permitted by this Agreement, the Check shall immediately be returned to the Underwriter. In the event that the Underwriter fails (other than for a reason permitted hereunder) to purchase, accept delivery of and pay for the Bonds at the Closing as herein provided, the Check shall be cashed and the amount thereof retained by the Issuer as and for fully liquidated damages for such failure of the Underwriter, and, except as set forth in Sections 8 and 10 hereof, no party shall have any further rights against the other hereunder. The Underwriter and the Issuer understand that in such event the Issuer's actual damages may be greater or may be less than such amount. Accordingly, the Underwriter hereby waives any right to claim that the Issuer's actual damages are less than such amount, and the Issuer's acceptance of this offer shall constitute a waiver of any right the Issuer may have to additional damages from the Underwriter for its failure to purchase, accept delivery of and pay for the Bonds. The Underwriter hereby agrees not to stop or cause payment on such check to be stopped unless the Issuer has breached the terms of this Agreement. 2. Public Offering. The Underwriter agrees to make a bona fide public offering of all of the Bonds at a price not to exceed the public offering price set forth on page i of the Official Statement and may subsequently change such offering prices or yields without any requirement of prior notice. The Underwriter may offer and sell the Bonds to certain dealers 2 HOU:3164561.2 (including dealers depositing Bonds into investment trusts) and others at a price lower than the public offering price stated on page i of the Official Statement. On or before the Closing (hereinafter defined), the Underwriter shall execute and deliver to Bond Counsel an issue price certificate prepared by Bond Counsel verifying the initial offering prices to the public at which a substantial amount of each stated maturity of the Bonds was sold to the public. 3. The Official Statement. (a) The Issuer previously has delivered, or caused to be delivered, to the Underwriter the Preliminary Official Statement dated November 8, 2011 (the "Preliminary Official Statement") in a "designated electronic format," as defined in the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board ("MSRB") Rule G-32 ("Rule G-32"). The Issuer will prepare a final Official Statement relating to the Bonds, which will be (i) dated the date of this Agreement, (ii) complete within the meaning of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission's Rule 15c2-12, as amended (the "Rule"), (iii) in a "designated electronic format" and (iv) substantially in the form of the most recent version of the Preliminary Official Statement provided to the Underwriter before the execution hereof. Such final Official Statement, including the cover page thereto, all exhibits, schedules, appendices, maps, charts, pictures, diagrams, reports, and statements included or incorporated therein or attached thereto, and all amendments and supplements thereto that may be authorized for use with respect to the Bonds, is herein referred to as the "Official Statement." Until the Official Statement has been prepared and is available for distribution, the Issuer shall provide to the Underwriter sufficient quantities (which may be in electronic format) of the Preliminary Official Statement as the Underwriter deems necessary to satisfy the obligation of the Underwriter under the Rule with respect to distribution to each potential customer, upon request, of a copy of the Preliminary Official Statement. (b) The Preliminary Official Statement has been prepared for use by the Underwriter in connection with the public offering, sale and distribution of the Bonds. The Issuer hereby represents and warrants that the Preliminary Official Statement has been deemed final by the Issuer as of its date, except for the omission of such information which is dependent upon the final pricing of the Bonds for completion, all as permitted to be excluded by Section (b)(1) of the Rule. (c) The Issuer hereby authorizes the Official Statement and the information therein contained to be used by the Underwriter in connection with the public offering and the sale of the Bonds. The Issuer consents to the use by the Underwriter prior to the date hereof of the Preliminary Official Statement in connection with the public offering of the Bonds. The Issuer shall provide, or cause to be provided, to the Underwriter as soon as practicable after the date of the Issuer's acceptance of this Agreement (but, in any event, not later than within seven (7) business days after the Issuer's acceptance of this Agreement and in sufficient time to accompany any confirmation that requests payment from any customer) copies of the Official Statement, approved by the Issuer's City Council or one or more duly authorized officers of the Issuer, which is complete as of the date of its delivery to the Underwriter. The Issuer shall provide the Official Statement, or 3 HOU:3164561.2 cause the Official Statement to be provided, (i) in a "designated electronic format" consistent with the requirements of Rule G-32 and (ii) in a printed format in such quantity as the Underwriter shall reasonably request in order for the Underwriter to comply with Section (b)(4) of the Rule and the rules of the MSRB. (d) If, after the date of this Agreement to and including the date the Underwriter is no longer required to provide an Official Statement to potential customers who request the same pursuant to the Rule (the earlier of (i) ninety (90) days from the "end of the underwriting period" (as defined in the Rule) and (ii) the time when the Official Statement is available to any person from the MSRB, but in no case less than twenty-five (25) days after the "end of the underwriting period" for the Bonds), the Issuer becomes aware of any fact or event which might or would cause the Official Statement, as then supplemented or amended, to contain any untrue statement of a material fact or to omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, or if it is necessary to amend or supplement the Official Statement to comply with law, the Issuer will notify the Underwriter (and for the purposes of this clause provide the Underwriter with such information as it may from time to time reasonably request), and if, in the reasonable judgment of the Underwriter, such fact or event requires preparation and publication of a supplement or amendment to the Official Statement, the Issuer will forthwith prepare and furnish, at the Issuer's own expense (in a form and manner approved by the Underwriter), either an amendment or a supplement to the Official Statement so that the statements in the Official Statement as so amended and supplemented will not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading or so that the Official Statement will comply with law; provided, however, that for all purposes of this Agreement and any certificate delivered by the Issuer in accordance herewith, the Issuer makes no representations with respect to the descriptions in the Preliminary Official Statement or the Official Statement of The Depository Trust Company, New York, New York, or its book -entry -only system. If such notification shall be subsequent to the Closing, the Issuer shall furnish such legal opinions, certificates, instruments and other documents as the Underwriter may reasonably deem necessary to evidence the truth and accuracy of such supplement or amendment to the Official Statement. The Issuer shall provide any such amendment or supplement, or cause any such amendment or supplement to be provided, (i) in a "designated electronic format" consistent with the requirements of Rule G-32 and (ii) in a printed format in such quantity as the Underwriter shall reasonably request in order for the Underwriter to comply with Section (b)(4) of the Rule and the rules of the MSRB. (e) The Underwriter hereby agrees to timely file the Official Statement with MSRB through its Electronic Municipal Market Access ("EMMA") system on or before the date of Closing. Unless otherwise notified in writing by the Underwriter, the Issuer can assume that the "end of the underwriting period" for purposes of the Rule is the date of the Closing. 2 HOU:3164561.2 4. Representations, Warranties and Covenants of the Issuer. The Issuer hereby represents and warrants to and covenants with the Underwriter that: (a) The Issuer is a city duly created and existing under the laws of the State of Texas (the "State") and is issuing the Bonds pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 1207, Texas Government Code, as amended (collectively, the "Act") and has full legal right, power and authority under the Act, and at the date of the Closing will have full legal right, power and authority (i) to enter into, execute and deliver this Agreement, the Ordinance and the Pricing Certificate, the Continuing Disclosure Undertaking (as defined in Section 60)(3) hereof)and the escrow agreement described in the Ordinance (the "Escrow Agreement") (this Agreement, the Ordinance (including the Continuing Disclosure Undertaking set forth in the Ordinance) and the Escrow Agreement are hereinafter referred to as the "Issuer Documents"), (ii) to sell, issue and deliver the Bonds to the Underwriter as provided herein, and (iii) to carry out and consummate the transactions described in the Issuer Documents and the Official Statement, and the Issuer has complied, and will at the Closing be in compliance in all material respects, with the terms of the Act and the Issuer Documents as they pertain to such transactions; (b) By all necessary official action of the Issuer prior to or concurrently with the acceptance hereof, the Issuer has duly authorized all necessary action to be taken by it for (i) the adoption of the Ordinance and the issuance and sale of the Bonds, (ii) the approval, execution and delivery of, and the performance by the Issuer of the obligations on its part, contained in the Bonds and the Issuer Documents and (iii) the consummation by it of all other transactions described in the Official Statement and the Issuer Documents and any and all such other agreements and documents as may be required to be executed, delivered and/or received by the Issuer in order to carry out, give effect to, and consummate the transactions described herein and in the Official Statement; (c) The Issuer Documents constitute legal, valid and binding obligations of the Issuer subject to bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium and other similar laws and principles of equity relating to or affecting the enforcement of creditors' rights; the Bonds, when issued, delivered and paid for, in accordance with the Ordinance and this Agreement, will constitute legal, valid and binding obligations of the Issuer, entitled to the benefits of the Ordinance and enforceable in accordance with their terms by mandamus or other relief permitted by law, subject to bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium and other similar laws and principles of equity relating to or affecting the enforcement of creditors' rights, and subject to general principles of equity which permit the exercise of judicial discretion; and upon the issuance, authentication and delivery of the Bonds as aforesaid, the Ordinance will provide, for the benefit of the holders, from time to time, of the Bonds, the legally valid and binding pledge of and lien they purport to create as set forth in the Ordinance; (d) On the date hereof and on the date of Closing, the Issuer is not in material breach of or default under any applicable constitutional provision, law or administrative regulation of the State or the United States relating to the Issuer's ability to borrow money or otherwise obtain credit or any applicable judgment or decree that would have a 5 HOU:3164561.2 material adverse effect upon the operations or financial condition of the Issuer; or any loan agreement, indenture, bond, note, resolution, agreement or other instrument to which the Issuer is a party or to which the Issuer is otherwise subject, and no event has occurred and is continuing which constitutes or with the passage of time or the giving of notice, or both, would constitute a default or event of default by the Issuer under any of the foregoing; and the execution and delivery of the Bonds, the Issuer Documents and the adoption of the Ordinance and compliance with the provisions on the Issuer's part contained therein, will not conflict with or constitute a material breach of or default under any constitutional provision, law or administrative regulation, judgment or decree, or any loan agreement, indenture, bond, note, resolution, agreement or other instrument to which the Issuer is a party or to which the Issuer is otherwise subject or under the terms of any such law, regulation or instrument, except as provided by the Bonds and the Ordinance; (e) All authorizations, approvals, licenses, permits, consents and orders of any governmental authority, legislative body, board, agency or commission having jurisdiction of the matters which are required for the due authorization of, which would constitute a condition precedent to, or the absence of which would materially adversely affect the due performance by the Issuer of its obligations under the Issuer Documents and the Bonds have been duly obtained or will be obtained prior to Closing, except for such approvals, consents and orders as may be required under the Blue Sky or securities laws of any jurisdiction in connection with the offering and sale of the Bonds; (f) The Bonds and the Ordinance conform to the descriptions thereof contained in the Official Statement under the caption "DESCRIPTION OF THE BONDS"; the proceeds of the sale of the Bonds will be applied generally as described in the Official Statement under the caption "PLAN OF FINANCING — Sources and Uses of Funds"; and the Continuing Disclosure Undertaking conforms to the descriptions thereof contained in the Official Statement under the caption "OTHER MATTERS - Continuing Disclosure of Information"; (g) Except as may be otherwise provided in the Official Statement under the caption "OTHER MATTERS - Continuing Disclosure of Information — Compliance with Prior Undertakings", during the last five (5) years the Issuer has complied in all material respects with its previous Continuing Disclosure Undertakings made by it in accordance with the Rule; (h) On the date hereof and on the date of Closing, there is no legislation, action, suit, proceeding, inquiry or investigation, at law or in equity, before or by any court, government agency, public board or body, pending or, to the best knowledge of the Issuer after due inquiry, threatened against the Issuer, affecting the existence of the Issuer or the titles of its officers to their respective offices, or affecting or seeking to prohibit, restrain or enjoin the sale, issuance or delivery of the Bonds or the collection of taxes or revenues pledged to the payment of principal of and interest on the Bonds pursuant to the Ordinance or in any way contesting or affecting the validity or enforceability of the Bonds or the Issuer Documents, or contesting the exclusion from gross income of interest on the Bonds for federal income tax purposes, or contesting in any way the completeness 0 HOU:3164561.2 or accuracy of the Preliminary Official Statement or the Official Statement or any supplement or amendment thereto, or contesting the powers of the Issuer or any authority for the issuance of the Bonds, the adoption of the Ordinance or the execution and delivery of the Issuer Documents, nor, to the best knowledge of the Issuer, is there any basis therefor, wherein an unfavorable decision, ruling or finding would materially adversely affect the validity or enforceability of the Bonds or the Issuer Documents; (i) As of the date thereof, the Preliminary Official Statement did not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; 0) At the time of the Issuer's acceptance hereof and (unless the Official Statement is amended or supplemented pursuant to paragraph (d) of Section 3 of this Agreement) at all times subsequent thereto during the period up to and including twenty- five (25) days subsequent to the "end of the underwriting period," the Official Statement does not and will not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; (k) If the Official Statement is supplemented or amended pursuant to paragraph (d) of Section 3 of this Agreement, at the time of each supplement or amendment thereto and (unless subsequently again supplemented or amended pursuant to such paragraph) at all times subsequent thereto during the period up to and including twenty-five (25) days subsequent to the "end of the underwriting period", the Official Statement as so supplemented or amended will not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which made, not misleading; (1) The Issuer will apply, or cause to be applied, the proceeds from the sale of the Bonds as provided in and subject to all of the terms and provisions of the Ordinance and not take or omit to take any action which action or omission will adversely affect the exclusion from gross income for federal income tax purposes of the interest on the Bonds; (m) The Issuer will furnish such information and execute such instruments and take such action in cooperation with the Underwriter as the Underwriter may reasonably request, at no expense to the Issuer, (i) to (y) qualify the Bonds for offer and sale under the Blue Sky or other securities laws and regulations of such states and other jurisdictions in the United States as the Underwriter may designate and (z) determine the eligibility of the Bonds for investment under the laws of such states and other jurisdictions and (ii) to continue such qualifications in effect so long as required for the initial distribution of the Bonds by the Underwriter (provided, however, that the Issuer will not be required to qualify as a foreign corporation or to file any general or special consents to service of process under the laws of any jurisdiction) and will advise the Underwriter immediately 7 HOU:3164561.2 of receipt by the Issuer of any notification with respect to the suspension of the qualification of the Bonds for sale in any jurisdiction or the initiation or threat of any proceeding for that purpose; (n) The financial statements of, and other financial information regarding, the Issuer in the Official Statement fairly present the financial position, results of operations and condition of the Issuer as of the dates and for the periods therein set forth, and there has been no adverse change of a material nature in such financial position, results of operations or condition, financial or otherwise, of the Issuer since the dates of such statements and information; (o) Except as may be disclosed in the Official Statement, the Issuer is not a party to any litigation or other proceeding pending or, to its knowledge, threatened which, if decided adversely to the Issuer, would have a materially adverse effect on the financial condition of the Issuer; (p) Prior to the Closing, and except in the ordinary course of business, the Issuer will not offer or issue any bonds, notes or other obligations for borrowed money or take action to incur any material liabilities, direct or contingent, payable from or secured by any of the taxes or revenues which will secure the Bonds without the prior written approval of the Underwriter, which approval shall not be unreasonably withheld; (q) The Issuer, to the extent heretofore requested by the Underwriter, has delivered to the Underwriter true, correct, complete, and legible copies of all information, applications, reports, or other documents of any nature whatsoever submitted to any rating agency for the purpose of obtaining a rating for the Bonds, and, true, correct, complete, and legible copies of all correspondence or other communications relating, directly or indirectly, thereto; (r) Any certificate, signed by any official of the Issuer authorized to do so in connection with the transactions described in this Agreement, shall be deemed a representation and warranty by the Issuer to the Underwriter as to the statements made therein; and (s) The Issuer covenants that between the date hereof and the Closing it will not intentionally take actions which will cause the representations and warranties made in this Section to be untrue as of the Closing. By delivering the Official Statement to the Underwriter, the Issuer shall be deemed to have reaffirmed, with respect to such Official Statement, the representations, warranties and covenants set forth above with respect to the Preliminary Official Statement. 5. Closing. (a) At 10:00 a.m. Westlake, Texas, time, on December 20, 2011, or at such other time and date as shall have been mutually agreed upon by the Issuer and the HOU:3164561.2 Underwriter (the "Closing"), the Issuer will, subject to the terms and conditions hereof, deliver the Bonds to the Underwriter duly executed and authenticated, together with the other documents hereinafter mentioned, and the Underwriter will, subject to the terms and conditions hereof, accept such delivery and pay the purchase price of the Bonds as set forth in Section 1 of this Agreement in immediately available funds by wire transfer to the account of the Issuer as indicated by U.S. Bank National Association (the "Paying Agent/Registrar"). Payment for the Bonds as aforesaid shall be made at the offices of the Paying Agent/Registrar or such other place as shall have been mutually agreed upon by the Issuer and the Underwriter. (b) Delivery of the Bonds shall be made to The Depository Trust Company, New York, New York ("DTC"). The Bonds shall be delivered in definitive fully registered form, bearing CUSIP numbers without coupons, with one Bond for each maturity of the Bonds registered in the name of Cede & Co., all as provided in the Ordinance and shall be made available to the Underwriter at least one business day before Closing for purposes of inspection. 6. Closing Conditions. The Underwriter has entered into this Agreement in reliance upon the representations, warranties and agreements of the Issuer contained herein, and in reliance upon the representations, warranties and agreements to be contained in the documents and instruments to be delivered at the Closing and upon the performance by the Issuer of its obligations hereunder, both as of the date hereof and as of the date of the Closing. Accordingly, the Underwriter's obligations under this Agreement to purchase, to accept delivery of and to pay for the Bonds shall be conditioned upon the performance by the Issuer of its obligations to be performed hereunder and under such documents and instruments at or prior to the Closing, and shall also be subject to the following additional conditions, including the delivery by the Issuer of such documents as are enumerated herein, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Underwriter: (a) The representations and warranties of the Issuer contained herein shall be true, complete and correct in all material respects on the date hereof and on and as of the date of the Closing, as if made on the date of the Closing; (b) The Issuer shall have performed and complied with all agreements and conditions required by this Agreement to be performed or complied with by it prior to or at the Closing; (c) At the time of the Closing, (i) the Issuer Documents and the Bonds shall be in full force and effect in the form heretofore approved by the Underwriter and shall not have been amended, modified or supplemented, and the Official Statement shall not have been supplemented or amended, except in any such case as may have been agreed to by the Underwriter; (ii) the net proceeds of the sale of the Bonds and any funds to be provided by the Issuer shall be deposited and applied as described in the Official Statement and in the Ordinance and (iii) all actions of the Issuer required to be taken by the Issuer shall be performed in order for Bond Counsel and counsel to the Underwriter to deliver their respective opinions referred to hereafter; 9 HOU:3164561.2 (d) At the time of the Closing, all official action of the Issuer relating to the Bonds and the Issuer Documents shall be in full force and effect and shall not have been amended, modified or supplemented except as may have been approved by the Underwriter; (e) At or prior to the Closing, the Ordinance shall have been duly executed and delivered by the Issuer and the Issuer shall have duly executed and delivered and the Paying Agent/Registrar shall have duly authenticated the Bonds; (f) At the time of the Closing, there shall not have occurred any change or any development involving a prospective change in the condition, financial or otherwise, or in the revenues or operations of the Issuer, from that set forth in the Official Statement that in the reasonable judgment of the Underwriter is material and adverse and that makes it, in the reasonable judgment of the Underwriter, impracticable to market the Bonds on the terms and in the manner described in the Official Statement; (g) The Issuer shall not have failed to pay principal or interest when due on any of its outstanding obligations for borrowed money; (h) All steps to be taken and all instruments and other documents to be executed, and all other legal matters in connection with the transactions described in this Agreement shall be reasonably satisfactory in legal form and effect to the Underwriter, to Bond Counsel and to counsel for the Underwriter; and (i) At or prior to the Closing, the Underwriter shall have received copies of each of the following documents: (1) The Official Statement, and each supplement or amendment thereto, if any, as may have been agreed to by the Underwriter; (2) A copy of the Ordinance, certified as having been duly adopted and in full force and effect, with such supplements or amendments as may have been agreed to by the Underwriter; (3) The undertaking of the Issuer set forth in the Ordinance (the "Continuing Disclosure Undertaking") which satisfies the requirements of Section (d)(2) of the Rule; (4) A fully executed copy of the Escrow Agreement; (5) The approving opinion of McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P., Dallas, Texas ("Bond Counsel"), with respect to the Bonds, in substantially the form attached to the Official Statement; 10 HOU:3164561.2 (6) A supplemental opinion of Bond Counsel addressed to the Issuer and the Underwriter substantially to the effect that: (i) the Ordinance has been duly adopted and is in full force and effect; (ii) the Bonds are exempt securities that do not require registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "1933 Act"), and the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended (the "Trust Indenture Act"), and it is not necessary, in connection with the offering and sale of the Bonds to register the Bonds under the 1933 Act or to qualify the Ordinance under the Trust Indenture Act; and (iii) the statements and information describing the Bonds and the Ordinance contained in the Official Statement under the captions "PLAN OF FINANCING" (exclusive of the subcaption "Sources and Uses of Funds"), "DESCRIPTION OF THE BONDS" (exclusive of the subcaptions entitled "Book -Entry -Only System" and "Bondholders' Remedies"), "LEGAL MATTERS" (exclusive of the last sentence of the first paragraph thereof), "TAX MATTERS," "OTHER MATTERS - Legal Investments and Eligibility to Secure Public Funds in Texas," "OTHER MATTERS - Registration and Qualification of Bonds for Sale" and "OTHER MATTERS - Continuing Disclosure of Information" (exclusive of the subcaption "Compliance with Prior Undertakings") in the Official Statement, and such firm is of the opinion that the information relating to the Bonds and the legal issues contained under such captions and subcaptions is an accurate and fair description of the laws and legal issues addressed therein and,with respect to the Bonds, such information conforms to the Ordinance; (7) An opinion, dated the date of the Closing and addressed to the Underwriter, of counsel to the Underwriter, to the effect that: (i) the Bonds are exempt securities under the 1933 Act and the Trust Indenture Act and it is not necessary, in connection with the offering and sale of the Bonds, to register the Bonds under the 1933 Act and the Ordinance need not be qualified under the Trust Indenture Act; and (ii) based upon their participation in the preparation of the Official Statement as counsel for the Underwriter and their participation at conferences at which the Official Statement was discussed, but without having undertaken to determine independently the accuracy, completeness or fairness of the statements contained in the Official Statement, such counsel has no reason to believe that the Official Statement contains any untrue statement of a material fact or omits to state a material fact necessary to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances 11 HOU:3164561.2 under which they were made, not misleading (except for any financial, forecast, technical and statistical statements and data included in the Official Statement and the information regarding DTC and its book -entry - only system, as to which no view need be expressed); (8) A certificate, dated the date of the Closing, of an appropriate official of the Issuer to the effect that (i) the representations and warranties of the Issuer contained herein are true and correct in all material respects on and as of the date of the Closing as if made on the date of the Closing; (ii) except as may be disclosed in the Official Statement, no litigation, proceeding or tax challenge against the Issuer is pending or, to the best of his or her knowledge, threatened in any court or administrative body nor is there a basis for litigation which would (a) contest the right of the council members, officers or officials of the Issuer to hold and exercise their respective positions, (b) contest the due organization and valid existence of the Issuer, (c) contest the validity, due authorization and execution of the Bonds or the Issuer Documents or (d) attempt to limit, enjoin or otherwise restrict or prevent the Issuer from functioning and collecting ad valorem taxes, including payments on the Bonds, pursuant to the Ordinance, and other income or the levy or collection of the taxes pledged or to be pledged to pay the principal of and interest on the Bonds, or the pledge thereof; (iii) all official action of the Issuer relating to the Official Statement, the Bonds and the Issuer Documents have been duly taken by the Issuer, are in full force and effect and have not been modified, amended, supplemented or repealed; (iv) to the best of his or her knowledge, no event affecting the Issuer has occurred since the date of the Official Statement which should be disclosed in the Official Statement for the purpose for which it is to be used or which it is necessary to disclose therein in order to make the statements and information therein, in light of the circumstances under which made, not misleading in any respect as of the time of the Closing, and the information contained in the Official Statement is correct in all material respects and, as of the date of the Official Statement did not, and as of the date of the Closing does not, contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements made therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; and (v) there has not been any material adverse change in the financial condition of the Issuer since September 30, 2010, the latest date as of which audited financial information is available; (9) A certificate of an appropriate official of the Issuer in form and substance satisfactory to Bond Counsel and counsel to the Underwriter setting forth the facts, estimates and circumstances in existence on the date of the Closing, which establish that it is not expected that the proceeds of the Bonds will be used in a manner that would cause the Bonds to be "arbitrage bonds" within the meaning of Section 148 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"), and any applicable regulations (whether final, temporary or proposed), issued pursuant to the Code; 12 HOU:3164561.2 (10) The approving opinion of the Attorney General of the State of Texas and the registration certificates of the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas in respect of the Bonds; (11) Any other certificates and opinions required by the Ordinance for the issuance thereunder of the Bonds; (12) Evidence satisfactory to the Underwriter that the Bonds have been rated "AA-" by Standard & Poor's Ratings Services, a Standard & Poor's Financial Services Business , and that such rating is in effect as of the date of the Closing; (13) Evidence satisfactory to the Underwriter to the effect that the funds and/or securities scheduled to be deposited with the escrow agent will be set aside and held for the purpose of and will be sufficient to pay the remaining principal, premium, if any, and interest on the Refunded Obligations from the date of the Closing to the date of their maturity or prior redemption; and (14) Such additional legal opinions, certificates, instruments and other documents as Bond Counsel, the Underwriter or counsel to the Underwriter may reasonably request to evidence the truth and accuracy, as of the date hereof and as of the date of the Closing, of the Issuer's representations and warranties contained herein and of the statements and information contained in the Official Statement and the due performance or satisfaction by the Issuer on or prior to the date of the Closing of all the respective agreements then to be performed and conditions then to be satisfied by the Issuer. All of the opinions, letters, certificates, instruments and other documents mentioned above or elsewhere in this Agreement shall be deemed to be in compliance with the provisions hereof if, but only if, they are in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Underwriter. The Underwriter acknowledges that it has received a copy of the Ordinance, which contains the Continuing Disclosure Undertaking, and that it has reviewed the Continuing Disclosure Undertaking prior to the execution of this Agreement. If the Issuer shall be unable to satisfy the conditions to the obligations of the Underwriter to purchase, to accept delivery of and to pay for the Bonds contained in this Agreement, or if the obligations of the Underwriter to purchase, to accept delivery of and to pay for the Bonds shall be terminated for any reason permitted by this Agreement, this Agreement shall terminate and neither the Underwriter nor the Issuer shall be under any further obligation hereunder, except that the respective obligations of the Issuer and the Underwriter set forth in Sections 1 (with respect to the Check), 4 and 8 hereof shall continue in full force and effect. 7. Termination. The Underwriter shall have the right to cancel its obligation to purchase the Bonds if, between the date of this Agreement and the Closing, the market price or 13 HOU:3164561.2 marketability of the Bonds shall be materially adversely affected, in the sole judgment of the Underwriter, reasonably exercised, by the occurrence of any of the following: (a) legislation shall be enacted by or introduced in the Congress of the United States or recommended to the Congress for passage by the President of the United States, or the Treasury Department of the United States or the Internal Revenue Service or any member of the Congress of the United States or favorably reported for passage to either House of the Congress by any committee of such House to which such legislation has been referred for consideration, a decision by a court of the United States or of the State or the United States Tax Court shall be rendered, or an order, ruling, regulation (final, temporary or proposed), press release, statement or other form of notice by or on behalf of the Treasury Department of the United States, the Internal Revenue Service or other governmental agency shall be made or proposed, the effect of any or all of which would be to impose, directly or indirectly, federal income taxation upon interest received on obligations of the general character of the Bonds, or the interest on the Bonds as described in the Official Statement, or other action or events shall have transpired which may have the purpose or effect, directly or indirectly, of changing the federal income tax consequences of any of the transactions described herein; (b) legislation introduced in or enacted (or resolution passed) by the Congress or an order, decree or injunction issued by any court of competent jurisdiction, or an order, ruling, regulation (final, temporary, or proposed), press release or other form of notice issued or made by or on behalf of the Securities and Exchange Commission, or any other governmental agency having jurisdiction of the subject matter, to the effect that obligations of the general character of the Bonds, including any or all underlying arrangements, are not exempt from registration under or other requirements of the 1933 Act, or that the Ordinance is not exempt from qualification under or other requirements of the Trust Indenture Act, or that the issuance, offering or sale of obligations of the general character of the Bonds, including any or all underlying arrangements, as described herein or in the Official Statement or otherwise, is or would be in violation of the federal securities laws as amended and then in effect; (c) any state blue sky or securities commission or other governmental agency or body shall have withheld registration, exemption or clearance of the offering of the Bonds as described herein, or issued a stop order or similar ruling relating thereto; (d) a general suspension of trading in securities on the New York Stock Exchange, the establishment of minimum prices on such exchange, the establishment of material restrictions (not in force as of the date hereof) upon trading securities generally by any governmental authority or any national securities exchange, or a general banking moratorium declared by federal, State of New York, or State officials authorized to do so; (e) the New York Stock Exchange or other national securities exchange or any governmental authority shall impose, as to the Bonds or as to obligations of the general character of the Bonds, any material restrictions not now in force, or increase 14 HOU:3164561.2 materially those now in force, with respect to the extension of credit by, or the charge to the net capital requirements of, the Underwriter; (f) any amendment to the federal or state Constitution or action by any federal or state court, legislative body, regulatory body or other authority materially adversely affecting the tax status of the Issuer, its property, income, securities (or interest thereon), or the validity or enforceability of the assessments or the levies of taxes to pay principal of and interest on the Bonds; (g) any event or circumstance shall exist that either makes untrue or incorrect in any material respect any statement or information in the Official Statement (other than any statement provided by the Underwriter) or is not reflected in the Official Statement but should be reflected therein in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading and, in either such event, the Issuer refuses to permit the Official Statement to be supplemented to supply such statement or information, or the effect of the Official Statement as so supplemented is to materially adversely affect the market price or marketability of the Bonds or the ability of the Underwriter to enforce contracts for the sale of the Bonds; (h) there shall have occurred since the date of this Agreement any materially adverse change in the affairs or financial condition of the Issuer, except for changes which the Official Statement discloses are expected to occur; (i) the United States shall have either become engaged in hostilities that did not exist prior to the date hereof or issued a declaration of war or a national emergency, or there shall have occurred a new material outbreak or escalation of hostilities or a national or international calamity or crisis, financial or otherwise; 0) any fact or event shall exist or have existed that, in the Underwriter's reasonable judgment, requires or has required an amendment of or supplement to the Official Statement; (k) there shall have occurred or any notice shall have been given of any intended downgrading, suspension, withdrawal, or negative change in credit watch status by any national rating service to any of the Issuer's obligations secured in a like manner as the Certificates (including the rating to be accorded the Certificates) or the financial strength ratings of the Bond Insurer; and; (m) the purchase of and payment for the Bonds by the Underwriter, or the resale of the Bonds by the Underwriter, on the terms and conditions herein provided shall be prohibited by any applicable law, governmental authority, board, agency or M 1-14 HIT M1 IG M With respect to the conditions described in subparagraphs (e) and (m) above, such subsections shall not apply to any current, pending or proposed law or government inquiry or 15 HOU:3164561.2 investigation as of the date of execution of this Agreement which would permit the Underwriter to invoke its termination rights hereunder. 8. Expenses. (a) The Underwriter shall be under no obligation to pay, and the Issuer shall pay, any expenses incident to the performance of the Issuer's obligations hereunder, including, but not limited to (i) the cost of preparation and printing of the Bonds; (ii) the fees and disbursements of Bond Counsel and the Issuer's Financial Advisor; (iii) the fees and disbursements of any other engineers, accountants, and other experts, consultants or advisers retained by the Issuer; (iv) the fees for bond ratings and municipal bond insurance, if any; (v) the costs of preparing, printing and mailing the Preliminary Official Statement and the Official Statement; (vi) the fees and expenses of the Paying Agent/Registrar and other paying agents, if any, for the Refunded Bonds; (vii) publication expenses, if any, in connection with the redemption of the Refunded Bonds; (viii) advertising expenses (except any advertising expenses of the Underwriter as set forth below); (ix) the out-of-pocket, miscellaneous and closing expenses, including the cost of travel, of the officers and members of the Issuer; (x) the Attorney General's review fee; and (xi) any other expenses mutually agreed to by the Issuer and the Underwriter to be reasonably considered expenses of the Issuer which are incident to the transactions described herein. (b) The Underwriter shall pay (i) the cost of preparation and printing of this Agreement, the Blue Sky Survey and Legal Investment Memorandum, if any; (ii) all advertising expenses in connection with the public offering of the Bonds; and (iii) all other expenses incurred by them in connection with the public offering of the Bonds, including the fees and disbursements of counsel retained by the Underwriter. (c) If this Agreement shall be terminated by the Underwriter because of any failure or refusal on the part of the Issuer to comply with the terms or to fulfill any of the conditions of this Agreement, or if for any reason the Issuer shall be unable to perform its obligations under this Agreement, the Issuer will immediately return the Check to the Underwriter and there shall be no further obligation of the Issuer to the Underwriter. 9. Notices. Any notice or other communication to be given to the Issuer under this Agreement may be given by delivering the same in writing to Town of Westlake, Texas, 3 Village Circle, Suite 202, Westlake, Texas 76262, Attention: Town Manager, and any notice or other communication to be given to the Underwriter under this Agreement may be given by delivering the same in writing to Southwest Securities, Inc., 6565 Americas Parkway NE, Ste 239, Albuquerque, NM 87110, Attention: Kit Caldwell. 10. Parties in Interest. This Agreement as heretofore specified shall constitute the entire agreement between us and is made solely for the benefit of the Issuer and the Underwriter (including successors or assigns of the Underwriter) and no other person shall acquire or have any right hereunder or by virtue hereof. This Agreement may not be assigned by the Issuer. All 16 HOU:3164561.2 of the Issuer's representations, warranties and agreements contained in this Agreement shall remain operative and in full force and effect, regardless of (i) any investigations made by or on behalf of the Underwriter; (ii) delivery of and payment for the Bonds pursuant to this Agreement; and (iii) any termination of this Agreement. 11. Effectiveness. This Agreement shall become effective upon the acceptance hereof by the Issuer and shall be valid and enforceable in accordance with its terms at the time of such acceptance. 12. Choice of Law. This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State. 13. Severability. If any provision of this Agreement shall be held or deemed to be or shall, in fact, be invalid, inoperative or unenforceable as applied in any particular case in any jurisdiction or jurisdictions, or in all jurisdictions because it conflicts with any provision or provisions of any constitution, statute, rule of public policy or any other reason, such circumstances shall not have the effect of rendering the provision in question invalid, inoperative or unenforceable in any other case or circumstance, or of rendering any other provision or provisions of this Agreement invalid, inoperative or unenforceable to any extent whatsoever. 14. Business Day. For purposes of this Agreement, "business day" means any day on which the New York Stock Exchange is open for trading. 15. Section Headings. Section headings have been inserted in this Agreement as a matter of convenience of reference only, and it is agreed that such section headings are not a part of this Agreement and will not be used in the interpretation of any provisions of this Agreement. 16. Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in several counterparts each of which shall be regarded as an original (with the same effect as if the signatures thereto and hereto were upon the same document) and all of which shall constitute one and the same document. 17. No Personal Liability. None of the members of the City Council, nor any officer, agent, or employee of the Issuer, shall be charged personally by the Underwriter with any liability, or be held liable to the Underwriter under any term or provision of this Agreement, or because of execution or attempted execution, or because of any breach or attempted or alleged breach, of this Agreement. [Execution Page Follows.] 17 HOU:3164561.2 If you agree with the foregoing, please sign the enclosed counterpart of this Agreement and return it to the Underwriter. This Agreement shall become a binding agreement between the Issuer and the Underwriter when at least the counterpart of this letter shall have been signed by or on behalf of each of the parties hereto. SOUTHWEST SECURITIES, INC Name: Michael G. Wadsworth Title: Senior Vice President ACCEPTED at p.m. Central Time this day of 12011. TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS By: Name: Title: Schedule I - Pricing Certificate Execution Page Town of Westlake, Texas, General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 HOU:3164561.1 If you agree with the foregoing, please sign the enclosed counterpart of this Agreement and return it to the Underwriter. This Agreement shall become a binding agreement between the Issuer and the Underwriter when at least the counterpart of this letter shall have been signed by or on behalf of each of the parties hereto. SOUTHWEST SECURITIES, INC. By: Name: Title: ACCEPTED at I :1 T.m. Central Time this 16thday of November , 2011. TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS By: —727A Name: r �. Schedule I - Pricing Certificate Execution Page Town of Westlake, Texas, General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 HOU:3164561.2 Schedule I Pricing Certificate HOU:3164561.2 PRICING CERTIFICATE I, the undersigned Town Manager of the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Town"), acting as Pricing Officer pursuant to the authority granted to me by the ordinance adopted by the Town Council of the Town on November 14, 2011 (the "Bond Ordinance") relating to the issuance of the Town of Westlake, Texas, General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 (the "Bonds") hereby find, determine and commit on behalf of the Town to sell and deliver the Bonds on the following terms: 1. Capitalized terms not otherwise defined herein have the meaning assigned in the Bond Ordinance. 2. The Bonds are hereby sold and shall be delivered to Southwest Securities, Inc., for cash at a price of $7,748,505.93 being the par amount of the Bonds, plus a net reoffering premium of $424,195.85, less an Underwriter's discount of $50,689.92, according to the following terms: A. The aggregate principal amount ofthe Bonds shall be $7,375,000, and the Bonds shall be entitled Town of Westlake, Texas, General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011. B. The Bonds shall be dated December 1, 2011, shall be numbered from R-1 upwards (except that the initial Bond shall be numbered T-1) and shall mature and bear interest from their dated date as follows: Maturity Date Principal Amount February 15, 2013 $ 100,000 February 15, 2014 100,000 February 15, 2015 440,000 February 15, 2016 100,000 February 15, 2017 275,000 February 15, 2018 700,000 February 15, 2019 715,000 February 15, 2020 730,000 February 15, 2021 750,000 February 15, 2022 770,000 February 15, 2023 790,000 February 15, 2024 820,000 February 15, 2025 260,000 February 15, 2026 260,000 February 15, 2027 275,000 February 15, 2028 290,000 Interest Rate Yield 2.000% 0.650% 2.000% 0.850% 2.000% 1.150% 2.000% 1.350% 3.000% 1.550% 3.000% 1.750% 3.000% 2.000% 3.000% 2.150% 3.000% 2.250% 3.000% 2.400% 3.000% 2.500% 3.500% 2.650% 3.500% 2.800% 3.500% 2.900% 4.000% 3.000% 4.000% 3.100% C. The true interest cost on the bonds is 2.5816292% and the net effective interest rate for the Bonds does not exceed the maximum rate set forth in Chapter 1204, Texas Government Code, as amended. D. The delivery date of the Bonds shall be December 20, 2011. E. The Paying Agent/Registrar for the Bonds shall be U. S. Bank National Association, Dallas, Texas. The Escrow Agent shall be The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., Dallas, Texas, and the Escrow Agreement with the Escrow Agent is hereby approved as evidenced by my execution thereof. F. Interest on the Bonds shall accrue from their delivery date and shall be payable semiannually on February 15 and August 15 of each year, commencing February 15, 2012. The record date for the Bonds shall be the last business day of the month preceding an interest payment date. G. The Bonds scheduled to mature on and after February 15, 2022, shall be redeemable prior to their scheduled maturities, in whole or in part, at the option of the Issuer, on February 15, 2021, or on any date thereafter, at the redemption price of par, together with accrued interest to the redemption date, as set forth in the Form of Certificate attached hereto as Exhibit B. H. The Initial Bond shall be initially registered in the name of Southwest Securities, Inc. I. The Bonds shall be initially issued in Book -Entry -Only form, in accordance with Section 3(g) of the Bond Ordinance, and the definitive Bonds shall be registered in the name of CEDE & Co. 3. The Bonds are in amounts sufficient to refund the Refunded Obligations and to pay the costs of issuing the Bonds. 4. The issuance of the Bonds produces a present value savings of $705,672 and actual debt service savings of $893,301, net of any Issuer contribution to the refunding, being equal to 10.400% net present value savings for the Refunded Obligations. 5. The Eligible Refunded Obligations that are to be refunded in connection with the issuance of the Bonds (the "Refunded Obligations"), and the redemption date of the Refunded Obligations, are designated and set forth in Exhibit A attached hereto. 6. The form of Bond, completed in accordance with the terms of sale set forth herein, is attached hereto as Exhibit B. 7. In satisfaction of Section 1201.022(a)(3), Texas Government Code, as authorized by Section 10(d) of the Bond Ordinance, and upon consultation with the City's Financial Advisor, the undersigned hereby determines that the final terms of the Bonds as set forth in this Certificate are in the City's best interests. 8. Pursuant to Section 10(b) of the Bond Ordinance, and in the name of the Issuer, distribution and use of the Preliminary Official Statement and the final Official Statement by the underwriters of the Bonds designated in paragraph 2 is authorized and approved. 9. The description of annual financial information referred to in Section 11(b) of the Bond Ordinance is set forth on Exhibit C attached hereto. [Execution Page Follows] WITNESS MY HAND this TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS Lm Name: Title: EXHIBIT A SCHEDULE OF REFUNDED OBLIGATIONS Description Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2002 Total (a) Represents Term Bond maturing May 1, 2024 Redemption Date: May 1, 2014 Description Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2003 Total (b) Represents Term Bond maturing May 1, 2023 (b) Represents Term Bond maturing May 1, 2028 Redemption Date: May 1, 2014 Principal Principal Amount Amount Maturity Date Outstanding Refunded 5/1/2017 Principal Principal 5/1/2018 Amount Amount Maturity Date Outstanding (a) Refunded 5/1/2020 230,000 5/1/2015 $ 350,000 5/1/2021 $ 350,000 5/1/2018 405,000 (a) 405,000 5/1/2019 425,000 (a) 425,000 5/1/2020 445,000 (a) 445,000 5/1/2021 470,000 (a) 470,000 5/1/2022 495,000 (a) 495,000 5/1/2023 520,000 (a) 520,000 5/1/2024 550.000 (a) 550.000 (b1 $ 3,660,000 $ 3,660,000 Principal Principal Amount Amount Maturity Date Outstanding Refunded 5/1/2017 $ 200,000 $ 200,000 5/1/2018 210,000 210,000 5/1/2019 220,000 (a) 220,000 5/1/2020 230,000 (a) 230,000 5/1/2021 240,000 (a) 240,000 5/1/2022 250,000 (a) 250,000 5/1/2023 260,000 (a) 260,000 5/1/2024 275,000 (b) 275,000 5/1/2025 290,000 (b) 290,000 5/1/2026 300,000 (b) 300,000 5/1/2027 315,000 (b) 315,000 5/1/2028 335.000 (b1 335.000 $ 3,125,000 $ 3,125,000 A-1 (a) Form of Bond. INTEREST RATE REGISTERED OWNER: EXHIBIT B FORM OF BOND UNITED STATES OF AMERICA STATE OF TEXAS TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS GENERAL OBLIGATION REFUNDING BOND SERIES 2011 DELIVERY DATE MATURITY DATE PRINCIPAL AMOUNT CUSIP NO. PRINCIPAL AMOUNT: DOLLARS ON THE MATURITY DATE specified above, the Town of Westlake, in Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas, (the "Issuer"), being a political subdivision and municipal corporation of the State of Texas, hereby promises to pay to the Registered Owner specified above, or registered assigns (hereinafter called the "Registered Owner"), on the Maturity Date specified above, the Principal Amount specified above. The Issuer promises to pay interest on the unpaid principal amount hereof (calculated on the basis of a 360 -day year of twelve 30 -day months) from the Delivery Date set forth above Rate per annum specified above. Interest is payable on February 15, 2012 and semiannually on each August 15 and February 15 thereafter to the Maturity Date specified above, or the date of redemption prior to maturity; except, if this Bond is required to be authenticated and the date of its authentication is later than the first Record Date (hereinafter defined), such principal amount shall bear interest from the interest payment date next preceding the date of authentication, unless such date of authentication is after any Record Date but on or before the next following interest payment date, in which case such principal amount shall bear interest from such next following interest payment date; provided, however, that if on the date of authentication hereof the interest on the Bond or Bonds, if any, for which this Bond is being exchanged is due but has not been paid, then this Bond shall bear interest from the date to which such interest has been paid in full. THE PRINCIPAL OF AND INTEREST ON this Bond are payable in lawful money of the United States of America, without exchange or collection charges. The principal of this Bond shall be paid to the registered owner hereof upon presentation and surrender of this Bond at maturity, or upon the date fixed for its redemption prior to maturity, at the principal corporate trust office of U.S. Bank National Association, Dallas, Texas, which is the "Paying Agent/Registrar" for this Bond. The payment of interest on this Bond shall be made by the Paying Agent/Registrar to the registered owner hereof on each interest payment date by check or draft, dated as of such interest payment date, drawn by the Paying Agent/Registrar on, and payable solely from, funds of the Issuer required by the ordinance authorizing the issuance of this Bond (the 'Bond Ordinance") to be on deposit with the Paying Agent/Registrar for such purpose as hereinafter provided; and such check or draft shall be sent by the Paying Agent/Registrar by United States mail, first-class postage prepaid, on each such interest payment date, to the registered owner hereof, at its address as it appeared on the last business day of the month preceding each such date (the "Record Date") on the Registration Books kept by the Paying Agent/Registrar, as hereinafter described. In addition, interest may be paid by such other method, acceptable to the Paying Agent/Registrar, requested by, and at the risk and expense of, the registered owner. In the event of a non-payment of interest on a scheduled payment date, and for 30 days thereafter, a new record date for such interest payment (a "Special Record Date") will be established by the Paying Agent/Registrar, if and when funds for the payment of such interest have been received from the Issuer. Notice of the Special Record Date and of the scheduled payment date of the past due interest (which shall be 15 days after the Special Record Date) shall be sent at least five business days prior to the Special Record Date by United States mail, first-class postage prepaid, to the address of each owner of a Bond appearing on the Registration Books at the close of business on the last business day next preceding the date of mailing of such notice. ANY ACCRUED INTEREST due at maturity or upon the redemption of this Bond prior to maturity as provided herein shall be paid to the registered owner upon presentation and surrender of this Bond for payment or redemption at the principal corporate trust office of the Paying Agent/Registrar. The Issuer covenants with the registered owner of this Bond that on or before each principal payment date and interest payment date for this Bond it will make available to the Paying Agent/Registrar, from the "Interest and Sinking Fund" created by the Bond Ordinance, the amounts required to provide for the payment, in immediately available funds, of all principal of and interest on the Bonds, when due. IF THE DATE for any payment of the principal of or interest on this Bond shall be a Saturday, Sunday, a legal holiday or a day on which banking institutions in the city where the principal corporate trust office of the Paying Agent/Registrar is located are authorized by law or executive order to close, then the date for such payment shall be the next succeeding day that is not such a Saturday, Sunday, legal holiday or day on which banking institutions are authorized to close; and payment on such date shall have the same force and effect as if made on the original date payment was due. THIS BOND is one of a series of Bonds dated December 1, 2011, authorized in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the State of Texas in the principal amount of $7,375,000 for the public purposes of providing funds for refunding certain outstanding obligations of the Issuer, and to pay the costs incurred in connection with the issuance of the Bonds. ON FEBRUARY 15, 2021, or on any date thereafter, the Bonds of this series may be redeemed prior to their scheduled maturities, at the option of the Issuer, with funds derived from any available and lawful source, as a whole, or in part, and, if in part, the particular Bonds, or portions thereof, to be redeemed shall be selected and designated by the Issuer (provided that a portion of a Bond may be redeemed only in an integral multiple of $5,000), at a redemption price equal to the principal amount to be redeemed plus accrued interest to the date fixed for redemption. IF AT THE TIME OF MAILING of notice of optional redemption there shall not have either been deposited with the Paying Agent/Registrar or legally authorized escrow agent immediately available funds sufficient to redeem all the Bonds called for redemption, such notice may state that it is conditional, and is subject to the deposit of the redemption moneys with the Paying Agent/Registrar or legally authorized escrow agent at or prior to the redemption date. If such redemption is not effectuated, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall, within five days thereafter, give notice in the manner in which the notice of redemption was given that such moneys were not so received and shall rescind the redemption. AT LEAST 30 days prior to the date fixed for any redemption of Bonds or portions thereof prior to maturity a written notice of such redemption shall be sent by the Paying Agent/Registrar by United States mail, IM first-class postage prepaid, at least 30 days prior to the date fixed for any such redemption, to the registered owner of each Bond to be redeemed at its address as it appeared on the 45th day prior to such redemption date; provided, however, that the failure of the registered owner to receive such notice, or any defect therein or in the sending or mailing thereof, shall not affect the validity or effectiveness of the proceedings for the redemption of any Bond. By the date fixed for any such redemption due provision shall be made with the Paying Agent/Registrar for the payment of the required redemption price for the Bonds or portions thereof that are to be so redeemed. If such written notice of redemption is sent and if due provision for such payment is made, all as provided above, the Bonds or portions thereof that are to be so redeemed thereby automatically shall be treated as redeemed prior to their scheduled maturities, and they shall not bear interest after the date fixed for redemption, and they shall not be regarded as being outstanding except for the right of the registered owner to receive the redemption price from the Paying Agent/Registrar out of the funds provided for such payment. If a portion of any Bond shall be redeemed, a substitute Bond or Bonds having the same maturity date, bearing interest at the same rate, in any denomination or denominations in any integral multiple of $5,000, at the written request of the registered owner, and in aggregate principal amount equal to the unredeemed portion thereof, will be issued to the registered owner upon the surrender thereof for cancellation, at the expense of the Issuer, all as provided in the Bond Ordinance. ALL BONDS OF THIS SERIES are issuable solely as fully registered bonds, without interest coupons, in the denomination of any integral multiple of $5,000. As provided in the Bond Ordinance, this Bond may, at the request of the registered owner or the assignee or assignees hereof, be assigned, transferred, converted into and exchanged for a like aggregate principal amount of fully registered Bonds, without interest coupons, payable to the appropriate registered owner, assignee or assignees, as the case may be, having the same denomination or denominations in any integral multiple of $5,000 as requested in writing by the appropriate registered owner, assignee or assignees, as the case may be, upon surrender of this Bond to the Paying Agent/Registrar for cancellation, all in accordance with the form and procedures set forth in the Bond Ordinance. Among other requirements for such assignment and transfer, this Bond must be presented and surrendered to the Paying Agent/Registrar, together with proper instruments of assignment, in form and with guarantee of signatures satisfactory to the Paying Agent/Registrar, evidencing assignment of this Bond or any portion or portions hereof in any integral multiple of $5,000 to the assignee or assignees in whose name or names this Bond or any such portion or portions hereof is or are to be registered. The form of Assignment printed or endorsed on this Bond may be executed by the registered owner to evidence the assignment hereof, but such method is not exclusive, and other instruments of assignment satisfactory to the Paying Agent/Registrar may be used to evidence the assignment of this Bond or any portion or portions hereof from time to time by the registered owner. The Paying Agent/Registrar's reasonable standard or customary fees and charges for assigning, transferring, converting and exchanging any Bond or portion thereof will be paid by the Issuer. In any circumstance, any taxes or governmental charges required to be paid with respect thereto shall be paid by the one requesting such assignment, transfer, conversion or exchange, as a condition precedent to the exercise of such privilege. The Paying Agent/Registrar shall not be required to make any such transfer, conversion, or exchange (i) during the period commencing with the close of business on any Record Date and ending with the opening of business on the next following principal or interest payment date, or (ii) with respect to any Bond or any portion thereof called for redemption prior to maturity, within 45 days prior to its redemption date. IN THE EVENT any Paying Agent/Registrar for the Bonds is changed by the Issuer, resigns, or otherwise ceases to act as such, the Issuer has covenanted in the Bond Ordinance that it promptly will appoint a competent and legally qualified substitute therefor, and cause written notice thereof to be mailed to the registered owners of the Bonds. IM IT IS HEREBY certified, recited and covenanted that this Bond has been duly and validly authorized, issued and delivered; that all acts, conditions and things required or proper to be performed, exist and be done precedent to or in the authorization, issuance and delivery of this Bond have been performed, existed and been done in accordance with law; and that annual ad valorem taxes sufficient to provide for the payment of the interest on and principal of this Bond, as such interest comes due and such principal matures, have been levied and ordered to be levied against all taxable property in said Issuer, and have been pledged for such payment, within the limit prescribed by law. THE IS SUER HAS RESERVED THE RIGHT to amend the Bond Ordinance as provided therein, and under some (but not all) circumstances amendments thereto must be approved by the registered owners of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Bonds. BY BECOMING the registered owner of this Bond, the registered owner thereby acknowledges all of the terms and provisions of the Bond Ordinance, agrees to be bound by such terms and provisions, acknowledges that the Bond Ordinance is duly recorded and available for inspection in the official minutes and records of the governing body of the Issuer, and agrees that the terms and provisions of this Bond and the Bond Ordinance constitute a contract between each registered owner hereof and the Issuer. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Issuer has caused this Bond to be signed with the manual or facsimile signature of the Mayor of the Issuer (or in his absence, the Mayor Pro Tem) and countersigned with the manual or facsimile signature of the Town Secretary of said Issuer, and has caused the official seal of the Issuer to be duly impressed, or placed in facsimile, on this Bond. (SEAL) (signature) (signature) Town Secretary Mayor (b) Form of Paying Agent/Registrar's Authentication Certificate. PAYING AGENT/REGISTRAR'S AUTHENTICATION CERTIFICATE (To be executed if this Bond is not accompanied by an executed Registration Certificate of the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas) It is hereby certified that this Bond has been issued under the provisions of the Bond Ordinance described in the text of this Bond; and that this Bond has been issued in conversion or replacement of, or in exchange for, a Bond, Bonds, or a portion of a Bond or Bonds of a series that originally was approved by the Attorney General of the State of Texas and registered by the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas. Dated: ME U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION Dallas, Texas Paying Agent/Registrar LM Authorized Representative (c) Form of Assignment. ASSIGNMENT (Please print or type clearly) For value received, the undersigned hereby sells, assigns and transfers unto: Transferee's Social Security or Taxpayer Identification Number: Transferee's name and address, including zip code: the within Bond and all rights thereunder, and hereby irrevocably constitutes and appoints , attorney, to register the transfer of the within Bond on the books kept for registration thereof, with full power of substitution in the premises. Dated: Signature Guaranteed: NOTICE: Signature(s) must be guaranteed by an eligible guarantor institution participating in a securities transfer association recognized signature guarantee program. NOTICE: The signature above must correspond with the name of the registered owner as it appears upon the front of this Bond in every particular, without alteration or enlargement or any change whatsoever. (d) Form of Registration Certificate of the Comptroller of Public Accounts. COMPTROLLER'S REGISTRATION CERTIFICATE: REGISTER NO. I hereby certify that this Bond has been examined, certified as to validity and approved by the Attorney General of the State of Texas, and that this Bond has been registered by the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas. Witness my signature and seal this Comptroller ofPublic Accounts ofthe State of Texas (COMPTROLLER'S SEAL) (e) Initial Bond Insertions. (i) The initial Bond shall be in the form set forth is paragraph (a) of this Section, except that: A. immediately under the name of the Bond, the headings "Interest Rate" and "Maturity Date" shall both be completed with the words "As shown below" and "CUSIP No. " shall be deleted. IM B. the first paragraph shall be deleted and the following will be inserted: "THE TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS, in Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas (the "Issuer"), being a political subdivision and municipal corporation of the State of Texas, hereby promises to pay to the Registered Owner specified above, or registered assigns (hereinafter called the "Registered Owner"), on February 15 in each of the years, in the principal installments and bearing interest at the per annum rates set forth in the following schedule: Years Principal Installments Interest Rates (Information from Section 2 to be inserted) The Issuer promises to pay interest on the unpaid principal amount hereof (calculated on the basis of a 360 -day year of twelve 30 -day months) from the Delivery Date set forth above at the respective Interest Rate per annum specified above. Interest is payable on February 15, 2012, and semiannually on each August 15 and February 15 thereafter to the date of payment of the principal installment specified above, or the date of redemption prior to maturity; except, that if this Bond is required to be authenticated and the date of its authentication is later than the first Record Date (hereinafter defined), such Principal Amount shall bear interest from the interest payment date next preceding the date of authentication, unless such date of authentication is after any Record Date but on or before the next following interest payment date, in which case such principal amount shall bear interest from such next following interest payment date; provided, however, that if on the date of authentication hereof the interest on the Bond or Bonds, if any, for which this Bond is being exchanged is due but has not been paid, then this Bond shall bear interest from the date to which such interest has been paid in full." C. The Initial Bond shall be numbered "T-1." IM EXHIBIT C DESCRIPTION OF ANNUAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION. Annual Financial Statements and Operating Data The financial information and operating data with respect to the Issuer to be provided annually are as specified (and included in the Appendix or under the headings of the Official Statement referred to) below: — Financial information and operating data, which is customarily prepared by the Issuer and is publicly available, of the general type described in Tables Ithrough 4 and 6 through 12 . -- Appendix B (FINANCIAL INFORMATION FOR THE LAST COMPLETED FISCAL YEAR WHICH WILL BE UNAUDITED, UNLESS AN AUDIT IS PERFORMED IN WHICH EVENT THE AUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS WILL BE MADE AVAILABLE) Accounting Principles The accounting principles referred to in such Section are the accounting principles described in the notes to the financial statements referred to in paragraph above. C-1 OFFICIAL STATEMENT DATED NOVEMBER 16, 2011 NEW ISSUE: Book -Entry -Only RATING: S&P "AA-" (positive outlook) (See 'RATING" herein) In the opinion of Bond Counsel, interest on the Bonds will be excludable from gross income for federal income tax purposes under statutes, regulations, published rulings and court decisions existing on the date thereof, subject to the matters described under "TAX MATTERS" herein, including the alternative minimum tax on corporations. The Issuer has designated the Bonds as "qualified tax-exempt obligations"for financial institutions. Date: December 1, 2011 $7,375,000 Town of Westlake, Texas (Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas) General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 Due: February 15, as shown below The $7,375,000 Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 (the "Bonds"), authorized and issued in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the State of Texas, including Chapter 1207, Texas Government Code, as amended ("Chapter 1207"), and an ordinance (the "Bond Ordinance") adopted by the Town Council of the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Issuer"), constitute direct obligations of the Issuer, payable from a continuing, direct annual ad valorem tax, levied upon all taxable property within the Issuer, within the limits prescribed by law, sufficient to provide for the payment of principal and interest due on the Bonds, as provided in the Bond Ordinance. In the Bond Ordinance, the Town Council has delegated to a designated officer of the Issuer pursuant to certain provisions of Chapter 1207, authority to effect the sale of the Bonds and to establish certain terms related to the issuance and sale of the Bonds. The terms of the sale are included in a "Pricing Certificate," which completed the sale of the Bonds (the Bond Ordinance and the Pricing Certificate are collectively referred to as the "Ordinance"). See "DESCRIPTION OF THE BONDS - Authority for Issuance" and "DESCRIPTION OF THE BONDS — Security and Source of Payment" herein. The Bonds are initially issuable only to Cede & Co., the nominee of The Depository Trust Company, New York, New York ("DTC"), pursuant to the book -entry system described herein. Beneficial ownership of the Bonds may be acquired in denominations of $5,000 or integral multiples thereof. No physical delivery of the Bonds will be made to the beneficial owners thereof. Principal of and interest on the Bonds will be payable to Cede & Co., which will make distributions of the amounts so paid to the participating members of DTC for subsequent remittance to the beneficial owners of the Bonds. Such book -entry -only system will affect the method and timing of payment and the method of transfer for the Bonds. Interest on the Bonds will accrue from the date of their initial delivery and will be payable on February 15 and August 15 of each year, commencing February 15, 2012. Principal of the Bonds will be payable at maturity or prior redemption. The initial Paying Agent/Registrar for the Bonds is U.S. Bank National Association (the "Paying Agent/Registrar"). The Issuer reserves the right, at its option, to redeem Bonds having stated maturities on and after February 15, 2022, in whole or in part in principal amounts of $5,000 or any integral multiple thereof, on February 15, 2021, or any date thereafter, at the par value thereof plus accrued interest to the date of redemption (see "DESCRIPTION OF THE BONDS - Optional Redemption"). Proceeds of the Bonds will be used to refund certain outstanding obligations of the Issuer and pay the costs of issuing the Bonds. See "PLAN OF FINANCING" and APPENDIX D, "SCHEDULE OF REFUNDED OBLIGATIONS" herein. The refunding is being undertaken to lower the Issuer's debt service requirements and will result in a present value savings to the Issuer. The Bonds are offered when, as and if delivered and subject to approval by the Attorney General of the State of Texas, the receipt of the approving opinion of McCall, Parkhurst & Horton, L.L.P., Dallas, Texas, Bond Counsel, and certain other conditions. Certain legal matters will be passed upon for the Underwriter by its counsel, Andrews Kurth LLP, Houston, Texas. It is expected that delivery of the Bonds in definitive form will be through the facilities of The Depository Trust Company in New York, New York, on or about December 20, 2011. Southwest Securities CUSIP Prefix: 96048P(1) MATURITY SCHEDULE Maturity Principal Interest Initial CUSIP Maturity principal Interest Initial CUSIP Feb 15 Amount Rate Price/Yield Sufiix(l)Fe( b 15) Amount Rate Price/Yield Suffix(') 2013 $ 100,000 2.06% 0.65% CX2 2021 $ 750,000 3.00% 2.25% DFO 2014 100,000 2.00% 0.85% CYO 20222) 770,000 3.00% 2.40%"' DG8 2015 440,000 2.00% 1.15% CZ7 2023'2' 790,000 3.00% 2.50%") D116 2016 100,000 2.00% 1.35% DAl 20242, 820,000 3.50% 2.65%131 DJ2 2017 275,000 3.00% 1.55% D139 202512, 260,000 3.50% 2.80%'3' DK9 2018 700,000 3.00% 1.75% DC7 2026 12) 260,000 3.50% 2.90%'3) DL7 2019 715,000 3.00% 2.00% DD5 2027121 275,000 4.00% 3.00%(3) DM5 2020 730,000 3.00% 2.15% DE3 20282) 290,000 4.00% 3.10%(3) DN3 (1) CUSIP is a registered trademark of the American Bankers Association. CUSIP data herein is provided by CUSIP Global Services, managed by Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC on behalf of the American Bankers Association. This data is not intended to create a database and does not serve in any way as a substitute for the CUSIP services. Neither the Issuer,' the Financial Advisor nor the -Underwriter takes any responsibility for the selection or correctness of the CUSIP numbers set forth herein. (2) The Issuer reserves the right, at its option, to redeem Bonds maturing on and after February 15, 2022, in whole or in part in principal amounts of $5,000 or any integral multiple thereof, on February 15, 2021, or any date thereafter, at the par value thereof plus accrued interest to the date fixed for redemption. If less than all of the Bonds within a maturity are to be redeemed, the Paying Agent/Registrar shall determine by lot the Bonds, or portions thereof, within such maturity to be redeemed. See "DESCRIPTION OF THE BONDS - Optional Redemption. " (3) Yield shown is yield to the first call date, February 15, 2021. i TOWN OF WESTLAKE 3 Village Circle, Suite 202 Westlake, Texas 76262 (817)430-0941 ELECTED OFFICIALS APPOINTED AND OTHER TOWN OFFICIALS Name Thomas E. Brymer Debbie Piper Name Pattillo, Brown & Hill, L.L.P. Hillsboro, Texas McCall, Parkhurst & Horton, L.L.P. Dallas, Texas Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Dallas, Texas Title Town Manager Finance Director CONSULTANTS AND ADVISORS Ill Title Auditor Bond Counsel Financial Advisor Years with Town 3.5 8:5 Term Expires Term Town Council (May) Occupation Inception Laura Wheat, Mayor 2012 Community Service 2008 Clifton Cox, Council Person at Large 2012 Physician 2010 David Levitan, Council Person at Large 2013 Physician 2011 Rick Rennhack, Council Person at Large 2013 Consultant 2009 Tim Brittan, Council Person at Large 2012 President, Infinity Oil & Gas 2008 Carol Langdon, Council Person at Large 2013 Retired, marketing 2008 APPOINTED AND OTHER TOWN OFFICIALS Name Thomas E. Brymer Debbie Piper Name Pattillo, Brown & Hill, L.L.P. Hillsboro, Texas McCall, Parkhurst & Horton, L.L.P. Dallas, Texas Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Dallas, Texas Title Town Manager Finance Director CONSULTANTS AND ADVISORS Ill Title Auditor Bond Counsel Financial Advisor Years with Town 3.5 8:5 USE OF INFORMATION IN OFFICIAL STATEMENT No dealer, broker, salesman or other person has been authorized to give any information or make any representations other than those contained in this Official Statement, and if given or made, such other information or representations must not be relied upon as having been authorized by the Issuer or any other person. This Official Statement does not constitute an offer to sell or solicitation of an offer to buy, and there shall not be any sale of, the Bonds in any state in which it is unlawful to make such offer, solicitation or sale. The information and expressions of opinion contained herein have been obtained from the Issuer and other sources that are believed to be reliable, but the accuracy and completeness of information obtained from sources other than the Issuer cannot be guaranteed. The information and expressi6ns,of opinion contained herein are subject to change without notice, and neither the delivery of this Official Statement nor any sale made hereunder shall, under any circumstances, create any implication that there has been no change in the affairs of the Issuer or other matters described herein since the date hereof. See "OTHER MATTERS - Continuing Disclosure of Information" herein for a description of the Issuer's agreement to update certain information contained in this Official Statement. The Underwriter has provided the following sentence for inclusion in this Official Statement. The Underwriter has reviewed the information in this Official Statement in accordance with, and as part of, their responsibilities to investors under the federal securities laws as applied to the facts and circumstances of this transaction, but the Underwriter does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of such information. The prices and other terms respecting the offering and sale of the Bonds may be changed from time to time by the initial purchaser(s) of the Bonds after the Bonds are released for sale, and the Bonds may be offered and sold at prices other than the initial offering prices, including to dealers who may sell the Bonds into investment accounts. NEITHER THE ISSUER, ITS FINANCIAL ADVISOR NOR THE UNDERWRITER MAKES ANY REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY WITH RESPECT TO THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS OFFICIAL STATEMENT REGARDING THE DEPOSITORY TRUST COMPANY OR ITS BOOK -ENTRY -ONLY SYSTEM HEREIN. TABLE OF CONTENTS SUMMARYSTATEMENT............................................................................................................................................... v INTRODUCTION..............................................................................................................................................................1 PLANOF FINANCING.....................................................................................................................................................1 Purposeof the Bonds...................................................................................................................................................... l RefundedObligations.....................................................................................................................................................1 Sourcesand Uses of Funds............................................................................................................................................. 2 DESCRIPTION OF THE BONDS....................................................................................................................................2 General............................................................................................................................................................................ 2 Authorityfor Issuance..............................................................................:.....................................................................3 Book -Entry -Only System...............................................................................................................................................3 Securityand Source of Payment....................................................................................................................................5 OptionalRedemption.....................................................................................................................................................5 Noticeof Redemption.....................................................................................................................................................5 PayingAgent/Registrar..................................................................................................................................................6 Transferand Exchange.................................................................................................................................................. 6 ReplacementBonds.........................................................................................................................................................6 Defeasance....................................................................................................................................................................... 7 Amendmentsto the Ordinance......................................................................................................................................7 Bondholders' Remedies..................................................................................................................................................8 ISSUER DEBT AND AD VALOREM TAX INFORMATION......................................................................................9 Table 1— Current Appraised Valuation, Exemptions and Tax Supported Debt ......................................................9 Table 2 - Appraised Valuation by Category...............................................................................................................10 iii Table 3 - Tax Rates, Levies, Collections and Ratios..................................................................................................11 Table4 - Ten Largest Taxpayers................................................................................................................................. 11 Table 5 — Estimated Overlapping Debt........................................................................................................................12 Table 6 - Debt Service Requirements..........................................................................................................................12 Table 7 - Authorized But Unissued Ad Valorem Tax Debt.......................................................................................13 TableS — Tax Adequacy.............................................................................................................:.................................13 FutureBorrowing.........................................................................................................................................................13 PropertyTax Code.......................................................................................................................................................13 Table 9 - General Fund Summary Revenues and Expenditures...............................................................................17 Table9A — Changes in Net Assets................................................................................................,...............................18 Table 10 - General Fund Summary Balance Sheet....................................................................................................19 Table10A - Statement of Net Assets...........................................................................................................................I19 Table 11 - Municipal Sales Tax History......................................................................................................................20 Investments.................................................................................................................................................................... 20 Table 12 - Status of Current Investments...................................................................................................................22 LEGALMATTERS..........................................................................................................................................................22 TAXMATTERS...............................................................................................................................................................23 Opinion....................................................................................................................................................................:.....23 Federal Income Tax Accounting Treatment of Original Issue Discount..................................................................24 Collateral Federal Income Tax Consequences.......................:...................................................................................24 Futureand Proposed Legislation........................................................................................................................:.......25 State, Local and Foreign Taxes...................................................................................................................................25 Qualified Tax -Exempt Obligations for Financial Institutions..................................................................................25 Futureand Proposed Legislation................................................................................................................................26 RATING............................................................................................................................................................................26 OTHERMATTERS.........................................................................................................:...............................................26 LitigationCertificate....................................................................................................................................................26 Legal Investments and Eligibility to Secure Public Funds in Texas.........................................................................26 FinancialAdvisor..........................................................................................................................................................26 FinancialStatements.....................................................................................................................................................27 Registration and Qualification of Bonds for Sale......................................................................................................27 Underwriting............................................:....................................................................................................................27 Continuing Disclosure of Information........................................................................................................................27 Conclusion.....................................................................................................................................................................29 APPENDIX A - FORM OF BOND COUNSEL OPINION.........................................................................................A-1 APPENDIX B - FINANCIAL STATEMENTS............................................................................................................B-1 APPENDIX C - GENERAL INFORMATION REGARDING THE ISSUER.......................................................... C-1 APPENDIX D - SCHEDULE OF REFUNDED OBLIGATIONS..............................................................................D-1 iv SUMMARY STATEMENT This summary statement is subject in all respects to the more complete information and to the definitions contained or incorporated in this Official Statement. The offering of the Bonds to potential investors is made only by means of this entire Official Statement, including the cover page and all appendices. No person is authorized to detach this summary statement from this Official Statement or to otherwise use it without the entire Official Statement. The Issuer The Town of Westlake, located in Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas, and was incorporated in 1956 and operates as a "Type A general law city" under the laws of the State of Texas. See APPENDIX C, "GENERAL INFORMATION REGARDING THE ISSUER." The Bonds The Bonds are being issued in the aggregate principal amount set forth on the cover page in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the State of Texas, including Chapter 1207, Texas Government Code, as amended ("Chapter 1207"), and an ordinance (the "Bond Ordinance") adopted by the Town Council of the Issuer. In the Bond Ordinance, the Town Council will delegate to a designated officer of the Issuer pursuant to certain provisions of Chapter 1207, authority to effect the sale of the Bonds and to establish certain terms related to the issuance and sale of the Bonds. The terms of the sale will be included in a "Pricing Certificate," which will complete the sale of the Bonds (the Bond Ordinance and the Pricing Certificate are collectively referred to as the "Ordinance"). The Bonds are subject to redemption at the option of the Issuer prior to maturity on and after February 15, 2021. See "DESCRIPTION OF THE BONDS — Optional Redemption." Security The Bonds constitute direct obligations of the Issuer, payable from a continuing annual ad valorem tax levied upon all taxable property located within the Issuer, within the limitations prescribed by law. The Ordinance irrevocably pledges such ad valorem taxes in an amount sufficient to provide for the payment of .the Bonds while they remain outstanding. See "DESCRIPTION OF THE BONDS - Security." Tax Matters In the opinion of Bond Counsel, interest on the Bonds will be excludable from gross income for purposes of federal income taxation under statutes, regulations, published rulings and court decisions existing on the date thereof, subject to the matters described under "TAX MATTERS" herein, including the alternative minimum tax on corporations. The Issuer has designated the Bonds as "qualified tax-exempt obligations" for financial institutions. Summary of Key Analytical Data(') Taxable Assessed Valuation (TAV) for 2011-12 Tax Year $938,361,252 General Fund Equity Balance as of 09/30/11 (from 2011-12 budget; subject to change) $2,748,308 Ad Valorem Tax Debt as of 09/30/2011 $21,725,000 TAV per Capita (based on 2010 estimated pop. of 992) $945,929 Tax Debt Per Capita (based on 2010 estimated pop. of 992) $21,900.20 Ratio of Tax Debt to TAV 2.32% Sources: Tarrant and Denton Central Appraisal Districts, the Issuer's audited financial statements, and U.S. Census Bureau. (1) See "ISSUER DEBT AND AD VALOREM TAX INFORMATION" herein. v This page is intentionally left blank. OFFICIAL STATEMENT relating to $7,375,000 Town of Westlake, Texas (Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas) General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 INTRODUCTION This Official Statement provides certain information in connection with the issuance by the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Issuer") of its $7,375,000 General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 (the "Bonds"). Capitalized terms used herein have the same meanings assigned to such terms in the Ordinance (hereinafter defined). There follows in this Official Statement descriptions of the plan of financing, the Bonds and certain information about the Issuer and its finances. All descriptions of documents contained herein are only summaries and are qualified in their entirety by reference to each such document. Copies of such documents may be obtained from the Issuer. PLAN OF FINANCING Purpose of the Bonds Proceeds from the sale of the Bonds will be used (i) to refund all or a portion of selected maturities of the Issuer's outstanding Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2002 and Series 2003 (collectively, the "Refunded Obligations"), in order to lower the debt service requirements of the Issuer and (ii) to pay the costs associated with the issuance of the Bonds. See APPENDIX D for a detailed listing of the Refunded Obligations and their call date at par. Refunded Obligations The interest due on the Refunded Obligations will be paid on the scheduled interest payment dates and the principal will be paid on the date fixed for redemption, from funds to be deposited with The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. (the "Escrow Agent"), pursuant to the Escrow Agreement.executed between the Issuer and the Escrow Agent. The Ordinance provides that from the proceeds of the sale of the Bonds and from other available funds, the Issuer will deposit with the Escrow Agent the amount necessary to accomplish the discharge and final payment of the Refunded Obligations. Such funds will be held by the Escrow Agent in an escrow account (the "Escrow Fund") and will be invested in U.S. Government obligations (the "Escrowed Securities") maturing in time to make such payments, and the Escrow Fund is irrevocably pledged to the payment of principal of and interest on the Refunded Obligations. Grant Thornton LLP, independent certified public accountants, will verify at the time of delivery of the Bonds to the Underwriter that the Escrowed Securities will mature and pay interest in such amounts which, together with uninvested funds, if any, in the Escrow Fund, will be sufficient to pay, when due, the principal of and interest on the Refunded Obligations. Such maturing principal of and interest on the Escrowed Securities will not be available to pay the Bonds. See "OTHER MATTERS — Verification of Accuracy of Arithmetical Computations." By the deposit of the Escrowed Securities and cash with the Escrow Agent pursuant to the Escrow Agreement, the Issuer will have effected the defeasance of the Refunded Obligations pursuant to the terms of the ordinances authorizing their issuance. It is the opinion of Bond Counsel that, as a result of such defeasance and in reliance on the verification report of Grant Thornton LLP, the Refunded Obligations will no longer be payable from the Issuer's ad valorem tax or any other revenues of the Issuer but will be payable from the principal of and interest on the Escrowed Securities and cash held for such purpose by the Escrow Agent and that the Refunded Obligations will be defeased and will not be included in or considered to be indebtedness of the Issuer for the purpose of a limitation of indebtedness or any other purpose. The Issuer has covenanted in the Escrow Agreement to make timely deposits in the Escrow Fund, from lawfully available funds, of additional funds in the amounts required to pay the principal of and interest on the Refunded Obligations should, for any reason, the cash balances on deposit or scheduled to be on deposit in the Escrow Fund be insufficient to make such payments. Sources and Uses of Funds The following is a summary of the anticipated sources and uses of proceeds of funds in connection with the issuance of the Bonds: Sources of Funds: Principal Amount of Bonds $7,375,000 Original Issue Premium (Discount) 424,196 Total Sources of Funds $709.196 Uses of Funds: Deposit to Escrow Fund $7,650,305 Costs of Issuance 98,201 Underwriting Discount 50,690 Total Uses of Funds $7.799.196 DESCRIPTION OF THE BONDS General The Bonds are dated December 1, 2011. Interest on the Bonds, at the rates set forth on page i hereof, will accrue from the date of their initial delivery and will be payable semiannually on February 15 and August 15 of each year, commencing February 15, 2012. The Bonds are stated to mature on February 15 in the years and in the principal amounts set forth on page i hereof. The Bonds will be initially issued utilizing the Book -Entry -Only System of The Depository Trust Company ('DTC"), and will be in fully registered form, payable to Cede & Co., as nominee for DTC. See 'Book -Entry -Only System" below. The Bonds are issued only as fully registered obligations in the denomination of $5,000 principal amounts or any integral multiple thereof (an "Authorized Denomination"), within a stated maturity and of like interest rate. Principal and redemption price of the Bonds is payable on the maturity or redemption date upon surrender at the corporate trust office of the Paying Agent/Registrar in Dallas, Texas (the "Trust Office"). Interest on the Bonds payable on any interest payment date shall be paid to the owner (the "Owner") whose name appears in the registration books of the Paying Agent/Registrar (the "Register') at the close of business on the Record Date (the last business day of the month immediately preceding an interest payment date) and shall be paid by the Paying Agent/Registrar by check sent United States mail, first class, postage prepaid, to the address of the Owner recorded in the Register or by such other method, acceptable to the Paying Agent/Registrar, requested by, and at the risk and expense of, the Owner. So long as the Bonds are in book -entry -only form and are registered in the name of Cede & Co., as nominee for DTC, payment of the principal of and interest on the Bonds will be made to the beneficial owners thereof as described below under 'Book -Entry -Only System." In the event of a non-payment of interest on a scheduled payment date with respect to the Bonds, that remains unpaid for 30 days thereafter, the Ordinance requires the Paying Agent/Registrar to establish a Special Record Date, if and when funds for the payment of such interest are received from the Issuer. Notice of the Special Record Date and of the scheduled payment date of the past due interest (the "Special Payment Date" that shall be 15 days after the Special Record Date) shall be sent at least five business days prior to the Special Record Date by United States mail, first class, postage prepaid, to the address of each Owner of a Bond appearing on the books of the Paying Agent/Registrar at the close of business on the last business day next preceding the date of mailing of such notice. If the date specified for the payment of the principal of or interest on the Bonds is a Saturday, Sunday, legal holiday or day on which banking institutions in the city where the Paying Agent/Registrar is located are authorized or required to be closed, then 2 such payment will be made on the next succeeding day which is not one of the foregoing days, without additional interest and with the same force and effect as if made on the specified date for such payment. Authority for Issuance The Bonds are issued pursuant to the Constitution and general laws of the State of Texas (the "State"), including particularly Chapter 1207, Texas Government Code, as amended, and an ordinance adopted by the Town Council of the Issuer authorizing the issuance of the Bonds (the "Bond Ordinance"). In the Bond Ordinance, as permitted by the provisions of Chapter 1207, Texas Government Code, as amended, the Town Council delegated the authority to a designated officer of the Issuer to establish the terms and details of the Bonds and to effect the sale of the Bonds pursuant to a "Pricing Certificate" (the Bond Ordinance and the Pricing Certificate are jointly referred to as the 'Ordinance"). The Bonds are direct obligations of the Issuer, payable from the levy and collection of a direct and continuing ad valorem tax levied, within the limits prescribed by law, on all taxable property within the Issuer. Book -Entry -Only System This section describes how ownership of the Bonds are to be transferred and how the principal of, premium, if any, and interest on the Bonds are to be paid to and credited by The Depository Trust Company ("DTC"), New York, New York, while the Bonds are registered in its nominee name. The information in this section concerning DTC and the Book -Entry -Only System has been provided by DTC for use in disclosure documents such as this Official Statement. The Issuer believes the source of such information to be reliable, but takes no responsibility for the accuracy or completeness thereof. The Issuer cannot and does not give any assurance that (1) DTC will distribute payment of debt service on the Bonds, or redemption or other notices to DTC Participants, (2) DTC Participants or others will distribute debt service payments paid to DTC or its nominee (as the registered owner of the Bonds), or redemption or other notices, to the Beneficial Owners, or that they will do so on a timely basis, or (3) DTC will serve and act in the manner described in this Official Statement. The current rules applicable to DTC are on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, and the current procedures of DTC to be followed in dealing with DTC Participants are on file with DTC. DTC will act as securities depository for the Bonds. The Bonds will be issued as fully -registered securities registered in the name of Cede & Co. (DTC's partnership nominee) or such other name as may be requested by an authorized representative of DTC. One fully registered certificate will be issued for each maturity of the Bonds, in the aggregate principal amount of each such maturity, and will be deposited with DTC. DTC, the world's largest securities depository, is a limited -purpose trust company organized under the New York Banking Law, a "banking organization" within the meaning of the New York Banking Law, a member of the Federal Reserve System, a "clearing corporation" within the meaning of the New York Uniform Commercial Code, and a "clearing agency" registered pursuant to the provisions of Section 17A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. DTC holds and provides asset servicing for over 3.5 million issues of U.S. and non-U.S. equity issues, corporate and municipal debt issues, and money market instruments (from over 100 countries) that DTC's participants ("Direct Participants") deposit with DTC. DTC also facilitates the post -trade settlement among Direct Participants of sales and other securities transactions in deposited securities, through electronic computerized book -entry transfers and pledges between Direct Participants' accounts. This eliminates the need for physical movement of securities certificates. Direct Participants include both U.S. and non-U.S. securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies, clearing corporations, and certain other organizations. DTC is a wholly-owned subsidiary of The Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation ("DTCC"). DTCC is the holding company for DTC, National Securities Clearing Corporation and Fixed Income. Clearing Corporation, all of which are registered clearing agencies. DTCC is owned by the users of its regulated subsidiaries. Access to the DTC system is also available to others such as both U.S. and non-U.S. securities brokers and dealers; banks, trust companies, and clearing corporations that clear through or maintain a custodial relationship with a Direct Participant, either directly or indirectly ("Indirect Participants"). DTC has Standard & Poor'srating of "AA+." The DTC Rules applicable to its Participants are on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. More information about DTC can be found at www.dtcc.com. Purchases of Bonds under the DTC system must be made by or through Direct Participants, which will receive a credit for the Bonds on DTC's records. The ownership interest of each actual purchaser of each Bond ("Beneficial Owner") is in turn to be recorded on the Direct and Indirect Participants' records. Beneficial Owners will not receive written confirmation from DTC of their purchase. Beneficial Owners are, however, expected to receive written confirmations providing details of the transaction, as well as periodic statements of their holdings, from the Direct or Indirect Participant through which the Beneficial Owner entered into the transaction. Transfers of ownership interests in the Bonds are to be accomplished by entries made on the books of Direct and Indirect Participants acting on behalf of Beneficial Owners. Beneficial Owners will not receive certificates representing their ownership interests in the Bonds, except in the event that use of the book -entry system for the Bonds is discontinued. To facilitate subsequent transfers, all Bonds deposited by Direct Participants with DTC are registered in the name of DTC's partnership nominee, Cede & Co., or such other name as may be requested by an authorized representative of DTC. The deposit of Bonds with DTC and their registration in the name of Cede & Co. or such other DTC nominee do not effect any change in beneficial ownership. DTC has no knowledge of the actual Beneficial Owners of the Bonds; DTC's records reflect only the identity of the Direct Participants to whose accounts such Bonds are credited, which may or may not be the Beneficial Owners. The Direct and Indirect Participants will remain responsible for keeping account of their holdings on behalf of their customers. Conveyance of notices and other communications by DTC to Direct Participants, by Direct Participants to Indirect Participants, and by Direct Participants and Indirect Participants to Beneficial Owners will be governed by arrangements among them, subject to any statutory or regulatory requirements as may be in effect from time to time. Beneficial Owners of Bonds may wish to take certain steps to augment the transmission to them of notices of significant events with respect to the Bonds, such as redemptions, tenders, defaults, and proposed amendments to the Bond documents. For example, Beneficial Owners of Bonds may wish to ascertain that the nominee holding the Bonds for their benefit has agreed to obtain and transmit notices to Beneficial Owners. In the alternative, Beneficial Owners may wish to provide their names and addresses to the Paying Agent/Registrar and request that copies of notices be provided directly to them. Redemption notices shall be sent to DTC. If less than all of the Bonds within an issue are being redeemed, DTC's practice is to determine by lot the amount of the interest of each Direct Participant in such issue to be redeemed. Neither DTC nor Cede & Co. (nor any other DTC nominee) will consent or vote with respect to the Bonds unless authorized by a Direct Participant in accordance with DTC's MMI Procedures. Under its usual procedures, DTC mails an Omnibus Proxy to the Issuer as soon as possible after the record date. The Omnibus Proxy assigns Cede & Co.'s consenting or voting rights to those Direct Participants to whose accounts the Bonds are credited on the record date (identified in a listing attached to the Omnibus Proxy). Redemption proceeds and principal and interest payments on the Bonds will be made to Cede & Co., or such other nominee as may be requested by an authorized representative of DTC. DTC's practice is to credit Direct Participants' accounts upon DTC's receipt of funds and corresponding detail information from the Issuer or the Paying Agent/Registrar, on payable dates in accordance with their respective holdings shown on DTC's records. Payments by Participants to Beneficial Owners will be governed by standing instructions and customary practices, as in the case with securities held for the' accounts of customers in bearer form or registered in "street name," and will be the responsibility of such Participant and not of DTC, the Paying Agent or the Issuer, subject to any statutory or regulatory requirements as may be in effect from time to time. Payment of redemption proceeds and principal and interest to Cede & Co. (or such other nominee as may be requested by an authorized representative of DTC) is the responsibility of the Issuer or the Paying Agent/Registrar, disbursement of such payments to Direct Participants will be the responsibility of DTC, and disbursement of such payments to the Beneficial Owners will be the responsibility of Direct and Indirect Participants. A Beneficial Owner shall give notice to elect to have its Bonds purchased or tendered, through its Participant, to the Tender Agent, and shall effect delivery of such Bonds by causing the Direct Participant to transfer the Participant's interest in the Bonds, on DTC's records, to the Tender Agent. The requirement for physical delivery of Bonds in connection with an optional tender or a mandatory purchase will be deemed satisfied when the ownership rights in the Bonds are transferred by Direct Participants on DTC's records and followed by a book -entry credit of tendered Bonds to the Tender Agent's DTC account. DTC may discontinue providing its services as depository with respect to the Bonds at any time by giving reasonable notice to the Issuer or the Paying Agent/Registrar. Under such circumstances, in the event that a successor depository is not obtained, Bond certificates are required to be printed and delivered. 4 The Issuer may decide to discontinue use of the system of book -entry transfers through DTC (or a successor securities depository). In that event, Bond certificates will be printed and delivered. The information in this section concerning DTC and DTC's book -entry system has been obtained from sources that the Issuer believes to be reliable, but the Issuer takes not responsibility for the accuracy thereof. Security and Source of Payment The Bonds will constitute direct obligations of the Issuer, payable from ad valorem taxes levied against all taxable property located within the Issuer, within the limitations prescribed by law. The Ordinance pledges such ad valorem taxes to the payment of the principal of and interest on the Bonds while they remain- outstanding. See "ISSUER DEBT AND AD VALOREM TAX INFORMATION" herein. Tax Rate Limitations. The Constitution of the State of Texas provides that the ad valorem tax levied by the Issuer for general purposes and for the purpose of paying debt service requirements of the Issuer's general obligation debt shall not exceed $1.50 for each $100 of assessed valuation of taxable property. There is no limitation within the $1.50 rate for interest and sinking fund purposes. Administratively, however, the Attorney General of the State of Texas will not permit allocation of more than $1.00 of the $1.50 maximum tax rate for all tax supported debt based on a 90% collection rate. Optional Redemption The Issuer reserves the right, at its .option, to redeem Bonds maturing on and after February 15, 2022, in whole or in part in principal amounts of $5,000 or any integral multiple thereof, on February 15, 2021, or any date thereafter, at the par value thereof plus accrued interest to the date fixed for redemption. If less than all of the Bonds within a maturity are to be redeemed, the Paying Agent/Registrar (or DTC, while the Bonds are in Book -Entry -Only form) shall determine by lot the Bonds, or portions thereof, within such maturity to be redeemed. Notice of Redemption Not less than 30 days prior to a redemption date for the Bonds, the Issuer shall cause a notice of redemption to be sent by United States mail, first class, postage prepaid, to each Owner of a Bond to be redeemed, in whole or in part, at the address of the Owner appearing in the Register at the close of business on the business day next preceding the date of mailing of such notice. ANY NOTICE GIVEN SHALL BE CONCLUSIVELY PRESUMED TO HAVE BEEN DULY GIVEN, WHETHER. OR NOT THE OWNER RECEIVES SUCH NOTICE. NOTICE HAVING BEEN SO GIVEN AND ALL OTHER CONDITIONS TO REDEMPTION .ARE SATISFIED, THE BONDS CALLED FOR REDEMPTION SHALL BECOME DUE AND PAYABLE ON THE SPECIFIED REDEMPTION DATE, AND, NOTWITHSTANDING THAT ANY BOND OR PORTION THEREOF HAS NOT BEEN' SURRENDERED FOR PAYMENT, INTEREST ON SUCH BOND OR PORTION THEREOF SHALL CEASE TO ACCRUE. With respect to any optional redemption of the Bonds, unless certain prerequisites to such redemption required by the Ordinance have been met and money sufficient to pay the principal of and premium, if any, and interest or maturity value on the Bonds to be redeemed will have been received by the Paying Agent/Registrar prior to the giving of such notice of redemption, such notice will state that said redemption may, at the option of the Issuer, be conditional upon the satisfaction of such prerequisites and receipt of such money by the Paying Agent/Registrar on or prior to the date fixed for such redemption or upon any prerequisite set forth in such notice of redemption. If a conditional notice of redemption is given and such prerequisites to the redemption are not fulfilled, such notice will be of no force and effect, the Issuer will not redeem such Bonds, and the Paying Agent/Registrar will give notice in the manner in which the notice of redemption was given, to the effect that the Bonds have not been redeemed. The Paying Agent/Registrar and the Issuer, so long as a Book -Entry -Only System is used for the Bonds, will send any notice of redemption, notice of proposed amendment to the Ordinance or other notices with respect to the Bonds only to DTC. Any failure by DTC to advise any DTC participant, or of any DTC participant or indirect participant to notify the beneficial owner, shall not affect the validity of the redemption of the Bonds called for redemption or any other action premised on any such notice. Redemption of portions of the Bonds by the Issuer will reduce the outstanding principal amount of such Bonds held by 5 DTC. In such event, DTC may implement, through its Book -Entry -Only System, a redemption of such Bonds held for the account of DTC participants in accordance with its rules or other agreements with DTC participants and then DTC participants and indirect participants may implement a redemption of such Bonds from the beneficial owners. Any such selection of Bonds to be redeemed will not be governed by the Ordinance and will not be conducted by the Issuer or the Paying Agent/Registrar. Neither the Issuer nor the Paying Agent/Registrar will have any responsibility to DTC participants, indirect. participants or the persons for whom DTC participants act as nominees, with respect to the payments on the Bonds or the providing of notice to DTC participants, indirect participants, or beneficial owners of the selection of portions of the Bonds for redemption. See 'DESCRIPTION OF THE BONDS — Book -Entry -Only System" herein. Paying Agent/Registrar The initial Paying Agent/Registrar is U.S. Bank National Association, Dallas, Texas. In the Ordinance, the Issuer retains the right to replace the Paying Agent/Registrar. The Issuer covenants to maintain and provide a Paying Agent/Registrar at all times while the Bonds are outstanding, and any successor Paying Agent/Registrar shall be a bank, trust company, financial institution or,other entity duly qualified and legally authorized to serve as and perform the duties and services of Paying Agent/Registrar for the Bonds. Upon any change in the Paying Agent/Registrar for the Bonds, the Issuer agrees to promptly cause a written notice thereof to be sent to each Owner by United States mail, first class, postage prepaid, which notice shall also give the effective date of the change and the address of the new Paying Agent/Registrar. If the Paying Agent/Registrar is replaced, the new Paying Agent/Registrar shall accept the previous Paying Agent/Registrar's records and act in the same capacity as the previous Paying Agent/Registrar. Transfer and Exchange In the event the Book -Entry -Only System shall be discontinued with respect to the Bonds, such Bonds may be transferred and exchanged on the Register only upon presentation and surrender thereof to the Paying Agent/Registrar, and such transfer or exchange shall be without expense or service charge to the Owner, except for any tax or other governmental charges required to be paid with respect to such registration, exchange and transfer. A Bond may be assigned by the execution of an assignment form on the Bond or by other instrument of transfer and assignment acceptable to the Paying Agent/Registrar. A new Bond or Bonds will be delivered by the Paying Agent/Registrar, in lieu of the Bond being transferred or exchanged, at the Trust Office, or sent by United States mail, first class, postage prepaid, to the new Owner or its designee. New Bonds registered and delivered in an exchange or transfer shall be in Authorized Denominations for any one stated maturity and for a like aggregate principal amount and interest rate as the Bond or Bonds surrendered for exchange or transfer. Neither the Issuer nor the Paying Agent/Registrar shall be required to issue, transfer or exchange any Bond in whole or in part during the period commencing with the close of business on any Record Date or Special Record Date and ending on the day subsequent to the immediately following payment date or, with respect to any Bond called for redemption, in whole or in part, within 45 days of the date fixed for redemption, provided that such limitation of transfer shall not be applicable to the exchange by the registered owner of the uncalled balance of a Bond. The Paying Agent/Registrar shall require payment by the Owner requesting such transfer or exchange of any tax or other governmental charges required to be paid with respect to such transfer or exchange. Replacement Bonds If any Bond is mutilated, destroyed, stolen or lost, a new Bond in the same principal amount and bearing the same rate of interest as the Bond so mutilated, destroyed, stolen or lost will be issued under the conditions set forth in the Ordinance. In the case of a mutilated Bond, such new Bond will be delivered only upon surrender and cancellation of such mutilated Bond. In the case of any Bond issued in lieu of and substitution for a Bond which has been destroyed, stolen or lost, such new Bond will be delivered only upon (a) the filing with the Issuer and the Paying Agent/Registrar of evidence satisfactory to establish to the Paying Agent/Registrar proof of the ownership and the circumstances of loss, destruction or theft of such Bond, and (b) the furnishing to the Paying Agent/Registrar of such security of indemnity satisfactory to it to hold it and the Issuer harmless. The person requesting the authentication and delivery of a new Bond must comply with such other reasonable requirements as the Issuer and the Paying Agent/Registrar may prescribe and pay such expenses as may be incurred in connection therewith. Defeasance The Ordinance provides for the defeasance of the Bonds when payment of the principal of and premium, if any, on Bonds, plus interest thereon to the due date thereof (whether such due date be by reason of maturity, redemption, or otherwise), is provided by irrevocably depositing with a paying agent or other authorized entity, in trust (1) money sufficient to make such payment or (2) Defeasance Securities, certified by an independent public accounting firm of national reputation to mature as to principal and interest in such amounts and at such times to insure the availability, without reinvestment, of sufficient money to make such payment, and all necessary and proper fees, compensation and expenses of the paying agent for the respective series of Bonds. The Ordinance provides that "Defeasance Securities" means any securities and obligations now or hereafter authorized by State law that are eligible to discharges obligations such as the Bonds. Current State law permits defeasance with the following types of securities: (1) direct, noncallable obligations of the United States of America, including obligations that are unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America, (2) noncallable obligations of an agency or instrumentality of the United States of America, including obligations that are unconditionally guaranteed or insured by the agency or instrumentality and that are rated as to investment quality by a nationally recognized investment rating firm not less than AAA or its equivalent, and (3) noncallable obligations of a state or an agency or a county, municipality, or other political subdivision of a state that have been refunded and that are rated as to investment quality by a nationally recognized investment rating firm not less than AAA or its equivalent. The Issuer has additionally reserved the right, subject to satisfying the requirements of (1) and (2) above, to substitute other Defeasance Securities for the Defeasance Securities originally deposited, to reinvest the uninvested moneys on deposit for such defeasance and to withdraw for the benefit of the Issuer moneys in excess of the amount required for such defeasance. Upon such deposit as described above, such Bonds shall no longer be regarded to be outstanding or unpaid. After firm banking and financial arrangements for the discharge and final payment or redemption of the Bonds have been made as described above, all rights of the Issuer to initiate proceedings to call the Bonds for redemption or take any other action amending the terms of the Bonds are extinguished; provided, however, that the right to call the Bonds for redemption is not extinguished if the Issuer: (i) in the proceedings providing for the firm banking and financial arrangements, expressly reserves the right to call the Bonds for redemption; (ii) gives notice of the reservation of that right to the owners of the Bonds immediately following the making of the firm banking and financial arrangements; and (iii) directs that notice of the reservation be included in any redemption notices that it authorizes. There is no assurance that the current law will not be changed in a manner which would permit investments other than those described above to be made with amounts deposited to defease the Bonds. Because the Ordinance does not contractually limit such investments, registered owners may be deemed to have consented to defeasance with such other investments, notwithstanding the fact that such investments may not be of the same investment quality as those currently permitted under State law. There is no assurance that the ratings for U.S. Treasury securities used as Defeasance Securities or those for any other Defeasance Security will be maintained at any particular rating category. Amendments to the Ordinance In the Ordinance, the Issuer has reserved the right to amend the Ordinance without the consent of any holder for the purpose of amending or supplementing the Ordinance to (i) cure any ambiguity, defect or omission therein that does not materially adversely affect the interests of the holders, (ii) grant additional rights or security for the benefit of the holders, (iii) add events of default as shall not be inconsistent with the provisions of the Ordinance that do not materially adversely affect the interests of the holders, (iv) qualify the Ordinance under the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended, or corresponding provisions of federal laws from time to time in effect or (v) make such other provisions in regard to matters or questions arising under the Ordinance that are not inconsistent with the provisions thereof and which, in the opinion of Bond Counsel for the Issuer, do not materially adversely affect the interests of the holders. The Ordinance further provides that the holders of the Bonds aggregating in principal amount 51% of the outstanding Bonds shall have the right from time to time to approve any amendment not described above to the Ordinance if it is deemed necessary or desirable by the Issuer; provided, however, that without the consent of 100% of the holders in original principal amount of the then outstanding Bonds, no amendment may be made for the purpose of (i) making any change in the maturity of any of the outstanding Bonds; (ii) reducing the rate of interest borne by any of the outstanding Bonds; (iii) reducing the amount of the principal of, or redemption premium, if any, payable on any outstanding Bonds; (iv) modifying the terms of payment of principal or of interest or redemption premium on outstanding Bonds, or imposing any condition with respect to such payment; or (v) changing the minimum percentage of the principal amount of the Bonds necessary for consent to such amendment. Reference is made to the Ordinance for further provisions relating to the amendment thereof. Bondholders' Remedies The Ordinance establishes specific events of default with respect to the Bonds. If the Issuer defaults in the payment of the principal of or interest on the Bonds when due or the Issuer defaults in the observance or performance of any of the covenants, conditions, or obligations of the Issuer, the failure to perform which materially, adversely affects the rights of the owners of the 96nds, including but not limited to, their prospect or ability to be repaid in accordance with the Ordinance, and the continuation thereof for a period of 60 days after notice of such default is given by any owner to the Issuer, the Ordinance provides that any registered owner is entitled to seek a writ of mandamus from a court of proper jurisdiction requiring the Issuer to make such payment or observe and perform such covenants, obligations, or conditions. The issuance of a writ of mandamus may be sought if there is no other available remedy at law to compel performance of the Bonds or the Ordinance and the Issuer's obligations are not uncertain or disputed. The remedy of mandamus is controlled by equitable principles, so rests with the discretion of the court, but may not be arbitrarily refused. There is no acceleration of maturity of the Bonds in the event of default and, consequently, the remedy of mandamus may have to be relied upon from year to year. The Ordinance does not provide for the appointment of a trustee to represent the interest of the owners of the Bonds upon any failure of the Issuer to perform in accordance with the terms of the Ordinance, or upon any other condition and accordingly all legal actions to enforce such remedies would have to be undertaken, at the initiative of, and be financed by, the registered owners. The Texas Supreme Court ruled in Tooke v. City 'of Mexia, 197 S.W. 3rd 325 (Tex. 2006), that a waiver of sovereign immunity in a contractual dispute must be provided for by statute in clear and unambiguous language. Because it is unclear whether the Texas legislature has effectively waived the Issuer's sovereign immunity from a suit for money damages, owners of the Bonds may not be able to bring such a suit against the Issuer for breach of the Bonds or Ordinance covenants. Even if a judgment against the Issuer could be obtained, it could not be enforced by direct levy and execution against the Issuer's property. Further, the registered owners cannot themselves foreclose on property within the Issuer or sell property within the Issuer to enforce the tax lien on taxable property to pay the principal of and interest on the Bonds. Furthermore, the Issuer is eligible to seek relief from its creditors under Chapter 9 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code ("Chapter 9"). Although Chapter 9 provides for the recognition of a security interest represented by a specifically pledged source of revenues, the pledge of ad valorem taxes in support of a general obligation of a bankrupt entity is not specifically recognized as a security interest under Chapter 9. Chapter 9 also includes an automatic stay provision that would prohibit, without Bankruptcy Court approval, the prosecution of any other legal action by creditors or owners of the Bonds of an entity which has sought protection under Chapter 9. Therefore, should the Issuer avail itself of Chapter 9 protection from creditors, the ability to enforce would be subject to the approval of the Bankruptcy Court (which could require that the action be heard in Bankruptcy Court instead of other federal or state court); and the Bankruptcy Code provides for broad discretionary powers of a Bankruptcy Court in administering any proceeding brought before it. The opinion of Bond Counsel will note that all opinions relative to the enforceability of the Bonds are qualified with respect to the customary rights of debtors relative to their creditors and by general principles of equity which permit the exercise of judicial discretion. - Initially, the only registered owner of the Bonds will be The Depository Trust Company. See "DESCRIPTION OF THE BONDS - Book-Entry-Only System" herein for a description of the duties of DTC with regard to ownership of Bonds. ISSUER DEBT AND AD VALOREM TAX INFORMATION The following tables and calculations relate to the Bonds and to all other tax -supported debt of the Issuer. The Issuer and various other political subdivisions of government which overlap all or a portion of the Issuer are empowered to incur debt to be paid from revenues raised or to be raised by taxation against all or a portion of property within the Issuer. Table 1— Current Appraised Valuation, Exemptions and Tax Supported Debt Tarrant Denton County County Total Total Market Value of Issuer Property for 2011-12 Tax Year $1,090,892,532 $ 14,813,862 $ 1,105,706,394 Agricultural, Productivity Loss 67,952,045 11,011,783 78,963,828 Absolute Exemptions 6,015,566 - 6,015,566 Cases Before Appraisal Review Board 3,083,557 - 3,083,557 Incomplete Accounts 9,126,251 - 9,126,251 Homesteads -Local Option 66,963,568 2,695,372 69,658,940 Disabled Veterans 12,000 - 12,000 Over 65 - Local Option 475,000 - 475,000 Disabled - Local Option 10,000 - 10,000 Total Adjustments, Exemptions 153,637,987 13,707,155 167,345,142 Taxable Assessed Valuation for 2011-12 Fiscal Year $ 937254545 $ 1.106.707 1 9383612.52 Total Direct Debt (Bonds & Certificates of Obligation, as of 09/30/2011 ): $ 21,725,000 Debt Service Fund Balance (as of 09/3012011) $ - Sources: Tarrant and Denton Central Appraisal District, Issuer budget forfiscal year ended 0913012012 (subject to change). [Remainder of page intentionally left blank.] 9 Table 2 - Appraised Valuation by Category Appraised Valuation Real Estate, Residential Real Estate, Corcial Personal Property, Connnercial Agricultural Properties Total Appraised Valuation Less Exemptions & Reductions Agricultural Homestead - Local Option Over 65 - Local Option Disabled - Local Option (78,963,828) (69,658,940) (475,000) (10,000) Subject to Arbitration (3,083,557) Fis cal Years (6,015,566) Incomplete Accounts (9,126,251) 2011-12 (12,000) 2010-11 $ 938.361.252 2009-10 Amount % of Total Amount % of Total Amount of Total $ 531,642,664 48.08% $ 521,988,652 50.23% $ 511,093,381 50.01% 407,433,850 36.85% 363,594,970 34.99% 369,374,638 36.14% 87,351,360 7.90% 73,939,008 7.11% 70,567,161 6.90% 79,278,520 7.17% 83,489,547 8.03% 70,962,405 6.94% 1,105,706,394 100.00% 1,043,012,177 100.36% 1,021,997,585 100.00% (78,963,828) (69,658,940) (475,000) (10,000) Subject to Arbitration (3,083,557) Absolute Exemptions (6,015,566) Incomplete Accounts (9,126,251) PartialExempts (incl. Disabled Vets) (12,000) Net Taxable Assessed Valuation $ 938.361.252 Appraised Valuation Real Estate, Residential Real Estate, Cominercial Personal Property, Commercial Agricultural Properties Total Apprais ea Valuation Less Exenwtions & Reductions Agricultural Homestead - Local Option Disabled - Local Option Subject to Arbitration Subject to Arbitration Absolute Exemptions Incomplete Accts Partial Exempts (incl. Disabled Vets) Net Taxable Assessed Valuation (83,178,839) (69,340,218) (25,401,532) cl) (6,038,661) (3,245,856) (12,000) $ 855,795 ,O71 (70,719,775) (23,928,686) (4,800,598) (2,272,516) (12.000) J_222 .264.010 (65,140,820) (55,551,963) (16,528,501) - (3,736,833) - (3,697,947) (12,000) (12,000) $788,486,118 $ 673,763,085 Source: Tarrant and Denton Appraisal Districts. (1) Excludes minimum valuation estimated by Tarrant Central Appraisal District. 10 Fiscal Years 2008-09 2007-08 . Amount % of Total Amount % of Total $469,132,912 53.46% $ 339,877,069 46.60% 256,092,711 29.18% 250,060,421 34.29% 86,891,232 9.90% 81,090,173 11.12% 65,485,364 7.46% 58,299,385 7.99% 877,602,219 100.00% 729,327,048 100.00% (65,140,820) (55,551,963) (16,528,501) - (3,736,833) - (3,697,947) (12,000) (12,000) $788,486,118 $ 673,763,085 Source: Tarrant and Denton Appraisal Districts. (1) Excludes minimum valuation estimated by Tarrant Central Appraisal District. 10 Table 3 - Tax Rates, Levies, Collections and Ratios Bond Tax Rate (1) Maintenance TaxRate(1) Total Tax Rate Taxable Assessed Valuation Total Ad Valorem.Taxes Levied (1) Current Collection Ratio Total Collection Ratio Direct Ad Valorem TaxDebt(2) Direct Debt Ratio to TAV Estimated Population TAV per Capita Direct Debt per Capita Fiscal Years 2011-12 Percentage 2010-11 of 2011-12 TAV 2009-10 $ 938,361,252 2008-09 16.01% 2007-08 $ 0.01849 $ 0.00390 $ - $ - $ - 0.13835 0.94% 0.15620 0.92% - 0.73% - 0.69% 40.52%r - $ 0.15684 $ 0.16010 $ - $ - $ - $ 938.361.252 $855.795.071 $ 920.264.010 $ 788.486.118 $ 673.763,085 $ 1,471,726 $ 1,370,128 $ - $ - $ - In process 99.55% NA NA NA In process 99.55% NA NA NA $ 21,725,000 $ 21,725,000 $ 20,185,000 $ 20,710,000 $ 21,225,000 2.32% 2.540/c 2.19% 2.63% 3.15% 992 992 785 703 703 $ 945,929 $ 862,697 $ 1,172,311 $ 1,121,602 $ 958,411 $ 21,900.20 $ 21,900.20 $ 25,713.38 $ 29,459.46 $ 30,192.03 Sources: The Districts audited financial statements; Tarrant and Denton Central Appraisal Districts. (1) Prior to fiscal year 2010-11, Issuer did not levy/collect ad valorem taxes, relying instead on other available funds for operations and debt service. (2) As of fiscal year end, except for 2011-12 which reflects debt as of prior fiscal year end. Table 4 - Ten Largest Taxpayers Nance Maguire Thomas Partners et al. FMR Texas I LLC/Lxd. Partnership DCLI LLC Corelogic Real Estate Lexington TNI Westlake, LP Marsh USA Inc. First American Leasing Company Levi Strauss & Co. Westlake Terra LLC Louco Investment Partners LP Totals Type of Business Commercial Real Estate Commercial Real Estate Conference Center Real Estate Data (Com m'1, Resid. Commercial Real Estate/REIT Risk Mgt., Insurance Commercial Real Estate Clothing Residential Real Estate Investments (1) Source: Tarrant and Denton Central Appraisal Districts. 11 Percentage of 2011-12 TAV 2011-12 TAV $ 938,361,252 $ 150,235,546 16.01% 77,754,274 8.29% 76,847,119 8.19% 18,050,838 1.92% 16,560,450 1.76% 10,030,377 1.07% 8,804,230 0.94% 8,637,483 0.92% 6,808,002 0.73% 6,467,500 0.69% 40.52%r $ 380.195.819 Table 5 - Estimated Overlapping Debt As in the case of the Issuer, various taxing units within the Issuer's boundaries may incur debts that are paid from ad valorem taxes levied by such taxing units on taxable properties within the Issuer's boundaries. Such taxing units are separate legal entities and independent of the Issuer. The information in this table shows direct and estimated overlapping ad valorem tax debt and is based on information obtained from the individual taxing units or from the Texas Municipal Reports published by the Municipal Advisory Council of Texas. The Issuer has not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of information relating to any taxing unit other than itself, and no person should rely upon such information as being accurate or complete. Additionally, taxing units listed herein may have issued additional tax debt since the date hereof, and such taxing units may have programs requiring the issuance of substantial amounts of additional tax debt, the amount of which cannot be determined at this time. Table 6 - Debt Service Requirements Fiscal Amount Less: Debt Svc. Estimated Overlapping Carroll ISD $250,360,040 08/31/10 5.72% $ 14,320,594 Denton Co 493,272,667 05/31/11 0.03% 147,982 Keller ISD 714,498,460 08/31/10 4.57% 32,652,580 Northwest ISD 542,122,688 06/30/11 0.50% 2,710,613 Tarrant County 353,941,048 08/01/10 0.69% 2,442,193 Tarrant Co College Dist 29,780,000 08/31/08 0.69% 205,482 Tarrant Co Hospital Dist 27,160,000 01/31/09 0.69% 187,404 Trophy Club MUD # 1 8,755,931 01/31/10 36.99% 3,238,819 Total Overlapping Debt 657,800 1,597,281 2016 55,905,667 Issuer's Outstanding Debt (See Table 1) 100,000 212,400 21.725.000 Total Direct & Overlapping Debt 2017 1,654,672 (540,915) $ 77.630.667 Table 6 - Debt Service Requirements Fiscal Less: Debt Svc. Tom Year End Existing on Refunded Plus: Debt Service on the Bonds Combined 0 Debt Obligations PrinciW Interest Total Debt Service 2012 $ 1,653,107 $ (181,833) $ - $ 147,658 $ 147,658 $ 1,618,933 2013 1,652,293 (363,665) 100,000 225,200 325,200 1,613,828 2014 1,650,697 (363,665) 100,000 223,200 323,200 1,610,232 2015 1,653,146 (713,665) 440,000 217,800 657,800 1,597,281 2016 1,652,366 (340,915) 100,000 212,400 312,400 1,623,851 2017 1,654,672 (540,915) 275,000 207,275 482,275 1,596,032 2018 1,659,714 (947,315) 700,000 192,650 892,650 1,605,049 2019 1,655,832 (944,788) 715,000 171,425 886,425 1,597,470 2020 1,654,195 (939,900) 730,000 149,750 879,750 1,594,045 2021 1,655,336 (938,388) 750,000 127,550 877,550 1,594,499 2022 1,654,944 (934,963) 770,000 104,750 874,750 1,594,732 2023 1,651,994 (929,625) 790,000 81,350 871,350 1,593,719 2024 1,656,485 (932,375) 820,000 55,150 875,150 1,599,260 2025 1,652,205 (352,000) 260,000 36,250 296,250 1,596,455 2026 1,646,129 (347,500) 260,000 27,150 287,150 1,585,779 2027 1,653,057 (347,500) 275,000 17,100 292,100 1,597,657 2028 1,657,343 (351,750) 290,000 5,800 295,800 1,601,393 2029 1,473,995 - - - - 1,473,995 2030 1,470,170 - - - - 1,470,170 2031 1,473,810 - - - - 1,473,810 2032 1,316,160 - - - - 1,316,160 Totals $ 33,847,646 $ (10,470,760) $ 7,375,000 $ 2,202,458 $ 9,577,458 $ 32,954,344 12 Table 7 - Authorized But Unissued Ad Valorem Tax Debt Voter Authorized but Unissued Ad Valorem Tax Bonds: None Ad Valorem Tax Bonds Planned to be Issued During Next. 12 Months: None Ad Valorem Tax Bond Flections Planned for Next 12 Months: None Ad Valorem Tax Debt Not Requiring Voter Approval Planned for Next 12 Months: Undetermined (1) (1) See 'Future Borrowing" below. Table 8 — Tax Adequacy (1) Prior to 2010-11, the Issuer had not levied an ad valorem tax and instead paid debt service on its ad valorem tax debt from other lawfully available revenues. The Issuer currently intends to pay debt service on the $2,095,000 Certificates of Obligation, Series 2011 from its ad valorem tax revenues and continue paying debt service on previously issued ad valorem tax debt and the Bonds from other available revenues. However, the Issuer may decide on an alternative allocation of repayment sources at any time. The Estimated Ad Valorem Tax Rate is the rate that would be required to be levied to pay debt service assuming no other source of payment, and further assuming a 96% collection ratio applied to the Issuer's current Taxable Assessed Valuation. Future Borrowing The Issuer has no existing voter authorization to issue general obligation bonds, nor does the Issuer currently have any plans to hold a bond election to authorize general obligation bonds, although it could decide to proceed with such an election at any time. Under Texas law, the Issuer may issue ad valorem tax secured certificates of obligations and other tax -supported debt without voter authorization. At the present time, the Issuer has not determined whether it will issue any such obligations within the next 12 months. Regardless of the Issuer's future borrowing activities, the Issuer may be required to increase its annual ad valorem tax rate as a result of factors unrelated to the level of its outstanding debt and otherwise outside its control, including, for example, the following: (i) a reduction in its taxable assessed valuation, (ii) a reduction in tax collections, or (iii) changes in State law. Property Tax Code General. Receipts from ad valorem taxation are one of the Issuer's principal sources of operational revenue and its principal source of funds for debt service payments. See "Other Financial Information." The following is a summary of certain provisions of the Texas Property Tax Code, as amended (the "Property Tax Code"), relating to ad valorem taxation procedures. Property Tax Code and Cggn -Wide Appraisal District. Pursuant to Chapter 6 of the Texas Property Tax Code, as amended (the "Property Tax Code"), each county in the State comprises a single appraisal district with responsibility for recording and appraising property for all taxing units within the county, and each county establishes a single appraisal review board for the purpose of reviewing and equalizing the values established by the appraisal district. Chapter 25 of the Property Tax Code requires the appraisal district, by May 15 of each year or as soon thereafter as practicable, to prepare appraisal records listing all property that is taxable in the appraisal district and stating the appraised value of each parcel or item. Property is required to be appraised as of January 1 of each year (except for business inventories which may be assessed as of September 1 and 13 Estimated Ad Valorem Tax Ad Valorem Fiscal Year Debt Service TaxRate Current Year (2011-12) $1,608,545 $0.1786 MaxirmmAnnual Debt Service (2011-12) $1,608,545 $0.1786 Average Annual Debt Service (2011-12 to 2031-32) $1,567,107 $0.1740 (1) Prior to 2010-11, the Issuer had not levied an ad valorem tax and instead paid debt service on its ad valorem tax debt from other lawfully available revenues. The Issuer currently intends to pay debt service on the $2,095,000 Certificates of Obligation, Series 2011 from its ad valorem tax revenues and continue paying debt service on previously issued ad valorem tax debt and the Bonds from other available revenues. However, the Issuer may decide on an alternative allocation of repayment sources at any time. The Estimated Ad Valorem Tax Rate is the rate that would be required to be levied to pay debt service assuming no other source of payment, and further assuming a 96% collection ratio applied to the Issuer's current Taxable Assessed Valuation. Future Borrowing The Issuer has no existing voter authorization to issue general obligation bonds, nor does the Issuer currently have any plans to hold a bond election to authorize general obligation bonds, although it could decide to proceed with such an election at any time. Under Texas law, the Issuer may issue ad valorem tax secured certificates of obligations and other tax -supported debt without voter authorization. At the present time, the Issuer has not determined whether it will issue any such obligations within the next 12 months. Regardless of the Issuer's future borrowing activities, the Issuer may be required to increase its annual ad valorem tax rate as a result of factors unrelated to the level of its outstanding debt and otherwise outside its control, including, for example, the following: (i) a reduction in its taxable assessed valuation, (ii) a reduction in tax collections, or (iii) changes in State law. Property Tax Code General. Receipts from ad valorem taxation are one of the Issuer's principal sources of operational revenue and its principal source of funds for debt service payments. See "Other Financial Information." The following is a summary of certain provisions of the Texas Property Tax Code, as amended (the "Property Tax Code"), relating to ad valorem taxation procedures. Property Tax Code and Cggn -Wide Appraisal District. Pursuant to Chapter 6 of the Texas Property Tax Code, as amended (the "Property Tax Code"), each county in the State comprises a single appraisal district with responsibility for recording and appraising property for all taxing units within the county, and each county establishes a single appraisal review board for the purpose of reviewing and equalizing the values established by the appraisal district. Chapter 25 of the Property Tax Code requires the appraisal district, by May 15 of each year or as soon thereafter as practicable, to prepare appraisal records listing all property that is taxable in the appraisal district and stating the appraised value of each parcel or item. Property is required to be appraised as of January 1 of each year (except for business inventories which may be assessed as of September 1 and 13 mineral reserves which are assessed on the basis of a monthly average), and Chapter 23 of the Property Tax Code generally requires appraisals at 100% of market value. Tax appraisers are authorized to use alternative methods (cost, income and market data comparison methods) to determine the market value of property, and the most appropriate method is to be used. Appraisals are subject to review by the appraisal review board, and under certain circumstances, taxpayers and taxing units (such as the Issuer) may appeal the orders of the appraisal review board by filing a petition for review in the district court. In such event, the value of the property in question will be determined by the court or by a jury if requested by any party. Absent any such appeal, the orders of the appraisal review board must be used by each taxing jurisdiction in establishing its tax rolls and tax rate. Based upon their respective relative total appraised values, school districts are each entitled to vote, with other taxing entities, upon the selection of members of the board of directors of the county -wide appraisal districts in their respective counties. Although each taxing unit retains the authority to establish its own tax rates and to levy and collect taxes each year, under the county -wide appraisal plan implemented by the Property Tax Code, the taxing units are unable to influence appraisal standards or determine the frequency of revaluation or reappraisal. Chapter 25 of the Property Tax Code requires each appraisal district to implement a plan for periodic reappraisal of property to update appraised values, and the plan must provide for reappraisal of all real property in the appraisal district at least once every three years. Property Subject to Taxation by the Issuer. Except for certain exemptions provided 'by Texas law, all real and tangible personal property and certain intangible personal property in each taxing unit, including the Issuer, is subject to taxation by such taxing unit. Principal categories of exempt property which may be exempted under Chapter 11 of the Property Tax Code include: property owned by the State of Texas or its political subdivisions, if the property is used for public purposes; property exempt from ad valorem taxation by federal law; certain household goods, family supplies and personal effects that are not held or used for the production of income; farm products owned by the producer; certain property owned by charitable organizations, youth development associations, religious organizations and qualified schools; designated historical sites; solar and wind powered energy devices; and certain tangible personal property known as "freeport goods." Effective for tax years 2008 and thereafter, Article VII, Section 1-n of the Texas Constitution provides for an exemption from taxation for "goodsrin- transit," which are defined as personal property acquired or imported into the state and transported to another location inside or outside the state within 175 days of the date the property was acquired or imported into the state. The exemption excludes oil, natural gas, petroleum products, aircraft and special inventory, including motor vehicle, vessel and outboard motor, heavy equipment and manufactured housing inventory. After holding a public hearing, a taxing unit may take action by January 1 of the year preceding a tax year to tax goods -in -transit during the following tax year. A taxpayer may obtain only an exemption for "freeport goods" or "goods -in -transit" for items of personal property. In addition, owners of agricultural, timber and open space land may, under certain circumstances, request valuation of such land on the basis of productive capacity rather than market value. Article VIII, Section 2 of the Texas Constitution and Texas law mandate an additional exemption for disabled veterans and the surviving spouses and children of persons dying while on active duty in the armed forces, which exemption applies to either real or personal property and may range from $5,000 to $12,000. A taxing unit may also exempt portions of the taxable value of residential homesteads (see 'Residential Homestead Exemption" below). New penalties will apply to taxes which have been wholly or partially exempted upon application of a taxpayer, if it is subsequently determined that the taxpayer did not qualify for the exemption. Residential Homestead Exemption. Pursuant to Article VIII, Section 1-b of the Texas Constitution and the Property Tax Code, the governing body of each political subdivision in the State, including the Issuer, is authorized to exempt from ad valorem taxes (1) up to 20 percent of the appraised value of residential homesteads but not less than $5,000, and (2) at least $3,000 of the appraised value of the residential homesteads of persons at least 65 years old and disabled persons. Article VIII, Section 1-b of the Texas Constitution provides that, with respect to the homestead exemptions granted thereunder, a taxing unit may nevertheless continue to levy taxes against such exempted property if (1) ad valorem taxes had been pledged for the payment of such taxing unit's debt incurred prior to the granting of such exemption, and (2) the loss of ad valorem tax revenues attributable to such exempted property would impair the taxing unit's obligation under the contract pursuant to which the debt was created. In addition to the foregoing exemptions available to all taxing units, Texas law authorizes additional homestead exemptions for school districts, including (1) a basic $15,000 exemption for all homeowners, and (2) an additional $10,000 for persons at least 65 years old or disabled; provided, however, that a person at least 65 years old and disabled may receive only one $10,000 exemption, and only one such exemption is available per family, per residence homestead. Except for increases in 14 appraised value resulting from certain improvements, a school district is prohibited from increasing the total ad valorem tax on the residence homestead of a person 65 years of age or older above the amount of tax imposed in the year such residence qualified for the $10,000 exemption. The tax "freeze" provided on the amount of ad valorem taxes levied on the homestead of a taxpayer 65 years of age or older transfers in proportionate amount to a different residence homestead of such taxpayer. Also, a surviving spouse of a taxpayer who qualifies for the freeze on ad valorem taxes is entitled to the same exemption so long as the property is the homestead of the surviving spouse and the spouse is at least 55 years of age at the time of the death of the individual's spouse. The increase of the appraised value on a residence homestead is limited to ten percent of the appraised value of the property for the last year in which the property was appraised times the number of years since the property was last appraised. Other Reductions in Assessed Valuation. The Issuer and other taxing units may jointly agree to the creation of a tax increment financing zone, under which the tax values on properties within the zone are "frozen" at their values at the time such zone is created. The Issuer and other taxing units may also enter into tax abatement agreements to encourage economic development. Under such agreements, a property owner agrees to construct certain improvements on its property, while the taxing unit would in turn agree to not levy a tax on all or part of the increased value attributable to the improvements until the expiration of the agreement. The abatement agreement may last for as long as 10 years. Notice and Hearing Procedures. The ability of a taxing unit, such as the Issuer, to increase its tax levy from year to year is limited by Chapter 26 of the Property Tax Code, which imposes limitations on certain tax levies (other than tax levies for the payment of debt) based upon a complex formula. These limitations require that, prior to establishing and levying a rate of taxation for a year, the taxing unit compute an "effective rate" for such year pursuant to the Property Tax Code. Generally, this effective rate is the rate which will produce the same amount of operating revenue that the taxing unit levied in the previous year on the same property'being taxed for both years, plus the amount necessary to pay bonded indebtedness of the taxing unit for the next year. The governing body of the Issuer may not adopt a tax rate that, if applied to the total taxable values, would impose an amount of taxes exceeding the prior year's levy without holding a public hearing and otherwise complying with the requirements for giving notice of such public hearing. If the rate of taxation to be levied for a year exceeds the sum of (i) the effective rate times 1.08, plus (ii) the Issuer's current debt rate (the "Rollback Rate"), 10% of the qualified voters of the Issuer may petition to require an election to limit the tax levied by the Issuer in the current year to the Rollback Rate. Levy and Collection of Taxes. Each taxing unit, including the Issuer, is responsible pursuant to Chapter 31 of the Property Tax Code for the collection of its taxes, unless it elects to transfer such functions to another governmental entity. By September 1 of each year, or as soon thereafter as practicable, the rate of taxation. is set by the governing body of each taxing unit based upon the valuation of property within the taxing unit as of the preceding January 1. Generally, taxes are due October 1, or when billed, whichever comes later, and become delinquent after January 31 of the following year. A delinquent tax incurs a penalty of 12 percent of the amount of the tax through June 30 and additionally accrues interest at the rate of one percent per month. If the tax is not paid by July 1, an additional penalty of up to 15 percent may be imposed by the taxing unit to pay attorney fees for collection of the delinquent tax. Chapter 31 of the Property Tax Code also makes provision each year for consideration of split payments of taxes, discounts for early payment and the postponement of the delinquency date of taxes under certain circumstances. Abatement or deferral of a suit to collect delinquent taxes on residences is available to the extent that the delinquent taxes relate to the portion of the homestead that exceeds the appraised value by 105 percent of the valuation for the prior year. If the collection of the delinquent taxes are abated or deferred, they. may not be collected until the taxpayer no longer owns the property and interest continues to accrue on the delinquent taxes at a rate of eight percent. Collection of Delinquent Taxes. Taxes levied by each taxing unit are a personal obligation of the owner of the property. On January 1 of each year, a tax lien attaches to property to secure the payment of all taxes, penalties and interest ultimately imposed for the year on the property, whether or not the taxes are imposed in the year the lien attaches. The lien exists in favor of each taxing unit, including the Issuer, having the power to tax the property. The Issuer's tax lien is on a parity with the tax liens of all other such taxing units. A tax lien on real property has priority over the claims of most creditors and other holders of liens on the property encumbered by the tax lien, whether or not the debt or lien existed before the attachment of the tax lien. Personal property under certain circumstances is subject to seizure and sale for the payment of delinquent taxes, penalties and interest. At any time after taxes on property become delinquent, the Issuer may file suit to foreclose the lien securing payment of the tax or to enforce personal liability for the tax, or both. In filing a suit to foreclose a tax lien on real property, the Issuer must join other taxing units that have claims for delinquent taxes against all or part of the same property. 15 The ability of the Issuer to collect delinquent taxes by foreclosure may be adversely affected by the amount of taxes owed to other taxing units, adverse market conditions, taxpayer redemption right or bankruptcy proceedings which restrain the collection of taxpayer debt. Issuer Application of Property Tax Code. The following table summarizes the current status of the Issuer's property tax procedures: Description Age 65/Disabled Homestead Exemption in addition to $10,000 basic exemption Exemption for Homestead (at least $5,000, up to 20% of market value) Split Payment of Taxes Discounts for Early Payment of Taxes Nonbusiness Personal Property Freeport Property Exemption Goods in Transit Exemption Tax Abatement Policy Tax Increment Financing Zone Tax Collector for the Issuer Issuer Procedure Allowed Allowed (up to 20%) Not allowed Not allowed Not taxed Allowed Not allowed Adopted None adopted Tarrant County Tax Assessor -Collector. [Remainder of page intentionally left blank.] 16 OTHER FINANCIAL INFORMATION Table 9 - General Fund Summary Revenues and Expenditures (Derived from Annual Financial Reports - Please refer directly thereto for important Notes and more detailed information) Revenues: Sales tax Mixed beverage tax Franchise tax Federal program revenues Interest income Building permits and fees Fines and penalties Contributions (l) Miscellaneous Total Revenues Expenditures: General government and administration Public safety Cultural and recreational Economic development Public works Protective inspection Capital outlay Total Operating Expenditures Other Financing Sources (Uses): Proceeds from sale of land Proceeds from capital lease Transfers in Transfers out Total Other Sources (Uses) Total Exp. after Other Sources (Uses) Excess Revenues over Expenses Beginning Fund Balance Ending Fund Balance Fiscal Years Faded September 30, 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 $ 1,597,194 $ 1,832,205 $ 1,795,287 $ 1,465,171 $ 1,810,706 17,902 17,869 16,177 14,066 13,674 603,233 624,401 649,108 560,312 457,004 - - 12,540 - 3,163 24,220 21,155 83,834 165,102 53,585 1,746,954 848,697 1,108,083 900,121 748,016 647,170 523,515 554,376 651,090 751,036 90,249 38,840 - 100,000 3,535,698 105,345 98,242 90,929 31,787 33,270 4,832,267 4,004,924 4,310,334 3,887,649 7,406,152 1,644,587 1,519,600 1,516,346 1,385,492 2,386,205 1,634,936 1,890,469 1,716,369 1,653,329 1,579,810 105,997 115,770 129,641 86,560 91,444 - 229,907 495,071 141,197 35,759 400,615 378,508 415,805 276,789 434,716 - 62,278 3,786,135 4,196,532 4,273,232 3,543,367 4,527,934 - - - 23,000 1 123,000 388,599 38,328 43,976 128,778 (101,459) (278,417) (364,991) (600,123) (659,258) 21,541 110,182 (326,663) (533,147) (530,480) 3,764.5 4,086,350 4,599,895 4,076,514 5,058,414 1,067,673 (81,426) (289,561) (188,865) 2,347,738 2,725,312 2,806,738 3,096,299 3,285,164 937,426 $ 3,792,985 $ 2,725,312 $ 2,806,738 $ 3,096,299 $ 3,285,164 (I) Amount for 2006 includes funds received from liquidation of the Issuer's 4A economic development corporations, as well as a $1.2 million donation to be used for a land purchase. See footnote 2 to the 2006 financial statements. 17 Table 9A - Changes in Net Assets (Derived from Annual Financial Reports -Please refer directly thereto for important Notes and more detailed information) 18 Governmental Activities - Fiscal Years Ended September 30, 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 Revenues: Program revenues: Fees, fines, charges for services $ 2,497,350 $ 1,478,234 $ 1,581,684 $ 1,662,291 $ 1,677,156 Operating grants, contributions 853,151 1,522,935 1,296,378 1,257,058 3,686,964 Capital grants, contributions 83,250 2,059,624 - - 1,455,626 General revenues: Taxes Sales taxes 3,790,533 3,664,409 3,590,575 2,197,756 1,810,706 Hotel occupancytaxes 457,693 497,769 527,662 458,471 415,544 Mixed beverage taxes 17,902 17,869 16,177• 14,066 13,674 Franchises taxes 603,233 624,401 649,108 560,312 457,004 Unrestricted grants 3,484,141 2,960,590 2,500,817 2,259,643 1,822,200 Interest on investments 38,383 61,224 188,459 261,622 98,824 Miscellaneous 676,638 568,782 564,973 466,654 494,146 Total revenues 12,502,274 13,455,837 10,915,833 9,137,873 11,931,844 Expenses: General government 2,272,127 2,203,882 2,031,460 1,941,289 1,811,281 Public safety 1,698;164 1,939,441 1,795,782 1,738,080 1,705,528 Culture and recreation 105,997 115,770 129,641 86,560 91,444 Economic development 309,653 207,044 473,451 120,753 35,759 Public works 594,705 1,028,934 1,013,804 455,481 613,956 Visitor services 420,270 341,270 312,777 217,992 393,115 Education 4,138,875 3,722,705 3,305,220 2,672,698 2,249,998 Interest on long-term debt 1,026,026 1,068,935 991,184 869,327 1,021,779 Total expenses 10,565,817 10,627,981 10,053,319 8,102,180 7,922,860 Excess (deficiency) before transfers 1,936,457 2,827,856 862,514 1,035,693 4,008,984 Transfers - 61,321 220,819 33,976 - Changes in net assets 1,936,457 2,889,177 1,083,333 1,069,669 4,008,984 Prior period adjustment - 84,508 398,967 - 60,000 Net assets, beginning 19,127,942 16,154,257 14,671,957 13,602,288 9,533,304 Net assets, ending $ 21,064,399 $ 19,127,942 $ 16,154,257 $ 14,671,957 $ 13,602,288 18 Table 10 - General Fund Summary Balance Sheet (Derived from Annual Financial Reports - Please refer directly thereto for important Notes and more detailed information) Assets: Cash and investments Note receivable Accounts receivable Due from other funds Due from component units Prepaid items Other assets Restricted assets Total Assets liabilities: Deferred revenue Accounts payable. Due to component units Due to other funds Total Liabilities Fund Equity: Restricted/Res erved/Designated Unres erved/Undes ignated Total Fund Equity Total Liabilities and Fund Equity Fiscal Years Ended September 30, 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 $ 3,446,149 $ 2,067,774 $ 2,822,703 $ 2,953,970 $ 2,736,573 - - - 19,421 37,613 390,048 535,917 552,738 390,390 611,785 - 381,114 185,678 132,183 132,217 - - - 830 329,176 - - - - 15,662 37,708 3,418 4,288 2,257 - 214,750 38,840 3.565.407 $ 19,774,257 3.863.026 $ 4.088.655 0 7.063 $ 3.499.051 $ Net Assets: - - - - 166,763 295,670 255,922 734,447 285,707 335,353 - 45,829 24,222 117,045 75,746 295,670 301,751 758,669 402,752 577,862 3,023,875 214,750 193,105 303,639 563,176 434,375 3,578,235 2,532,207 2,503,099 2,533,123 2,850,789 3,792,985 2,725,312 2,806,738 3.565.407 3,096,299 3,285,164 3.863.026 $ 4.ORR_655 $ 3.027.063 $ 3.499.051 $ Table 10A - Statement of Net Assets (Derived from Annual Financial Reports - Please refer directly thereto for important Notes and more detailed information) Governmental Activities - Fiscal Years Ended September 30, 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 Current and other assets $ 9,253,595 $ 7,594,613 $ 10,728,885 $ 6,509,131 $ 5,585,570 Capital assets 33,051,736 33,197,958 27,646,486 27,937,083 27,897,986 Total Assets 42,305,331 40,792,571 38,375,371 34,446,214 33,483,556 Long-term liabilities outstanding 19,241,788 19,721,208 20,233,906 18,234,841 18,335,885 Other liablities 1,999,144 1,943,421 1,987,208 1,539,416 1,545,383 Total Liabilities 21,240,932 21,664,629 22,221,114 19,774,257 19,881,268 Net Assets: Invested in capital assets (net of debt) 13,633,485 13,244,689 4,193,601 9,646,644 9,171,657 Restricted 1,564,868 1,773,068 5,064,834 1,848,572 1,406,756 Unrestricted 5,866,046 4,110,185 6,895,822 3,176,741 3,023,875 Total Net Assets $ 21,064,399 $ 19,127,942 $ 16,154,257 $ 14,671,957 $ 13,602,288 19 Table 11 - Municipal Sales Tax History The Issuer has adopted the Municipal Sales and Use Tax Act, Texas Tax Code, Chapter 321, as amended, which grants the Issuer the power to impose and levy a 1% Local Sales and Use Tax within the boundaries of the Issuer; the proceeds are credited to the General Fund and are not pledged to the payment of the Bonds. Collection and enforcement are effected through the Office of the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas, which remits the proceeds of the tax, after deduction of a 2% service fee, to the Issuer monthly. Revenue from the 1% Local Sales and Use Tax, for the years shown, has been: Source: the Issuer's audited financial statements, except for the fiscal year ended 09-30-2011 which is a preliminary estimate of the Issuer and is subject to change. The 12 of I% for the benefit of the Economic Development Corporation (4A) was abolished effective 09-30-2006. An additional 12 of 1 % local sales and use tax to be used to reduce the properly tax rate became effective 10-01-2006 Investments The Issuer invests its investable funds in investments authorized by Texas law in accordance with investment policies approved by the Town Council of the Issuer. Both State law and the Issuer's investment policies are subject to change. Legal Investments. Available Issuer funds are invested as authorized by State law and in accordance with investment policies approved by the -Town Council. Both State law and the Issuer's investment policies are subject to change. Under State law, the Issuer is authorized to invest in (1) obligations of the United States or its agencies and instrumentalities, including letters of credit; (2) direct obligations of the State or its agencies and instrumentalities; (3) collateralized mortgage obligations directly issued by a federal agency or instrumentality of the United States, the underlying security for which is guaranteed by an agency or instrumentality of the United States; (4) other obligations, the principal and interest of which is guaranteed or insured by or backed by the full faith and credit of, the State or the United States or their respective agencies and instrumentalities; (5) obligations of states, agencies, counties, cities, and other political subdivisions of any state rated as to investment quality by a nationally recognized investment rating firm not less than A or its equivalent; (6) bonds issued, assumed or guaranteed by the State of Israel; (7) certificates of deposit and share certificates issued by, or invested by an investing entity through, a depository institution that has its main office or a branch office in the State of Texas, that are guaranteed or insured as required by, or otherwise meet the requirements of, the Texas Public Funds Investment Act (Chapter 2256, Texas Government Code, as amended); (8) fully collateralized repurchase agreements that have a defined termination date, are fully secured by obligations described in clause (1), and are placed through a primary government securities dealer or a financial institution doing business in the State, (9) securities lending programs if (i) the securities loaned under the program are 100% collateralized, a loan made under the program allows for termination at any time and a loan, made under the program is either secured by (a) obligations that are described in clauses (1) through (6) above, (b) irrevocable letters of credit issued by a state or national bank that is continuously rated by a nationally recognized investment rating firm at not less than A or its equivalent or (c) cash invested in obligations described in clauses (1) through (6) above, clauses (11) through (13) below, or an authorized investment pool; (ii) securities held as collateral under a loan are pledged to the Issuer, held in the Issuer's name and. deposited at the time the investment is made with the governmental body or a third party designated by the governmental body; (iii) a loan made under the program is placed through either a primary government securities dealer or a financial institution doing business in the State of Texas; and (iv) the agreement to lend securities has a term of one year or less, (10) certain bankers' acceptances with the remaining term of 270 days or less, if the short-term obligations of the accepting bank or its parent are rated at least A-1 or P-1 or the equivalent by at least one nationally recognized credit rating 20 Sales Tax Percentage Ad Valorem FTE Revenues - of Ad Valorem Tax Rate Breakdown of Sales Tax Collected 30-Seu Govt'l. Funds (1) Tax Lew Frniivalent Taxing Unit Tax Rate 2006 $ 1,810,706 NA $ 0.3390 The Issuer: 2007 2,197,756 NA 0.3697 General Fund & Econ. Dev. $ 0.0100 2008 3,590,575 NA 0.5329 4B Econ. Development Fund 0.0050 2009 3,664,409 NA 0.4647 Property Tax Reduction Fund 0.0050 2010 3,790,533 NA 0.4119 State of Texas 0.0625 2011 4,142,010 301.06% 0.4820 Total $ 0.0825 Source: the Issuer's audited financial statements, except for the fiscal year ended 09-30-2011 which is a preliminary estimate of the Issuer and is subject to change. The 12 of I% for the benefit of the Economic Development Corporation (4A) was abolished effective 09-30-2006. An additional 12 of 1 % local sales and use tax to be used to reduce the properly tax rate became effective 10-01-2006 Investments The Issuer invests its investable funds in investments authorized by Texas law in accordance with investment policies approved by the Town Council of the Issuer. Both State law and the Issuer's investment policies are subject to change. Legal Investments. Available Issuer funds are invested as authorized by State law and in accordance with investment policies approved by the -Town Council. Both State law and the Issuer's investment policies are subject to change. Under State law, the Issuer is authorized to invest in (1) obligations of the United States or its agencies and instrumentalities, including letters of credit; (2) direct obligations of the State or its agencies and instrumentalities; (3) collateralized mortgage obligations directly issued by a federal agency or instrumentality of the United States, the underlying security for which is guaranteed by an agency or instrumentality of the United States; (4) other obligations, the principal and interest of which is guaranteed or insured by or backed by the full faith and credit of, the State or the United States or their respective agencies and instrumentalities; (5) obligations of states, agencies, counties, cities, and other political subdivisions of any state rated as to investment quality by a nationally recognized investment rating firm not less than A or its equivalent; (6) bonds issued, assumed or guaranteed by the State of Israel; (7) certificates of deposit and share certificates issued by, or invested by an investing entity through, a depository institution that has its main office or a branch office in the State of Texas, that are guaranteed or insured as required by, or otherwise meet the requirements of, the Texas Public Funds Investment Act (Chapter 2256, Texas Government Code, as amended); (8) fully collateralized repurchase agreements that have a defined termination date, are fully secured by obligations described in clause (1), and are placed through a primary government securities dealer or a financial institution doing business in the State, (9) securities lending programs if (i) the securities loaned under the program are 100% collateralized, a loan made under the program allows for termination at any time and a loan, made under the program is either secured by (a) obligations that are described in clauses (1) through (6) above, (b) irrevocable letters of credit issued by a state or national bank that is continuously rated by a nationally recognized investment rating firm at not less than A or its equivalent or (c) cash invested in obligations described in clauses (1) through (6) above, clauses (11) through (13) below, or an authorized investment pool; (ii) securities held as collateral under a loan are pledged to the Issuer, held in the Issuer's name and. deposited at the time the investment is made with the governmental body or a third party designated by the governmental body; (iii) a loan made under the program is placed through either a primary government securities dealer or a financial institution doing business in the State of Texas; and (iv) the agreement to lend securities has a term of one year or less, (10) certain bankers' acceptances with the remaining term of 270 days or less, if the short-term obligations of the accepting bank or its parent are rated at least A-1 or P-1 or the equivalent by at least one nationally recognized credit rating 20 agency, (11) commercial paper with a stated maturity of 270 days or less that is rated at least A-1 or P-1 or the equivalent by either (a) two nationally recognized credit rating agencies or (b) one nationally recognized credit rating agency if the paper is fully secured by an irrevocable letter of credit issued by a U.S. or state bank, (12) no-load money market mutual funds registered with and regulated by the Securities and exchange Commission that have a dollar weighted average stated maturity of 90 days or less and include in their investment objectives the maintenance of a stable net asset value of $1 for each share, and (13) no-load mutual funds registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission that have an average weighted maturity of less than two years, invest exclusively in obligations described in the this paragraph, and are continuously rated as to investment quality by at least one nationally recognized investment rating firm of not less than AAA or its equivalent. In addition, bond proceeds may be invested in guaranteed investment contracts that have a defined termination date and are secured by obligations, including letters of credit, of the United States or its agencies and instrumentalities in an amount at least equal to the amount of bond proceeds invested under such contract, other than the prohibited obligations described in the next succeeding paragraph. The Issuer may invest in such obligations directly or through government investment pools that invest solely in such obligations provided that the pools are rated no lower than AAA or AAA -m or an equivalent by at least one nationally recognized rating service. The Issuer may contract for a term not to exceed two years with an investment management firm registered under the Investment Advisors Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C. Section 80b-1 et seq.) or registered with the State Securities Board to provide for the investment and management of Issuer funds or funds under its control. The Issuer is also authorized to contract, for a term not to exceed seven years, for the purchase of investments with proceeds of taxes levied or to be levied to pay debt service on bonds, provided that the Issuer must solicit and receive bids from at least three separate providers and accept the qualifying bid that provides for the highest yield investments over the term of the contract and such contract may provide only for the purchase of an obligation described in clause (1), above. The Issuer is specifically prohibited from investing in: (1) obligations whose payment represents the coupon payments on the outstanding principal balance of the underlying mortgage-backed security collateral and pays no principal; (2) obligations whose payment represents the principal stream of cash flow from the underlying mortgage-backed security and bears no interest; (3) collateralized mortgage obligations that have a stated final maturity of greater than 10 years; and (4) collateralized mortgage obligations the interest rate of which is determined by an index that adjusts opposite to the changes in a market index. Investment Policies. Under Texas law, the Issuer is required to invest its funds under written investment policies that primarily emphasize safety of principal and liquidity; that address investment diversification, yield, maturity, and the quality and capability of investment management; and that includes a list of authorized investments for Issuer funds, maximum allowable stated maturity of any individual investment, the maximum dollar -weighted average maturity allowed for pooled fund groups, methods to monitor the market price of investments acquired with public funds, and requirement for settlement of all transactions, except investment pool funds and mutual funds, on a delivery versus payment basis. All Issuer funds must be invested consistent with a formally adopted "Investment Strategy Statement" that specifically addresses each fund's investment. Each Investment Strategy Statement will describe its objectives concerning: (1) suitability of investment type; (2) S preservation and safety of principal, (3) liquidity, (4) marketability of each investment, (5) diversification of the portfolio, and (6) yield. Under Texas law, Issuer investments must be made "with judgment and care, under prevailing circumstances, that a person of prudence, discretion, and intelligence would exercise in the management of the person's own affairs, not for speculation, but for investment, considering the probable safety of capital and the probable income to be derived." At least quarterly the investment officers of the Issuer shall submit to its governing body an investment report detailing: (1) the investment position of the Issuer, (2) that all investment officers jointly prepared and signed the report, (3) the beginning market value, any additions and changes to market value, the ending value of each pooled fund group, and the fully accrued interest for the reporting period, (4) the book value and market value of each separately listed asset at the beginning and end of the reporting period; (5) the maturity date of each separately invested asset, (6) the account or fund or pooled fund group for which each individual investment was acquired, and (7) the compliance of the investment portfolio as it relates to: (a) adopted investment strategy statements and (b) State law. No person may invest Issuer funds without express written authority from its governing body. Additional Provisions. Under Texas law the Issuer is additionally required to: (1) annually review its adopted policies and strategies, (2) require any investment officers' with personal business relationships or relatives with firms seeking to sell 21 securities to the entity to disclose the relationship and file a statement with the Texas Ethics Commission and its governing body; (3) require the registered principal of firms seeking to sell securities to the Issuer or the registered principal of an investment management firm under contract with the Issuer to: (a) receive and review the Issuer's investment policy, (b) acknowledge that reasonable controls and procedures have been implemented to preclude unauthorized investment activities, and (c) deliver a written statement attesting to these requirements; (4) perform an annual audit of the management controls on investments and investment officers; (5) provide specific investment training for the Treasurer, Chief Financial Officer, or other investment officers; (6) restrict reverse repurchase agreements to not more than 90 days; (7) restrict the investment of funds in any one mutual fund to an amount not greater than 10% of the total assets of such mutual fund; (8) restrict the investment in non -money market mutual funds in the aggregate to no more than 15% of the Issuer's monthly average fund balance, excluding bond proceeds and reserves and other funds held for debt service; (9) prohibit the investment in non - money market mutual funds of any portion of bond proceeds, reserves and funds held for debt service and; (10) require local government investment pools to conform to the new disclosure, rating, net asset value, yield calculation, and advisory board requirements. The Issuer's current investment policy is in compliance with the State law requirements described above. Table 12 - Status of Current Investments As of September 30, 2011, the Issuers investment portfolio, including its General Fund, Capital Projects Fund, Utility Fund, and other miscellaneous governmental, proprietary and component unit funds, was invested as follows (with no material difference between book and market values): Investment Description Bank Accounts (with interest) Certificates of Deposit TexPool (1) Westlake Issuer Academv(f $ 8,619,965 $ 1,004,360 $ 3,500,243 - 250 100 Total 9,624,325 3,500,243 350 Total $ 12.12Q458 t 1.004.460 S 13.124.918 Source: The Issuer; unaudited. Please refer to Annual Financial Report (Note III) for more investment information. (1) Public funds investment pool. See http✓/www.texpool.comAndex-rames.jsp for more information. (2) Represents investments of the Westlake Academy which is a component unit of the Issuer and blended with the balances, and transactions of the Issuer. Invesiments of other component units of the Issuer are excluded. See Footnotes I -A and I -B of the Issuer's audited financial statements. LEGAL MATTERS The Issuer will furnish a complete transcript of proceedings that are incident to the authorization and issuance of the Bonds, including the unqualified approving legal opinion of the Attorney General of Texas approving the Initial Bond and to the effect that the Bonds are valid and legally binding obligations of the Issuer, and based upon examination of such transcript of proceedings, the approving legal opinion of Bond Counsel, to like effect and to the effect that the interest on the Bonds will be excludable from gross income for federal income tax purposes under Section 103(a) of the Code, subject to the matters described under "TAX MATTERS" herein, including the alternative minimum tax on corporations. Though it may represent the Underwriter from time to time in matters unrelated to the issuance of the Bonds, Bond Counsel has been engaged by and only represents the Issuer in the issuance of the Bonds. Bond Counsel was not requested to participate, and did not take part, in the preparation of the Official Statement, and such firm has not assumed any responsibility with respect thereto or undertaken independently to verify any of the information contained therein, except that, in its capacity as Bond Counsel, such firm has reviewed the information in the Official Statement under the captions or subcaptions entitled "PLAN OF FINANCING" (exclusive of the subcaption "Sources and Uses of Funds"), "DESCRIPTION OF THE BONDS" (exclusive of the subcaptions entitled "Book -Entry -Only System" and `Bondholders' Remedies"), "LEGAL MATTERS" (exclusive of the last sentence of the fust paragraph thereof), "TAX MATTERS," "OTHER MATTERS - Legal Investments and Eligibility to Secure Public Funds in Texas," "OTHER MATTERS - Registration and Qualification of Bonds for Sale" and "OTHER MATTERS - Continuing Disclosure of Information" (exclusive of the subcaption "Compliance with Prior Undertakings") in the Official Statement, and such firm is of the opinion that the information relating to the Bonds and the legal issues contained under such captions and subcaptions is an accurate and fair description of the laws and legal issues addressed therein and, 22 with respect to the Bonds, such information conforms to the Ordinance. Bond Counsel's fee is contingent upon the sale and issuance of the Bonds. The legal opinion will accompany the Bonds deposited with DTC or will be printed on the Bonds in the event of the discontinuance of the Book -Entry -Only System. Certain matters will be passed upon for the Underwriter by its counsel, Andrews Kurth LLP, Houston, Texas, whose fees are contingent upon sale and delivery of the Bonds. The various legal opinions to be delivered concurrently with the delivery of the Bonds express the professional judgment of the attorneys rendering the opinions as to the legal issues. explicitly addressed therein. In rendering a legal opinion the attorney does not become an insurer or guarantor of the expression of professional judgment, of the transaction opined upon, or of the future performance of the parties to the transaction. Nor does the rendering of an opinion guarantee the outcome of any legal dispute that may arise from the transaction. TAX MATTERS Opinion On the date of initial delivery of the Bonds, McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P., Dallas, Texas, Bond Counsel, will render its opinion that, in accordance with statutes, regulations, published rulings and court decisions existing on the date thereof ("Existing Law"), (1) interest on the Bonds for federal income tax purposes will be excludable from the "gross income", of the holders thereof and (2) the Bonds will not be treated as "specified private activity bonds" the interest on which would be included as an alternative minimum tax preference item under section 57(a)(5) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (the "Code"). Except as stated above, Bond Counsel will express no opinion as to any other federal, state or local tax consequences of the purchase, ownership or disposition of the Bonds. See APPENDIX A, FORM OF BOND COUNSEL OPINION. In rendering its opinion, Bond Counsel will rely upon (a) certain information and representations of the Issuer, including information and representations contained in the Issuer's federal tax certificate,(b) covenants of the Issuer contained in the Bond documents relating to certain matters, including arbitrage and the use of the proceeds of the Bonds and the Refunded Obligations and the property financed or refinanced therewith, and (c) the verification report of Grant Thornton LLP. Failure by the Issuer to observe the aforementioned representations or covenants could cause the interest on the Bonds to become taxable retroactively to the date of issuance. The Code and the regulations promulgated thereunder contain a number of requirements that must be satisfied subsequent to the issuance of the Bonds in order for interest on the Bonds to be, and to remain, excludable from gross income for federal income tax purposes. Failure to comply with such requirements may cause interest on the Bonds to be included in gross income retroactively to the date of issuance of the Bonds. The opinion of Bond Counsel is conditioned on compliance by the Issuer with such requirements, and Bond Counsel has not been retained to monitor compliance with these requirements subsequent to the issuance of the Bonds. Bond Counsel's opinion represents its legal judgment based upon its review of Existing Law and the reliance on the aforementioned information, representations and covenants. Bond Counsel's opinion is not a guarantee of a result. The Existing Law is subject to change by the Congress and to subsequent judicial and administrative interpretation by the courts and the Department of the Treasury. There can be no assurance that such Existing Law or the interpretation thereof will not be changed in a manner which would adversely affect the tax treatment of the purchase, ownership or disposition of the Bonds. A ruling was not sought from the Internal Revenue Service by the Issuer with respect to the Bonds or the property financed or refinanced with the proceeds of the Bonds. No assurances can be given as to whether the Internal Revenue Service will commence an audit of the Bonds, or as to whether the Internal Revenue Service would agree with the opinion of Bond Counsel. If an Internal Revenue Service audit is commenced, under current procedures the Internal Revenue Service is likely to treat the Issuer as the taxpayer and the Bondholders may have no right to participate in such procedure. No additional interest will be paid upon any determination of taxability. 23 Federal Income Tax Accounting Treatment of Original Issue Discount The initial public offering price to be paid for one or more maturities of the Bonds (the "Original Issue Discount Bonds") may be less than the maturity amount thereof or one or more periods for the payment of interest on the Bonds may not be equal to the accrual period or be in excess of one year. In such event, the difference between (i) the "stated redemption price at maturity" of each Original Issue Discount Bond, and (ii) the initial offering price to the public of such Original Issue Discount Bond would constitute original issue discount. The "stated redemption price at maturity" means the sum of all payments to be made on the Bonds less the amount of all periodic interest payments. Periodic interest payments are payments which are made during equal accrual periods (or during any unequal period if it is the initial or final period) and which are made during accrual periods which do not exceed one year. Under Existing Law, any owner who has purchased such Original Issue Discount Bond in the initial public offering is entitled to exclude from gross income (as defined in section 61 of the Code) an amount of income with respect to such Original Issue Discount Bond equal to that portion of the amount of such original issue discount allocable to the accrual period. For a discussion of certain collateral federal tax consequences, see discussion set forth below. In the event of the redemption, sale or other taxable disposition of such Original Issue Discount Bond prior to stated maturity, however, the amount realized by such owner in excess of the basis of such Original Issue Discount Bond in the hands of such owner (adjusted upward by the portion of the original issue discount allocable to the period for which such Original Issue Discount Bond was held by such initial owner) is includable in gross income. Under Existing Law, the original issue discount on each Original Issue Discount Bond is accrued daily to the stated maturity thereof (in amounts calculated as described below for each six-month period ending on the date before the semiannual anniversary dates of the date of the Bonds and ratably within each such six-month period) and the accrued amount is added to an initial owner's basis for such Original Issue Discount Bond for purposes of determining the amount of gain or loss recognized by such owner upon the redemption, sale or other disposition thereof. The amount to be added to basis for each accrual period is equal to (a) the sum of the issue price and the amount of original issue discount accrued in prior periods multiplied by the yield to stated maturity (determined on the basis of compounding at the close of each accrual period and properly adjusted for the length of the accrual period) less (b) the amounts payable as current interest during such accrual period on such Original Issue Discount Bond. . The federal income tax consequences of the purchase, ownership, redemption, sale or other disposition of Original Issue Discount Bonds which are not purchased in the initial offering at the initial offering price may be determined according to rules which differ from those described above. All owners of Original Issue Discount Bonds should consult their own tax advisors with respect to the determination for federal, state and local income tax purposes of the treatment of interest accrued upon redemption, sale or other disposition of such Original Issue Discount Bonds and with respect to the federal, state, local and foreign tax consequences of the purchase, ownership, redemption, sale or other disposition of such Original Issue Discount Bonds. Collateral Federal Income Tax Consequences The following discussion is a summary of certain collateral federal income tax consequences resulting from the purchase, ownership or disposition of the Bonds. This discussion is based on existing statutes, regulations, published rulings and court decisions, all of which are subject to change or modification, retroactively. The following discussion is applicable to investors, other than those who are subject to special provisions of the Code, such as financial institutions, property and casualty insurance companies, life insurance companies, individual recipients of Social Security or Railroad Retirement benefits, individuals allowed an earned income credit, certain S corporations with accumulated earnings and profits and excess passive investment income, foreign corporations subject to the branch profits tax and taxpayers who may be deemed to have incurred or continued indebtedness to purchase tax-exempt obligations. THE DISCUSSION CONTAINED HEREIN MAY NOT BE EXHAUSTIVE. INVESTORS, INCLUDING THOSE WHO ARE SUBJECT TO SPECIAL PROVISIONS OF THE CODE, SHOULD CONSULT THEIR OWN TAX ADVISORS AS TO THE TAX TREATMENT WHICH MAY BE ANTICIPATED TO RESULT FROM THE PURCHASE, OWNERSHIP 24 AND DISPOSITION OF TAX-EXEMPT OBLIGATIONS BEFORE DETERMINING WHETHER TO PURCHASE THE BONDS. Interest on the Bonds will be includable as an adjustment for "adjusted current earnings" to calculate the alternative minimum tax imposed on corporations by section 55 of the Code. Under section 6012 of the Code, holders of tax-exempt obligations, such as the Bonds, may be required to disclose interest received or accrued during each taxable year on their returns of federal income taxation. Section 1276 of the Code provides for ordinary income tax treatment of gain recognized upon the disposition of a tax-exempt obligation, such as the Bonds, if such obligation was acquired at a "market discount" and if the fixed maturity of such obligation is equal to, or exceeds, one year from the date of issue. Such treatment applies to "market discount bonds" to the extent such gain does not exceed the accrued market discount of such bonds; although for this purpose, a de minimis amount of market discount is ignored. A "market discount bond" is one which is acquired by the holder at a purchase price which is less than the stated redemption price at maturity or, in the case of a bond issued at an original issue discount, the "revised issue price" (i.e., the issue price plus accrued original issue discount). The "accrued market discount" is the amount which bears the same ratio to the market discount as the number of days during which the holder holds the obligation bears to the number of days between the acquisition date and the final maturity date. Future and Proposed Legislation Tax legislation., administrative actions taken by tax authorities, or court decisions, whether at the Federal or state level, may adversely affect the tax-exempt status of interest on the Bonds under Federal or state law and could affect the market price or marketability of the Bonds. Any such proposal could limit the value of certain deductions and exclusions, including the exclusion for tax-exempt interest. The likelihood of any such proposal being enacted cannot be predicted. Prospective purchasers of the Bonds should consult their own tax advisors regarding the foregoing matters. State, Local and Foreign Taxes Investors should consult their own tax advisors concerning the tax implications of the purchase, ownership or disposition of the Bonds under applicable state or local laws. Foreign investors should also consult their own tax advisors regarding the tax consequences unique to investors who are not United States persons.. Qualified Tax -Exempt Obligations for Financial Institutions Section 265(a) of the Code provides, in pertinent part, that interest paid or incurred by a taxpayer, including a "financial institution," on indebtedness incurred or continued to purchase or carry tax-exempt obligations is not deductible in determining the taxpayer's taxable income. Section 265(b) of the Code provides an exception to the disallowance of such deduction for any interest expense paid or incurred on indebtedness of a taxpayer that is a "financial institution" allocable to tax-exempt obligations, other than "private activity bonds," that are designated by a "qualified small issuer" as "qualified tax- exempt obligations." A "qualified small issuer" is any governmental issuer (together with any "on -behalf of and "subordinate" issuers) who issues no more than $10,000,000 of tax-exempt obligations during the calendar year. Section 265(b)(5) of the Code defines the term "financial institution" as any "bank" described in Section 585(a)(2) of the Code, or any person accepting deposits from the public in the ordinary course of such person's trade or business that is subject to federal or state supervision as a financial institution. Notwithstanding the exception to the disallowance of the deduction of interest on indebtedness related to "qualified tax-exempt obligations" provided by Section 265(b) of the Code, Section 291 of the Code provides that the allowable deduction to a "bank," as defined in Section 585(a)(2) of the Code, for interest on indebtedness incurred or continued to purchase "qualified tax-exempt obligations" shall be reduced by twenty -percent (20%) as a "financial institution preference item." The Issuer has designated the Bonds as "qualified tax-exempt obligations" within the meaning of section 265(b) of the Code. In furtherance of that designation, the Issuer has covenanted to take such action that would assure, or to refrain from such action that would adversely affect, the treatment of the Bonds as "qualified tax-exempt obligations." Potential purchasers should be aware that if the issue price to the public exceeds $10,000,000, there is a reasonable basis to conclude that the payment of a de minimis amount of premium in excess of $10,000,000 is disregarded; however, the Internal 25 Revenue Service could take a contrary view. If the Internal Revenue Service takes the position that the amount of such premium is not disregarded, then such obligations might fail to satisfy the $10,000,000 limitation and the Bonds would not be "qualified tax-exempt obligations." Future and Proposed Legislation Tax legislation, administrative actions taken by tax authorities, or court decisions, whether at the Federal or state level, may adversely affect the tax-exempt status of interest on the Bonds under Federal or state law and could affect the market price or marketability of the Bonds. Any such proposal could limit the value of certain deductions and exclusions, including the exclusion for tax-exempt interest. The likelihood of any such proposal being enacted cannot be predicted. Prospective purchasers of the Bonds should consult their own tax advisors regarding the foregoing matters. RATING The Bonds have been rated "AA-" (positive outlook) by Standard & Poor's Ratings Services, a Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC business ("S&P"). No application has been made at any other rating agency. The explanation of the significance of such rating may be obtained from S&P. There is no assurance that such rating will continue for any period of time or that such rating will not be revised or withdrawn. A revision or withdrawal of such rating may have a materially adverse effect on the market price of the Bonds. OTHER MATTERS Litigation Certificate Authorized representatives of the Issuer will certify that as of the date of initial delivery of the Bonds, no litigation of any nature is now pending or, to the best of such authorized representatives' knowledge and belief, threatened against the Issuer affecting directly or indirectly the validity of the Bonds or the Ordinance; restraining, enjoining or in any other manner affecting the issuance or delivery of the Bonds; affecting the provision made for the payment of or security for the Bonds, including the levy of or collection of the taxes pledged to pay such amounts or the pledge so made; affecting, in any way, the right or authority of the Issuer to pay such amounts from the sources pledged, or otherwise carrying out the terms and provisions of the Ordinance or other authorizing proceedings, and the covenants and agreements therein, and each of them or affecting the corporate existence or boundaries of the Issuer, or the title of the officers or members of the governing body or, any of them to their respective positions. Legal Investments and Eligibility to Secure Public Funds in Texas Section 1201.041 of the Public Security Procedures Act (Chapter 1201, Texas Government Code) provides that the Bonds are negotiable instruments governed by Chapter 8, Texas Business and Commerce Code, and are legal and authorized investments for insurance companies, fiduciaries, and trustees, and for the sinking funds of municipalities or other political subdivisions or public agencies of the State of Texas. With respect to investment in obligations such as the Bonds by municipalities or other political subdivisions or public agencies of the State of Texas, the Public Funds Investment Act, Chapter 2256, Texas Government Code, requires that the Bonds be assigned a rating of "A" or its equivalent as to investment quality by a national rating agency, this requirement does not apply, however, to the purchase of obligations such as the Bonds for interest and sinking funds of such entities. See "RATING" herein. In addition, various provisions of the Texas Finance Code provide that, subject to a prudent investor standard, the Bonds are legal investments for state banks, savings banks, trust companies with at least $1 million of capital, and savings and loan associations. The Bonds are eligible to secure deposits of any public funds of the State, its agencies, and its political subdivisions, and are legal security for those deposits to the extent of their market value. No review has been made of the laws in other states to determine whether the Bonds are legal investments for various institutions in those states. Financial Advisor Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC, Dallas, Texas (the "Financial Advisor") has been retained by the Issuer as financial advisor in connection with the issuance of the Bonds and, in such capacity, has assisted the Issuer in the preparation of 26 documents. The Financial Advisor's fee for services rendered with respect to the sale of the Bonds is contingent upon the issuance and delivery of the Bonds. Although the Financial Advisor has read and participated in the preparation of this Official Statement, the Financial Advisor has not independently verified any of the information set forth herein. The information contained in this Official Statement has been obtained primarily from the Issuer's records and from other sources which are believed to be reliable, including financial records of the Issuer and other entities which may be subject to interpretation. No guarantee is made as to the accuracy or completeness of any such information. No person, therefore, is entitled to rely upon the participation of the Financial Advisor as an implicit or explicit expression of opinion as to the completeness and accuracy of the information contained in this Official Statement. Financial Statements The Issuer's basic financial statements and notes thereto for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2010, which have been excerpted from the Issuer's most recently audited annual financial statements, are included as APPENDIX B to this Official Statement. The accountants who audited such statements have not participated in the preparation of this Official Statement and have not been requested to and have not performed any post -audit procedures in connection with the offering of the Bonds. Registration and Qualification of Bonds for Sale The sale of the Bonds has not been registered under the Federal Securities Act of 1933, as amended, in reliance upon the exemption provided thereunder by Section 3(a)(2); and the Bonds have not been qualified under the Securities Act of Texas in reliance upon various exemptions contained therein; nor have the Bonds been qualified under the securities acts of any jurisdiction. The Issuer assumes no responsibility for qualification of the Bonds under the securities laws of any jurisdiction in which the Bonds may be sold, assigned, pledged, hypothecated or otherwise transferred. This disclaimer of responsibility for qualification for sale or other disposition of the Bonds shall not be construed as an interpretation of any kind with regard to the availability of any exemption from securities registration provisions. Underwriting The Underwriter has agreed to purchase the Bonds from the Issuer, subject to certain conditions, at prices that include a $50,690 underwriting discount from initial public offering prices of the Bonds as set forth on page i of this Official Statement. The Underwriter will be obligated to purchase all of the Bonds if any portion of such Bonds is purchased. The Issuer has no control over the prices at which the Bonds will initially be offered to the public. The price and other -terms relating to the offering and sale of the Bonds may be changed from time to time by the Underwriter after the Bonds are released for sale, and the Bonds may be offered and sold at prices other than the initial offering price, including sales to dealers who may sell the Bonds into investment accounts. The Underwriter has reviewed the information in this Official Statement in accordance with and as part of its responsibilities to investors under federal securities laws as applied to the facts and circumstances of this transaction, but the Underwriter does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of such information. Continuing Disclosure of Information In the Ordinance, the Issuer has made the following agreement for the benefit of the holders and beneficial owners of the Bonds: The Issuer is required to observe the agreement for so long as it remains obligated to advance funds to pay the Bonds. Under the agreement, the Issuer will be obligated to provide certain updated financial information and operating data annually and timely notice of specified material events to the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board (the "MSRB"). Annual Reports. The Issuer will provide certain updated financial information and operating data to the MSRB annually in an electronic format that is prescribed by the MSRB and available via the Electronic Municipal Market Access System ("EMMA") at www.enuna.msrb.org. The information to be updated includes all quantitative financial information and operating data with respect to the Issuer of the general type included in this Official Statement in Tables 1-4 and 6-12, and in APPENDIX B. The Issuer will update and provide this information within six months after the end of each fiscal year. The Issuer may provide updated information in full text or may incorporate by reference certain other publicly available documents, as permitted by SEC Rule 15c2-12, as amended (the "Rule"). The updated information will include audited 27 financial statements, if the Issuer commissions an audit and it is completed by the required time. If audited financial statements are not available by the required time the Issuer will provide unaudited financial information by the required time and audited financial statements when and if the audit report becomes available. Any such financial statements will be prepared in accordance with the accountingprinciples described in APPENDIX B or such other accounting principles as the Issuer may be required to employ from time to time pursuant to state law or regulation. The Issuer's current fiscal year end is September 30th. Accordingly, the Issuer must provide updated information by the last day of March in each year, unless the Issuer changes its fiscal year. If the Issuer changes its fiscal year, it will notify the MSRB of the change. Event Notices. The Issuer will provide notice to the MSRB of any of the following events with respect to the Bonds, if such event is material within the meaning of the federal securities laws: (1) non-payment related defaults; (2) modifications to rights of holders of the Bonds; (3) bond calls; (4) release, substitution, or sale of property securing repayment of the Bonds; (5) the consummation of a merger, consolidation, or acquisition involving an obligated person or the sale of all or substantially all of the assets of the obligated person, other than in the ordinary course of business, the entry into a definitive agreement to undertake such an action or the termination of a definitive agreement relating to any such actions, other than pursuant to its terms; and (6) appointment of a successor or additional trustee or the change of name of a trustee. The Issuer will also provide notice to the MSRB of any of the following events with respect to the Bonds without regard to whether such event is considered mateiial within the meaning of the federal securities laws: (1) principal and interest payment delinquencies; (2) unscheduled draws on debt service reserves reflecting financial difficulties; (3) unscheduled draws on credit enhancements reflecting financial difficulties; (4) substitution of credit or liquidity providers, or their failure to perform; (5) adverse tax opinions or the issuance by the Internal Revenue Service of proposed or final determinations of taxability, Notices of Proposed Issue (IRS Form 5701-TEB) or other material notices or determinations with respect to the tax-exempt status of the Bonds, or other events affecting the tax-exempt status of the Bonds; (6) tender offers; (7) defeasances; (8) rating changes; and (9) bankruptcy, insolvency, receivership or similar event of the Issuer. Note to item (9) above: For the purposes of the event numbered (9) above, the event is considered to occur when any of the following occur: The appointment of a receiver, fiscal agent or similar officer for the Issuer in a proceeding under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code or in any other proceeding under state or federal law in which a court or governmental authority has assumed jurisdiction over substantially all of the assets or business of the Issuer, or if such jurisdiction has been assumed by leaving the existing governing body and officials or officers in possession but subject to the supervision and orders of a court or governmental authority, or the entry of an order confirming a plan of reorganization, arrangement or liquidation by a court or governmental authority having supervision or jurisdiction over substantially all of the assets or business of the Issuer. The Issuer will provide notice of the aforementioned events to the MSRB in a timely manner (but not in excess of ten business days after the occurrence of the event). The Issuer will also provide timely notice of any failure by the Issuer to provide annual financial information in accordance with its agreement described above under "Annual Reports." Availability of Information. All annual reports and event notices filed by the Issuer will be made with the MSRB in electronic format in accordance with MSRB guidelines. The MSRB intends to make the information available to the public without charge through its EMMA internet portal. The address of the MSRB is 1900 Duke Street, Alexandria, VA 22314, and its telephone number is (703) 797-6600. Limitations and Amendments. The Issuer has agreed to update information and to provide event notices only as described above. The Issuer has not agreed to provide other information that may be relevant or material to a complete presentation of its financial results of operations, condition, or prospects or agreed to update any information that is provided, except as described above. The Issuer makes no representation or warranty concerning such information or concerning its usefulness to a decision to invest in or sell Bonds at any future date. The Issuer disclaims any contractual or tort liability for damages resulting in whole or in part from any breach of its continuing disclosure agreement or from any statement made pursuant to its agreement, although holders and beneficial owners of Bonds may seek a writ of mandamus to compel the Issuer to comply with its agreement. The Issuer may amend its disclosure agreement from time to time to adapt to changed circumstances that arise from a change in legal requirements, a change in law, or a change in the identity, nature, status, or type of operations of the Issuer, but only if (1) the provisions, as so amended, would have permitted an underwriter to purchase or sell Bonds in the primary offering of 28 the Bonds in compliance with the Rule, taking into account any amendments or interpretations of the Rule since such offering as well as such changed circumstances, and (2) either (a) the registered owners of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Bonds consent to such amendment, or (b) a person that is unaffiliated with the Issuer (such as nationally recognized bond counsel) determined that such amendment will not materially impair the interest of the registered owners and beneficial owners of the Bonds. The Issuer may also amend or repeal the provisions of this continuing disclosure agreement if the SEC amends or repeals the applicable provision of the Rule or a court of final jurisdiction enters judgment that such provisions of the Rule are invalid, but only if and to the extent that the provisions of this sentence would not prevent an underwriter from lawfully purchasing or selling Bonds in the primary offering of the Bonds. If the Issuer amends the agreement, it has agreed to include with any financial information or operating data next provided in accordance with its agreement described above under "Annual Reports" an explanation, in narrative form, of the reasons for the amendment and of the impact of any change in the type of financial information and operating data so provided. Compliance with Prior Undertakings. During the last five years, the Issuer has, to the best of its knowledge, complied in all material respects with all continuing disclosure agreements in accordance with the Rule. Conclusion The financial data and other information contained herein have been obtained from the Issuer's records, audited financial statements and other sources which are believed to be reliable. There is no guarantee that any of the assumptions or estimates contained herein will be realized. All of the summaries of the statutes, documents and ordinances contained in this Official Statement are made subject to all of the provisions of such statutes, documents and ordinances. These summaries do not purport to be complete statements of such provisions and reference is made to such documents for further information. Reference is made to original documents in all respects. THIS OFFICIAL STATEMENT was approved, and the execution and delivery of this Official Statement authorized, by the Town Council of the Issuer. Attest: By: /s/ Kelly Edwards Town Secretary TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS By: /s/ Laura Wheat Mayor 29 This page is intentionally left blank. APPENDIX A - FORM OF BOND COUNSEL OPINION A-1 This page is intentionally left blank. Proposed Form of Opinion of Bond Counsel An opinion in substantially the following form will be delivered by McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P., Bond Counsel, upon the delivery of the Bonds, assuming no material changes in facts or law. TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS GENERAL OBLIGATION. REFUNDING BONDS, SERIES 2011 DATED DECEMBER 1, 2011 IN THE AGGREGATE PRINCIPAL AMOUNT OF $7,375,000 AS BOND COUNSEL FOR THE TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS, (the "Issuer") in connection with the issuance of the General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011, described above (the "Bonds"), we have examined into the legality and validity of the Bonds, which bear interest from the dates and mature on the dates, and are subject to redemption, in accordance with the terms and conditions stated in the text of the Bonds. Terms used herein and not otherwise defined shall have the meaning given in the ordinance of the Issuer authorizing the issuance and sale of the Bonds (the "Ordinance"). WE HAVE EXAMINED the applicable and pertinent provisions of the Constitution and laws of the State of Texas, a transcript of certified proceedings of the Issuer, and other pertinent instruments authorizing and relating to the issuance of the Bonds, including one of the executed Bonds (Bond Number T-1). BASED ON SAID EXAMINATION, IT IS OUR OPINION that the Bonds have been duly authorized, issued and delivered in accordance with law; and except as may be limited by laws applicable to the Issuer relating to bankruptcy, reorganization and other similar matters affecting creditors' rights generally or by general principles of equity which permit the exercise of judicial discretion, the Bonds constitute valid and legally binding obligations of the Issuer; and that ad valorem taxes sufficient to provide for the payment of the interest on and principal of said Bonds have been levied and pledged for such purpose, within the limit prescribed by law, as provided in the Ordinance. IT IS FURTHER OUR OPINION, except as discussed below, that the interest on the Bonds is excludable from the gross income of the owners for federal income tax purposes under the statutes, regulations, published rulings, and court decisions existing on the date of this opinion. We are further of the opinion that the Bonds are not "specified private activity bonds" and that, accordingly, interest on the Bonds will not be included as an individual or corporate alternative minimum tax preference item under section 57(a)(5) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (the "Code"). In expressing the aforementioned opinions, we have relied on, certain representations, the accuracy of which we have not independently verified, and assume compliance with certain covenants, regarding the use and investment of the proceeds of the Bonds and the use of the property financed therewith. We call your attention to the fact that if such representations are determined to be inaccurate or upon a failure by the Issuer to comply with such covenants, interest on the Bonds may become includable in gross. income retroactively to the date of issuance of the Bonds. EXCEPT AS STATED ABOVE, we express no opinion as to any other federal, state, or local tax consequences of acquiring, carrying, owning, or disposing of the Bonds. WE CALL YOUR ATTENTION TO THE FACT that the interest on tax-exempt obligations, such as the Bonds, is included in a corporation's alternative minimum taxable income for purposes of determining the alternative minimum tax imposed on corporations by section 55 of the Code. WE EXPRESS NO OPINION as to any insurance policies issued with respect to the payments due for the principal of and interest on the Bonds, nor as to any such insurance policies issued in the future. OUR SOLE ENGAGEMENT in connection with the issuance of the Bonds is as Bond Counsel for the Issuer, and, in that capacity, we have been engaged by the Issuer for the sole purpose of rendering an opinion with respect to the legality and validity of the Bonds under the Constitution and laws of the State of Texas, and with respect to the exclusion from gross income of the interest on the Bonds for federal income tax purposes, and for no other reason or purpose. The foregoing opinions represent our legal judgment based upon a review of existing legal authorities that we deem relevant to render such opinions and are not a guarantee of a result. We have not been requested to investigate or verify, and have not independently investigated or verified any records, data, or other material relating to the financial condition or capabilities of the Issuer, or the disclosure thereof in connection with the sale of the Bonds, and have not assumed any responsibility with respect thereto. We express no opinion and make no comment with respect to the marketability of the Bonds and have relied solely on certificates executed by officials of the Issuer as to the current outstanding indebtedness of, and assessed valuation of taxable property within the Issuer. Our role in connection with the Issuer's Official Statement prepared for use in connection with the sale of the Bonds has been limited as described therein. OUR OPINIONS ARE BASED ON EXISTING LAW, which is subject to change. Such opinions are further based on our knowledge of facts as of the date hereof We assume no duty to update or supplement our opinions to reflect any facts or circumstances that may thereafter come to our attention or to reflect any changes in any law that may thereafter occur or become effective. Moreover, our opinions are not a guarantee of result and are not binding on the Internal Revenue Service (the "Service"); rather, such opinions represent our legal judgment based upon our review of existing law and in reliance upon the representations and covenants referenced above that we deem relevant to such opinions. The Service has an ongoing audit program to determine compliance with rules that relate to whether interest on state or local obligations is includable in gross income for federal income tax purposes. No assurance can be given whether or not the Service will commence an audit of the Bonds. If an audit is commenced, in accordance with its current published procedures the Service is likely to treat the Issuer as the taxpayer. We observe thafthe Issuer has covenanted not to take any action, or omit to take any action within its control, that if taken or omitted, respectively, may result in the treatment of interest on the Bonds as includable in gross income for federal income tax purposes. Respectfully, APPENDIX B - FINANCIAL STATEMENTS For Fiscal Year Ended September 30, 2010* *The financial statements and footnotes included in this appendix are excerpts from the Issuer's most recent Annual Financial Report including its audited financial statements. For additional information, reference is made to the complete report which has been filed with, and may be obtained from, the Municipal Advisory Council of Texas and from the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board's Electronic Municipal Market Access ("EMMA ") system. See "OTHER MATTERS — Continuing Disclosure of Information. " B-1 This page is intentionally left blank. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS The Town of Westlake is pleased to present this overview and analysis of the financial activities of the Town for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2010. We encourage readers to consider the information presented here in conjunction with additional information that we have furnished in our letter of transmittal, which can be found in the introductory section of this report. FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS The Assets of the Town exceeded its liabilities at the close of the most recent fiscal year by $26,094,630 (Net assets). This number must be viewed in the context that the vast majority of the Town's net assets of $20,667,316 (79%) are capital assets and that most capital assets in government do not directly generate revenue nor can they be sold to generate liquid capital. Those net assets restricted for specific purposes totaled $1,564,868 (6%). The remaining $3,862,446 (15%) are unrestricted net assets and may be used to meet the government's ongoing obligations to citizens and creditors in accordance with the Town's fund designation and fiscal policies. As of the close of the current fiscal year, the Town of Westlake's governmental funds reported combined ending fund balances of $7,836,949, an increase of $1,598,110 in comparison with the prior year. Within this total, $1,564,868 is restricted or designated by management or council. At the end of the current fiscal year, fund balance for the general fund was $3,792,985, an increase of $1,067,673 in comparison with the prior year. Of this total fund balance, $3,578,235 is unreserved. This represents 94% of total general fund expenditures and is equivalent to 345 operating days. The Town's capital assets (net of accumulated depreciation) decreased by $536,726. The major portion of this decrease is due to an increase related to the completion of the Arts & Sciences Center and its parking lot, Stagecoach Hills subdivision drainage and waterline infrastructure and two buses for the Westlake Academy. This increase in capital expenditures was reduced by $1,317,096 of depreciation, which gave the Town a net decrease. The Town's bonds payable decreased by $525,000 or 2.5%, due to the scheduled repayment of principal on outstanding bonded debt. The Town did not issue any new bonded debt during the fiscal year. OVERVIEW OF THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS This discussion and analysis are intended to serve as an introduction to the Town's basic financial statements. The Town's basic financial statements comprise three components: 1) government -wide financial statements, 2) fund financial statements, and 3) notes to the financial statements. This report also contains supplementary information in addition to the basic financial statements themselves. Government -wide financial statements The government -wide financial statements are designed to provide readers with a broad overview of the Town's finances, in a manner similar to a private -sector business. The government -wide financial statements are prepared utilizing the economic resources measurement focus and the accrual basis of accounting. The statement of net assets presents information on all of the Town's assets and liabilities with the difference between the two reported as net assets. Over time, increases or decreases in the Town's net assets serve as a useful indicator of whether the financial position of the Town is improving or weakening. The statement of activities presents information showing how the government's net assets changed during the most recent fiscal year. All of the revenues and expenses are reported as soon as the underlying event giving rise to the change occurs, regardless of the timing of related cash flows. Thus revenues and expenses are reported in this statement for some items that will only result in cash flows in future fiscal periods. Both of the government -wide financial statements distinguish functions of the Town that are principally supported by sales taxes and intergovernmental revenues (governmental activities) from other functions that are intended to recover all or a significant portion of their costs through user fees and charges (business -type activities). The governmental activities of the Town include general government, public safety, culture and recreation, economic :development, public works, visitor services and education. The business -type activities of the Town include water/sewer and cemetery. The government -wide financial statements include not only the Town (known as the primary government), but also discretely presented component units including all of the Texas Student Housing entities. Financial information for these component units is reported separately from the financial information presented for the primary government itself. See pages 28-31 of the "Financial Section" for detail on these entities. In.addition, the Town has.the following blended component units: Lone Star Public Facility Corporation, 4B Economic Development Corporation, and Westlake Academy, an open enrollment charter school owned and operated by the Town of Westlake. Fund Financial Statements A fund is a grouping of related accounts that is used to maintain control over resources that have been segregated for specific activities or objectives. The Town, like other state and local governments, uses fund accounting to ensure and demonstrate compliance with finance -related legal requirements. Below are the three types of funds. The Town had only "Governmental funds and Proprietary funds" for the year ended September 30, 2010. Governmental funds - Governmental funds are used to account for essentially the same functions reported as government activities in the government -wide financial statements. However, unlike the government -wide financial statements, governmental fund financial statements focus on near-term inflows and outflows of spendable resources, as well as on balances of spendable resources available at the end of the fiscal year. Such information may be useful in evaluating a government's near-term financial requirements. 11 Because the focus of governmental funds is narrower than that of the government -wide financial statements, it is useful to compare the information presented for governmental funds with similar information presented for governmental activities in the government -wide financial statements. By doing so, the reader may better understand the long-term impact of the government's near-term financing decisions. Both the governmental fund balance sheet and the governmental fund statement of revenues, expenditures, and changes in fund balances provide a reconciliation to facilitate this comparison between governmental funds and governmental activities. The Town maintains eleven individual governmental funds. Information is presented separately in the governmental fund balance sheet and in the governmental fund statement of revenues, expenditures, and changes in fund balances for the General, Visitors Association, Westlake Academy, Debt Service, Capital Projects, FM 1938, Property Tax Reduction, Vehicle/Equipment Replacement, Economic Development, Lone Star Public Facility Corporation and Westlake 4B Economic Development Corporation funds, all of which are presented as major funds. The Town adopts an annual appropriated budget for all funds, except the Capital Projects fund which is a project -length based budget. A budgetary comparison statement has been provided for all appropriate funds to demonstrate compliance with this budget. The basic governmental fund financial statements can be found on pages 19-24 of this report. Proprietary funds - There are two types of proprietary funds, Enterprise Funds and Internal Service Funds. An Enterprise Fund is the only proprietary fiend currently maintained by the Town. Enterprise funds are used to report the same functions presented as business -type activities in the government - wide financial statements. The Town uses enterprise funds to account for its water and sewer activities and its cemetery activities. All activities associated with providing such services are accounted for in this fund, including administration, operation, maintenance, debt service, capital improvements, billing and collection. The Town's intent is that costs of providing the services to the general public on a continuing basis is financed through user charges in a manner similar to a private enterprise. The Town has no Internal Service Funds (fund to report activities that provide supplies and services for the Town's other programs and activities, i.e. self insurance and fleet management.) The basic proprietary fund financial statements can be found on pages 25 - 27 on this report. Fiduciary funds - Fiduciary funds are used to account for resources held for the benefit of parties outside the government. Fiduciary funds are not reflected in the government -wide financial statements because the resources of those funds are not available to support the Town's own programs. The accounting used for fiduciary funds is similar to the accounting used for proprietary fiends. The Town of Westlake does not currently have any fiduciary funds. Notes to the financial statements. The notes provide additional information that is essential to a full understanding of the data provided in the government -wide and fund financial statements. The notes to the financial statements can be found on pages 32 - 66 of this report. Other information. In addition to the basic financial statements and accompanying notes, this report also presents schedules that further support the information in the financial statements. The schedules are presented immediately following the notes to the financial statements and can be found on pages 67 - 77. 5 GOVERNMENT -WIDE FINANCIAL ANALYSIS As noted earlier, net assets may serve over time as a useful indicator of the government's financial position. In the case of the Town, assets exceeded liabilities by $26,094,630 at the close of the most recent fiscal year. The largest portion of the Town's net assets, $20,667,316 (79%), reflects its investment in capital assets (e.g. land, buildings, equipment, improvements, construction in progress, and infrastructure), less any debt used to acquire capital assets still outstanding. The Town uses these capital assets to provide services to citizens; consequently, these assets are not available for fixture spending. Although the Town's investment in its capital assets is reported net of related debt, it should be noted that the resources needed to repay this debt must be provided from other sources since the capital assets themselves cannot be used to liquidate these liabilities. An additional portion of the Town's net assets, $1,564,868 (6%), represents resources that are subject to external restrictions on clow they may be used. The remaining balance of unrestricted net assets, $3,862,446 (15%), may be used to meet the government's ongoing obligations to citizens and creditors. Condensed Statement of Net Assets Governmental Activities 2010 2009 Business -type Activities 2010 2009 Totals 2010' 2009 Current and other assets $ 9,253,595 $ 7,594,613 $ 2,166,994 $ 1,726,542 $ 11,420,589 $ 9,321,155 Capital assets 33,051,736 33,197,958 12,692,719 13,083,223 45,744,455 46,281,181 Total Assets 42,305,331 40,792,571 14,859,713 14,809,765 57,165,044 55,602,336 Long-term liabilities'outstanding 19,241,788 19,721,208 5,589,204 5,658,888 24,830,992 25,380,096 Other liabilities 1,999,144 1,943,421 4,240,278 3,747,423 6,239,422 5,690,844 Total Liabilities 21,240,932 21,664,629 9,829,482 9,406,311 31,070,414 31,070,940 Net Assets: Invested in capital assets, net of related debt 13,633,485 13,244,689 7,033,831 7,349,032 20,667,316 20,593,721 Restricted 1,564,868 1,773,068 - - 1,564,868 1,773,068 Unrestricted 5,866,046 4,110,185 (2,003,600) (1,945,578) 3,862,446 2,164,607 Total Net Assets $ 21,064,399 $ 19,127,942 $ 5,030,231 $ 5,403,454 $ 26,094,630 $ 24,531,396 Governmental activities: Governmental activities increased the Town's net assets by $1,936,457. This increase was primarily due to a one-time building permit of $1.2M. Net assets invested in capital assets, net of related debt increased by $388,796. The major portion of this increase is related to the Arts & Sciences Center parking lot, Stagecoach Hills subdivision drainage infrastructure and two buses for the Westlake Academy. P1 Changes in Net Assets Expenses: General government Governmental Activities Business -type Activities Totals 2,203,882 Public safety 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 Revenues: 105,997 115,770 Economic development 309,653 207,044 - - 309,653 Program revenues: Public works 594,705 1,028,934 - - 594,705 1,028,934 Visitor services Fees, fines and 341,270 - - 420,270 341,270 Education 4,138,875 3,722,705 - - charges for services $ 2,497,350 $ 1,478,234 $ 2,107,060 $ 2,345,236 $ 4,604,410 $ 3,823,470 Operating grants & - - 2,567,675 2,694,407 2,567,675 2,694,407 Cemetery - contributions 853,151 1,522,935 46,810 - 899,961 1,522,935 Capital grants & contributions 83,250 2,059,624 - - 83,250 2,059,624 General revenues: Taxes Sales taxes 3,790,533 3,664,409 - - 3,790,533 3,664,409 Hotel occupancy taxes 457,693 497,769 - - 457,693 497,769 Mixed beverage taxes 17,902 17,869 - - 17,902 17,869 Franchise taxes 603,233 624,401 - - 603,233 624,401 Unrestricted grants 3,484,141 2,960,590 - - 3,484,141 2,960,590 Interest on investments 38,383 61,224 8,334 7,858 46,717 69,082 Miscellaneous 676,638 568,782 60,070 77,266 736,708 646,048 Total revenues 12,502,274 13,455,837 2,222,274 2,430,360 14,724,548 15,886,197 Expenses: General government 2,272,127 2,203,882 - - 2,272,127 2,203,882 Public safety 1,698,164 1,939,441 - - 1,698,164 1,939,441 Culture and recreation 105,997 115,770 - - 105,997 115,770 Economic development 309,653 207,044 - - 309,653 -207,044 Public works 594,705 1,028,934 - - 594,705 1,028,934 Visitor services 420,270 341,270 - - 420,270 341,270 Education 4,138,875 3,722,705 - - 4,138,875 3,722,705 Interest on long-term debt 1,026,026 1,068,935 - - 1,026,026 1,068,935 Water and sewer - - 2,567,675 2,694,407 2,567,675 2,694,407 Cemetery - - 27,822 473 27,822 473 Total expenses 10,565,817 10,627,981 2,595,497 2,694,880 13,161,314 13,322,861 Excess (deficiency) before transfers 1,936,457 2,827,856 (373,223) (264,520) 1,563,234 2,563,336 Transfers - 61,321 - (61,321) - - - Change in net assets 1,936,457 2,889,177 (373,223) (325,841) 1,563,234 2,563,336 Prior period adjustment - 84,508 - - - 84,508 Net assets, beg. of year 19,I27,942 16,154,257 5,403,454 5,729,295 24,531,396 21,883,552 Net assets, end of year $ 21,064,399 $ 19,127,942 $ 5,030,231 $ 5,403,454 $ 26,094,630 $ 24,531,396 Total revenues (including transfers) for governmental activities decreased when compared to the prior year by $1,014,884. General revenue had an increase of $673,479 while program revenues had a decrease of $1,627,042. These increases were primarily due to the following factors: Program revenues — • Charges for services increased by $1,019,116; o One time building permit and inspection/plan review fees related to Deloitte construction for FY09/10 that total $1,016,846 will not re -occur in FY10/11 Operating • Operating Grants and Contributions decreased by $669,784 mostly due to a contribution made by Westlake Academy Foundation to the Arts & Sciences Center during FY 09/10 • Capital Grants and Contributions decreased by $1,976,374 o Due to the conveyance of Terra Bella open space and FM1938 right of way in the prior year. General revenues — • Sales tax increased by $126,124. This increase was made up of the following components: o Increase in "base" sales taxes of $12,016 o Increase of $244,818 in economic development revenue o Decrease of $814,628 in audit collections o Increase in presumed one-time payments of $683,918 • Hotel occupancy taxes decreased by $40,076 • Franchise tax decreased by $21,168 • Unrestricted grants increased $523,551 due to the state revenue received for the additional students at Westlake Academy • Interest income decreased by $22,841 • Miscellaneous increased. by $107,856 with the majority of the increase being attributed to gifts/bequests and other revenues related to the Westlake Academy Expenses — • Total expenses for governmental activities decreased by $62,164 or approximately .6%. o General Government increase of $68,245 o Public safety decrease of $241,277 • Fully staffed at 10 with a Fire Chief in FY 08/09; only 6 full time (including Interim Fire Chief) in FY 09/10 o Economic development increase of $102,609 • Based on a contractual obligation reimbursement. The project was just beginning in the prior year; therefore, payments were more during the current year. o Public works decrease of $434,229 • Engineering fees were paid and that part of the project was completed during FY 08/09 o Visitor services increase of $79,000 • Additional transportation payment to the Marriott per agreement o Education increase of $416,170 • Additional students attending the Academy o Interest on long-term debt decrease of $42,909 Business -type activities: • Business -type activities decreased the Town's net assets by $373,223. This change in net assets was $47,382 more than the prior year's of ($325,841) based on the following variances: o Decrease in revenues of $208,086 • FY 2009-2010 was a wetter than normal year resulting in decreased water billing revenues and other associated fees. o Decrease in expenses of $99,383 • $220,507 decrease in bad debt expense for the current fiscal year • $44,633 increase for payroll and related expenses due to additional allocation percentages of the Finance department to the Utility Fund as well as a portion of the administrative assistant in the Human Resources department who was not here for a full year in the prior year. • $75K increase in Peak Payment o Decrease in transfers out of $61,321 to various funds FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF THE TOWN'S FUNDS As noted earlier, the Town uses fund accounting to ensure and demonstrate compliance with finance - related legal requirements.. Governmental funds. The focus of the Town's governmental funds is to provide information on near- term inflows, outflows, and balances of spendable resources. Such information is useful in assessing the Town's financing requirements. In particular, unreserved fund balance may serve as a useful measure of a town's net resources available for spending at the end of the fiscal year. At the end of the current fiscal year, the Town's governmental funds reported combined ending fund balances of $7,836,949 an increase of $1,598,110 in comparison with the prior year. See below for the major reasons for this increase: General Fund - Fund balance increased by $1,067,673. Revenues increased by $827,343 mostly due to the Deloitte building permit and inspection/plan review fees and expenditures were reduced by $410,397. A large portion ($271,012) of the reduction in expenditures is attributed to the creation of a new "Economic Development Fund" in which payments to various entities are recorded based on economic development agreements. Transfers in decreased by $265,599 primarily due to the transfer of $250,000 from the Property Tax Reduction Fund in the prior year that wasn't necessary in the current fiscal year. See page 60 of the "Notes to the Financial Statements" for detailed information related to the transfers. Visitors Association Fund - The net decrease in fund balance of $144,005 was due primarily to the budgeted transfer out to the Debt Service Fund for the bond payment for the Arts and Sciences Center as well as the additional transportation payment made to the Marriott. Capital Projects Fund — The net decrease in fund balance is $85,832. The major portion of the decrease was due to the completion of the Arts & Sciences Center. Property Tax Reduction Fund — Fund balance increased by $501,717. This fund represents '/Z cent in sales tax revenues and is used to supplement various funds. Funds were transferred from 9 this account to Debt Service Fund to supplement payments made from the 413 Economic Development Corporation Fund, Capital Projects Fund, General Major Maintenance Fund and the Vehicle and Equipment Replacement Fund. 4B Economic Development Corporation Fund — Fund balance did not change during the current fiscal year. All funds received were transferred to the Debt Service Fund for the annual bond payments. Proprietary funds. The Town's proprietary fund statements provide the same type of information found in the government -wide financial statements but in more detail. Total net assets of the Utility Fund amounted to $4,889,082, a decrease of $351,016. Operating income totaled $215,575 but was offset by a net non-operating revenues (expenses) total of $566,591. o Revenues were $211,712 less than the prior year because FY 2009-2010 was a wetter than normal year resulting in decreased water billing revenues and other associated fees. o Operating Expenses decreased by $121,436: $44,633 increase for payroll and related expenses due to additional allocation percentages of the Finance department to the Utility Fund as well as a portion of the administrative assistant in the Human Resourcesdepartment who was not here for a full year in the prior year. • $220,507 decrease in bad debt expense for the current fiscal year (FY 2009-2010 bad debt expense of $604 is netted against operating revenues) • $56,292 increase in other operating costs General Fund Budgetary Highlights The General Fund budget was amended in total to increase the net change in fund balance from ($784,553) to $724,753, a total of $1,509,306. o Net revenues were increased by $1,481,453 (45%). The major portion of this is attributed to the increase of permits and fees by $1,371,945 based on a $1.2 one-time building permit that had been anticipated to be received in FY 08-09, sales tax revenues were increased by $121,400 with the remaining decrease of $11,892 being the net effect of several amendments to revenue accounts. o Expenditures were decreased by $468,594 (10%) of which $488,327 was due to the creation of an "Economic Development Fund" and the transfer of the budgeted payments to the separate fund. The offsetting $19,733 is again based on the net effect of several, amendments to expenditure accounts. o Transfers out were increased by $112,741 of which approximately $49K was for the civic campus water well and $63K represented the final expenditures for the Arts & Sciences Center. The general fund's actual revenue collections exceeded the amended budget by $62,973. 10 The general's fund's final expenditures were $350,615 less than the amended budget (8%). o General government over budget $44,504 o Public safety under budget $230,428 • Budgeted for 9 full time staff and only had 6 - $170,480 • Several contracts were less than budgeted - $6,555 • Employee Physicals less due to short staff — $4,785 • Vehicle fuel, uniforms, firefighter supplies - $20,670 • Vehicle repair and maintenance - $10,116 o Cultural and recreation under budget $26,642 o Public works under budget $115,049 • Staff made a conscious effort towards keeping expenditures down and the majority of this variance was due to reduction in engineering, ROW irrigation and various other contracted services. Capital Assets and Debt Administration Capital Assets. The Town's investment in capital assets for its governmental and business -type activities. as of September 30, 2010, totaled $45,744,455 (net of accumulated depreciation). The investment in capital assets includes land, buildings, improvements, machinery and equipment, infrastructure, and construction in progress. The net decrease in the Town's investment in capital assets for the current fiscal year was $536,726 or 1%. The major portion of this decrease is due to an increase related to the completion of the Arts & Sciences Center and its parking lot, Stagecoach Hills subdivision drainage and waterline infrastructure and two buses for the Westlake Academy. This amount was offset by $1,317,096 of depreciation which gave the Town a net decrease. Capital Assets (Net of Accumulated Depreciation) Land Capital improvements Buildings Machinery & equipment W/W treatment rights Information/Technology Construction in progress Total capital assets Governmental Activities 2010 2009 $ 11,530,663 $ ' 11,53Q,663 $ 2,233,430 1,839,904 18,486,500 18,864,812 726,222 827,309 Business Activities Total 2010 2009 2010 2009 - $ - $ 11,530,663 $ 11,530,663 10,080,172 10,313,923 12,313,602 12,153,827 - - 18,486,500 18,864,812 2,300,241 2,425,234 3,026,463 3,252,543 312,306 344,066 312,306 344,066 74,921 135,270 - - 74,921 135,270 $ 33,051,736 $ 33,197,958 $ 12,692,719 $ 13,083,223 $ 45,744,455 $ 46,281,181 Additional information on the Town's capital assets can be found in Note III on pages 45-46 of this report. 11 Long-term debt - At the end of the current fiscal year, the Town had total long-term debt outstanding of $25,497,361. Of this amount, $20,185,000 represents bonded indebtedness, $177,224 represents an economic development reimbursement, $72,929 represents compensated absences and $5,658,888 business -type debt. During the fiscal year 2009-2010, the Town's total debt decreased by $553,775. This decrease is primarily attributed to the principal payments on the bonded indebtedness and the payoff of the lease for the Apple computers for Westlake Academy and the Marshall's vehicle. Standard & Poor's Ratings Services, a division of the McGraw-Hill, Inc. rates the Town's debt at AA-. Additional information about the rating agency or the significance of the rating provided may be obtained from each Standard & Poor's web site. Additional information on the Town's long-term debt can be found in Note III on pages 50-53. Governmental Activities Business -type Activities 2010 2009 Total 2010 2009 2010 2009 General obligation bonds $ 9,630,000 $ 9,735,000 $ - $ Certificates of obligation Contractual obligations Capital leases 10,555,000 10,975, 000 177,224 201,402 - 46,559 5,658,888 - $ 9,630,000 $ 9,735,000 - 10,555,000 10,975,000 5,734,191 5,836,112 5,935,593 - - 46,559 Compensated absences 63,125 - 9,804 - 72,929 - Deferred amounts (596,680) (641,016) - - (596,680) (641,016) Total long-term debt $ 19,828,669 $ 20,316,945 $ 5,668,692 $ 1,734,191 $ 25,497,361 $ 26,051,136 ECONOMIC FACTORS AND NEXT YEAR'S BUDGETS During the budget process for FY 2010-2011, the Town found itself at a juncture where it could still continue to face critical challenges and critical choices financially by relying on its major revenue sources being sales tax, franchise fees, permits & fees, large one-time building permits, and fines and forfeitures with no property tax. Numerous hours and options were presented at the Council's ' budget workshops and other public meetings that placed the Town's finances on solid ground, securing its vision for the future. These scenarios focused on stabilizing the General Fund's on-going revenue (i.e. ceasing the use of fund balance for daily operations and reliance on one-time, non -reoccurring revenues) as well as reinvesting in the Town's infrastructure. These revenue options utilized a municipal ad valorem (property) tax, something that the Town had never had before. The Town's estimated 2010 taxable assessed valuation is approximately $654M net of abatements; .a large ad valorem tax base for a community 6.2 square miles in land area and a permanent residential population of approximately 850 with an estimated daytime population of between 10,000 and 12,000 (Monday -Friday). The FY 2010-2011 tax rate for the Town is the lowest amount in the area at $.1601 per $100 of assessed valuation ($.1562 maintenance & operations and $.0039 interest and sinking). 12 GENERAL FUND Revenue o FY 09/10 Actual $4,832,267 o FY 10/11 Budget $3,888,427 o Budgeted revenues are $943,840 less than prior year actual • FY10/11 includes a property tax of $1,000,430 that was not levied in prior years. • One time contribution of $83,250 from Westlake Academy Foundation to offset purchase of 2 new buses for Westlake Academy. • One time reimbursement of $100,000 from WA to offset operating expenditures. • Sales tax revenue decreased mostly due to presumed one-time payments of approximately $700K in FY 09/10 • One time building permit & fees of $IAM in FY 09/10 Payroll & Related o FY 09/10 Actual $1,846,665 o FY 10/11 Budget $2,487,424 o Budgeted payroll & related is $640,759 more than prior year actual • In FY09/10, employee payroll was allocated to the Visitor Fund and the Utility Fund. In FY10/11 all payroll will be issued from the General Fund and offsetting transfers in from Visitor Fund ($174,971) and Utility Fund ($227,292) were budgeted instead. • Public Safety department was under -staffed in FY09/10 with only 6 employees. A full staff of 9 employees was budgeted for FYI 0/11 resulting in an increase of $186,506. Operating Expenditures o FY 09/10 Actual $1,939,471 o FY 10/11 Budget $1,857,275 o Budgeted operating expenditures are $82,196 less than prior year actual • One time purchase of two new buses for WA. Offset by private contribution revenue. Other Sources and Uses Transfers in oFY 09/10 Actual $123,000 o FY 10/11 Budget $420,263 • In FY09/10, employee payroll was allocated to the Visitor Fund and the Utility Fund. • In FYI 0/11 all payroll will be issued from the General Fund and offsetting transfers in from Visitor Fund ($174,971) and Utility Fund ($227,292) were budgeted instead. Transfers out o FY 09/10 Actual $101,459 o FY 10/11 Budget $2,120,759 • Transfer out to capital projects increased based on the adopted CIP to move a portion of fund balance into the Capital Projects Fund. 13 VISITORS ASSOCIATION FUND Revenue o FY 09/10 Actual $475,978 o FY 10/11 Budget $478,975 o Budgeted revenues are $2,997 more than prior year actual • Due to an increase in Arbor Day income of $4,690 and a decrease in Historical Board income of $1,033 Payroll & Related o FY 09/10 Actual $174,567 o FY 10/11 Budget $0 o Budgeted payroll & related is $174,567 less than prior year actual • In FY09/10, employee payroll was allocated the Visitor Fund. In FY10/11 all payroll will be issued from the General Fund and an offsetting transfer out of $174,971 was budgeted instead. Operating Expenditures o FY 09/10 Actual $245,699 o FY 10/11 Budget $241,962 o Budgeted operating expenditures are $3,737 less than prior year actual • Services decreased $27,203 due to a decrease in Marriott Transportation/Marketing expenditures of $57,000 and an increase in other contracted services of $30,000 • Supplies increased $22,629 due to expenses related to Public Arts, Historical board and Arbor Day. $ l OK is budgeted for each of these organizations annually and only $10,720 was expensed for all three organizations/events for the FY 09/10. Other Sources and Uses o FY 09/10 Actual $199,713 o FY 10/11 Budget $355,915 o Budgeted other uses are $156,202 more than prior year actual • In FY09/10, employee payroll was allocated to the Visitor Fund. In FYI 0/11 all payroll will be issued from the General Fund and an offsetting transfer "out of $174,971 was budgeted instead. 14 UTILITY FUND Revenue o FY 09/10 Actual $2,208,390 o FY 10/11 Budget $2,426,766 o Budgeted revenues are $218,376 more than prior year actual • FYI 0/11 water revenues increase $275,103 due to a scheduled rate increase which is offset by a contribution in FY 09/10 from Westlake Academy Foundation to repay a portion of the Arts and Sciences Center utility relocation. Payroll & Related o FY 09/10 Actual $241,851 o FY 10/11 Budget $0 o Budgeted payroll & related is $241,851 less than prior year actual • In FY09/10 employee payroll was allocated the Utility Fund. In FYI 0/11 all payroll will be issued from the General Fund and an offsetting transfer out of $227,292 was budgeted instead. Operating Expenses o FY 09/10 Actual $1,750,964 oFY 10/11 Budget $1,987,230 o Budgeted operating expenses are approximately $236K more than prior year actual mostly due to the following additional expenses: • Additional water costs based on a new contract with City of Fort worth • TRA Wastewater treatment expenses increased $119,210. Expenses are determined based on our projected flow and its proportionate share of the TRA. system. A mid -year analysis is conducted annually and the system cost is adjusted accordingly. Additional sewer flows as a result of Deloitte University and Vaquero Golf water treatment facility were considered for FY 10/11. Other Uses o FY 09/10 Actual $0.00 a FY 10/11 Budget $245,292 o Budgeted other uses are $245,292 more than prior year actual • In FY09/10, employee payroll was allocated to the Utility Fund. In FY10/11 all payroll will be issued from the General Fund and an offsetting transfer out of $241,851 was budgeted instead. CONTACTING THE TOWN'S FINANCE DEPARTMENT This financial report is designed to provide our citizens, customers, and investors and creditors with a general overview of the Town's finances and to demonstrate the Town's accountability for the money it receives. If you have questions about this report or need additional financial information, contact Debbie Piper, Town of Westlake Finance Director, at 817-490-5712. 15 BASIC FINANCIAL STATEMENTS TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS STATEMENT OF NET ASSETS ASSETS Cash and cash equivalents Investments Receivables (net of allowance) Internal balances Inventories Other assets Restricted cash and cash equivalents Deferred charges Capital assets: Land Buildings and improvements Wastewater treatment rights Machinery and equipment Construction in progress Less: accumulated depreciation Total capital assets Intangible assets: Debt issue costs, net of amortization Total assets LIABILITIES Accounts payable Customer deposits payable Unearned revenue Accrued interest payable Noncurrent liabilities: Due within one year Due in more than one year Total liabilities NET ASSETS Invested in capital assets, net of related debt Restricted for: Debt service Tourism Future projects Court security and technology Capital expenses Unrestricted Total net assets SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 Primary Government Discretely Governmental Business -type Presented Activities Activities Total Component Units $ 4,040,499 $ 902,162 $ 4,942,661 $ 5,082,223 2,855,667 605,570 3,461,237 - 1,461,048 696,928 2,157,976 600,329 267,577 ( 267,577) - - - 98,775 98,775 - 66,761 2,646 69,407 98,119 214,750 128,490 343,240 5,014,570 347,293 - 347,293 - 11,530,663 - 11,530,663 12,070,678 26,181,089 12,921,283 39,102,372 91,741,792 - 635,199 635,199 - 2,401,506 3,459,821 5,861,327 12,052,793 74,921 - 74,921 - ( 7,136,443) ( 4,323,584) ( 11,460,027) ( 31,839,677) 33,051,736 12,692,719 45,744,455 84,025,586 42,305,331 1,004,521 407,742 586,881 19,241,788 21,240,932 13,633,485 1,100,941 281,864 170,063 12,000 5,866,046 $ 21,064,399 - - 3,955,658 14,859,713 57,165,044 98,776,485 145,103 128,490 411,859 3,475,338 79,488 5,589,204 9,829,482 1,149,624 128,490 411,859 3,883,080 666,369 24,830,992 31,070,414 896,465 3,125,708 14,455,264 61,407,865 55,753,264 135,638,566 7,033,831 20,667,316 ( 31,675,543) ( 2,003,600} $ 5,030,231 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 16 1,100,941 281,864 170,063 12,000 3,862,446 $ 26,094,630 ( 5,186,538) $( 36,862,081) TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS STATEMENT OF ACTIVITIES FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 Business -type activities: Water utilities 2,567,675 2,101,510 46,810 - Cemetery 27,822 . 5,550 - Total business -type activities 2,595,497 2,107,060 46,810 - Total primary government $ 13,161,314 $ 4,604,410 $ 899,961 $ 83,250 Component units: Business -type activities $ 22,211,846 $ 16,199,988 $ - $ - Total component units $ 22,211,846 $ 16,199,988 $ - $ - General revenues: Sales taxes Hotel occupancy taxes Mixed beverage taxes Franchise taxes Unrestricted grants Interest income Miscellaneous Total general revenues and transfers Change in net assets Net assets, beginning Prior period adjustment Net assets, ending The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 17 Program Revenues Operating Capital Charges for Grants and Grants and Functions/Programs Expenses Services Contributions Contributions Primary government: Governmental activities: General government $ 2,272,127 $ 716,624 $ 434,709 $ 83,250 Public safety 1,698,164 80,665 - - Culture and recreation 105,997 - - - Economic Development 309,653 - - - Public works 594,705 1,597,655 15,441 - Visitor Services 420,270 - - - Education 4,138,875 102,406 403,001 - Interest on long-term debt 1,026,026 - - - Total governmental activities 10,565,817 2,497,350 853,151 83,250 Business -type activities: Water utilities 2,567,675 2,101,510 46,810 - Cemetery 27,822 . 5,550 - Total business -type activities 2,595,497 2,107,060 46,810 - Total primary government $ 13,161,314 $ 4,604,410 $ 899,961 $ 83,250 Component units: Business -type activities $ 22,211,846 $ 16,199,988 $ - $ - Total component units $ 22,211,846 $ 16,199,988 $ - $ - General revenues: Sales taxes Hotel occupancy taxes Mixed beverage taxes Franchise taxes Unrestricted grants Interest income Miscellaneous Total general revenues and transfers Change in net assets Net assets, beginning Prior period adjustment Net assets, ending The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 17 Net (Expense) Revenue and Changes in Net Assets Primary Government Discretely Governmental Business -type Presented Activities Activities Total Component Units $( 1,037,544) $ - $( 1,037,544) $ - ( 1,617,499) - ( 1,617,499) - ( 105,997) - { 105,997) - ( 309,653) - ( 309,653) - 1,018,391 - 3,484,141 1,018,391 - 420,270) - ( 420,270) - ( 3,633,468) - ( 3,633,468) - ( 1,026,026) - ( 1,026,026} - ( 7,132,066) - ( 7,132,066) - 19,127,942 - ( 419,355) ( 419,355) - - ( 22,272) ( 22,272) - - ( 441,627) ( 441,627) - ( 7,132,066) ( 441,627) ( 7,573,693) - $( 6,011,858) $( 6,011,858) 3,790,533 - 3,790,533 - 457,693 - 457,693 - 17,902 - 17,902 - 603,233 - 603,233 - 3,484,141 - 3,484,141 - 38,383 8,334 46,717 40,716 676,638 60,070 736,708 3,636 9,068,523 68,404 9,136,927 44,352 1,936,457 ( 373,223) 1,563,234 ( 5,967,506) 19,127,942 5,403,454 24,531,396 ( 34,505,288) - - - 3,610,713 $ 21,064,399 $ 5,030,231 $ 26,094,630 $( 36,862,081) 18 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS BALANCESHEET GOVERNMENTAL FUNDS SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 Capital assets used in governmental activities are not financial resources and, therefore, are not reported in the funds. Long-term liabilities are not due and payable in the current period and therefore are not reported in the funds Certain other long-term assets are not available to pay current period expenditures and therefore are not reported in the funds Net assets of governmental activities The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 19 Debt Visitors Westlake Service Capital General Association Academy_ Fund Projects ASSETS: Cash and cash equivalents $ 1,397,909 $ 1,054,773 $ 869,800 $ - $ 249,161 Investments 2,048,240 - - - - Receivables Accounts receivable 390,048 83,745 246,139 - - Other receivables - - - - 79,930 Due from other funds - - - - Other assets 37,708 2,646 26,407 - - Restricted cash and investments 214,750 - - - - TOTAL ASSETS $ 4,088,655 $ 1,141,164 $ 1,142,346 $ - $ 329,091 LIABILITIES AND FUND BALANCE: Liabilities: Accounts payable 295,670 40,223 374,413 - 91,914 Due to other funds - Total liabilities 295,670 40,223 374,413 - 91,914 Fund Equity: Fund balance Reserved to promote tourism - 1,100,941 - - - Reserved for future projects 44,687 - - - 237,177 Reserved for court security and technology 170,063 - - - Reserved for capital expenditures - - - Unreserved and undesignated 3,578,235 - 767,933 - - Total fund equity 3,792,985 1,100,941 '767,933 - 237,177 TOTAL LIABILITIES AND FUND EQUITY $ 4,088,655 $ 1,141,164 $ 1,142,346 $ - $ 329,091 Capital assets used in governmental activities are not financial resources and, therefore, are not reported in the funds. Long-term liabilities are not due and payable in the current period and therefore are not reported in the funds Certain other long-term assets are not available to pay current period expenditures and therefore are not reported in the funds Net assets of governmental activities The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 19 Property Vehicle/Equip. Economic Lone Star 4B Economic Total FM 1938 Tax Reduction Replacement Development Public Facility Development Governmental Fund Fund Fund Fund Corporation Corporation Funds $ - $ 219,204 $ 62,064 $ 4,280 $ 13,598 $ 169,710 $ 4,040,499 807,427 - - - - 2,855,667 202,094 - 193,213 - 201,047 1,316,286 - - - 79,930 341,026 - - - 267,577 608,603 - - - - - 66,761 - - - - - 214,750 $ - $ 1,569,751 $ 62,064 $ 197,493 $ 13,598 $ 638,334 $ 9,182,496 4,808 197,493 - - 1,004,521 - - - 341,026 341,026 4,808 197,493 - 341,026 1,345,547 1,100,941 281,864 - - - 170,063 - 12,000 - - - 12,000 1,569,751 45,256 - 13,598 297,308 6,272,081 1,569,751 57,256 - 13,598 297,308 7,836,949 $ - $ 1,569,751 $ 62,064 $ 197,493 $ 13,598 $ 638,334 ' 33,051,736 ( 19,889,118) 64,832 $ 21,064,399 20 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS STATEMENT OF REVENUES, EXPENDITURES AND CHANGES IN FUND BALANCES GOVERNMENTAL FUNDS FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 21 Visitors Westlake General Association Academy REVENUES: Taxes Sales $ 1,597,194 $ - $ - Mixed beverage 17,902 - - Hotel occupancy - 457,693 - Franchise 603,233 - - State program revenues - - 3,687,706 Federal program revenues - - 199,436 Interest income 24,220 2,183 908 Building permits and fees 1,746,954 - - Fines and penalties 647,170 - - Contributions 90,249 - - Miscellaneous 105,345 16,102 655,601 Total revenues 4,832,267 475,978 4,543,651 EXPENDITURES: Current General govemment 1,644,587 - - Public safety 1,634,936 - - Culture and recreation 105,997 - - Public works 400,615 - - Economic Development - - - Visitor services - 420,270 - Education - - 4,138,875 Capital outlay - - - Debt service Principal retirement - - 38,703 Interest and other fiscal charges - - 2,793 Total expenditures 3,786,135 420,270 4,180,371 EXCESS (DEFICIENCY) OF REVENUES OVER (UNDER) EXPENDITURES 1,046,132 55,708 363,280 OTHER FINANCING SOURCES (USES) Transfers in 123,000 - - Transfers out ( 101,459) ( 199,713) ( 100,000) Total other financing sources (uses) 21,541 ( 199,713) ( 100,000) NET CHANGE IN FUND BALANCES 1,067,673 ( 144,005) 263,280 FUND BALANCES, BEGINNING 2,725,312 1,244,946 504,653 FUND BALANCES, ENDING $ 3,792,985 $ 1,100,941 $ 767,933 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 21 Debt Property Vehicle/Equip. Economic Service Capital FM 1938 Tax Reduction Replacement Development Fund Projects Fund Fund Fund Fund 947,633 $ - $ 298,073 - 1,124 - 9,393 63 - - 443,151 - - - - - 1,996 - - - - - 446,271 - 957,026 63 298,073 - - 1,264 - - - - - - - - 333,831 - 654,567 - - 27,536 - 525,000 - - - - - 974,370 - - - - - 1,499,370 654,567 1,264 - 27,536 333,831 ( 1,499,370) ( 208,296) ( 1,264) 957,026 ( 27,473) (35,758) 1,499,370 122,464 1,256 - 22,729 35,758 - - - ( 455,309) - - 1,499,370 122,464 1,256 ( 455,309) 22,729 35,758 - ( 85,832) ( 8) 501,717 ( 4,744) - - 323,009 8 1,068,034 62,000 - $ - $ 237,177 $ - $ 1,569,751 $ 57,256 $ - 22 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS STATEMENT OF REVENUES, EXPENDITURES AND CHANGES IN FUND BALANCES GOVERNMENTAL FUNDS FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 (continued) REVENUES: Taxes Sales Mixed beverage Hotel occupancy Franchise State program revenues Federal program revenues Interest income Building permits and fees Fines and penalties Contributions Miscellaneous . Total revenues EXPENDITURES: Current General government Public safety Culture and recreation Public works Economic Development Visitor services Education Capital outlay Debt service Principal retirement Interest and other fiscal charges Total expenditures EXCESS (DEFICIENCY) OF REVENUES OVER (UNDER) EXPENDITURES OTHER FINANCING SOURCES (USES) Transfers in Transfers out Total other financing sources (uses) NET CHANGE IN FUND BALANCES FUND BALANCES, BEGINNING FUND BALANCES, ENDING Lone Star 413 Economic Total Public Facility Development Governmental Corporation Corporation Funds $ - $ 947,633 $ 3,790,533 - 17,902 - 457,693 - 603,233 - 3,687,706 - 199,436 29 463 38,383 - 1,746,954 647,170 - 533,400 - 779,044 29 948,096 12,501,454 - 1,644,587 - - 1,634,936 - - 105,997 - - 401,879 - - 333,831 - - 420,270 - - 4,138,875 - - 682,103 563,703 977,163 10,903,344 29 948,096 1,598,110 1,804,577 (948,096) ( 1,804,577) - (948,096) - 29 - 1,598,110 13,569 297,308 6,238,839 $ 13,598 $ 297,308 $ 7,836,949 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 23 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS RECONCILIATION OF THE STATEMENT OF REVENUES, EXPENDITURES AND CHANGES IN FUND BALANCES OF GOVERNMENTAL FUNDS TO THE STATEMENT OF ACTIVITIES FOR THE YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 Amounts reported for governmental activities in the statement of activities are different because: Net change in fund balance - total governmental funds Governmental funds report capital outlays as expenditures. However, in the statement of activities, the cost of those assets is allocated over their estimated useful lives and reported as depreciation expense. This is the amount by which depreciation exceeds capital outlays in the current period. The issuance of long-term debt (e.g., bonds, leases) provided current financial resources to governmental funds, while repayment of the principal of long-term debt consumes the current financial resources of governmental funds. Neither transaction, however, has any effect on net assets. Also, governmental funds report the effect of issuance costs, premiums, discounts, and similar items when debt is first issued, whereas these amounts are deferred and amortized in the statement of activities. This amount is the net effect of these differences in the treatment of long-term debt and related items. Some expenses reported in the statement of activities do not require the use of current financial resources and, therefore, are not reported as expenditures in governmental funds. Change in net assets of governmental activities The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 24 $ 1,598,110 ( 146,222) 595,737 ( 111,168) $ 1,936,457 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS STATEMENT OF NET ASSETS PROPRIETARY FUNDS SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 Business -type Activities -Enterprise Funds Utility Cemetery Fund Fund Total ASSETS Current assets: Cash and cash equivalents Investments Accounts receivable (net of allowance) Inventories Other assets Restricted cash and investments, Total current assets Noncurrent assets Capital assets: Construction in progress Buildings and improvements Wastewater treatment rights Machinery and equipment Less: accumulated depreciation Total capital assets Total noncurrent assets Total assets LIABILITIES Current liablities: Accounts payable Customer deposits payable Accrued interest payable Due to other funds Deferred revenue Compensated absences Contractual obligations Total current liabilities Long-term liabilities: - Compensated absences Contractual obligations Total long-term liabilities Total liabilities $ 856,390 $ 45,772 $ 902,162 605,570 - 605,570 696,928 - 696,928 - 98,775 98,775 2,646 - 2,646 128,490 - 128,490 21290,024 144,547 21,434,571 12,921,283 - 12,921,283 635,190 - 635,199 3,459,821 - 3,459,821 ( 4,323,584} - ( 4,323,584} 12,692,719 - 12,692,719 12,6925,719 - 12,692,719 14,982,743 144,547 15,127,290 141,705 3,398 145,103 128,490 - 128,490 3,475,338 -, 3,475,338 267,577 - 267,577 411,859 - 4112859 980 - 980 78,508 - 78,508 4,504,457 3,398 4,507,855 8,824 - 8,824 5,580,380 - 5,580,380 5,589,204 - 5,589,204 10,093,661 .3,398 10,097,059 NET ASSETS Invested in capital assets, net of related debt 7,033,831 - 7,033,831 Unrestricted ( 2,144,749) 141,149 ( 2,003,600) Total net assets $ 4,889,082 $ 141,149 $ 5,030,231 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 25 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS STATEMENT OF REVENUES, EXPENSES AND CHANGES IN FUND NET ASSETS PROPRIETARY FUNDS FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 Business -type Activities -Enterprise Funds The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 26 Utility Cemetery Fund Fund Total OPERATING REVENUES: Charges for services $ 2,101,510 $ 5,550 $ 2,107,060 Contributions 46,810 - 46,810 Miscellaneous revenue 60,070 - 60,070 Total operating revenue 2,208,390 5,550 2,213,940 OPERATING EXPENSES: Payroll costs 241,319 - 241,319 Professional and contract services 64,258 27,226 91,484 Depreciation 426,172 - 426,172 Amortization of wastewater treatment rights 31,760 - 31,760 Water purchases 745,890 - 745,890 Cost of cemetary lots sold - 596 596 Other operating costs 483,416 - 483,416 Total operating expenses 1,992,815 27,822 2,020,637 OPERATING INCOME 215,575 { 22,272) 193,303 NON-OPERATING REVENUES (EXPENSES): Interest income 8,269 65 8,334 Interest expense ( 574,860) - ( 574,860) Total non-operating revenues (expenses) ( 566,591) 65.00 ( 566,526) CHANGE IN NET ASSETS ( 351,016) { 22,207) ( 373,223) TOTAL NET ASSETS, BEGINNING 5,240,098 163,356 5,403,454 TOTAL NET ASSETS, ENDING $ 4,889,082 $ 141,149 $ 5,030,231 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 26 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS PROPRIETARY FUNDS FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 Business-tvue Activities -Enterprise Funds CASH FLOWS FROM NONCAPITAL FINANCING ACTIVITIES Advances to other funds ( 71,602) - ( 71,602) Net cash provided by noncapital financing activities ( 71,602) - ( 71,602) CASH FLOWS FROM CAPITAL AND Utility Cemetery Total RELATED FINANCING ACTIVITIES Fund Fund Current Year CASITYLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES ( 75,303) - ( 75,303) Cash received from customers $ 2,070,309 $ 5,550 $ 2,075,859 Cash payments to employees/retirees ( 231,515) - ( 231,515) Cash payments for goods and services ( 1,253,840) { 23,869) ( 1,277,709) Net cash provided by operating activities 584,954 ( 18,319) 566,635 CASH FLOWS FROM NONCAPITAL FINANCING ACTIVITIES Advances to other funds ( 71,602) - ( 71,602) Net cash provided by noncapital financing activities ( 71,602) - ( 71,602) CASH FLOWS FROM CAPITAL AND PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES RELATED FINANCING ACTIVITIES 215,575 Adiustments to reconcile operating loss to net Principal paid on debt ( 75,303) - ( 75,303) Interest paid on debt ( 108,674) - ( 108,674) Purchase of property and equipment ( 67,428) - ( 67,428) Net cash used by capital and related financing activities ( 251,405) - ( 251,405) Deferred revenue ( 26,193) CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES 584,954 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. Investment earnings 8,269 65 8,334 NET INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS 270,216 ( 18,254) 251,962 CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING 1,320,234 64,026 .1,384,260 CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, ENDING $ 1,590,450 $ 45,772 $ 1,636,222 RECONCILIATION OF TOTAL CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS Cash and cash equivalents $ 856,390 $ 45,772 $ 902,162 Restricted cash and cash equivalents 128,490 - 128,490 Investments 605,570 - 605,570 Total cash and cash equivalents $ 1,590,450 $ 45,772 $ 1,636,222 RECONCILIATION OF OPERATING INCOME (LOSS) TO NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES Operating income $ 215,575 Adiustments to reconcile operating loss to net cash provided by operating activities: Depreciation and amortization 457,932 Changes in operating assets and liabilities: Receivables (114,838) Other assets (2,646) Accounts payable 42,370 Compensated absences 9,804 Customer deposits payable 2,950 Deferred revenue ( 26,193) Net cash provided by operating activities $ 584,954 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 27 $( 22,272) $ 193,303 - 457,932 (114,838) 596 (2,050) 3,357 45,727 - 9,804 2,950 ( 26,193) $( 18,319) $ 566,635 This page is intentionally left blank. TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS DISCRETELY PRESENTED COMPONENT UNITS COMBINING STATEMENT OF NET ASSETS SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 ASSETS Cash and cash equivalents Accounts receivables (net of allowance) Other assets Restricted assets: Cash and cash equivalents Capital assets: Land Buildings and improvement Machinery and equipment Less: accumulated depreciation Intangible assets: Debt issue costs, net of amortization Total assets LIABILITIES AND NET ASSETS LIABILITIES Accounts payable and accrued expenses Unearned revenue Accrued interest payable Noncurrent liabilities: Due within one year Due in more than one year Total liabilities NET ASSETS Invested in capital assets, net of related debt Restricted Unrestricted Total net assets Texas Student Housing Authority - Ballpark Austin Project $ 508,265 42,697 11,044 607,739 4,788,265 21,345,305 6,993,063 ( 9,977,273) 2,506,193 26,825,298 368,975 271,569 5,839,532 825,000 34,868,178 42,173,254 ( 11,083,818) ( 4,264,138) $( 15,347,956) The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 28 Texas Student Housing Corporation - The Ridge at North Texas $ 502,795 37,248 29,177 2,176,988 2,200,000 25,705,000 1,253,841 ( 9,213,094) 707,189 23,399,144 214,690 396,746 3,130,868 28,872,706 32,615,010 ( 8,926,959) ( 288,907) $( 9,215,866) Texas Student Housing Authority - Town Lake Austin Project $ 285,397 40,411 20,562, 359,716 2,182,816 16,963,841 1,211,085 4,874,235) 742,276 16,931,869 170,003 181,556 807,410 260,159 20,885,086 22,304,214 ( 5,661,738) 289,393 $( 5,372,345) Texas Student Housing Authority - Texas Student College Station Housing Project Authority Total $ 3,256,674 $ 529,092 $ 5,082,223 462,105 17,868 600,329 24,612 12,724 98,119 1,870,127 - 5,014,570 2,899,597' - 12,070,678 27,727,646 - 91,741,792 2,594,804 - 12,052,793 ( 7,775,075) - ( 31,839,677) - - 3,955,658 31,060,490 559,684 98,776,485 140,313 2,484 896,465 2,244,087 31,750 3,125,708 4,677,454 - 14,455,264 31,450,000 - 61,407,865 - - 55,753,264 38,511,854 34,234 135,638,566 ( 6,003,028) - ( 31,675,543) ( 1,448,336) 525,450 ( 5,186,538) $( 7,451,364) $ 525,450 $( 36,862,081) 29 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS DISCRETELY PRESENTED COMPONENT UNITS COMBINING STATEMENT OF ACTIVITIES FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 Change in net assets Net assets, beginning Prior Period Adjustment Net assets, ending The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 30 Program Revenues Operating Capital Charges for Grants and Grants and Functions/Programs Expenses Services Contributions Contributions Business -type activities: Texas Student Housing Authority $ 837,876 $ 890,851 $ - $ - Texas Student Housing Authority: College Station Project 7,016,433 5,200,895 - - Ballpark Austin Project 5,573,909 3;614,113 - - Town Lake Austin Project 3,891,920 2,810,752 - - Texas Student Housing Corporation: The Ridge at North Texas 4,891,708 3,683,377 - - Total business -type activities 22,211,846 16,199,988 - - Total primary government $ 22,211,846 $ 16,199,988 $ - $ - General revenues: Interest income Miscellaneous Total general revenues and transfers Change in net assets Net assets, beginning Prior Period Adjustment Net assets, ending The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. 30 Net (Expense) Revenue and Changes in Net Assets Primary Government Governmental Business -type Activities Activities Total $ - $ 52,975 $ 52,975 ( 1,815,538) ( 1,815,538) ( 1,959,796) ( 1,959,796) ( 1,081,168) ( 1,081,168) - ( 1,208,331) { 1,208,331) ( 6,011,858) ( 6,011,858) ( 6,011,858) { 6,011,858) - 40,716 40,716 - 3,636 3,636 - 44,352 44,352 - ( 5,967,506) ( 5,967,506) - ( 34,505,288) ( 34,505,288) - 3,610,713 3,610,713 $ - $( 36,862,081) $( 36,862,081) 31 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 I. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES The Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Town") was incorporated under the provisions of the laws of the State of Texas on December 26, 1956. The Town operates under a Board - Manager form of government and provides the following services as authorized by the laws of the State of Texas: public safety; cultural and recreation; and economic development. A. Reporting Entity - The accompanying financial statements comply with the provisions of the GASB statements No. 14 and 39. "The Financial Reporting Entity," in that the Town's basic financial statements include the accounts of the Town's financial reporting entity, including the primary government, organizations for which the Town is financially accountable and other organizations for which the nature and significance of their relationship with the Town are such that inclusion would cause the Town's financial statement to be misleading or incomplete. The criteria for including organizations as component units within the Town's reporting entity, includes whether: ■ The organization is legally separate (can sue and be sued in their own name); ■ The Town holds the corporate powers of the organization; ■ The Town appoints a voting majority of the organization's board; ■ The Town is able to impose its will on the organization; ■ The organization has the potential to impose a financial benefitiburden on the Town; and ■ There is fiscal dependency by the organization on the Town. Component units are blended with the balances and transactions of the Town if one of the following criterion'are met: ■ The component unit is substantially the same governing body as the Town; or The component unit provides services entirely (or almost entirely) to the Town or benefits the Town exclusively (or almost exclusively) ; or ■ The Town is able to impose its will on the component unit. (continued) 32 I. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued) A. Reporting Entity (Continued) Based on the aforementioned criteria, the Town has the following component units: Lone Star Public Facilities Corporation, 4B Economic Development Corporation, Westlake Academy, Texas Student Housing Authority, Texas Student Housing Authority Ballpark Austin Project; Texas Student Housing Authority Town Lake Austin Project, Texas Student Housing Authority College Station Project and Texas Student Housing Corporation - The Ridge at North Texas. B. Component Units Discretely Presented The Texas Student Housing Authority, Texas Student Housing Ballpark Austin Project, Texas Student Housing Town Lake Austin Project, Texas Student Housing College Station Project, and Texas Student Housing Corporation — The Ridge at North Texas Project (collectively, "Texas Student Housing') are Texas nonprofit organizations as a duly constituted authority of the Town pursuant to Section 53.35(b) of the Texas Education Code, as amended (Act). Texas Student Housing's primary purpose is to construct, own, and operate student housing facilities on college campuses in Texas. The board consists of seven directors which are appointed by the Town's governing body and has the ability to remove at will the appointed members, thus the governing body can impose its will on the organizations. Housing entities are reported as Enterprise Funds. The Town is not responsible for the long-term debt of the Texas Student Housing entities. All Texas Student Housing entities have separately issued financial statements. These statements can be obtained by contacting the Texas Student Housing Authority, 3 Village Circle, Suite 207, Westlake, Texas 76262. The financial statements are formatted to allow the user to clearly distinguish between the primary government and the discretely presented component units. Blended Lone Star Public Facilities Corporation is a Texas nonprofit corporation that acts on behalf of the Town to further the public purposes under the Public Facilities Corporation Act, as it's duly constituted authority and instrumentality. The board of directors, appointed by the Town's governing body, is comprised of seven members, of whom five must be members of the Town's governing body. Since a voting majority of the board of directors is on the Town's governing body, the Town can impose its will on the entity. (continued) 33 I. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued) B. Component Units (Continued) Blended (Continued) 4B Economic Development Corporation is a Texas nonprofit industrial corporation under the Development Corporation Act of 1979 formed to promote economic development within the Town and the State of Texas in order to eliminate unemployment and underemployment, and to promote and encourage employment and the public welfare of, for, and on behalf of the Town by developing, implementing, financing, and providing one or more projects defined and permitted under Section 4B of the Act. The board of directors is composed of seven persons appointed by the members of the Town's governing board. Four of the members of the board of directors are members of the Town's governing board. Since a voting majority of the board of directors is on the Town's governing body, the Town can impose its will on the entity. Westlake Academy (`Academy') is an open -enrollment charter school, as provided by Subchapter D, Chapter 12, of the Texas Education Code. The Town of Westlake ("Charter Holder") applied for and became the first municipality in Texas to ever receive this special charter designation. The board consists of six trustees and is appointed by the Town's governing body. Currently, all the members of the board of trustees are members of the Town's governing body. Since a voting majority of the board of directors is on the Town's governing body, the Town can impose its will on the. entity. The Academy's year-end is August 31. C. Government -wide and Fund Financial Statements The government -wide financial statements (i.e., the Statement of Net Assets and the Statement of Activities) report information on all of the non -fiduciary activities of the Town. Governmental activities, which normally are supported by taxes and intergovernmental revenues, are reported separately from business -type activities, which rely to a significant extent on fees and charges for support. Likewise, the primary government is reported separately from certain legally separate component units for which the primary government is financially accountable. The statement of activities demonstrates the degree to which the direct expenses of a given function or. segment is offset by program revenues. Direct expenses are those that are clearly identifiable with a specific function or segment. Program revenues includes 1) charges to customers or applicants who purchase, use, or directly benefit from goods, services, or privileges provided by a given function or segment and 2) grants and contributions that are restricted to meeting the operational or capital requirements of a particular function or segment. Taxes and other items not properly included among program revenues are reported instead as general revenues. Separate financial statements are provided for governmental funds and proprietary funds. Major individual Governmental Funds and major individual Enterprise Funds are reported as separate columns in the fund financial statements. (continued) 34 I. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued) D. Measurement Focus, Basis of Accounting, and Financial Statement Presentation The government -wide financial statements are reported using the economic resources measurement focus and the accrual basis of accounting, as are the proprietary fund financial statements. Revenues are recorded when earned and expenses are recorded when a liability is incurred, regardless of the timing of related cash flows. Grants and similar items are recognized as revenue as soon as all eligibility requirements imposed by the provider have been met. Governmental fund financial statements are reported using the current financial resources measurement focus and the modified accrual basis of accounting. Revenues are recognized as soon as they are both measurable and available. Revenues are considered to be available when they are collectible within the current period or soon enough thereafter to pay liabilities of the current period. For this purpose, the Town considers revenues to be available if they are collected within 60 days of the end of the current fiscal period. Expenditures generally are recorded when a liability is incurred, as under accrual accounting. However, debt service expenditures, as well as expenditures related to compensated absences and claims and judgments, are recorded only when payment is due. Sales taxes, franchise taxes, licenses, and interest associated with the current fiscal period are all considered to be susceptible to accrual and so have been recognized as revenues of the current fiscal period. All other revenue items are considered to be measurable and available only when cash is received by the Town. The Town uses funds to report on its financial position and the results of its operations. Fund accounting is designed to demonstrate legal compliance and to aid financial management by segregating transactions related to certain government functions or activities. A fund is a separate accounting entity with a self -balancing set of accounts. Governmental Funds are those through which most governmental functions of the Town are financed. The acquisition, use, and balances of the Town's expendable financial resources and the related liabilities (except those accounted for in the proprietary fund type) are accounted for through governmental funds. The measurement focus is upon determination of changes in financial position, rather than upon income determination. The Town reports the following major governmental funds: General Fund — to account for all financial resources except those required to be accounted for in another fund. The General Fund balance is available for any purpose, provided it is expended or transferred in accordance with the legally adopted budget of the Town. Special Revenue Funds — to account for the proceeds of specific revenue sources (other than special assessments, expendable trusts, or major capital projects) that are legally restricted to expenditures for specified purposes. Visitors Association Fund — to account for municipal hotel occupancy taxes collected and expenditures to promote tourism and the convention and hotel industry. (continued) 35 I. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued) D. Measurement Focus, Basis of Accounting, and Financial Statement Presentation (Continued) Property Tax Reduction Fund — to account for activity relating to the Property Tax Reduction Fund. Westlake Academy Fund — to account for all financial resources of the Academy. FM 1938 Fund — to account for activity relating to the FM 193 8 Fund. Vehicle and Equipment Replacement Fund — to account for activity relating to the Vehicle and Equipment Replacement Fund. Lone Star Public Facilities Corporation — to account for activity relating to the Lone Star Public Facilities Corporation. 4B Economic Development Corporation — to account for activity relating to 4B Economic Development Corporation. Economic Development Fund — to account for activity relating to the Economic Development Fund. Debt Service Fund — to account for resources accumulated and payments made for principal and interest on long-term general obligation debt of governmental fiinds in a Debt Service Fund. Capital Protects Fund to account for proceeds from long-term financing and revenue and expenditures related to authorized construction and other capital asset acquisitions. Proprietary Funds distinguish operating revenues and expenses from nonoperating items. Operating revenues and expenses generally result from providing services and producing and delivering goods in connection with a proprietary fund's principal ongoing operations. The principal operating revenues of the Town's Enterprise Fund are charges to customers for sales and services. Operating expenses for the Enterprise Fund include the cost of sales and services, administrative expenses, and depreciation on capital assets. All revenue and expenses not meeting this definition are reported as nonoperating revenue and expenses. The Town reports the following major proprietary fund: Utility Fund — to account for revenues and expenses related to providing water and sewer services to the general public on a continuing basis. Cemetery Fund — to account for the operations of the Town's cemetery. (continued) 36 I. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued) D. Measurement Focus, Basis of Accounting, and Financial Statement Presentation (Continued) Private -sector standards of accounting and financial reporting issued prior to December 1, 1989, generally are followed in both government -wide and proprietary fund financial statements to the extent that those standards do not conflict with or contradict guidance of the Governmental Accounting Standards Board. Governments also have the option of following subsequent private -sector guidance for their business -type activities and Enterprise Funds, subject to this same limitation. The Town has elected not to follow subsequent private -sector guidance. As a general rule, the effect of interfund activity has been eliminated from the government - wide financial statements. Exceptions to this general rule are charges between the Town's water and wastewater function and various other functions of the government. Elimination of these charges would distort the direct costs and program revenue reported for the various functions concerned. Amounts reported as program revenues include: 1) charges to customer or applicants for goods, services, or privileges provided, 2) operating grants and contributions, and 3) capital grants and contributions, including special assessments. Internally dedicated resources are reported as general revenues rather than as program revenue. Likewise, general revenue includes all taxes. E. Assets, Liabilities, and Net Assets or Equity Cash and Cash Equivalents Cash and investments of all funds, including restricted cash, are available upon demand and are considered to be "cash equivalents." For purposes of the statement of cash flows, the Town considers highly -liquid investments (including restricted assets) with an original maturity of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. State statues authorize the Town to invest in (1) obligations of the United States or its agencies and instrumentalities; (2) direct obligations of the State of Texas or its agencies; (3) other obligations, the principal of and interest on which are unconditionally guaranteed or insured by the State of Texas or the United States;. (4) obligations of states, agencies, counties, cities, and other political subdivisions of any state having been rated as to investment quality by a nationally recognized investment rating firm and having received a rating of not less than "A" or its equivalent; (5) certificates of deposit by state or national banks domiciled in this state that are (a) guaranteed, or insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or its successor; or, (b) secured by obligations that are described by (1) — (4); or (6) fully collateralized direct repurchase agreements having a defined termination date, secured by obligations described by (1) pledged with third -party selected or approved by the Town, and placed through a primary government securities dealer. All investments are recorded at fair value based on quoted market prices. Fair value is the amount at which a financial instrument could be exchanged in a current transaction between willing parties. (continued) 37 I. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued) E. Assets, Liabilities, and Net Assets or Equity (Continued) Interfund Receivables and Payables During the course of operations, numerous transactions occur between individual funds for goods provided or services rendered. These receivables and payables are classified as "due from other funds" or "due to other funds" on the balance sheet. Any residual balances outstanding between the governmental activities and business -type activities are reported in the government -wide financial statements as "internal balances." Restricted Assets Certain bond proceeds, as well as certain resources set aside for their repayment, are classified as restricted assets on the balance sheet because their use is limited by applicable bond covenants. Inventories Inventories, which are expended as they are consumed, are stated at the lower of cost or market on a first -in, first -out basis. Fund Changes and Transactions Between Funds Legally authorized transfers are treated as operating transfers and are included in the results of operations of both governmental and proprietary funds. The Town allocates an indirect cost percentage of the salaries, wages and related costs of personnel who perform administrative services as well as other indirect costs necessary for the operation of various funds. Expenses are budgeted and paid from the appropriate fund. Capital Assets All capital assets are valued at historical cost or estimated historical cost if actual historical cost is not available. The cost of nominal maintenance and repairs that do not add value to the asset or materially extend assets' lives are not capitalized. Donated assets are valued at their fair market value on the date donated. Assets capitalized have an original cost of $5,000 or more and over three years of life. All infrastructure assets (e.g., roads, bridges, sidewalks, and similar items), regardless of the acquisition date or amount, have been included. Estimated historical cost for initial reporting of infrastructure assets (those reported by governmental activities) was valued by estimating the current replacement cost of the infrastructure and using an index to deflate the cost to the estimated acquisition/construction year. As the Town constructs or acquires additional capital assets, including infrastructure assets, they are capitalized and reported at historical cost. (continued) 38 I. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued) E. Assets, Liabilities, and Net Assets or Equity (Continued) Capital Assets (Continued) Depreciation has been calculated on each class of depreciable property using the straight-line method. Estimated useful lives are as follows: Assets Years Water and sewer system 10-50 Buildings 20-50 Machinery and equipment 3-30 Improvements 5-30 Information systems and software 3 Compensated Absences The Town's policy allows employees to earn 5 days of vacation and 5 days of sick leave between six months and one year of service, and 10 days of vacation and 10 days of sick leave between one year and two years of service. After completion of 5 years of service, 15 days of vacation.and 15 days of sick leave per year are earned. After completion of 10 years of service, 20 days of vacation and 20 days of sick leave per year are earned. The Town makes sick and vacation time available in full at the beginning of each year, and hours are actually earned throughout the year. Unused, .earned vacation hours are paid upon termination or retirement at the employee's normal hourly rate; accumulated, unused sick time is not payable upon termination or retirement. Long-term Obligations In the government -wide financial statements and proprietary fund types in the fund financial statements, long-term debt and other long-term obligations are reported as liabilities in the applicable governmental activities, business -type activities, or proprietary fund type statement of net assets. Bond premiums and discounts, as well as issuance costs, are deferred and amortized over the life of the bonds using the straight-line method, which approximates the effective interest method. Bonds payable are reported net of the applicable bond premium or discount. Bond issuance costs are reported as deferred charges and amortized over the term of the related debt. In the fund financial statements, governmental fund types recognize bond premiums and discounts, as well as issuance costs during the current period. The face amount of the debt issued is reported as other financing sources. Premiums received on debt issuances are reported as other financing sources while discounts are reported as other financing uses. Issuance costs, even if withheld from the actual proceeds, are reported as expenditures. Reserved and Designated Fund Equity Reserved fund balances are not appropriable for expenditure or are legally segregated for a specific future use. Designated fund balances are established to indicate tentative plans for financial resources utilization in a future period. (continued) 39 1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued) E. Assets, Liabilities, and Net Assets or Equity (Continued) Net Assets Net assets represent the difference between assets and liabilities. Net assets invested in capital assets, net of related debt consists of capital assets, net of accumulated depreciation, reduced by the outstanding balances of any borrowing used for the acquisition, construction or improvement of those assets, adding back unspent proceeds. Net assets are reported as restricted when there are limitations imposed on there use either through enabling legislations adopted by the Town or through external restrictions imposed by creditors, grantors or laws or regulations of other governments. Estimates The preparation of financial statements, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual amounts could differ from those estimates. II. RECONCILIATION OF GOVERNMENT -WIDE AND FUND FINANCIAL STATEMENTS Explanation of Certain Differences Between the Governmental Fund Balance Sheet and the Government -wide Statement of Net Assets The governmental fund balance'sheet includes a reconciliation between fund balance — total governmental funds and net assets — governmental activities as reported in the government -wide statement of net assets. One element of that reconciliation explains, "Long-term liabilities are not due and payable in the current period and therefore are not reported in the funds." The details of this $19,889,118 difference are as follows: Certificates of obligation bonds $ 20,362,224 Deferred charges for issuance costs (to be amortized over life of debt) (943,973) Compensated absences 63,125 Accrued interest payable 407,742 Net adjustment to reduce fund balance - total governmental funds to arrive at net assets - governmental activities $ 19,889,118 (continued) 40 II. RECONCILIATION OF GOVERNMENT -WIDE AND FUND FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued) Explanation of Certain Differences Between the Governmental Fund Statement of Revenue, Expenditures and Changes in Fund Balances and the Government -wide Statement of Activities The governmental fund statement of revenues, expenditures and changes in fund balances includes a reconciliation between net changes in fund balances — total governmental fund and changes in net assets of governmental activities as reported in the government -wide statement of activities. One element of that reconciliation explains, "Governmental funds report capital outlays as expenditures. However, in the statement of activities, the cost of those assets is allocated over their estimated useful lives and reported as depreciation expense." The details of this $146,222 difference are as follows: Capital contributions $ 83,250 Capital outlay ($52,411 reclassified to expense repairs) 629,692 Depreciation expense (859,164) Net adjustment to decrease net changes in fund balances - total governmental funds to arrive at changes in net assets of'governmental activities $ (146,222) Another element of that reconciliation states, "The issuance of long-term debt (e.g., bonds, leases) provides current financial resources to governmental funds, while the repayment of the principal of long-term debt consumes the current financial resources of governmental funds. Neither transaction, however, has any effect on net assets. Also, governmental fiends report the effect of issuance costs, premiums, and similar items when debt is first issued, whereas- these amounts are deferred and amortized in the statement of activities. Details of this $595,737 difference are as follows: Principal repayments: General obligation debt Capital lease Deferred rebates Net adjustment to increase net changes in fund balances - total governmental funds to arrive at changes in net assets of governmental activities (continued) 41 $ 525,000 46,559 24,178 $ 595,737 II. RECONCILIATION OF GOVERNMENT -WIDE AND FUND FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued) Explanation of Certain Differences Between the Governmental Fund Statement of Revenue, Expenditures and Changes in Fund Balances and the Government -wide Statement of Activities (Continued) Another element of that reconciliation states, "Some expenses reported in the statement of activities do not require the use of current financial resources and therefore are not reported as expenditures 'in governmental funds." The details of this $111,168 difference are as follows: Municipal court fines $ (820) Accrued interest (11,856) Compensated absences 63,125 Amortization of deferred charge on refunding 44,336 Amortization of issuance costs 16,383 Net adjustment to decrease net changes in fund balances - total governmental funds to arrive at changes in net assets of governmental activities $ 111,168 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS Deposits and Investments Legal provisions generally permit the Town to invest in certificates of deposit, repurchase agreements, public funds investment pools, direct obligations of the United States of America or its subdivisions and state and local government securities. The Town did not engage in repurchase or reverse repurchase agreement transactions during the current year. During the year ended September 30, 2010, the Town had investments with TexPool. TexPool, a public funds investment pool created by the Treasurer of the State of Texas acting by and through the Texas Treasury Safekeeping Trust Company, which is empowered to invest funds and acts as custodian of investments purchased with local investment funds. These investments are not required to be categorized because the investor is not issued securities, but rather it owns an undivided beneficial interest in the assets of the respective funds. The fair value of the position in TexPool is the same as the value of the pool shares. On September 1, 1989, local government investment pools became authorized investments for the majority of public entities in Texas. The Interlocal Cooperation Act was amended by the 71" Texas Legislature to facilitate the creation of local government investment pools in Texas. This act permits the creation of investment pools to which a majority of political subdivisions (local governments) may delegate, by contract, the authority to make investments purchased with local investment funds and to hold legal title as custodian of the investments. TexPool was organized to .conform with the Interlocal Cooperation Act, Chapter 791 of the Texas Government Code, and the Public Funds Investment Act, Chapter 2256 of the Texas Government Code. (continued) 42 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) Deposits and Investments (Continued) The Public Funds Investment Act (Government Code Chapter 2256) contains specific provisions in the areas of investment practices, management reports and establishment of appropriate policies. Among other things, it requires the Town to adopt, implement, and publicize its investment policy. That policy must address the following areas: (1) safety of principal and liquidity, (2) portfolio diversification, (3) allowable investments, (4) acceptable risk levels, (5) expected rates of return, (6) maximum allowable stated maturity of portfolio investments, (7) maximum average dollar — weighted maturity allowed based on the stated maturity date for the portfolio, (8) investment staff quality and, capabilities, and (9) bid solicitation preferences for certificates of deposit. Statutes and the Town's investment policy authorized the Town to invest in the following investments as summarized in the table below: At September 30, 2010, the Town's investments included investment pools in the name of the Town or its agent in the Town's name. The Town's investments were as follows: Maximum Maximum Authorized Maximum Percentage Investment Investment Type Maturity of Portfolio in One Issuer Obligations of, or guaranteed by Rating Year-end Investments: Governmental entities 2 years None None Certificates of deposit 1 year None None Mutual funds 2 years 80% None Investment pools - None None At September 30, 2010, the Town's investments included investment pools in the name of the Town or its agent in the Town's name. The Town's investments were as follows: Total cash and investments $ 8,747,138 $ 8,747,138 Reconciliation of total cash and investments at September 30, 2010, are as follows: Cash and cash equivalents Restricted cash and investments Total cash and investments (continued) 43 $ 8,403,898 343,240 $ 8,747,138 Minimum Rating Carrying Fair Legal as of Primary government Amount Value Rating Year-end Investments: TexPool $ 27,806 $ 27,806 N/A AAA -m Certificates of deposit 3,461,237 3,461,237 N/A AAA -A Cash 5,258,095 5,258,095 N/A N/A Total cash and investments $ 8,747,138 $ 8,747,138 Reconciliation of total cash and investments at September 30, 2010, are as follows: Cash and cash equivalents Restricted cash and investments Total cash and investments (continued) 43 $ 8,403,898 343,240 $ 8,747,138 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) Deposits and Investments (Continued) The Town's entire cash deposits in the bank of $5,651,201 on September 30, 2010, were covered by federal depository insurance or by collateral. Component units Investments: Carrying Amount Fair Value Cash and cash equivalents $ 5,082,223 $ 5,082,223 Total $ 5,082,223 $ 5,082,223 Weighted Average Maturity (Days) N/A Interest Rate Risk. This is the risk that changes in market interest rates will adversely affect the fair value of an investment. Generally, the longer the maturity of an investment the greater the sensitivity of its fair value to changes in market interest rates. In order to limit interest and market rate risk from changes in interest rates, the Town's investment policy sets a maximum stated maturity limit of two years for obligations of the United States Government, its agencies and instrumentalities (excluding mortgage backed securities) and one year for fully insured or collateralized certificates of deposit. No- more than 80% of the Town's monthly average balance may be invested in money market funds. Additionally, the Town invests in an investment pool that purchases a combination of shorter term investments with an average maturity of less than 29 days thus reducing the interest rate risk. Information about the sensitivity of the fair values of the Town's investments to market interest rate fluctuations is provided by the following table that shows the distribution of the Town's Investments. The Town has negotiated an interest rate for all checking account deposits; therefore, cash is considered in the balance of our investments. Credit Risk. This is the risk that an issuer of an investment will not fulfill its obligation to the holder of the investment. This is measured by the assignment of a rating by a nationally recognized statistical rating organization. Presented above is the minimum rating required by (where applicable) the Public Funds Investment Act, the Town's investment policy, or debt agreements, and the actual rating as of year-end for each investment type. (continued) 44 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) Capital Assets Capital asset activity for the year ended September 30, 2010, was as follows: Primary Government Governmental activities: Capital assets, not being depreciated: Land Construction in progress . Total assets not being depreciated Capital assets, being depreciated: Capital improvements Buildings Machinery and equipment Information systems and software Total capital assets being depreciated Less accumulated depreciation: Capital improvements Buildings Machinery and equipment Information systems and software Total accumulated depreciation Total capital assets being depreciated, net Governmental activities capital assets, net Business -type activities: Capital assets, not being depreciated: Construction in progress Total assets not being depreciated Capital assets, being depreciated: Capital improvements Wastewater treatment rights Machinery and equipment Total capital assets being depreciated Less accumulated depreciation: Capital improvements Wastewater treatment rights Machinery and equipment Total accumulated depreciation Total capital assets being depreciated, net Business -type activities capital assets, net Beginning Prior Period Ending Balance Increases Decreases Adjustment Balance $ 11,530,663 $ - $ - $ $ 11,530,6, 135,270 87,217 147,566 74,9. 11,665,933 87,217 147,566 11,605,5 4,342,188 578,418 - - 4,920,6 21,213,443 47,040 - 21,260,4 2,201,243 147,833 - 2,349,0 52,430 - - - 52,4. 27,809,304 773,291 - 28,582,5 2,502,284 184,892 - 2,687,1 2,348,631 425,352 - - 2,773,9 1,373,934 248,920 - 1,622,8 52,430 - 52,4 6,277,279 859,164 - 7,136,4 21,532,025 ( 85,873) - 21,446,1 $ 33,197,958 $ 1,344 $ 147,566 $ $ 33,051,7 12,853,855 67,428 12,921,2 635,199 - 635,1! 3,459,821 - 3,459,8: 16,948,875 67,428 - 17,016,31 2,539,932 301,179 2,841,1 291,133 31,760 - 322,8 1,034,587 124,993 - 1,159,5 3,865,652 457,932 - 4,323,5 13,083,223 ( 390,504) 12,692,7 $ 13,083,223 $( 390,504) $ $ $ 12,692,7 (continued) 45 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) Capital Assets (Continued) Depreciation was charged to departments of the primary government as follows: Governmental activities: General government $ 619,668 Public safety 52,383 Public works 187,113 Total depreciation expense - governmental activities $ 859,164 A summary of discretely presented component units' capital assets at September 30, 2010, follows: Texas Student Housing Authority - Ballpark Austin Project Beginning Ending Balance Additions Deletions Balance Capital assets, not being depreciated: Land Total capital assets, not being depreciated Capital assets, being depreciated: Building Furniture and fixtures Total capital assets, being depreciated Less accumulated depreciation for: Building Furniture and fixtures Total accumulated depreciation Total capital assets, being depreciated, net Capital assets, net $ 4,788,265 $ - $ - $ 4,788,265 4,788,265 - - 4,788,265 21,345,305 - - 21,345,305 6,993,063 - - 6,993,063 28,338,368 - - 28,338,368 5,454,911 711,510 - 6,166,421 3,661,686 149,166 - 3,810,852 9,116,597 860,676 - 9,977,273 19,221,771 ( 860,676) - 18,361,095 $ 24,010,036 $( 860,676) $ - $ 23,149,3.60 (continued) 46 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) Capital Assets (Continued) Texas Student Housing Corporation - The Ridge at North Texas Beginning Ending Balance Additions Deletions Balance Capital assets, not being depreciated: Land $ 2,200,000 $ - $ - $ 2,200,000 Total capital assets, not being depreciated 2,200,000 - - 2,200,000 Capital assets, being depreciated: Building 25,705,000 - - 25,705,000 Furniture and fixtures 1,253,841 - - 1,253,841 Total capital assets, being depreciated 26,958,841 - - 26,958,841 Less accumulated depreciation for: Building 5,987,874 856,833 - 6,844,707 Furniture and fixtures 2,355,184 13,203 - 2,368,387 Total accumulated depreciation 8,343,058 870,036 - 9,213,094 Total capital assets, being depreciated, net 18,615,783 ( 870,036) - 17,745,747 Capital assets, net $ 20,815,783 $( 870,036) $ - $ 19,945,747 (continued) 47 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) Capital Assets (Continued) Texas Student Housing Authority - Town Lake Austin Project Beginning Ending Balance Additions Retirements Balance Capital assets, not being depreciated: Land $ 2,182,816 $ - $ - $ 2,182,816 Total capital assets, not being depreciated 2,182,816 - - 2,182,816 Capital assets, being depreciated: Building and improvements 13,270,150 - - 13,270,150 Capitalized purchase costs 887,095 = - 887,095 Land improvements 2,806,596 - - 2,806,596 Unit appliances 295,134 - - 295,134 Furniture and fixtures 915,951 - - 915,951 Total capital assets, being depreciated 18,174,926 - - 18,174,926 Less accumulated depreciation for: Building and improvements 3,000,279 604,098 - 3,604,377 Capitalized purchase costs 175,248 28,484 - 203,732 Land improvements 374,212 - - 374,212 Unit appliances 168,648 - - 168,648 Furniture and fixtures 523,266 - - 523,266 Total accumulated depreciation. 4,241,653 632,582 - 4,874,235 Total capital assets, being depreciated, net 13,933,273 ( 632,582) - 13,300,691 Capital assets, net $ 16,116,089 $( 632,582) $ - $ 15,483,507 (continued) 48 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) Capital Assets (Continued) Texas Student Housing Authority - College Station Project Beginning Ending Balance Additions Retirements Balance Capital assets, not being depreciated: Land Total capital assets, not being depreciated Capital assets, being depreciated: Building Furniture and fixtures Total capital assets, being depreciated Less accumulated depreciation for: Building Furniture and fixtures. Total accumulated depreciation Total capital assets, being depreciated, net Capital assets, net Restricted Cash General Fund $ 2,899,597 $ - $ - $ 2,899,597 2,899,597 - - 2,899,597 27,727,646 - - 27,727,646 2,594,804 - - 2,594,804 30,322,450 - - 30,322,450 4,372,287 896,177 - 5,268,464 2,384,687 121,924 - 2,506,6L1 6,756,974 1,018,101 - 7,775,075 23,565,476 ( 1,018,101) - 22,547,375 $ 26,465,073 $( 1,018,101) $ - 1 25,446,972 Within the governmental funds, $214,750 in cash and cash equivalents represents funds held to assist in the financing of future projects and court security and technology. Proprietary Fund Within the proprietary funds, $128,490 of the fund represents customer deposits received for water and sewer usage that are refundable upon termination of service. Discretely Presented Component Units Within the discretely presented component units, $5,014,570 in cash and cash equivalents represents funds held for debt service. (continued) 49 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) Capital Leases The Town entered into a lease agreement as lessee for financing the acquisition of a vehicle for the warrant division of the municipal court. The lease agreement qualifies as a capital lease for accounting purposes and, therefore, has been recorded at the present value of their future minimum lease payments as of the inception date. Governmental Activities Asset: Machinery and equipment $ 23,000 Less: Accumulated depreciation (18,400) Total $ 4,600 Westlake Academy entered into lease agreement as a lessee for financing the acquisition of computers for student use. The lease agreement qualifies as a capital lease for accounting purposes and, therefore, has been recorded at the present value of their future minimum lease payments as of the inception date. The computers were not capitalized because the value of each one was less than $5,000. During the year ended September 30, 2010, both Capital Leases above were paid in full. General Long-term Debt Long-term liability activity for the year ended September 30, 2010, was as follows: Beginning Ending Due Within Balance Additions Reductions Balance One Year Combination tax and limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2002 Combination tax and limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2003 General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2007 Less deferred amounts on refunding General Obligation Bonds, Series 2008 Compensated absences Capital leases Fidelity Tax Reimbursement $ 5,145,000 $ - $ 265,000 $ 4,880,000 $ 280,000 5,830,000 - 155,000 5,675,000 160,000 7,330,000 - 20,000 7,310,000 25,000 ( 641,016) - ( 44,336) ( 596,680) - 2,405,000 - 85,000 2,320,000 90,000 - 78,514 15,389 63,125 6,313 46,559 - 46,559 - - 201,402 - 24,178 177,224 25,568 $ 20,316,945 $ 78,514 $ 566,790 $ 19,828,669 $ 586,881 (continued) 50 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) General Long-term Debt (Continued) Debt service requirements of certificates of obligation and general obligations to be retired from governmental funds are as follows: Year Ending Total September 30, Principal Interest Requirements 2011 $ 555,000 $ 946,778 $ 1,501,778 2012 580,000 918,450 1,498,450 2013 610,000 888,528 1,498,528 2014 640,000 856,906 1,496,906 2015 675,000 823,442 1,498,442 2016-2020 3,885,000 3,619,276 7,504,276 2021-2025 4,950,000 2,550,839 7,500,839 2026-2030 5,820,000 1,310,943 7,130,943- 2031-2033 2,470,000 166,218 2,636,218 Total $ 20,185,000 $ 12,081,380 $ 32,266,380 On August 10, 1998, the Town entered into an economic development agreement with Fidelity Texas Limited Partnership ("Fidelity") which provided that Fidelity will receive a rebate of one percent of local sales taxes collected by the Town and paid by Fidelity. The agreement provided that the rebate will be paid to Fidelity within 30 days of each calendar quarter from the sales taxes received by the Town. On November 13, 2000, the agreement was amended to allow for a payment schedule of 15 annual equal installments for sales tax rebate due and payable to Fidelity. The amount due will not bear interest. The loan is discounted to present value and amortized over the life of the loan using the effective interest method. Debt service requirements for deferred rebates to be retired from governmental funds are as follows: Year Ending Total September 30, Principal Interest Requirements 20I1 $ 25,568 $ 10,190 $ 35,758 2012 27,038 8,720 35,758 2013 28,593 7,165 35,758 2014 30,236 5,522 35,758 2015 31,975 3,783 35,758 2016-2016 33,814 1,944 35,758 Total $ 177,224 $ 37,324 $ 214,548 (continued) 51 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) General Lone -term Debt (Continued) The Certificates of Obligation, Series 2002 and 2003 require the Town to provide certain updated financial information and operating data to certain information vendors annually, as permitted by SEC Rule 15c2-12 (the "Rule"). The issuer will provide the updated information to each nationally recognized municipal securities information repository ("NRMSIR") and to any state information depository ("SID") that is designated by the State of Texas and approved by the staff of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"). During the fiscal year ended September 30, 2008, the Town issued General Obligation bonds of $2.5 million. These bonds were used for the construction of an Arts & Sciences Center that was completed during the current,fiscal year. Proprietary Long-term Debt Elevated Water Storage Facility On October 9, 2000, the Town approved an interlocal agreement with the City of Keller, which provided for the joint construction, operation, maintenance and use of an elevated water storage facility and appurtenances. The Town recorded a contractual obligation of $1,466,000 based on the terms of the interlocal agreement, which requires 20 annual principal and interest payments to the City of Keller, with payments due each September 30 at interest rates ranging from 5.0% to 5.65%. Dove Road Water Line and West Pump Station In April 2000, the Town approved an agreement with the Hillwood Development Corporation ("Hillwood"). In the agreement, Hillwood agreed to bear all initial costs for the design, engineering and constructions of the Dove Road Water Line and the West Pump Station that will service the residents of the Town. The Town agreed to reimburse Hillwood for the cost of the project upon completion and the Town's acceptance of the project, which occurred in June 2001, solely from a $.25 charge per 1,000 gallons of usage. The Town further agreed to deposit debt service revenue of $.25 per 1,000 gallons of usage collected from Town residents to fund its repayment to Hillwood. Debt service revenue will be allocated between Hillwood service area and Town service area by 52% and 48%, respectively and deposited into two separate debt service funds that will result in debt service revenue to pay the respective share of the construction cost. The Town recorded a limited pledge contractual obligation of $4,679,944 for the project cost based upon the terms of the agreement, which requires 239 monthly principal and interest payments to Hillwood, at an interest rate of 6.75%. If the Town collects insufficient funds to pay current interest on the debt, the interest payment may be deferred. No portion of debt payments will be applied to the principal component, until all current and deferred interest is fully paid. The obligation of the Town to pay the purchase price and interest thereon is not a general obligation of the Town but is a limited recourse obligation payable solely from debt service revenue. (continued) 52 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) Proprietary Long-term Debt (Continued) Dove Road Water Line and West Pump Station (Continued) Proprietary long-term debt as of September 30, 2010, is as follows: Outstanding Outstanding Current Description 9/30/2009 Issued Retired 9/30/2010 Portion Contractual obligations: Elevated water storage $ 1,054,247 $ - $ 75,303 $ 978,944 $ 78,508 Limited pledge contractual obligation: Dove Road Water Line and West Pump Station 4,679,944 - - 4,679,944 - Compensated absences - 11,489 1685 9,804 980 $ 5,734,191 $ 11,489 $ 76,988 $ 5,668,692 $ 79,488 The .schedule of future payments by the Town under these agreements is as follows: Year Ending Total September 30, Principal Interest Requirements 2011 $ 78,508 $ 605,796 $ 684,304 2012 81,712 642,329 724,041 2013 86,519 681,356 767,875 2014 91,325 723,034 814,359 2015 94,530 767,701 862,231 2016-2020 546,350 4,649,381 5,195,731 2021-2025 4,679,944 733,738 5,413,682 Total $ 5,658,888 $ 03,335 $ 14,462,223 Discretely Presented Long-term Debt Texas Student Housing Authority - College Station Project The Project's installment note payable is summarized as follows: Interest Lender/Security/Due Date Rate Cambridge Student Housing Financing Company, L.P.; substantially all assets and assignment of rents; due November 1, 2039 8.00% (continued) 53 Balance $ 31;450,000 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) Discretely Presented Long-term Debt (Continued) Texas Student Housing Authority - College Station Project (Continued) The Project's installment note is payable monthly with principal and interest payments of $231,545 until November 1, 2039. The fdllowing is a summary of long-term debt transactions of the Project for the year ended August 31, 2010: Amounts Beginning Ending Due Within Balance Increases Decreases Balance One Year $ 31,775,000 $ - $ 325,000 $ 31,450,000 $ 31,450,000 The Project's original developer refinanced the installmeAt note through a secondary offering with Cambridge Student Housing Financing Company, L.P. The debt certificates were sold to private investors in the following. classes: Class (Series) Offering Total A $ 16,900,000 B 4,350,000 C 4,820,000 D 5,380,000 Total $ 31,450,000 Each class has certain rights and privileges, as contained in the private placement memorandum. As a part of the offering, the Project entered into a trust agreement with J. P. Morgan Trust Company, N.A. (the "Trustee") for the purpose of determining that each • class is paid in accordance with the private placement memorandum. At August 31, 2010, the Project was not in compliance with the fixed charge coverage ratio. Should the project default, the lender may accelerate the maturity of the unpaid portion of the principal payable under the installment sale agreement. However, the Authority does not anticipate this event will occur, since foreclosure by private interests would result in the loss of tax-exempt status for the Project. (continued) 54 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) Discretely Presented Long-term Debt (Continued) Texas Student Housing Authority - Town Lake Austin Project Beginning Balance Revenue Bonds: Amounts Due Within One Increases Decreases Ending Balance Year 2002 A-1 Bonds $ 16,295,252 $ - $ 239,248 $ 16,056,004 $ 260,159 2002 A-2 Bonds 5,089,241 - - 5,089,241 - Total $ 21,384,493 $ - $ 239,248 $ 21,145,245 $ 260,159 The bonds are payable solely from the revenues generated by the Project and are secured by the revenues pledged and assigned under the terms of the trust indenture. Interest rates for the bonds range from 7.76% to 8.69% at present and principal and interest payments are made monthly. The future debt service requirements of the bonds are as follows: Year Ending August 31, 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016-2020 2021-2025 2026-2030 2031-2033 Totals Principal $ 260,159 281,080 303,683 328,105 354,491 2,248,765 3,310,558 4,873,699 9,184,705 $ 21,145,245 Interest $ 1,631,478 1,610,557 1,587,954 1,563,532 . 1,537,146 7,209,420 6,147,627 4,584,486 1,707,029 $ 27,579,229 Texas Student Housing Authority - Ballpark Austin Project The long-term debt activity of the Ballpark Austin Project is as follows: Revenue Bonds: Total $ 1,891,637 1,891,637 1,891,637 1,891,637 1,891,637 9,458,185 9,458,185 9,45 8,185 10,891,734 $ 48,724,474 Beginning Ending Balance Increases Decreases Balance Amounts Due Within One Year 2001A Bonds $ 30,760,000 $ - $ 610,000 $ 30,150,000 $ 640,000 2001B Bonds 2,365,000 - - 2,365,000 185,000 2001C Bonds 3,000,000 - - 3,000,000 - Less discounts ( 1,341,906) - ( 60,085) ( 1,281,821) - Total $ 34,783,094 $ - $ 549,915 $ 34,233,179 $ 825,000 (continued) 55 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) Discretely Presented Long-term Debt (Continued) Texas Student Housing Authority - Ballpark Austin Project (Continued) The bonds are payable solely from the revenues generated by the Project and secured by the revenues pledged and assigned under the terms of the trust indenture. Interest rates on the bonds range from 4.00% to 11.00% and are payable semi-annually. The debt service requirements of the bonds are as follows: Year Ending Governmental Activities August 31, Principal Interest Total Ending 2011 $ 825,000 $ 2,280,294 $ 3,105,294 2012 715,000 2,247,194 2,962,194 2013 755,000 2,208,144 2,963,144 2014 795,000 2,166,875 2,961,875 2015 840,000 2,123,456 2,963,456 2016-2020 4,935,000 9,876,319 14,811,319 2021-2025 6,440,000 8,368,800 14,808,800 2026-2030 8,445,000 6,364,500 14,809,500 2031-2033 11,765,000 2,597,450 14,362,450 Totals $ 35,515,000 $ 38,233,032 $ 73,748,032 At August 31, 2006, the Project had not made interest payments on the Subordinate 2001C Bond Series since July 2003, and the Subordinate 2001C Bond is in default. In addition, the Project's fixed charges coverage ratio was not in compliance with the covenants of the indenture. These events do not constitute an event of default that accelerates the bonds. As a result, the maturities are presented under the original repayment terms. Texas Student Housing Corporation - The Ridge at North Texas The long-term- debt activity of the Ridge at North Texas is as follows: (continued) 56 Amounts Beginning Ending Due Within Balance Increases Decreases Balance One Year Revenue Bonds: 2001A Bonds $ 26,955,000 $ - $ 575,000 $ 26,380,000 $ 26,380,000 2001B Bonds 3,240,000 - - 3,240,000 3,240,000 Less discounts ( 784,779) - ( 37,485) ( 747,294) ( 747,294) Total $ 29,410,221 $ - $ 537,515 $ 28,872,706 $ 28,872,706 (continued) 56 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) Discretely Presented Long-term Debt (Continued) Texas Student Housing Corporation - The Ridge at North Texas (Continued) The debt originally was to be amortized through 2031 with varying monthly principal payment amounts ranging from $2,618,093 to $3,465,280 for interest and principal. The annual requirements to amortize all debts outstanding as of August 31, 2010, are as follows and have not been adjusted for the default of the bonds. Under the original terms of the Indenture, a total of $575,000 in principal and $2,047,593 in interest is due in fiscal 2010. The total interest to be paid will depend on the ultimate maturities of the bonds. Year Ending August 31, Principal Interest Total 2011 $ 29,620,000 $ 27,532,225 $ 57,152,225 The Town of Westlake does not have any liability for the payment of debt of the discretely presented component units as the bonds are non-recourse to both the Town and Texas Student Housing Authority. Deferred Revenue Deferred revenue in the proprietary fund of $411,859 relates to the collection of the entire amount due on six Ductbank leases as follows: One 25 -year lease with AT&T local network services and five 20, 25 and 30 -year leases with Verizon Southwest for use of the Town's Ductbank. Commitments and Contingencies Lease Obligations The Town has commitments relative to municipal services, and contractual relationships concerning certain utilities and public safety resources, which are normal in its ongoing activity. Noncancellable obligations consist of agreements for services at September 30, 2010. Minimum lease payments and contractual obligations under these noncancellable leases and agreements as of September 30, 2010, are as follows: Year Ending September 30, Amount 2011 $ 151,040 2012 1,238 Total $ 152,278 Rental expenditures in 2010 were $223,033. (continued) 57 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) Commitments and Contingencies (Continued) Interlocal Agreement with the City of Southlake In August 1995, the Town entered into an agreement with the City of Southlake to allow the Town to utilize capacity in a sewer line and to set forth their respective rights and obligations with respect to the sewer line owned by the City of Southlake. The Town is obligated to share in the cost of construction, operation and maintenance of the water sewer line. The sewer line was constructed in 2000. Additionally, the Town must pay the City of Southlake all transportation, treatment and related costs allocable to the metered flow of sewage from the Town into the sewer line. Federal and State Program Revenues The Town received financial assistance from various federal and state governmental agencies in the form of grants for Westlake Academy. The disbursement of funds received under these programs generally requires compliance . with terms and conditions specified in the grant agreements and are subject to audit by the grantor agencies. Any unallowed disbursement resulting from such audits becomes a liability of the Town. In the opinion of the Town management, no material refunds will be required as a result of unallowed disbursements (if any) by the grantor agencies. Sources of federal and state program revenues for the year ended September 30, 2010, were as follows: Source Federal program -revenues: U. S. Department of Education'- Passed through State Department of Education Total federal program revenues: State program revenues: State Department of Education (continued) 58 Westlake Academy Total $ 199,436 $ 199,436 $ 199,436 $ 199,436 $ 3,687,706 $ 3,687,706 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) Interfund Balances and Transactions Interfund receivables and payables at September 30, 2010, were as follows: Due from Due to Other Funds Other Funds Property tax reduction fund: 4B Economic Development Corporation fund $ 341,026 $ - 4B Economic Development Corporation fund: Property Tax Reduction fund - 341,026 Utility fund 267,577 - Utility fund: 4B Economic Development Corporation fund - 267,577 $ 608,603 $ 608,603 The amount payable to the property tax reduction fund is related to payments made to the debt service fund on behalf of the 4B economic development fund, which will be repaid by the end of the 2010-2011 fiscal year. The amount payable to the 4B economic development fund from the utility fund is related to an interfund loan made for several waterlines and connections and is scheduled to be repaid at a rate of $29,731 per year through fiscal year 2018-2019. (continued) 59 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) Interfund Balances and Transactions (Continued) Interfund transfers between the primary government's funds consisted of: Transfers To Funds Primary Government ' General fund: Westlake Academy Economic Development fund Capital Projects fund Property Tax Reduction fund Vehicle and Equipment Replacement fund Debt Service fund: Visitors Association fund 4B Economic Development Corporation fund Property Tax Reduction fund Visitors Association fund: Debt service fund Capital Projects fund FM 1938 fund: Property Tax Reduction fund Property Tax Reduction fund: General fund Debt Service fund FM 1938 fund Capital Projects fund Vehicle and Equipment Replacement fund Vehicle and Equipment Replacement fund: General fund ' Property Tax Reduction fund 4B Economic Development Corporation fund: Debt Service fund Capital Projects fund: General fund Visitors Association fund Property Tax Reduction fund Economic Development fund: General fund Westlake Academy: Transfers From Funds $ - $ 1003000 35,758 - 60,701 - - 23,000 5,000 - 179,266 20,447 23,000 372,008 1,256 41,316 17,729 948,096 179,266 948,096 372,008 1,256 5,000 17,729 60,701 20,447 41,316 35,758 General fund 100,000 - Totals $ 1,804,577 $ 1,804,577 Inter -fund transfers are reported in the governmental funds and proprietary fund financial statements. In the government -wide statements, inter -fund transfers are eliminated within the governmental activities column and business -type column, as appropriate. (continued) 60 III. DETAILED NOTES ON ALL FUNDS (Continued) Interfund Balances and Transactions (Continued) Transfers are used to (1) move revenues collected in the special revenue funds to finance various programs in accordance with budgetary authorizations, (2) move receipts restricted for debt service from the funds collecting the receipts to the debt service fund as debt service payments become due, (3) reimburse one fund for services provided to another fund and (4) move unrestricted general fund revenues either to build up the fund balance in the Vehicle and Equipment Replacement Fund for future expenditures or transfer payment for economic development agreement into newly created fund specifically for this purpose. The non-recurring transfer from Westlake Academy to the General Fund was to help offset indirect costs for the Academy provided by the Town during the year. Receivables Net total receivables $ 390,048 $ 83,745 $ 246,139 $ 202,094 $ 193,213 $ 201,047 $ 696,928 $ 2,013,214 Water Purchase and Wastewater Treatment Contracts The Town has a contract with 'the City of Fort Worth, Texas, to purchase water. Under the contract, the Town may obtain from the City of Fort Worth, a supply of potable water at a reasonable rate based on water usage. The rate charges are subject to minimum annual contract payments. Water expense for the year ended September 30, 2010 was $745,890. IV. OTHER INFORMATION Retirement Plan Plan Description The Town provides pension benefits for all of its eligible employees through a non-traditional, joint contributory, hybrid defined benefit plan in the statewide Texas Municipal Retirement System (TMRS), an agent multiple -employer public employee retirement system. The plan provisions that have been adopted by the Town are within the options available in the governing state statutes of TMRS. (continued) 61 Governmental Funds Enterprise Funds Property Tax Economic Westlake Visitors Westlake Reduction Development 4B Utility General Association Academy Fund Fund Corporation Fund Total Receivables: Sales tax $ 208,881 $ - $ $ 201,047 $ 193,213 $ 201,047 $ - $ 804,188 Other taxes - 79,765 - - - - 79,765 Franchise fees 149,254 - - - - - 149,254 Accounts - - - - - - 917,254 917,254 Other 31,913 3,980 246,139 1,047 - - 785 283,864 Gross receivables 390,048 83,745 246,139 202,094 193,213 201,047 918,039 2,234,325 Less: Allowance for uncollectibles - - - - - - 221,111 221,111 Net total receivables $ 390,048 $ 83,745 $ 246,139 $ 202,094 $ 193,213 $ 201,047 $ 696,928 $ 2,013,214 Water Purchase and Wastewater Treatment Contracts The Town has a contract with 'the City of Fort Worth, Texas, to purchase water. Under the contract, the Town may obtain from the City of Fort Worth, a supply of potable water at a reasonable rate based on water usage. The rate charges are subject to minimum annual contract payments. Water expense for the year ended September 30, 2010 was $745,890. IV. OTHER INFORMATION Retirement Plan Plan Description The Town provides pension benefits for all of its eligible employees through a non-traditional, joint contributory, hybrid defined benefit plan in the statewide Texas Municipal Retirement System (TMRS), an agent multiple -employer public employee retirement system. The plan provisions that have been adopted by the Town are within the options available in the governing state statutes of TMRS. (continued) 61 IV. OTHER INFORMATION (Continued) Retirement Plan (Continued) Plan Description (Continued) TMRS issues a publicly available comprehensive annual financial report that includes financial statements and required supplementary information (RSI) for TMRS; the report also provides detailed explanations of the contributions, benefits and actuarial methods and assumptions used by the System. This report may be obtained by writing to TMRS, P. O. Box 149153, Austin, Texas 78714-9153 or by calling 800-924-8677; in addition, the report is available on TMRS' website at www.TMRS.com. The plan provisions are adopted by the governing body of the Town, within the options available in the state statutes governing TMRS. Plan provisions for the Town were as follows: Contributions Under the state law governing TMRS, the contribution rate for each town is determined annually by the actuary, using the Projected Unit Credit actuarial cost method. This rate consists of the normal cost contribution rate and the prior service cost contribution rate, which is calculated to be a level percent of payroll from year to year. The normal cost contribution rate finances the portion of an active member's projected benefit allocated annually; the prior service contribution rate amortizes the unfunded (overfunded) actuarial liability (asset) over the applicable period for that city. Both the normal cost and prior service contribution rates include recognition of the projected impact of annually repeating benefits, such as Updated Service Credits and Annuity Increases. (continued) 62 Plan Year 2009 Plan Year 2010 Employee deposit rate 7.0% 7.0% Matching ratio (town to employee) 2 to 1 2 to 1 Years required for vesting 5 5 Service retirement eligibility (expressed as age/years of service) 60/5,0/20 60/5,0/20 Updated service credit 100% repeating, 100% repeating, transfers transfers Annuity increase (to retirees) 0% of CPI 0% of CPI repeating repeating Contributions Under the state law governing TMRS, the contribution rate for each town is determined annually by the actuary, using the Projected Unit Credit actuarial cost method. This rate consists of the normal cost contribution rate and the prior service cost contribution rate, which is calculated to be a level percent of payroll from year to year. The normal cost contribution rate finances the portion of an active member's projected benefit allocated annually; the prior service contribution rate amortizes the unfunded (overfunded) actuarial liability (asset) over the applicable period for that city. Both the normal cost and prior service contribution rates include recognition of the projected impact of annually repeating benefits, such as Updated Service Credits and Annuity Increases. (continued) 62 IV. OTHER INFORMATION (Continued) Retirement Plan (Continued) Contributions (Continued) The Town contributes to the TMRS Plan at an actuarially determined rate. Both the employees and the Town make contributions monthly. Since the Town needs to know its contribution rate in advance for budgetary purposes, there is a one-year delay between the actuarial valuation that serves as the basis for the rate and the calendar year when the rate goes into effect. The annual pension cost and net pension obligation/(asset) are as follows: Annual Required Contribution (ARC) $ 130,590 Interest on Net Pension Obligation - Adjustment to the ARC - Annual Pension Cost 130,590 Contributions Made ( 130,590) Increase (Decrease) in Net Pension Obligation - Net Pension Obligation/(Asset), beginning of year - Net Pension Obligation/(Asset), ending of year $ Accounting Annual Actual Percentage Net Year Pension Contribution of APC Pension Ending Cost (APC) Made Contributed Obligation 09/30/08 $ 108,827 $ 108,827 100% $ - 09/30/09 138,554. 138,554 100% - 09/30/10 130,590 130,590 100% - The required contribution rates for fiscal year 2010 were determined as part of the December 31, 2007 and 2008 actuarial valuations. Additional information as of the latest actuarial valuation, December 31, 2009, also follows: Valuation Date Actuarial Cost Method Amortization Method GASB 25 Equivalent Singj, Amortization Period Amortization Period for new Gains/Losses Asset Valuation Method Actuarial Assumptions: Investment Rate of Return* Projected Salary Increases * * Includes Inflation at Cost -of -Living Adjustments 12/31/07 Projected Unit Credit Level percent of payroll 25 years; closed period 25 years Amortized Cost 7% Varies by age and service 3.0% 0.0% 12/31/08 Projected Unit Credit Level percent of payroll 24 years; closed period (continued) 63 25 years Amortized Cost 7.5% Varies by age and service 3.0% 0.0% 12/31/09 Projected Unit Credit Level percent of payroll 23 years; closed period 25 years 10 -year Smoothed Market 7.5% Varies by age and service 3.0% 0.0% IV. OTHER INFORMATION (Continued) Retirement Plan (Continued) Contributions (Continued) The funded status as of December 31, 2009, the most recent actuarial valuation date, is as follows: Actuarial Actuarial Actuarial Actuarial Annual Accrued Liability Valuation Value of Accrued Percentage Accrued Covered as a Percentage Date Assets Liability Funded Liability Payroll of Covered Payroll 12/31/2007 $ 792,775 $ 1,059,135 74.9% $ 266,360 $ 1,257,653 21.2% 12/31/2008 1,052,148 1,445,196 72.8% 393,048 1,536,837 25.6% 12/31/2009 1,337,183 1,810,429 73.9% 473,246 1,658,452 28.5% The schedule of funding progress presents multi-year trend information about whether the actuarial value of plan assets is increasing or decreasing over time relative to the actuarial accrued liability of benefits. Other Postemployment Benefits Supplemental Death Benefits Fund The Town also participates in the cost sharing multiple -employer defined benefit group term life insurance plan operated by the Texas Municipal Retirement System (TMRS) known as the Supplemental Death Benefits Fund (SDBF). The Town elected, by ordinance to provide group term life insurance coverage to both current and retired employees. The Town may terminate coverage under and discontinue, participation in the SDBF by adopting an ordinance before November 1 of any year to be effective the following January 1. The death benefit for active employees provides a lump sum payment approximately equal to the employee's annual salary (calculated based on the employee's actual earnings, for the 12 -month period preceding the month of death); retired employees are insured for $7,500; this coverage is an "other postemployment benefit," or OPEB. The Town contributes to the SDBF at a contractually required rate as determined by an annual actuarial valuation. The rate is equal to the cost of providing one-year term life insurance. The funding policy for the SDBF program is to assure that adequate resources are available to meet all death benefit payments for the upcoming year; the intent is not to pre -fund retiree term life insurance during employees' entire careers. (continued) 64 IV. OTHER INFORMATION (Continued) Other Postemployment Benefits (Continued) Supplemental Death Benefits Fund (Continued) The Town's contributions to the TMRS SDBF for the fiscal years ended 2010 and 2009 were $2,070 and $2,141, respectively, which equaled the required contributions each year. Fiscal year 2009 was the transition year for the 'implementation of GASB 45; therefore, two years of contributions are disclosed. Schedule of Contribution Rates Annual Actual Plan/ Required Contribution Percentage Calendar Contribution Made of ARC Year (Rate) (Rate) Contributed 2008 0.17% 0.17% 100% 2009 0.12% 0.12% 100% 2010 0.14% 0.14% 100% Risk Management The Town is exposed to various risks of loss related to torts, theft of, damage to, and destruction of assets; errors and omissions; injuries to employees, and natural disasters. The Town's general liability, workers' compensation liability, law enforcement liability, errors and omissions liability, and automobile liability coverage is insured by the Texas Municipal League, a public entity risk pool. The Town's only responsibility to the Texas Municipal League is to pay premiums for insurance and related deductible amounts of these policies. Other risk of loss is covered by commercial insurance. Settlements of claims have not exceeded coverage in the past three years. Contingent Liabilities Litigation The Town and Academy are currently involved in a lawsuit for wrongful termination brought by the former head of school and his wife, a former teacher. The Town and Academy deny liability. The lawsuit is being handled by the Academy's insurance carrier and no additional liability to the Academy is anticipated. The Town is also involved in a lawsuit to determine the rights of the Town to levy a property tax and its authority to expend collected tax revenues on school operations at the Academy. The Town denies any liability. No additional liability to the Town is anticipated. Various other claims and lawsuits are pending against the Town. In the opinion of Town management, after consultation with legal counsel, the potential loss on these claims and lawsuits will not materially effect the Town's financial position. (continued) 65 IV. OTHER INFORMATION (Continued) Contingent Liabilities (Continued) Circle T Municipal Utility Districts The Town has agreements in place with Municipal Utility District's (MUDs) #1 and 43 on the Circle T property in Westlake which is controlled by AIL Investments, L.P. As this property develops, AIL Investments, L.P. agreed to de -annex developed property from the. MUDS in exchange for pro -rata payments on water and sewer infrastructure installed by the MUD at their inception. To date, two projects, Chrysler Financial and Deloitte University, have been or are being developed within these MUDs. Discussions regarding the Town's payment to AIL Investments, L.P. in exchange for de -annexation of these two tracks from the Circle T MUDs have taken place but have not come to a conclusion as to the settlement amounts. These discussions are ongoing until the Town receives full documentation that it determines is adequate to support the requested payments. The Town of Westlake holds full rights and privileges under the State granted Certificate of Convenience and Necessity (CCN) and can serve all water and sewer customers within these MUD boundaries regardless -of the status of these negotiations. Westlake Academy Building Site In 2002, the Town purchased 24.59 acres for the site of Westlake Academy . and executed a Promissory Note in the amount of $1,475,400 with a rate of 6% interest. The $1,475,400 was placed into escrow in July, 2002. In July, 2003 the Escrow Agent delivered total funds in the amount of $1,495,665 to the "Seller", leaving a balance of $68,259 at that date. The "Seller" has informed the Town that this amount plus accrued interest is now payable. The Town is in negotiations with the "Seller" and contends that it has satisfied the terms and the intent of the sales agreement. Subsequent Event In December 2010, the Town Council approved a list of capital improvements, which are to be funded by a combination of cash from the Property Tax Reduction Fund, available fund balance in the General Fund and issuance of new debt. The debt is expected to be issued in early 2011 and the capital improvements are expected to be completed over the next five years. 66 REQUIRED SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS GENERAL FUND SCHEDULE OF REVENUES, EXPENDITURES AND CHANGES IN FUND BALANCE - BUDGET AND ACTUAL FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 EXPENDITURES Current General government and administration 1,584,933 General Fund 1,644,587 ( 44,504) Public safety 1,869,429 1,865,364 1,634,936 Variance Cultural and recreational Budgeted Amounts 132,639 Favorable 26,642 Original Amended Actual (Unfavorable) REVENUES Economic development 488,327 - - Taxes Capital Outlay 23,000 23,000 - Sales $ 1,452,600 $ 1,574,000 $ 1,597,194 $ 23,194 Mixed beverages 17,750 17,750 17,902 152 Franchise 646,675 609,500 603,233 ( 6,267) Federal program revenues 180 - - - Interest income 11,200 14,425 24,220 9,795• Building permits and fees 505,220 1,877,165 1,746,954 { 130,211) Fines and penalties 547,460 578,860 647,170 68,310 Contributions from others - 1,200 90,249 89,049 Other miscellaneous income 106,756 96,394 105,345 8,951 Total revenues 3,287,841 4,769,294 4,832,267 62,973 EXPENDITURES Current General government and administration 1,584,933 1,600,083 1,644,587 ( 44,504) Public safety 1,869,429 1,865,364 1,634,936 230,428 Cultural and recreational 120,021 132,639 105,997 26,642 Public works 519,634 515,664 400,615 115,049 Economic development 488,327 - - - Capital Outlay 23,000 23,000 - 23,000 Total expenditures 4,605,344 4,136,750 3,786,135 350,615 EXCESS (DEFICIENCY) OF REVENUES OVER (UNDER) EXPENDITURES ( 1,317,503} 632,544 1,046,132 413,588 OTHER FINANCING SOURCES (USES) Transfers in 541,000 213,000 123,000 { 90,000) Transfers out ( 8,050) ( 120,791) { 101,459) 19,332 Total other financing sources (uses) 532,950 92,209 21,541 ( 70,668) NET CHANGE IN FUND BALANCE ( 784,553) 724,753 1,067,673 342,920 FUND BALANCE, BEGINNING 2,725,312 2,725,312 2,725,312 - FUND BALANCE, ENDING $ 1,940,759 $ 3,450,065 $ 3,792,985 $ 342,920 67 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS VISITORS ASSOCIATION FUND SCHEDULE OF REVENUES, EXPENDITURES AND CHANGES IN FUND BALANCE - BUDGET AND ACTUAL FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 REVENUES Taxes Hotel occupancy Interest income Other miscellaneous income Total revenues EXPENDITURES Visitors services Total expenditures EXCESS (DEFICIENCY) OF REVENUES OVER (UNDER) EXPENDITURES OTHER FINANCING SOURCES (USES) Transfers out Total other financing sources (uses) NET CHANGE IN FUND BALANCE FUND BALANCE, BEGINNING FUND BALANCE, ENDING Budgeted Amounts Original Amended $ 450,000 3,700 23,275 476,975 $ 450,000 1,700 28,275 479,975 $ 457,693 2,183 16,102 475,978 424,696 507,336 420,270 424,696 507,336 420,270 ( 306,636) 52,279 ( 27,361) 55,708 (282,275) ( 282,275) ( 229,996) 1,244,946 $ 1,014,950 68 Variance Favorable (Unfavorable) $ 7,693 483 ( 12,173) ( 3,997) 87,066 87,066 83,069 ( 279,275) ( 199,713) 79,562 ( 279,275)' { 199,713) 79,562 ( 306,636) { 144,005) 162,631 1,244,946 1,244,946 - $ 938,310 $ 1,100,941 $ 162,631 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS WESTLAKE ACADEMY SCHEDULE OF REVENUES, EXPENDITURES AND CHANGES IN FUND BALANCE - BUDGET AND ACTUAL FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED AUGUST 31, 2010 REVENUES State program revenues Federal program revenues Interest income Other miscellaneous income Total revenues EXPENDITURES Education Debt Service Principal Retirement Interest Total expenditures EXCESS (DEFICIENCY) OF REVENUES OVER (UNDER) EXPENDITURES OTHER FINANCING SOURCES (USES) Transfers out Total other financing sources (uses) NET CHANGE IN FUND BALANCE FUND BALANCE, BEGINNING FUND BALANCE, ENDING Budgeted Amounts ( 106,000) Original Amended Actual $ 3,637,109 $ 3,665,938 $ 3,687,706 119,976 198,416 199,436 3,000 625 908 552,464 678,294 655,601 4,312,549 4,543,273 4,543,651 4,015,713 4,321,524 4,138,875 38,703 38,703 38,703 3,297 2,793 2,793 4,057,713 4,363,020 4,180,371 254,836 180,253 363,280 Variance Favorable (Unfavorable) $ 21,768 1,020 283 ( 22,693) 378 182,649 182,649 ( 183,027) ( 100,000) ( 106,000) ( 100,000) - ( 100,000) ( 100,000) ( 100,000) - 154,836 80,253 263,280 183,027 504,653 504,653 504,653 - $ 659,489 $ 584,906 $ 767,933 $ 183,027 69 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS FM 1938 FUND SCHEDULE OF REVENUES, EXPENDITURES AND CHANGES IN FUND BALANCE - BUDGET AND ACTUAL FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 Variance Budgeted Amounts Favorable Original Amended Actual (Unfavorable) REVENUES Contributions $ -- Total revenues - - - - EXPENDITURES Public Works - 1,264 1,264 - Total -expenditures - 1,264 1,264 - EXCESS (DEFICIENCY) OF REVENUES OVER (UNDER) EXPENDITURES - { 1,264) ( 1,264) - OTHER FINANCING SOURCES (USES) Transfers in - 1,256 1,256 - Total other financing sources (uses) - 1,256 1,256 - NET CHANGE IN FUND BALANCE - ( 8) ( 8) - FUND BALANCE, BEGINNING 8 8 8 - FUND BALANCE, ENDING $ 8 $ - $ - $ - 70 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS. PROPERTY TAX REDUCTION FUND SCHEDULE OF REVENUES, EXPENDITURES AND CHANGES IN FUND BALANCE - BUDGET AND ACTUAL FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 REVENUES Taxes Sales Interest income Total revenues EXPENDITURES General government Total expenditures EXCESS (DEFICIENCY) OF REVENUES OVER (UNDER) EXPENDITURES OTHER FINANCING SOURCES (USES) Transfers out Total other financing sources (uses) NET CHANGE IN FUND BALANCE FUND BALANCE, BEGINNING FUND BALANCE, ENDING Variance Budgeted Amounts Favorable Original Amended Actual (Unfavorable) $ 726,300 $ 912,000 9 947,633 $ 35,633 1,000 5,800 9,393 3,593 '727,300 917,800 957,026 39,226 727,300 917,800 957,026 39,226 ( 1,035,680) ( 635,511) ( 455,309} 180,202 ( 1,035,680) ( 635,511) (, 455,309) 180,202 ( 308,380) 282,289 501,717 219,428 1,068,034 1,068,034 1,068,034 - $ 759,654 $ 1,350,323 $ 1,569,751 $ 219,428 71 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS VEHICLE/EQUIPMENT REPLACEMENT FUND SCHEDULE OF REVENUES, EXPENDITURES AND CHANGES IN FUND BALANCE - BUDGET AND ACTUAL FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 REVENUES Interest income Total revenues EXPENDITURES Capital Outlay Total expenditures EXCESS (DEFICIENCY) OF REVENUES OVER (UNDER) EXPENDITURES OTHER FINANCING SOURCES (USES) Transfers in Total other financing sources (uses) NET CHANGE IN FUND BALANCE FUND BALANCE, BEGINNING FUND BALANCE, ENDING Budgeted Amounts Original Amended Actual $ - $ 50 $ 63 50 63 Variance Favorable (Unfavorable) $ 13 13 41,000 41,000 27,536 13,464 41,000 41,000 27,536 13,464 { 41,000) ( 40,950) ( 27,473) 13,477 89,336 94,336 22,729 ( 71,607) 89,336 94,336 22,729 ( 71,607) 48,336 53,386 ( 4,744) ( 58,130) 62,000 62,000 62,000 - $ 110,336 $ 115,386 $ 57,256 $( 58,130) 72 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FUND SCHEDULE OF REVENUES, EXPENDITURES AND CHANGES IN FUND BALANCE - BUDGET AND ACTUAL FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 REVENUES Taxes Sales Total revenues EXPENDITURES Economic Development . Total expenditures EXCESS (DEFICIENCY) OF REVENUES OVER (UNDER) EXPENDITURES OTHER FINANCING SOURCES (USES) Transfers in Total other financing sources (uses) NET CHANGE IN FUND BALANCE FUND BALANCE, BEGINNING FUND BALANCE, ENDING Variance Budgeted Amounts Favorable Original Amended Actual (Unfavorable) $ - $ 250,000 $ 298,073 $ 48,073 250,000 298,073 48,073 73 285,758 333,831 285,758 333,831 ( 35,758) ( 35,758) ( 48,073) ( 48,073) 35,758 35,758 - 35,758 35,758 - TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS LONE STAR PUBLIC FACILITY CORPORATION SCHEDULE OF REVENUES, EXPENDITURES AND CHANGES IN FUND BALANCE - BUDGET AND ACTUAL FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 REVENUES Interest income Total revenues EXPENDITURES General government Total expenditures NET CHANGE IN FUND BALANCE FUND BALANCE, BEGINNING FUND BALANCE, ENDING Variance Budgeted Amounts Favorable Original Amended Actual _(Unfavorable) $ 100 $ 100 $ 29 $( 71) 100 100 29 ( 71) 100 100 13,569 $ 13,669 74 13,569 $ 13,669 29 ( 71) 13,569 $ 13,598 $( 71) TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS 4B ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION SCHEDULE OF REVENUES, EXPENDITURES AND CHANGES IN FUND BALANCE - BUDGET AND ACTUAL FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 75 Variance Budgeted Amounts Favorable Original Amended Actual (Unfavorable) REVENUES Taxes Sales $ 726,300 $ 912,000 $ 947,633 $ 35,633 Interest income 1,100 375 463 88 Total revenues 727,400 912,375 948,096 35,721 EXPENDITURES General government - - - - Total expenditures - - - - EXCESS (DEFICIENCY) OF REVENUES OVER (UNDER) EXPENDITURES 727,400 912,375 948,096 35,721 OTHER FINANCING SOURCES (USES) Transfers out { 757,131) { 942,106) ( 948,096) ( 5,990) Total other financing sources (uses) ( 757,131) { 942,106) ( 948,096) ( 5,990) NET CHANGE IN FUND BALANCE ( 29,731) { 29,73f) - 29,731 FUND BALANCE, BEGINNING 297,308 297-,308 297,308 - FUND BALANCE, ENDING $ 267,577 $ 267,577 $ 297,308 $ 29,731 75 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS NOTES TO REQUIRED SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION SEPTEMBER 30, 2010 (Unaudited) BUDGETARY INFORMATION - The Town follows these procedures annually in establishing the budgetary data reflected in the budgetary comparison schedules: 1. The Town Manager submits to the Town Council a proposed. budget for the fiscal year commencing the following October 1. The budget includes proposed expenditures and the means of financing them. 2. Prior to October 1, the budget is legally adopted through passage of an ordinance. This budget is reported as the Original Budget in the budgetary comparison schedules. 3. During the fiscal year, changes to the adopted budget may be authorized, as follows: a) Items requiring Town Council action - appropriation of fund balance reserves; transfers of appropriations between funds; new inter -fund loans or advances; and creation of new capital projects or increases to existing capital projects. b) Items - delegated to the Town Manager - appropriation balances from an expenditure account to another within a single fund 4. Annual budgets are legally adopted and amended as required for the general, special revenue and debt service funds. Project length budgets are adopted for the capital projects funds. All budgets are adopted on a basis consistent with generally accepting accounting principles. Budgets are adopted for the proprietary funds annually only as a management tool. There are no legally mandated budgetary constraints for the proprietary funds. 5. Budget amounts are reflected after all authorized amendments and revisions. This budget is reported as the Fir?! Budget in the budgetary comparison schedules. The appropriated budget is prepared by fund, function and department. The Town's management may make transfers of appropriations within a fund. Transfers of appropriations between funds require the approval of the Town Council. The legal level of budgetary control is the fund level. The Town Council made several supplementary budget appropriations during the year. 7. Encumbrances represent commitments related to unperformed contracts for goods or services. Encumbrance accounting under which purchase orders, contracts and other commitments for the expenditure of resources are recoded to reserve that portion of the applicable appropriation, is utilized in the governmental funds. Encumbrances lapse at year-end and do not constitute expenditures or liabilities because the commitments must be reappropriated and honored during the subsequent year. Expenditures exceeded appropriations in the general government and administration function of the General Fund. The excess was covered by unspent budget in other functions and available fund balances. Expenditures exceeded appropriations in the Economic Development Fund for the year. The deficit was covered by additional collections of revenue. In addition, transfers out exceeded appropriations in the 4B Economic Development Corporation Fund. The deficit was covered by additional collections of revenue. 76 This page is intentionally left blank. APPENDIX C - GENERAL INFORMATION REGARDING THE ISSUER The Town of Westlake was incorporated in 1956 and is located along the border and within the counties of Tarrant and Denton in the rapidly growing northern triangle of the Dallas -Fort Worth Metroplex. The Town combines a rural Texas atmosphere with the conveniences of the Metroplex. It is the home of the famous Circle T Ranch which was acquired in 1993 by Hillwood Development, a company controlled by H. Ross Perot, Jr. The development of Circle T has been the source of considerable controversy between the Town and the Perot interests. Another high profile corporate campus development in Westlake is known as Solana located along Texas Highway 114. Its tenants include Levi -Strauss, Boy Scouts of America, Pfizer Inc. and other well-known international businesses as well as smaller local businesses. Solana's Village Circle provides a mix of office, retail, restaurant, and hotel space. Solana constitutes the majority of Westlake's tax base. The 2000 census population was 207, an 11.9% increase since 1990. The 2010 census population was 992, a 479% increase since 2000. County Characteristics: Tarrant County, where most of Westlake is located, was created in 1849 from Navarro County. It is a manufacturing and wholesale trade center for much of west Texas, with its economy closely tied in with the Dallas/Fort Worth urban area. The City of Fort Worth is the county seat. Tarrant County is one of the largest manufacturing counties in the United States. Industries include tourism, plastics plant, planes, helicopters, mobile homes, food, electronic equipment, chemicals, automobiles and airports. DFW International Airport, the nation's largest, is located here. Tarrant County's retail sales for 2010 totaled $22.5 billion. The 2010 census for the County was 1,829,400, an increase of 26.5% since 2000. In 2010, the County had a median income of $46,785 per household compared to the state median of $49,723. A total of 69.4% of the households had effective buying incomes in excess of $25,000, while 12.1% had incomes below $25,000. The Texas Employment Commission reported countywide wages totaling $8.2 billion during the second quarter of 2010. The, 2010 fall enrollment for the following colleges and universities located in Tarrant County was 243,069: The University of Texas at Arlington, Tarrant County College District (all campuses), Texas Christian University, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Texas Wesleyan University, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary and The College of St. Thomas More. Tarrant County's agriculture business includes wheat, horticulture, horses, hay and beef cattle. Minerals produced in Tarrant County include cement, sand, gravel, stone, and gas. There were 419 million cubic feet of natural gas recovered in 2008. The Naval Air Station - Joint Reserve Base is located in Tarrant County and employed 4,658 civilian/military personnel in 2009. Data included herein on population, value added by manufacturing or production of minerals or agricultural products were derived from US Census or other sources believed to be reliable, but no guarantee as to its accuracy is made by the Issuer or any other person. C-1 Employment Data Labor Force Data for Tarrant County Unemployment Rates Employed August 2011 August 2010 Tarrant County 8.4% 8.4% Denton County 7.7 7.6 State of Texas 8.3 7.9 United States 9.3 9.4 Labor Force Data for Tarrant County Source: Texas Workforce Commission. Unemployment rates for Texas and the United States are actual, non -seasonably adjusted rates. C-2 Total Labor Force Employed Unemployed August 2011 920,141 842,987 77,154 August 2010 912,172 835,922 76,250 Labor Force Data for Denton County Total Labor Force Employed Unemployed August 2011 362,396 334,671 27,725 August 2010 358,828 331,525 27,303 Source: Texas Workforce Commission. Unemployment rates for Texas and the United States are actual, non -seasonably adjusted rates. C-2 APPENDIX D - SCHEDULE OF REFUNDED OBLIGATIONS A. Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2002 Delivered 11/01/2006 B. Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2003 Delivered 6/23/2003 Serial/ Type Maturity Issue Maturity Term of Bond Coupon Value Call Date Call Price 2002 CO 5/1/2015 Serial Current Interest 6.50% $ 350,000 5/1/2014 100.00% 2002 CO 5/1/2018 Term 1(1) Current Interest 5.75% 405,000 5/1/2014 100.00% 2002 CO 5/1/2019 Term 10) Current Interest 5.75% 425,000 5/1/2014 100.000/0 2002 CO 5/1/2020 Term 1(1) Current Interest , 5.75% 445,000 5/1/2014 100.00% 20M CO 5/1/2021 Term 1(1) Current Interest 5.75% 470,000 5/1/2014 100.00% 2002 CO 5/1/2022 Term 1(1) Current Interest 5.75% 495,000 5/1/2014 100.00% 2002 CO 5/1/2023 Term 1(1) Current Interest 5.75% 520,000 5/l/2014 100.00% 2002 CO 5/1/2024 Term 1(1) Current Interest 5.75% 550,000 5/1/2014 100.00% Subtotal 5/1/2025 Termi1) Current Interest 5.00% $ 3,660,000 5/1/2014 100.00% B. Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2003 Delivered 6/23/2003 (1) Subject to mandatory sinking fund redemption prior to maturity. D-1 Serial/ Type Maturity Issue Maturity Term of Bond Coupon Value Call Date Call Price 2003 CO 5/1/2017 Serial Current Interest 4.30% $ 200,000 5/1/2014 100.00% 2003 CO 5/1/2018 Serial Current Interest 4.40% 210,000 5/1/2014 100.00% 2003 CO 5/1/2019 Term 10) Current Interest 4.75% 220,000 5/1/2014 100.00% 2003 CO 5/1/2020 Term 10) Current Interest 4.75% 230,000 5/1/2014 100.000/0 2003 CO 5/1/2021 Term 10) Current Interest 4.75% 240,000 5/1/2014 100.00% 2003 CO 5/1/2022 Term 10) Current Interest 4.75% 250,000 5/1/2014 100.00% 2003 CO 5/1/2023 Term 1(1) Current Interest 4.75% 260,000 5/1/2014 100.00% 2003 CO 5/1/2024 Tenn P) Current Interest 5.00% 275,000 5/1/2014 100.00% 2003 CO 5/1/2025 Termi1) Current Interest 5.00% 290,000 5/1/2014 100.00% 2003 CO 5/1/2026 Termi1) Current Interest 5.00% 300,000 5/1/2014 100.00% 2003 CO 5/1/2027 Terni Current Interest 5.00% 315,000 5/1/2014 100.000/0 2003 CO 5/1/2028 Term 2 Current Interest 5.00% 335,000 5/1/2014 100.00% Subtotal $ 3,125,000 Combined Total $ 6,785,000 (1) Subject to mandatory sinking fund redemption prior to maturity. D-1 This page is intentionally left blank. PAYING AGENT/REGISTRAR AGREEMENT THIS AGREEMENT entered into as of December 1, 2011 (this "Agreement"), by and between the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Issuer"), and U.S. Bank National Association, Dallas, Texas (the "Bank"). RECITALS WHEREAS, the Issuer has duly authorized and provided for the issuance of its General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 (the "Securities") in the aggregate principal amount of $7,375,000, such Securities to be issued in fully registered form only as to the payment of principal and interest thereon; and WHEREAS, the Securities are scheduled to be delivered to the initial purchasers thereof on or about December 20, 2011; and WHEREAS, the Issuer has selected the Bank to serve as Paying Agent/Registrar in connection with the payment of the principal of, premium, if any, and interest on said Securities and with respect to the registration, transfer and exchange thereof by the registered owners thereof, and WHEREAS, the Bank has agreed to serve in such capacities for and on behalf of the Issuer and has full power and authority to perform and serve as Paying Agent/Registrar for the Securities; NOW, THEREFORE, it is mutually agreed as follows: ARTICLE ONE APPOINTMENT OF BANK AS PAYING AGENT AND REGISTRAR Section 1.01. Appointment. The Issuer hereby appoints the Bank to serve as Paying Agent with respect to the Securities. As Paying Agent for the Securities, the Bank shall be responsible for paying on behalf of the Issuer the principal, premium (if any), and interest on the Securities as the same become due and payable to the registered owners thereof, all in accordance with this Agreement and the "Order" (hereinafter defined). The Issuer hereby appoints the Bank as Registrar with respect to the Securities. As Registrar for the Securities, the Bank shall keep and maintain for and on behalf of the Issuer books and records as to the ownership of said Securities and with respect to the transfer and exchange thereof as provided herein and in the "Order." The Bank hereby accepts its appointment, and agrees to serve as the Paying Agent and Registrar for the Securities. Section 1.02. Compensation. As compensation for the Bank's services as Paying Agent/Registrar, the Issuer hereby agrees to pay the Bank the fees and amounts set forth in Schedule A attached hereto for the first year of this Agreement and thereafter the fees and amounts set forth in the Bank's current fee schedule then in effect for services as Paying Agent/Registrar for municipalities, which shall be supplied to the Issuer on or before 90 days prior to the close of the Fiscal Year of the Issuer, and shall be effective upon the first day of the following Fiscal Year. In addition, the Issuer agrees to reimburse the Bank upon its request for all reasonable expenses, disbursements and advances incurred or made by the Bank in accordance with any of the provisions hereof (including the reasonable compensation and the expenses and disbursements of its agents and counsel). ARTICLE TWO DEFINITIONS Section 2.01. Definitions. For all purposes of this Agreement, except as otherwise expressly provided or unless the context otherwise requires: "Acceleration Date" on any Security means the date on and after which the principal or any or all installments of interest, or both, are due and payable on any Security which has become accelerated pursuant to the terms of the Security. "Bank Office" means the principal corporate trust office of the Bank as indicated in Section 6.03 hereof. The Bank will notify the Issuer in writing of any change in location of the Bank Office. "Fiscal Year" means the fiscal year of the Issuer, ending September 30. "Holder" and "Security Holder" each means the Person in whose name a Security is registered in the Security Register. "Issuer Request" and "Issuer Order" means a written request or order signed in the name of the Issuer by the Mayor, Town Administrator or Director of Finance of the Issuer, any one or more of said officials, delivered to the Bank. "Legal Holiday" means a day on which the Bank is required or authorized to be closed. "Order" means the order, ordinance or resolution of the governing body of the Issuer pursuant to which the Securities are issued, certified by the Secretary of the Board of Trustees or any other officer of the Issuer and delivered to the Bank. "Person" means any individual, corporation, partnership, joint venture, association, joint stock company, trust, unincorporated organization or government or any agency or political subdivision of a government. "Predecessor Securities" of any particular Security means every previous Security evidencing all or a portion of the same obligation as that evidenced by such particular Security (and, for the purposes of this definition, any mutilated, lost, destroyed, or stolen Security for which a replacement Security has been registered and delivered in lieu thereof pursuant to Section 4.06 hereof and the Order). "Redemption Date" when used with respect to any Bond to be redeemed means the date fixed for such redemption pursuant to the terms of the Order. "Responsible Officer" when used with respect to the Bank means the Chairman or Vice -Chairman of the Board of Directors, the Chairman or Vice-chairman of the Executive Committee of the Board of Directors, the President, any Vice President, the Secretary, any Assistant Secretary, the Treasurer, any Assistant Treasurer, the Cashier, any Assistant Cashier, any Trust Officer or Assistant Trust Officer, or any other officer of the Bank customarily performing functions similar to those performed by any of the above designated officers and also means, with respect to a particular corporate trust matter, any other officer to whom such matter is referred because of his knowledge of and familiarity with the particular subject. "Security Register" means a register maintained by the Bank on behalf of the Issuer providing for the registration and transfer of the Securities. "Stated Maturity" means the date specified in the Order the principal of a Security is scheduled to be due and payable. Section 2.02. Other Definitions. The terms "Bank," "Issuer," and "Securities (Security)" have the meanings assigned to them in the recital paragraphs of this Agreement. The term "Paying Agent/Registrar" refers to the Bank in the performance of the duties and functions of this Agreement. ARTICLE THREE PAYING AGENT Section 3.01. Duties of Paying Agent. As Paying Agent, the Bank shall, provided adequate collected funds have been provided to it for such purpose by or on behalf of the Issuer, pay on behalf of the Issuer the principal of each Security at its Stated Maturity, Redemption Date, or Acceleration Date, to the Holder upon surrender of the Security to the Bank at the Bank Office. As Paying Agent, the Bank shall, provided adequate collected funds have been provided to it for such purpose by or on behalf of the Issuer, pay on behalf of the Issuer the interest on each Security when due, by computing the amount of interest to be paid each Holder and preparing and sending checks by United States Mail, first class postage prepaid, on each payment date, to the Holders of the Securities (or their Predecessor Securities) on the respective Record Date, to the address appearing on the Security Register or by such other method, acceptable to the Bank, requested in writing by the Holder at the Holder's risk and expense. Section 3.02. Payment Dates. The Issuer hereby instructs the Bank to pay the principal of and interest on the Securities on the dates specified in the Order. ARTICLE FOUR REGISTRAR Section 4.01. Security Register - Transfers and Exchanges. The Bank agrees to keep and maintain for and on behalf of the Issuer at the Bank Office books and records (herein sometimes referred to as the "Security Register") and, if the Bank Office is located outside the State of Texas, a copy of such books and records shall be kept in the State of Texas, for recording the names and addresses of the Holders of the Securities, the transfer, exchange and replacement of the Securities and the payment of the principal of and interest on the Securities to the Holders and containing such other information as may be reasonably required by the Issuer and subject to such reasonable regulations as the Issuer and the Bank may prescribe. All transfers, exchanges and replacement of Securities shall be noted in the Security Register. Every Security surrendered for transfer or exchange shall be duly endorsed or be accompanied by a written instrument of transfer, the signature on which has been guaranteed by an officer of a federal or state bank or a member of the National Association of Securities Dealers, in form satisfactory to the Bank, duly executed by the Holder thereof or his agent duly authorized in writing. The Bank may request any supporting documentation it feels necessary to effect a re -registration, transfer or exchange of the Securities. To the extent possible and under reasonable circumstances, the Bank agrees that, in relation to an exchange or transfer of Securities, the exchange or transfer by the Holders thereof will be completed and new Securities delivered to the Holder or the assignee of the Holder in not more than three (3) business days after the receipt of the Securities to be canceled in an exchange or transfer and the written instrument of transfer or request for exchange duly executed by the Holder, or his duly authorized agent, in form and manner satisfactory to the Paying Agent/Registrar. Section 4.02. Certificates. If the book -entry system of securities transfers and registrations shall be discontinued, the Issuer shall provide an adequate inventory of printed Securities to facilitate transfers or exchanges thereof. The Bank covenants that the inventory of printed Securities will be kept in safekeeping pending their use, and reasonable care will be exercised by the Bank in maintaining such Securities in safekeeping, which shall be not less than the care maintained by the Bank for debt securities of other political subdivisions or corporations for which it serves as registrar, or that is maintained for its own securities. Section 4.03. Form of Security Register. The Bank, as Registrar, will maintain the Security Register relating to the registration, payment, transfer and exchange of the Securities in accordance with the Bank's general practices and procedures in effect from time to time. The Bank shall not be obligated to maintain such Security Register in any form other than those which the Bank has currently available and currently utilizes at the time. The Security Register may be maintained in written form or in any other form capable of being converted into written form within a reasonable time. Section 4.04. List of Security Holders. The Bank will provide the Issuer at any time requested by the Issuer, upon payment of the required fee, a copy of the information contained in the Security Register. The Issuer may also inspect the information contained in the Security Register at any time the Bank is customarily open for business, provided that reasonable time is allowed the Bank to provide an up-to-date listing or to convert the information into written form. The Bank will not release or disclose the contents of the Security Register to any person other than to, or at the written request of, an authorized officer or employee of the Issuer, except upon receipt of a court order or as otherwise required by law. Upon receipt of a court order and prior to the release or disclosure of the contents of the Security Register, the Bank will notify the Issuer so that the Issuer may contest the court order or such release or disclosure of the contents of the Security Register. Section 4.05. Cancellation of Certificates. All certificates surrendered to the Bank, at the designated Payment/Transfer Office, for payment, redemption, transfer or replacement, shall be promptly canceled by the Bank. The Bank will provide to the Issuer, at reasonable intervals determined by it, a certificate evidencing the destruction of canceled certificates. Section 4.06. Mutilated, Destroyed, Lost or Stolen Securities. The Issuer hereby instructs the Bank, subject to the applicable provisions of the Order, to deliver and issue Securities in exchange for or in lieu of mutilated, destroyed, lost, or stolen Securities as long as the same does not result in an overissuance. In case any Security shall be mutilated, or destroyed, lost or stolen, the Bank, in its discretion, may execute and deliver a replacement Security of like form and tenor, and in the same denomination and bearing a number not contemporaneously outstanding, in exchange and substitution for such mutilated Security, or in lieu of and in substitution for such destroyed lost or stolen Security, only after (i) the filing by the Holder thereof with the Bank of evidence satisfactory to the Bank of the destruction, loss or theft of such Security, and of the authenticity of the ownership thereof and (ii) the furnishing to the Bank of indemnification in an amount satisfactory to hold the Issuer and the Bank harmless. All expenses and charges associated with such indemnity and with the preparation, execution and delivery of a replacement Security shall be borne by the Holder of the Security mutilated, or destroyed, lost or stolen. Section 4.07. Transaction Information to Issuer. The Bank will, within a reasonable time after receipt of written request from the Issuer, furnish the Issuer information as to the Securities it has paid pursuant to Section 3.01, Securities it has delivered upon the transfer or exchange of any Securities pursuant to Section 4.0 1, and Securities it has delivered in exchange for or in lieu of mutilated, destroyed, lost, or stolen Securities pursuant to Section 4.06. Section 4.08 Reporting Requirements. To the extent required by the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, and any regulations or rulings promulgated by the U. S. Department of the Treasury pursuant thereto, the Bank shall report or assure that a report is made to the Holder and the Internal Revenue Service the amount of interest paid or the amount treated as interest accrued on the Security which is required to be reported by a Holder on its returns of federal income tax. ARTICLE FIVE M429-8-7.1 Section 5.01. Duties of Bank. The Bank undertakes to perform the duties set forth herein and agrees to use reasonable care in the performance thereof. Section 5.02. Reliance on Documents, Etc. (a) The Bank may conclusively rely, as to the truth of the statements and correctness of the opinions expressed therein, on certificates or opinions furnished to the Bank. (b) The Bank shall not be liable for any error of judgment made in good faith by a Responsible Officer, unless it shall be proved that the Bank was negligent in ascertaining the pertinent facts. (c) No provisions of this Agreement shall require the Bank to expend or risk its own funds or otherwise incur any financial liability for performance of any of its duties hereunder, or in the exercise of any of its rights or powers, if it shall have reasonable grounds for believing that repayment of such funds or adequate indemnity satisfactory to it against such risks or liability is not assured to it. (d) The Bank may rely and shall be protected in acting or refraining from acting upon any resolution, certificate, statement, instrument, opinion, report, notice, request, direction, consent, order, bond, note, security, or other paper or document believed by it to be genuine and to have been signed or presented by the proper party or parties. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing statement, the Bank need not examine the ownership of any Securities, but is protected in acting upon receipt of Securities containing an endorsement or instruction of transfer or power of transfer which appears on its face to be signed by the Holder or an agent of the Holder. The Bank shall not be bound to make any investigation into the facts or matters stated in a resolution, certificate, statement, instrument, opinion, report, notice, request, direction, consent, order, bond, note, security or other paper or document supplied by Issuer. (e) The Bank may consult with counsel, and the written advice of such counsel or any opinion of counsel shall be full and complete authorization and protection with respect to any action taken, suffered, or omitted by it hereunder in good faith and in reliance thereon. (f) The Bank may exercise any of the powers hereunder and perform any duties hereunder either directly or by or through agents or attorneys of the Bank. Section 5.03. Recitals of Issuer. The recitals contained herein with respect to the Issuer and in the Securities shall be taken as the statements of the Issuer, and the Bank assumes no responsibility for their correctness. The Bank shall in no event be liable to the Issuer, any Holder or Holders of any Security, or any other Person for any amount due on any Security from its own funds. Section 5.04. May Hold Securities. The Bank, in its individual or any other capacity, may become the owner or pledgee of Securities and may otherwise deal with the Issuer with the same rights it would have if it were not the Paying Agent/Registrar, or any other agent. Section 5.05. Moneys Held by Bank. The Bank shall deposit any moneys received from the Issuer into a trust account to be held in a paying agency capacity for the payment of the Securities, with such moneys in the account that exceed the deposit insurance available to the Issuer by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, to be fully collateralized with securities or obligations that are eligible under the laws of the State of Texas to secure and be pledged as collateral for trust accounts until the principal and interest on such securities have been presented for payment and paid to the owner thereof. Payments made from such trust account shall be made by check drawn on such trust account unless the owner of such Securities shall, at its own expense and risk, request such other medium of payment. Subject to the Unclaimed Property Law of the State of Texas, any money deposited with the Bank for the payment of the principal, premium (if any), or interest on any Security and remaining unclaimed for three years after the final maturity of the Security has become due and payable will be paid by the Bank to the Issuer if the Issuer so elects, and the Holder of such Security shall hereafter look only to the Issuer for payment thereof, and all liability of the Bank with respect to such monies shall thereupon cease. If the Issuer does not elect, the Bank is directed to report and dispose of the funds in compliance with Title Six of the Texas Property Code, as amended. Section 5.06. Indemnification. To the extent permitted by law, the Issuer agrees to indemnify the Bank for, and hold it harmless against, any loss, liability, or expense incurred without negligence or bad faith on its part, arising out of or in connection with its acceptance or administration of its duties hereunder, including the cost and expense against any claim or liability in connection with the exercise or performance of any of its powers or duties under this Agreement. Section 5.07. Interpleader. The Issuer and the Bank agree that the Bank may seek adjudication of any adverse claim, demand, or controversy over its person as well as funds on deposit, in either a Federal or State District Court located in the State and County where the administrative offices of the Issuer are located, and agree that service of process by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, to the address referred to in Section 6.03 of this Agreement shall constitute adequate service. The Issuer and the Bank further agree that the Bank has the right to file a Bill of Interpleader in any court of competent jurisdiction within the State of Texas to determine the rights of any Person claiming any interest herein. Section 5.08. Depository Trust Company Services. It is hereby represented and warranted that, in the event the Securities are otherwise qualified and accepted for 'Depository Trust Company" services or equivalent depository trust services by other organizations, the Bank has the capability and, to the extent within its control, will comply with the "Operational Arrangements," effective August 1, 1987, which establishes requirements for securities to be eligible for such type depository trust services, including, but not limited to, requirements for the timeliness of payments and funds availability, transfer turnaround time, and notification of redemptions and calls. ARTICLE SIX MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS Section 6.01. Amendment. This Agreement may be amended only by an agreement in writing signed by both of the parties hereto. Section 6.02. Assignment. This Agreement may not be assigned by either party without the prior written consent of the other. Section 6.03. Notices. Any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver, or other document provided or permitted hereby to be given or furnished to the Issuer or the Bank shall be mailed or delivered to the Issuer or the Bank, respectively, at the addresses set forth below: Issuer Town of Westlake, Texas 3 Village Circle, Suite 202 Westlake, Texas 76262 Paying Agent/Registrar U.S. Bank National Association 14241 Dallas Parkway, Suite 490 Dallas, Texas 75254 hereof. Section 6.04. Effect of Headings. The Article and Section headings herein are for convenience only and shall not affect the construction Section 6.05. Successors and Assigns. All covenants and agreements herein by the Issuer shall bind its successors and assigns, whether so expressed or not. Section 6.06. Severability. In case any provision herein shall be invalid, illegal, or unenforceable, the validity, legality, and enforceability of the remaining provisions shall not in any way be affected or impaired thereby. Section 6.07. Benefits of Agreement. Nothing herein, express or implied, shall give to any Person, other than the parties hereto and their successors hereunder, any benefit or any legal or equitable right, remedy, or claim hereunder. Section 6.08. Entire Agreement. This Agreement and the Order constitute the entire agreement between the parties hereto relative to the Bank acting as Paying Agent/Registrar and if any conflict exists between this Agreement and the Order, the Order shall govern. Section 6.09. Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in any number of counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original and all of which shall constitute one and the same Agreement. Section 6.10. Termination. This Agreement will terminate (i) on the date of final payment of the principal of and interest on the Securities to the Holders thereof or (ii) may be earlier terminated by either party upon sixty (60) days written notice; provided, however, an early termination of this Agreement by either party shall not be effective until (a) a successor Paying Agent/Registrar has been appointed by the Issuer and such appointment accepted and (b) notice has been given to the Holders of the Securities of the appointment of a successor Paying Agent/Registrar. Furthermore, the Bank and Issuer mutually agree that the effective date of an early termination of this Agreement shall not occur at any time which would disrupt, delay or otherwise adversely affect the payment of the Securities. Upon an early termination of this Agreement, the Bank agrees to promptly transfer and deliver the Security Register (or a copy thereof), together with other pertinent books and records relating to the Securities, to the successor Paying Agent/Registrar designated and appointed by the Issuer. The provisions of Section 1.02 and of Article Five shall survive and remain in full force and effect following the termination of this Agreement. Section 6.11. Governing Law. This Agreement shall be construed in accordance with and governed by the laws of the State of Texas. (Execution Page Follows) IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have executed this Agreement as of the day and year first above written. U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCI N Title: TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS Town Manager IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have executed this Agreement as of the day and year first above written. U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION By: _ Title: TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS By: Town Manager SCHEDULE A PAYING AGENT/REGISTRAR FEE SCHEDULE (See attached) bank, Flsti Srk.kvticr 4:wramcttl i��*/ Corporate Trust Services 14241 Dallas Parkway, Suite 490 Dallas, TX 75254 Schedule of Fees for Services as Paying Agent, Registrar For Town of Westlake, Texas Series 2011 Administrative Fees Billed Annually 04200 Paying Agent $300 Annual account administration fee covers the routine duties of paying agent and registrar associated with the administration of the account. Administration fees are payable in advance. Direct Out of Pocket Expenses Reimbursement of expenses associated with the performance of our duties, including At Cost but not limited to publications, legal counsel after the initial close, travel expenses and filing fees. Extraordinary Services Extraordinary services are duties or responsibilities of an unusual nature, including termination, but not provided for in the governing documents or otherwise set forth in this schedule. A reasonable charge will be assessed based on the nature of the service and the responsibility involved. At our option, these charges will be billed at a flat fee or at our hourly rate then in effect. Account approval is subject to review and qualification. Fees are subject to change at our discretion and upon written notice. Fees paid in advance will not be prorated. The fees set forth above and any subsequent modifications thereof are part of your agreement. Finalization of the transaction constitutes agreement to the above fee schedule, including agreement to any subsequent changes upon proper written notice. In the event your transaction is not finalized, any related out-of-pocket expenses will be billed to you directly. Absent your written instructions to sweep or otherwise invest, all sums in your account will remain uninvested and no accrued interest or other compensation will be credited to the account. Payment of fees constitutes acceptance of the terms and conditions set forth. IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT PROCEDURES FOR OPENING A NEW ACCOUNT: To help the government fight the funding of terrorism and money laundering activities, Federal law requires all financial institutions to obtain, verify and record information that identifies each person who opens an account. For a non -individual person such as a business entity, a charity, a Trust or other legal entity we will ask for documentation to verify its formation and existence as a legal entity. We may also ask to see financial statements, licenses, identification and authorization documents from individuals claiming authority to represent the entity or other relevant documentation. Dated: November 2, 2011 ESCROW AGREEMENT Town of Westlake, Texas Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2002 Town of Westlake, Texas Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2003 THIS ESCROW AGREEMENT, dated as of December 1, 2011 (herein, together with any amendments or supplements hereto, called the "Agreement"), is entered into by and between the Town of Westlake, Texas (herein called the "Issuer"), and The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., as escrow agent (herein, together with any successor in such capacity, called the "Escrow Agent"). The addresses of the Issuer and the Escrow Agent are shown on Exhibit "A" attached hereto and made a part hereof. WITNESSETH: WHEREAS, the Issuer heretofore issued and there presently remain outstanding the obligations (the "Refunded Obligations") described in the Verification Report of Grant Thornton LLP (the "Report") relating to the Refunded Obligations, attached hereto as Exhibit "B" and made a part hereof, and WHEREAS, the Refunded Obligations are scheduled to mature in such years, bear interest at such rates, and be payable at such times and in such amounts as are set forth in the Report; and WHEREAS, when firm banking arrangements have been made for the payment of principal and interest to the maturity or redemption dates of the Refunded Obligations, then the Refunded Obligations shall no longer be regarded as outstanding except for the purpose of receiving payment from the funds provided for such purpose; and WHEREAS, Chapter 1207, Texas Government Code ("Chapter 1207"), authorizes the Issuer to issue refunding bonds and to deposit the proceeds from the sale thereof, and any other available funds or resources, directly with any paying agent for the Refunded Obligations, or a trust company or commercial bank that does not act as a depository for the Issuer, and such deposit, if made before such payment dates and in sufficient amounts, shall constitute the making of firm banking and financial arrangements for the discharge and final payment of the Refunded Obligations; and WHEREAS, Chapter 1207 further authorizes the Issuer to enter into an escrow agreement with any such paying agent for any of the Refunded Obligations, or a trust company or commercial bank that does not act as a depository for the Issuer, with respect to the safekeeping, investment, administration and disposition of any such deposit, upon such terms and conditions as the Issuer and such paying agent, trust company or commercial bank may agree, provided that such deposits may be invested only in obligations described in Section 1207.062 of Chapter 1207, which obligations may be in book entry form, and which shall mature and/or bear interest payable at such times and in such amounts as will be sufficient to provide for the scheduled payment of principal and interest on the Refunded Obligations when due; and WHEREAS, the Escrow Agent is a paying agent for certain of the Refunded Obligations and this Agreement constitutes an escrow agreement of the kind authorized and required by said Chapter 1207; and WHEREAS, Chapter 1207 makes it the duty of the Escrow Agent to comply with the terms of this Agreement and timely make available to the places ofpayment ("Paying Agents") for the Refunded Obligations the amounts required to provide for the payment of the principal of and interest on such obligations when due, and in accordance with their terms, but solely from the funds, in the manner, and to the extent provided in this Agreement; and WHEREAS, the issuance, sale, and delivery of Town of Westlake, Texas, General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 (the "Refunding Obligations") have been issued, sold and delivered for the purpose, among others, of obtaining the funds required to provide for the payment of the principal of the Refunded Obligations at their respective maturity dates or dates of redemption and the interest thereon to such dates; and WHEREAS, the Issuer desires that, concurrently with the delivery of the Refunding Obligations to the purchasers thereof, certain proceeds of the Refunding Obligations, together with certain other available funds of the Issuer, if applicable, shall be applied to purchase certain obligations described in Section 1207.062 of Chapter 1207, hereinafter defined as the "Escrowed Securities" for deposit to the credit of the Escrow Fund created pursuant to the terms of this Agreement and to establish a beginning cash balance (if needed) in such Escrow Fund; and WHEREAS, the Escrowed Securities shall mature and the interest thereon shall be payable at such times and in such amounts so as to provide moneys which, together with cash balances from time to time on deposit in the Escrow Fund, will be sufficient to pay interest on the Refunded Obligations as it accrues and becomes payable and the principal of the Refunded Obligations on their maturity dates or dates of redemption; and WHEREAS, to facilitate the receipt and transfer of proceeds of the Escrowed Securities, particularly those in book entry form, the Issuer desires to establish the Escrow Fund at the principal corporate trust office of the Escrow Agent; and NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual undertakings, promises and agreements herein contained, the sufficiency of which hereby are acknowledged, and to secure the full and timely payment of principal of and the interest on the Refunded Obligations, the Issuer and the Escrow Agent mutually undertake, promise, and agree for themselves and their respective representatives and successors, as follows: ARTICLE I DEFINITIONS AND INTERPRETATIONS Section 1.01. Definitions. Unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the following terms shall have the meanings assigned to them below when they are used in this Agreement: "Code" means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or to the extent applicable the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, together with any other applicable provisions of any successor federal income tax laws. "Escrow Fund" means the fund created by this Agreement to be administered by the Escrow Agent pursuant to the provisions of this Agreement. "Escrowed Securities" means, subject to any restrictions set forth in any order, ordinance or resolution of the Issuer authorizing the issuance of the Refunded Obligations, the obligations permitted by Section 1207.062 of Chapter 1207 as described in the Report or cash or other obligations permitted by Section 1207.062 of Chapter 1207 substituted therefor pursuant to Article IV of this Agreement. Section 1.02. Other Definitions. The terms "Agreement", "Issuer", "Escrow Agent", 'Refunded Obligations", 'Refunding Obligations" and 'Report", when they are used in this Agreement, shall have the meanings assigned to them in the preamble to this Agreement. Section 1.03. Interpretations. The titles and headings of the articles and sections of this Agreement have been inserted for convenience and reference only and are not to be considered a part hereof and shall not in any way modify or restrict the terms hereof. This Agreement and all of the terms and provisions hereof shall be liberally construed to effectuate the purposes set forth herein and to achieve the intended purpose of providing for the refunding of the Refunded Obligations in accordance with applicable law. ARTICLE II DEPOSIT OF FUNDS AND ESCROWED SECURITIES Section 2.01. Deposits in the Escrow Fund. Concurrently with the sale and delivery of the Refunding Obligations the Issuer shall deposit, or cause to be deposited, with the Escrow Agent, for deposit in the Escrow Fund, the funds and Escrowed Securities described in the Report, and the Escrow Agent shall, upon the receipt thereof, acknowledge such receipt to the Issuer in writing. ARTICLE III CREATION AND OPERATION OF ESCROW FUND Section 3.01. Escrow Fund. The Escrow Agent has created on its books a special trust fund and irrevocable escrow to be known as the Town of Westlake, Texas, General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 Escrow Fund (the 'Escrow Fund"). The Escrow Agent hereby agrees that upon receipt thereof it will irrevocably deposit to the credit of the Escrow Fund the funds and the Escrowed Securities described in the Report. Such deposit, all proceeds therefrom, and all cash balances from time to time on deposit therein (a) shall be the property of the Escrow Fund, (b) shall be applied only in strict conformity with the terms and conditions of this Agreement, and (c) are hereby irrevocably pledged to the payment of the principal of and interest on the Refunded Obligations, which payment shall be made by timely transfers of such amounts at such times as are provided for in Section 3.02 hereof. When the final transfers have been made for the payment of such principal of and interest on the Refunded Obligations, any balance then remaining in the Escrow Fund shall be transferred to the Issuer, and the Escrow Agent shall thereupon be discharged from any further duties hereunder. Section 3.02. Payment of Principal and Interest. The Escrow Agent is hereby irrevocably instructed to transfer from the cash balances from time to time on deposit in the Escrow Fund, the amounts required to pay the principal of the Refunded Obligations at their respective redemption dates and interest thereon to such redemption dates in the amounts and at the times shown in the Report. Section 3.03. Sufficiency of Escrow Fund. The Issuer represents that the successive receipts of the principal of and interest on the Escrowed Securities will assure that the cash balance on deposit from time to time in the Escrow Fund will be at all times sufficient to provide moneys for transfer to the Paying Agents at the times and in the amounts required to pay the interest on the Refunded Obligations as such interest comes due and the principal of the Refunded Obligations as the Refunded Obligations mature, all as more fully set forth in the Report. If, for any reason, at any time, the cash balances on deposit or scheduled to be on deposit in the Escrow Fund shall be insufficient to transfer the amounts required by each Paying Agent for the Refunded Obligations to make the payments set forth in Section 3.02 hereof, the Issuer shall timely deposit in the Escrow Fund, from any funds that are lawfully available therefor, additional funds in the amounts required to make such payments. Notice of any such insufficiency shall be given as promptly as practicable as hereinafter provided, but the Escrow Agent shall not in any manner be responsible for any insufficiency of funds in the Escrow Fund or the Issuer's failure to make additional deposits thereto. Section 3.04. Trust Fund. The Escrow Agent shall hold at all times the Escrow Fund, the Escrowed Securities and all other assets of the Escrow Fund, wholly segregated from all other funds and securities on deposit with the Escrow Agent; it shall never allow the Escrowed Securities or any other assets of the Escrow Fund to be commingled with any other funds or securities of the Escrow Agent; and it shall hold and dispose of the assets of the Escrow Fund only as set forth herein. The Escrowed Securities and other assets of the Escrow Fund shall always be maintained by the Escrow Agent as trust funds for the benefit of the owners of the Refunded Obligations; and a special account thereof shall at all times be maintained on the books of the Escrow Agent. The owners of the Refunded Obligations shall be entitled to the same preferred claim and first lien upon the Escrowed Securities, the proceeds thereof, and all other assets of the Escrow Fund to which they are entitled as owners of the Refunded Obligations. The amounts received by the Escrow Agent under this Agreement shall not be considered as a banking deposit by the Issuer, and the Escrow Agent shall have no right to title with respect thereto except as a constructive trustee and Escrow Agent under the terms of this Agreement. The amounts received by the Escrow Agent under this Agreement shall not be subject to warrants, drafts or checks drawn by the Issuer or, except to the extent expressly herein provided, by the Paying Agents. Section 3.05. Security for Cash Balances. Cash balances from time to time on deposit in the Escrow Fund shall, to the extent not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or its successor, be continuously secured by a pledge of direct obligations of, or obligations unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America, having a market value at least equal to such cash balances. ARTICLE IV LIMITATION ON INVESTMENTS Section 4.01. General Limitations. Except as provided in Sections 3.02, 4.02, 4.03 and 4.04 hereof, the Escrow Agent shall not have any power or duty to invest or reinvest any money held hereunder, or to make substitutions of the Escrowed Securities, or to sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of the Escrowed Securities. Section 4.02. Reinvestment of Certain Cash Balances in Escrow by Escrow Agent. In addition to the Escrowed Securities listed in the Report, the Escrow Agent shall reinvest cash balances shown in the Report in United States Treasury Obligations - State and Local Government Series with an interest rate equal to zero percent (0%) to the extent such Obligations are available from the Department of the Treasury. All such re- investments shall be made only from the portion of cash balances derived from the maturing principal of and interest on Escrowed Securities that are United States Treasury Certificates of Indebtedness, Notes or Bonds - State and Local Government Series. All such re -investments shall be acquired on and shall mature on the dates shown on the Report. Section 4.03. Substitutions and Reinvestments. At the discretion of the Issuer, the Escrow Agent shall reinvest cash balances representing receipts from the Escrowed Securities, make substitutions of the Escrowed Securities or redeem the Escrowed Securities and reinvest the proceeds thereof or hold such proceeds as cash, together with other moneys or securities held in the Escrow Fund provided that the Issuer delivers to the Escrow Agent the following: (1) an opinion by an independent certified public accountant that after such substitution or reinvestment the principal amount of the securities in the Escrow Fund (which shall be noncallable, not pre -payable obligations described in Section 1207.062 of Chapter 1207, subject to any restrictions set forth in any order, ordinance or resolution of the Issuer authorizing the issuance of the Refunded Obligations), together with the interest thereon and other available moneys, will be sufficient to pay, without further investment or reinvestment, as the same become due in accordance with the Report, the principal of, interest on and premium, if any, on the Refunded Obligations which have not previously been paid, and (2) an unqualified opinion of nationally recognized municipal bond counsel to the effect that (a) such substitution or reinvestment will not cause the Refunded Obligations to be "arbitrage bonds" within the meaning of Section 103 of the Code or the regulations thereunder in effect on the date of such substitution or reinvestment, or otherwise make the interest on the Refunded Obligations subject to federal income taxation, and (b) such substitution or reinvestment complies with the Constitution and laws of the State of Texas and with all relevant documents relating to the issuance of the Refunded Obligations. The Escrow Agent shall have no responsibility or liability for loss or otherwise with respect to investments made at the direction of the Issuer. Section 4.04. Substitution for Escrowed Securities. Concurrently with the initial deposit by the Issuer with the Escrow Agent, but not thereafter, the Issuer, at its option, may substitute cash or non-interest bearing noncallable and not pre -payable obligations described in Section 1207.062 of Chapter 1207, subject to any restrictions set forth in any order, ordinance or resolution of the Issuer authorizing the issuance of the Refunded Obligations, (i.e., obligations which mature and are payable in a stated amount on the maturity date thereof, and for which there are no payments other than the payment made on the maturity date) (the "Substitute Obligations") for non-interest bearing Escrowed Securities, if any, but only if such Substitute Obligations (a) are in an amount, and/or mature in an amount, which is equal to or greater than the amount payable on the maturity date of the obligation listed in the Report for which such Substitute Obligation is substituted, (b) mature on or before the maturity date of the obligation listed in the Report for which such Substitute Obligation is substituted, and (c) produce the amount necessary to pay the interest on and principal of the Refunded Obligations, as set forth in the Report, as verified by a certified public accountant or a firm of certified public accountants. If, concurrently with the initial deposit by the Issuer with the Escrow Agent, any such Substitute Obligations are so substituted for any Escrowed Securities, the Issuer may, at any time thereafter, substitute for such Substitute Obligations the same Escrowed Securities for which such Substitute Obligations originally were substituted. Section 4.05. Arbitrage. The Issuer hereby covenants and agrees that it shall never request the Escrow Agent to exercise any power hereunder or permit any part of the money in the Escrow Fund or proceeds from the sale of Escrowed Securities to be used directly or indirectly to acquire any securities or obligations if the exercise of such power or the acquisition of such securities or obligations would cause any Refunding Obligations or Refunded Obligations to be an "arbitrage bond" within the meaning of the Code. ARTICLE V APPLICATION OF CASH BALANCES Section 5.01. In General. Except as provided in Sections 3.02, 4.02, 4.03 and 4.04 hereof, no withdrawals, transfers, or reinvestment shall be made of cash balances in the Escrow Fund. ARTICLE VI RECORDS AND REPORTS Section 6.01. Records. The Escrow Agent will keep books of record and account in which complete and correct entries shall be made of all transactions relating to the receipts, disbursements, allocations and application of the money and Escrowed Securities deposited to the Escrow Fund and all proceeds thereof, and such books shall be available for inspection at reasonable hours and under reasonable conditions by the Issuer and the owners of the Refunded Obligations. Section 6.02. Reports. While this Agreement remains in effect, the Escrow Agent annually shall prepare and send to the Issuer a written report summarizing all transactions relating to the Escrow Fund during the preceding year, including, without limitation, credits to the Escrow Fund as a result of interest payments on or maturities of the Escrowed Securities and transfers from the Escrow Fund for payments on the Refunded Obligations or otherwise, together with a detailed statement of all Escrowed Securities and the cash balance on deposit in the Escrow Fund as of the end of such period. ARTICLE VII CONCERNING THE PAYING AGENTS AND ESCROW AGENT Section 7.01. Representations. The Escrow Agent hereby represents that it has all necessary power and authority to enter into this Agreement and undertake the obligations and responsibilities imposed upon it herein, and that it will carry out all of its obligations hereunder. Section 7.02. Limitation on Liability. The liability of the Escrow Agent to transfer funds for the payment of the principal of and interest on the Refunded Obligations shall be limited to the proceeds of the Escrowed Securities and the cash balances from time to time on deposit in the Escrow Fund. Notwithstanding any provision contained herein to the contrary, neither the Escrow Agent nor the Paying Agents shall have any liability whatsoever for the insufficiency of funds from time to time in the Escrow Fund or any failure of the obligors of the Escrowed Securities to make timely payment thereon, except for the obligation to notify the Issuer as promptly as practicable of any such occurrence. The recitals herein and in the proceedings authorizing the Refunding Obligations shall be taken as the statements of the Issuer and shall not be considered as made by, or imposing any obligation or liability upon, the Escrow Agent. The Escrow Agent is not a party to the proceedings authorizing the Refunding Obligations or the Refunded Obligations and is not responsible for nor bound by any of the provisions thereof (except as a place of payment and paying agent and/or a Paying Agent/Registrar therefor). In its capacity as Escrow Agent, it is agreed that the Escrow Agent need look only to the terms and provisions of this Agreement. The Escrow Agent makes no representations as to the value, conditions or sufficiency of the Escrow Fund, or any part thereof, or as to the title of the Issuer thereto, or as to the security afforded thereby or hereby, and the Escrow Agent shall not incur any liability or responsibility in respect to any of such matters. It is the intention of the parties hereto that the Escrow Agent shall never be required to use or advance its own funds or otherwise incur personal financial liability in the performance of any of its duties or the exercise of any of its rights and powers hereunder. The Escrow Agent shall not be liable for any action taken or neglected to be taken by it in good faith in any exercise of reasonable care and believed by it to be within the discretion or power conferred upon it by this Agreement, nor shall the Escrow Agent be responsible for the consequences of any error of judgment; and the Escrow Agent shall not be answerable except for its own action, neglect or default, nor for any loss unless the same shall have been through its negligence or willful misconduct. Unless it is specifically otherwise provided herein, the Escrow Agent has no duty to determine or inquire into the happening or occurrence of any event or contingency or the performance or failure of performance of the Issuer with respect to arrangements or contracts with others, with the Escrow Agent's sole duty hereunder being to safeguard the Escrow Fund, to dispose of and deliver the same in accordance with this Agreement. If, however, the Escrow Agent is called upon by the terms of this Agreement to determine the occurrence of any event or contingency, the Escrow Agent shall be obligated, in making such determination, only to exercise reasonable care and diligence, and in event of error in making such determination the Escrow Agent shall be liable only for its own willful misconduct or its negligence. In determining the occurrence of any such event or contingency the Escrow Agent may request from the Issuer or any other person such reasonable additional evidence as the Escrow Agent in its discretion may deem necessary to determine any fact relating to the occurrence of such event or contingency, and in this connection may make inquiries of, and consult with, among others, the Issuer at any time. Section 7.03. Compensation. (a) Concurrently with the sale and delivery of the Refunding Obligations, the Issuer shall pay to the Escrow Agent, as a fee for performing the services hereunder and for all expenses incurred or to be incurred by the Escrow Agent in the administration of this Agreement, the amount set forth in Exhibit C, attached hereto, the sufficiency of which is hereby acknowledged by the Escrow Agent. In the event that the Escrow Agent is requested to perform any extraordinary services hereunder, the Issuer hereby agrees to pay reasonable fees to the Escrow Agent for such extraordinary services and to reimburse the Escrow Agent for all expenses incurred by the Escrow Agent in performing such extraordinary services, and the Escrow Agent hereby agrees to look only to the Issuer for the payment of such fees and reimbursement of such expenses. The Escrow Agent hereby agrees that in no event shall it ever assert any claim or lien against the Escrow Fund for any fees for its services, whether regular or extraordinary, as Escrow Agent, or in any other capacity, or for reimbursement for any of its expenses. (b) The Escrow Agent is the place of payment (paying agent) for certain of the Refunded Obligations. The Issuer covenants to timely pay for all future paying agency services of the Paying Agent for such Refunded Obligations in accordance with the paying agent fee schedule now in effect through the final payment of such Refunded Obligations, the sufficiency of which is hereby acknowledged by such Paying Agent. Additionally, such Paying Agent agrees to look only to the Issuer for the payment of such fees and reimbursement of such expenses, and for the benefit of the registered owners of such Refunded Obligations, to perform the services as Paying Agent without regard to the future payment of such fees and expenses. Such Paying Agent hereby agrees that in no event shall it ever assert any claim or lien against the Escrow Fund for any fees for its services, whether regular or extraordinary, as Paying Agent, or in any other capacity, or for reimbursement for any of its expenses. (c) Upon receipt of the aforesaid specific sums stated in subsections (a) and (b) of this Section 7.03 for Escrow Agent and paying agency fees, expenses, and services, the Escrow Agent shall acknowledge such receipt to the Issuer in writing. Section 7.04. Successor Escrow Agents. (a) If at any time the Escrow Agent or its legal successor or successors should become unable, through operation or law or otherwise, to act as escrow agent hereunder, or if its property and affairs shall be taken under the control of any state or federal court or administrative body because of insolvency or bankruptcy or for any other reason, a vacancy shall forthwith exist in the office of Escrow Agent hereunder. In such event the Issuer, by appropriate action, promptly shall appoint an Escrow Agent to fill such vacancy. If no successor Escrow Agent shall have been appointed by the Issuer within 60 days, a successor may be appointed by the owners of a majority in principal amount of the Refunded Obligations then outstanding by an instrument or instruments in writing filed with the Issuer, signed by such owners or by their duly authorized attorneys -in -fact. If, in a proper case, no appointment of a successor Escrow Agent shall be made pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this section within three months after a vacancy shall have occurred, the owner of any Refunded Obligation may apply to any court of competent jurisdiction to appoint a successor Escrow Agent. Such court may thereupon, after such notice, if any, as it may deem proper, prescribe and appoint a successor Escrow Agent. (b) Any successor Escrow Agent shall be: (i) a corporation, bank or banking association organized and doing business under the laws of the United States or the State of Texas; (ii) be authorized under such laws to exercise corporate trust powers; (iii) be authorized under Texas law to act as an escrow agent; (iv) have its principal office and place of business in the State of Texas; (v) have a combined capital and surplus of at least $5,000,000; and (vi) be subject to the supervision or examination by Federal or State authority. (c) Any successor Escrow Agent shall execute, acknowledge and deliver to the Issuer and the Escrow Agent an instrument accepting such appointment hereunder, and the Escrow Agent shall execute and deliver an instrument transferring to such successor Escrow Agent, subject to the terms of this Agreement, all the rights, powers and trusts of the Escrow Agent hereunder. Upon the request of any such successor Escrow Agent, the Issuer shall execute any and all instruments in writing for more fully and certainly vesting in and confirming to such successor Escrow Agent all such rights, powers and duties. (d) The Escrow Agent at the time acting hereunder may at any time resign and be discharged from the trust hereby created by giving not less than sixty (60) days' written notice to the Issuer and publishing notice thereof, specifying the date when such resignation will take effect, in a newspaper printed in the English language and with general circulation in New York, New York, such publication to be made once at least three (3) weeks prior to the date when the resignation is to take effect. No such resignation shall take effect unless a successor Escrow Agent shall have been appointed by the owners of the Refunded Obligations or by the Issuer as herein provided and such successor Escrow Agent shall be a paying agent for the Refunded Obligations and shall have accepted such appointment, in which event such resignation shall take effect immediately upon the appointment and acceptance of a successor Escrow Agent. (e) Under any circumstances, the Escrow Agent shall pay over to its successor Escrow Agent proportional parts of the Escrow Agent's fee and, if applicable, its Paying Agent's fee hereunder. Section 7.05. Reregistration of Refunded Obligations. The Paying Agent hereby agrees to promptly notify by first-class mail all affected registered owners of Refunded Obligations for which they respectively serve as paying agent and for which a portion of such Refunded Obligations have been refunded that: (i) a portion of such bonds has been refunded and is secured until final maturity solely with cash and investments maintained by the Escrow Agent in the Escrow Fund, (ii) the principal amount of Refunded Obligations registered in the name of such registered owner that has been refunded and is payable solely from cash and investments in the Escrow Fund and the remaining principal amount of Refunded Obligations registered in the name of such registered owner, if any, has not been refunded and is payable and secured solely from ad valorem taxes of the Issuer described in the Refunded Obligations and the orders of the Issuer authorizing the issuance of the Refunded Obligations, (iii) the registered owner is required to submit his or her Refunded Obligation(s) to the Paying Agent for the purposes of reregistering such registered owner's Refunded Obligations and assigning new CUSIP numbers in order to distinguish the source of payment for the principal and interest of such Refunded Obligations, and (iv) payment of principal of and interest on such Refunded Obligations may, in some circumstances, be delayed until such Refunded Obligations have been reregistered and new CUSIP numbers have been assigned as required by (iii) above. ARTICLE VIII MISCELLANEOUS Section 8.01. Notice. Any notice, authorization, request, or demand required or permitted to be given hereunder shall be in writing and shall be deemed to have been duly given when mailed by registered or certified mail, postage prepaid addressed to the Issuer or the Escrow Agent at the address shown on Exhibit "A" attached hereto. The United States Post Office registered or certified mail receipt showing delivery of the aforesaid shall be conclusive evidence of the date and fact of delivery. Any party hereto may change the address to which notices are to be delivered by giving to the other parties not less than ten (10) days prior notice thereof. Prior written notice of any amendment to this Agreement contemplated pursuant to Section 8.08 and immediate written notice of any incidence of a severance pursuant to Section 8.04 shall be sent to Moody's Investors Service, Attn: Public Finance Rating Desk/Refunded Bonds, 99 Church Street, New York, New York 10007, Standard & Poor's Corporation, Attn: Municipal Bond Department, 25 Broadway, New York, New York 10004 and Fitch, Inc., One State Street Plaza, New York, New York 10004. Section 8.02. Termination of Responsibilities. Upon the taking of all the actions as described herein by the Escrow Agent, the Escrow Agent shall have no further obligations or responsibilities hereunder to the Issuer, the owners of the Refunded Obligations or to any other person or persons in connection with this Agreement. Section 8.03. Binding Agreement. This Agreement shall be binding upon the Issuer and the Escrow Agent and their respective successors and legal representatives, and shall inure solely to the benefit of the 9 owners of the Refunded Obligations, the Issuer, the Escrow Agent and their respective successors and legal representatives. Section 8.04. Severability. In case anyone or more of the provisions contained in this Agreement shall for any reason be held to be invalid, illegal or unenforceable in any respect, such invalidity, illegality or unenforceability shall not affect any other provisions of this Agreement, but this Agreement shall be construed as if such invalid or illegal or unenforceable provision had never been contained herein. Section 8.05. Texas Law Governs. This Agreement shall be governed exclusively by the provisions hereof and by the applicable laws of the State of Texas. Section 8.06. Time of the Essence. Time shall be of the essence in the performance of obligations from time to time imposed upon the Escrow Agent by this Agreement. Section 8.07. Effective date of Agreement. This Agreement shall be effective upon receipt by the Escrow Agent of the funds described in the Report and the Escrowed Securities, together with the specific sums stated in subsections (a) and (b) of Section 7.03 for Escrow Agent and paying agency fees, expenses, and services. Section 8.08. Amendments. This Agreement shall not be amended except to cure any ambiguity or formal defect or omission in this Agreement. No amendment shall be effective unless the same shall be in writing and signed by the parties thereto. No such amendment shall adversely affect the rights of the holders of the Refunded Obligations. Section 8.09. Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in one or more counterparts, each and all of which shall constitute one and the same instrument. (Execution Page Follows) 10 EXECUTED as of the date first written above. TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON TRUST COMPANY, N.A. L"-fi Title: S-1 !14'Aiw—F / EXECUTED as of the date first written above. TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS Town Manager THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON TRUST COMPANY, N.A. F20, .11 0 ., �A k fflm^lh S-1 INDEX TO EXHIBITS Exhibit "A" Addresses of the Issuer and the Escrow Agent Exhibit "B" Verification Report of Grant Thornton LLP Exhibit "C" Escrow Agent Fees EXHIBIT "A" ADDRESSES OF THE ISSUER AND THE ESCROW AGENT ISSUER Town of Westlake, Texas 3 Village Circle, Suite 202 Westlake, Texas 76262 Attention: Town Manager ESCROW AGENT The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. 2001 Bryan Street, 11th Floor Dallas, Texas 75201 Attn: Corporate Trust Division A-1 EXHIBIT 'B" VERIFICATION REPORT OF GRANT THORNTON LLP (Omitted at this point as it is included elsewhere in the transcript.) mi EXHIBIT "C" ESCROW AGENT FEES (See attached) C-1 Fee Schedule Town of Westlake General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 Acceptance Fee None A one-time charge covering the Bank Officer's review of governing documents, communication with members of the closing party, including representatives of the issuer, investment banker(s) and attorney(s), establishment of procedures and controls, set-up of trust accounts and tickler suspense items and the receipt and disbursement/investment of bond proceeds. This fee is payable on the closing date. Escrow Agent Fee: $2,250 '. The Escrow Agent Fee covers the consideration of documents and the normal administrative duties of the escrow agent according to the governing documents. For a full year or partial year escrow the fee is $750 per year. Should the escrow account or depository account be open for less than two months, then we will reduce our fee to $375. Should we not open an escrow, depository or similar account, we will not charge for such services. This fee is payable on the closing date. Pricing for Call or Redemptions of Bonds $300 Pei,Galt $600 Call Pricing includes distribution of the call notice to holders of record, redemption processing, and notification to EMMA. Any publication expenses (i.e. Bond Buyer, regional periodical, financial periodicals, etc.) for the call notice will be billed to the Issuer at cost. Extraordinary ServicesiMisc Fees- At Appraisal' The charges for performing extraordinary or other services not contemplated at the time of the execution of the transaction or not specifically covered elsewhere in this schedule will be commensurate with the service to be provided and may be charged in BNY Mellon's sole discretion. If it is contemplated that the Trustee hold and/or value collateral or enter into any investment contract, forward purchase or similar or other agreement, additional acceptance, administration and counsel review fees will be applicable to the agreement governing such services. If the bonds are converted to certificated form, additional annual fees will be charged for any applicable tender agent and/or registrar/paying agent services. Additional information will be provided at such time. Should this transaction terminate prior to closing, all out-of-pocket expenses incurred, including legal fees, will be billed at cost. If all outstanding bonds of a series are defeased or called in full prior to their maturity, a termination fee may be assessed at that time. These extraordinary services may include, but are not limited to, supplemental agreements, consent operations, unusual releases, tender processing, sinking fund redemptions, failed remarketing processing, the preparation of special or interim reports, custody of collateral, a one-time fee to be charged upon termination of an engagement. Counsel, accountants, special agents and others will be charged at the actual amount of fees and expenses billed, UCC filing fees, money market sweep fees, auditor confirmation fees, wire transfer fees, transaction fees to settle third -party trades and reconcilement fees to balance trust account balances to third - party investment provider statements 2001 Bryan — 11th Floor Dallas, TX 75201 BNY MELLON CORPORATE TRUST Annual fees include one standard audit confirmation per year without charge. Standard audit confirmations include the final maturity date, principal paid, principal outstanding, interest cycle, interest paid, cash and asset information, interest rate, and asset statement information. Non-standard audit confirmation requests may be assessed an additional fee. Periodic tenders, sinking fund, optional or extraordinary call redemptions will be assessed at $300 per event. FDIC or other governmental charges will be passed along to you as incurred. Terms and Disclosures Terms of Proposal Final acceptance of the appointment under the Indenture is subject to approval of authorized officers of BNYM and full review and execution of all documentation related hereto. Please note that if this transaction does not close, you will be responsible for paying any expenses incurred, including Counsel Fees. We reserve the right to terminate this offer if we do not enter into final written documents within three months from the date this document is first transmitted to you. Fees may be subject to adjustment during the life of the engagement. Customer Notice Required by the USA Patriot Act To help the US government fight the funding of terrorism and money laundering activities, US Federal law requires all financial institutions to obtain, verify, and record information that identifies each person (whether an individual or organization) for which a relationship is established. What this means to you: When you establish a relationship with BNYM, we will ask you to provide certain information (and documents) that will help us to identify you. We will ask for your organization's name, physical address, tax identification or other government registration number and other information that will help us to identify you. We may also ask for a Certificate of Incorporation or similar document or other pertinent identifying documentation for your type of organization. We thank you for your assistance. 2001 Bryan — 11i' Floor Dallas, TX 75201 SIGNATURE IDENTIFICATION AND AUTHORITY CERTIFICATE OF ESCROW AGENT I, the undersigned officer of The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N. A. (the "Bank"), which is the Escrow Agent appointed by the Town of Westlake (the "Issuer"), in connection with the execution and delivery of an Escrow Agreement (the "Escrow Agreement") dated as of December 1, 2011 between the Issuer and the Bank hereby certify as follows: 1. The Bank is a national banking association duly organized under the banking laws of the United States of America and has full power and authority to enter into and perform the obligations of the Escrow Agent under Escrow Agreement. 2. The Escrow Agreement has been duly executed and attested on behalf of the Bank by one or more of the persons named below whose offices appear set opposite their names; said persons were at the time of executing the Escrow Agreement and are now, duly elected, qualified and acting incumbents of their respective offices; and the signatures appearing after each of said persons' names is the true and correct specimen of such person's genuine signature: Name Officeature Caresse Tankersley Associate f. 3. The foregoing officers of the Bank, by virtue of the authority delegated to them as set forth in Exhibit A, are authorized to execute and deliver on behalf of the Escrow Agreement and such other and further documents as may be necessary or incidental to the acceptance and performance of the duties set forth within. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned Bank has caused this certificate to be executed and its seal affixed on Tt�rmher 6. 2o1 i. The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. Dallas, Texas as Escrow Agent 10 B Y: Title: Associate [BANK SEAL] Exhibit A — Evidence of Delegation of Authority THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON TRUST COMPANY, N.A. I, the undersigned, Barbara J• Parrish, Assistant Secretary of The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., a national banking association organized under the laws of the United States (the "Association") and located in the State of California, with a trust office located at 2001 Bryan Street, Dallas, Texas, DO HEREBY CERTIFY that the following individuals are duly appointed and qualified Officers of the Association: Officer Title Signing Authority Michelle Baldwin Vice President A, C2, J, N, P2 Deborah A. Bennett Vice President A, C2, J, P1 Rosalyn Y. Davis Vice President A, C2, J, N, P2 Michael K. Herberger Vice President A, C2, J, N, PI Elizabeth Power Vice President A, C2, J, N, P2 Cathleen M. Sokolowski Vice President A, C1, J, N, P1 Shannon Straty Vice President A, C2, J, N, P2 Rick Adler Senior Associate A, C5, J, N, P2 Tony Hongnoi Senior Associate A, C4, J, N Gulnaar Murthy Senior Associate A, C5, J, N, P2 Jason Stephens Senior Associate A, C2, J, N, P1 Deirdre A. Wilson Senior Associate A, C5, J, P2 Erin L. Fitzpatrick Associate A, C3, J, N Caresse L. Tankersley Associate A, C3, J, N I further certify that as of this date they have been authorized to sign on behalf of the Association in discharging or performing their duties in accordance with the limited signing powers provided under Article V, Section 5.3 of the By -Laws of the Association and the paragraphs indicated above of the signing authority resolution of the Board of Directors of the Association. Attached hereto are true and correct copies of excerpts of the By -Laws of the Association and the signing authority resolution, which have not been amended or revised since October 15, 2009 and are in full force and effect. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. this 22"d day November 2011. 24"� _0__ (��_ Barbara J. Parrish, Assistant Secretary Extracts from By -Laws of The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. As Amended through October 15, 2009 ARTICLE V SIGNING AUTHORITIES Section 5.1 Real Property. Real property owned by the Association in its own right shall not be deeded, conveyed, mortgaged, assigned or transferred except when duly authorized by a resolution of the Board. The Board may from time -to -time authorize officers to deed, convey, mortgage, assign or transfer real property owned by the Association in its own right with such maximum values as the Board may fix in its authorizing resolution. Section 5.2. Senior Signing Powers. Subject to the exception provided in Section 5. 1, the President and any Executive Vice President is authorized to accept, endorse, execute or sign any document, instrument or paper in the name of, or on behalf of, the Association in all transactions arising out of, or in connection with, the normal course of the Association's business or in any fiduciary, representative or agency capacity and, when required, to affix the seal of the Association thereto. In such instances as in the judgment of the President, or any Executive Vice President may be proper and desirable, any one of said officers may authorize in writing from time -to -time any other officer to have the powers set forth in this section applicable only to the performance or discharge of the duties of such officer within his or her particular division or function. Any officer of the Association authorized in or pursuant to Section 5.3 to have any of the powers set forth therein, other than the officer signing pursuant to this Section 5.2, is authorized to attest to the seal of the Association on any documents requiring such seal. Section 5.3. Limited Signing Powers. Subject to the exception provided in Section 5.1, in such instances as in the judgment of the President or any Executive Vice President, may be proper and desirable, any one of said officers may authorize in writing from time -to -time any other officer, employee or individual to have the limited signing powers or limited power to affix the seal of the Association to specified classes of documents set forth in a resolution of the Board applicable only to the performance or discharge of the duties of such officer, employee or individual within his or her division or function. Section 5.4. Powers of Attorney. All powers of attorney on behalf of the Association shall be executed by any officer of the Association jointly with the President, any Executive Vice President, or any Managing Director, provided that the execution by such Managing Director of said Power of Attorney shall be applicable only to the performance or discharge of the duties of said officer within his or her particular division or function. Any such power of attorney may, however, be executed by any officer or officers or person or persons who may be specifically authorized to execute the same by the Board of Directors. Section 5.5. Auditor. The Auditor or any officer designated by the Auditor is authorized to certify in the name of, or on behalf of the Association, in its own right or in a fiduciary or representative capacity, as to the accuracy and completeness of any account, schedule of assets, or other document, instrument or paper requiring such certification. SIGNING AUTHORITY RESOLUTION Pursuant to Article V, Section 5.3 of the By -Laws Adopted October 15, 2009 RESOLVED that, pursuant to Section 5.3 of the By -Laws of the Association, authority be, and hereby is, granted to the President or any Executive Vice President, in such instances as in the judgment of any one of said officers may be proper and desirable, to authorize in writing from time -to - time any other officer, employee or individual to have the limited signing authority set forth in any one or more of the following paragraphs applicable only to the performance or discharge of the duties of such officer, employee or individual within his or her division or function: (A) All signing authority set forth in paragraphs (B) through (I) below except Level C which must be specifically designated. (B1) Individuals authorized to accept, endorse, execute or sign any bill receivable; certification; contract, document or other instrument evidencing, embodying a commitment with respect to, or reflecting the terms or conditions of, a loan or an extension of credit by the Association; note; and document, instrument or paper of any type, including stock and bond powers, required for purchasing, selling, transferring, exchanging or otherwise disposing of or dealing in foreign currency, derivatives or any form of securities, including options and futures thereon; in each case in transactions arising out of, or in connection with, the normal course of the Association's business. (B2) Individuals authorized to endorse, execute or sign any certification; disclosure notice required by law; document, instrument or paper of any type required for judicial, regulatory or administrative proceedings or filings; and legal opinions. (Cl) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign or effect the issuance of any cashiers, certified or other official check; draft; order for payment of money; check certification; receipt; certificate of deposit; money transfer wire; and internal transfers resulting in a change of beneficial ownership; in each case, in excess of $500,000,000 with single authorization for all transactions. (C2) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign or effect the issuance of any cashiers, certified or other official check; draft; order for payment of money; check certification; receipt; certificate of deposit; money transfer wire; and internal transfers resulting in a change of beneficial ownership; in each case, in excess of $500,000,000*. (C3) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign or effect the issuance of any cashiers, certified or other official check; draft; order for payment of money; check certification; receipt; certificate of deposit; money transfer wire; and internal transfers resulting in a change of beneficial ownership; in each case, in an amount up to $500,000,000. (C4) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign or effect the issuance of any cashiers, certified or other official check; draft; order for payment of money; check certification; receipt; certificate of deposit; money transfer wire; and internal transfers resulting in a change of beneficial ownership; in each case, in an amount in excess of $100,000,000 but not to exceed $500,000,000*. (C5) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign or effect the issuance of any cashiers, certified or other official check; draft; order for payment of money; check certification; receipt; certificate of deposit; money transfer wire; and internal transfers resulting in a change of beneficial ownership; in each case, in an amount up to $100,000,000. (C6) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign or effect the issuance of any cashiers, certified or other official check; draft; order for payment of money; check certification; receipt; certificate of deposit; money transfer wire; and internal transfers resulting in a change of beneficial ownership; in each case, in an amount up to $10,000,000. (C7) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign or effect the issuance of any cashiers, certified or other official check, draft; order for payment of money; check certification; receipt; certificate of deposit; money transfer wire; and internal transfers resulting in a change of beneficial ownership; in each case, in an amount up to $5,000,000. (C8) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign or effect the issuance of any cashiers, certified or other official check; draft; order for payment of money; check certification; receipt; certificate of deposit; money transfer wire; and internal transfers resulting in a change of beneficial ownership; in each case, in an amount up to $1,000,000. (C9) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign or effect the issuance of any cashiers, certified or other official check; draft; order for payment of money; check certification; receipt; certificate of deposit; money transfer wire; and internal transfers resulting in a change of beneficial ownership; in each case, in an amount up to $250,000. (C10) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign or effect the issuance of any cashiers, certified or other official check; draft; order for payment of money; check certification; receipt; certificate of deposit; money transfer wire; and internal transfers resulting in a change of beneficial ownership; in each case, in an amount up to $50,000. (C11) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign or effect the issuance of any cashiers, certified or other official check; draft; order for payment of money; check certification; receipt; certificate of deposit; money transfer wire; and internal transfers resulting in a change of beneficial ownership; in each case, in an amount up to $5,000. *Dual authorization is required by any combination of senior officer and/or Sector Head approved designee for non-exempt transactions. Single authorization required for exempt transactions. (D1) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign any contract obligating the Association for the payment of money or the provision of services in an amount up to $1,000,000. (D2) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign any contract obligating the Association for the payment of money or the provision of services in an amount up to $250,000. (D3) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign any contract obligating the Association for the payment of money or the provision of services in an amount up to $50,000. (D4) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign any contract obligating the Association for the payment of money or the provision of services in an amount up to $5,000. (E) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign any guarantee of signature to assignments of stocks, bonds or other instruments; certification required for transfers and deliveries of stocks, bonds or other instruments; and document, instrument or paper of any type required in connection with any Individual Retirement Account or Keogh Plan or similar plan. (F) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign any certificate of authentication as bond, unit investment trust or debenture trustee and on behalf of the Association as registrar and transfer agent. (G) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign any bankers acceptance; letter of credit; and bill of lading. (H) Authority to accept, endorse, execute or sign any document, instrument or paper of any type required in connection with the ownership, management or transfer of real or personal property held by the Association in trust or in connection with any transaction with respect to which the Association is acting in any fiduciary, representative or agency capacity, including the acceptance of such fiduciary, representative or agency account. (I1) Authority to effect the external movement of free delivery of securities and internal transfers resulting in changes of beneficial ownership. (I2) Authority to effect the movement of securities versus payment at market or contract value. (J) Authority to either sign on behalf of the Association or to affix the seal of the Association to any of the following classes of documents: Trust Indentures, Escrow Agreements, Pooling and Servicing Agreements, Collateral Agency Agreements, Custody Agreements, Trustee's Deeds, Executor's Deeds, Personal Representative's Deeds, Other Real Estate Deeds for property not owned by the Association in its own right, Corporate Resolutions, Mortgage Satisfactions, Mortgage Assignments, Trust Agreements, Loan Agreements, Trust and Estate Accountings, Probate Petitions, responsive pleadings in litigated matters and Petitions in Probate Court with respect to Accountings, Contracts for providing customers with Association products or services. (1V) Individuals authorized to accept, endorse, execute or sign internal transactions only, (i.e., general ledger tickets); does not include the authority to authorize external money movements, internal money movements or internal free deliveries that result in changes of beneficial ownership. (Pl) Authority to approve the payment of valid expenses as incurred to meet the obligations of the Association, excluding salary and other employee directed benefit payments; in each case, in excess of $10,000,000. (P2) Authority to approve the payment of valid expenses as incurred to meet the obligations of the Association, excluding salary and other employee directed benefit payments; in each case, in an amount up to $10,000,000. (P3) Authority to approve the payment of valid expenses as incurred to meet the obligations of the Association, excluding salary and other employee directed benefit payments; in each case, in an amount up to $5,000,000. (P4) Authority to approve the payment of valid expenses as incurred to meet the obligations of the Association, excluding salary and other employee directed benefit payments; in each case, in an amount up to $1,000,000. (P5) Authority to approve the payment of valid expenses as incurred to meet the obligations of the Association, excluding salary and other employee directed benefit payments; in each case, in an amount up to $250,000. (P6) Authority to approve the payment of valid expenses as incurred to meet the obligations of the Association, excluding salary and other employee directed benefit payments; in each case, in an amount up to $100,000. (P7) Authority to approve the payment of valid expenses as incurred to meet the obligations of the Association, excluding salary and other employee directed benefit payments; in each case, in an amount up to $50,000. (P8) Authority to approve the payment of valid expenses as incurred to meet the obligations of the Association, excluding salary and other employee directed benefit payments; in each case, in an amount up to $25,000. (P9) Authority to approve the payment of valid expenses as incurred to meet the obligations of the Association, excluding salary and other employee directed benefit payments; in each case, in an amount up to $10,000. (P10) Authority to approve the payment of valid expenses as incurred to meet the obligations of the Association, excluding salary and other employee directed benefit payments; in each case, in an amount up to $5,000. (P11) Authority to approve the payment of valid expenses as incurred to meet the obligations of the Association, excluding salary and other employee directed benefit payments; in each case, in an amount up to $3,000. RESOLVED, that any signing authority granted pursuant to this resolution may be rescinded by the President or any Executive Vice President and such signing authority shall terminate without the necessity of any further action when the person having such authority leaves the employ of the Association. Cash Flow and Yield Verification Report Town of Westlake, Texas (Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas) December 20, 2011 Contents Letter Exhibit A Schedule of Sources and Uses of Funds Exhibit B Escrow Account Cash Flow Exhibit B-1 Cash Receipts From and Yield on the SLGS Exhibit B-2 Debt Service Payments on the 2002 Certificates Exhibit B-3 Debt Service Payments on the 2003 Certificates Exhibit C Debt Service Payments and Yield on the Bonds Exhibit C-1 Original Issue Premium on the Bonds Appendix I Applicable schedules provided by Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC *___ GrantThornton Report of Independent Certified Public Accountants On Applying Agreed -Upon Procedures Town of Westlake Three Village Circle, Suite 202 Westlake, Texas McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. 717 North Harwood, Suite 900 Dallas, Texas Southwest Securities, Inc. 1201 Elm Street, Suite 3500 Dallas, Texas Audit • Tax • Advisory Grant Thornton LLP 200 S 6th Street, Suite 500 Minneapolis, MN 55402-1459 T 612.332.0001 F 612.332.8361 www.GrantThornton.com The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. 2001 Bryan Street, 11th Floor Dallas, Texas U.S. Bank National Association 14241 Dallas Parkway, Suite 490 Dallas, Texas Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Texas Attorney General's Office 9311 Loma Vista Drive 300 West 15th Street, Seventh Floor Dallas, Texas Austin, Texas $7,375,000 Town of Westlake, Texas (Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas) General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 Dated December 1, 2011 We have performed the procedures described in this report, which were agreed to by the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Issuer") and Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC (the "Financial Advisor', to verify the mathematical accuracy of certain computations contained in the schedules attached in Appendix I .provided by the Financial Advisor. The Financial Advisor is responsible for these schedules. These procedures were performed solely to assist you in the issuance of the above -captioned bond issue (the `Bonds") for the purpose of refunding portions of the Issuer's outstanding Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2002 (the "2002 Certificates") and Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2003 (the "2003 Certificates") (collectively referred to as the "Refunded Certificates") as summarized on. the next page. This engagement was performed in accordance with Statements on Standards for Attestation Engagements established by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. The sufficiency of these procedures is solely the responsibility of the addressees of this report who are the specified parties. Consequently, we make no representation regarding the sufficiency of the procedures described in this report either for the purpose for which this report has been requested or for any other purpose. Grant Thornton LLP U.S. member firm of Grant Thornton International Ltd Page 2 Principal Principal Maturities Redemption Redemption Series Issued Dated Refunded Refunded Date Price 5-1-15 and 2002 $12,400,000 February 1, 2002 $3,660,000 5-1-24 5-1-14 100% 5-1-17, 5-1-18, 5-1-23 and 2003 $6,410,000 June 1, 2003 $3,125,000 5-1-28 5-1-14 100% VERIFICATION OF ESCROW ACCOUNT CASH FLOW SUFFICIENCY The Financial Advisor provided us with schedules (Appendix I) summarizing future escrow account cash receipts and disbursements. These schedules indicate that there will be sufficient cash available in the escrow account to pay the principal and interest on the Refunded Certificates assuming the Refunded Certificates will be redeemed on May 1, 2014 at 100 percent of par plus accrued interest. The attached Exhibit A (Schedule of Sources and Uses of Funds) was compiled based upon information provided by the Financial Advisor. As part of our engagement to recalculate the schedules attached as Appendix I we prepared schedules attached hereto as Exhibits B through B-3 independently calculating future escrow account cash receipts and disbursements and compared the information used in our calculations to the information listed below contained in applicable pages of the following documents: • Subscription confirmation, dated November 16, 2011, and Schedule of U.S. Treasury Securities provided by the Financial Advisor used to acquire certain United States Treasury Securities - State and Local Government Series (the "SLGS") insofar as the SLGS are described as to the principal amounts, interest rates, maturity dates, issuance date and first interest payment date; and Official Statement and First Amended and Restated Certificate of Obligation Ordinance for the 2002 Certificates, Official Statement and Ordinance for the 2003 Certificates and Notice of Redemption for the Refunded Certificates provided by McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. insofar as the Refunded Certificates are described as to the maturity and interest payment dates, principal amounts, interest rates and optional redemption date and price. In addition, we compared the interest rates for each maturity of the SLGS, as shown on the Schedule of U.S. Treasury Securities, with the maximum allowable interest rates shown on the Department of Treasury, Bureau of Public Debt, SLGS Table for use on November 16, 2011 and found that the interest rates were equal to the maximum allowable interest rates for each maturity. Our procedures, as summarized in Exhibits B through B-3, prove the mathematical accuracy of the schedules provided by the Financial Advisor summarizing future escrow account cash receipts and disbursements. The schedules provided by the Financial Advisor and those prepared by us reflect that the anticipated receipts from the SLGS, together with an initial cash deposit of $0.76 to be deposited into the escrow account on December 20, 2011, will be sufficient to pay, when due, the principal and interest related to the Refunded Certificates assuming the Refunded Certificates will be redeemed on May 1, 2014 at 100 percent of par plus accrued interest. Page 3 VERIFICATION OF YIELDS The Financial Advisor provided us with schedules (Appendix I) which indicate that the yield on the cash receipts from the SLGS is less than the yield on the Bonds. These schedules were prepared based on the assumed settlement date of December 20, 2011 using a 360 -day year with interest compounded semi-annually. The term "yield", as used herein, means that yield which, when used in computing the present value of all payments of principal and interest to be paid or received on an obligation produces an amount equal to, in the case of the cash receipts from the SLGS, the purchase price, and in the case of the Bonds, the issue price to the public as represented by the underwriter and provided by the Financial Advisor. In addition, we found that the schedules provided by the Financial Advisor, which assume the redemption of the February 15, 2022 through February 15, 2028 maturities identified on Exhibits C and C-1 at par on February 15, 2021 plus accrued interest, correctly treat those Bonds as yield -to -call Bonds as retired on the respective dates that for each Bond produces the lowest yield for the issue that includes the Bonds. Those Bonds identified as yield -to -call Bonds on the attached Exhibits C and C-1 are those Bonds that are subject to optional redemption and that are issued at an issue price that exceeds the stated redemption price at maturity of such Bonds by more than one-fourth of one percent multiplied by the product of the stated redemption price at maturity of such Bonds and the number of complete years to the first optional redemption date for the Bonds. We found that there are no other yield -to -call Bonds other than those identified on the attached Exhibits C and C-1. As part of our engagement to recalculate the schedules attached as Appendix I we prepared schedules attached hereto as Exhibits B-1 and C independently calculating the yields on (i) the cash receipts from the SLGS calculated on Exhibit B-1, and (ii) the Bonds using the Official Statement provided by the Financial Advisor insofar as the Bonds are described as to the maturity and interest payment dates, dated date, principal amounts, interest rates, optional redemption date and price, and issue price to the public. The results of our calculations, based on the aforementioned assumptions, are summarized below: Yield Exhibit • Yield on the cash receipts from the SLGS 0.254734% B-1 • Yield on the Bonds 2.339627% C Our procedures, as summarized in Exhibits B-1 and C, prove the mathematical accuracy of the schedules provided by the Financial Advisor summarizing the yields. The schedules provided by the Financial Advisor and those prepared by us reflect that the yield on the cash receipts from the SLGS is less than the yield on the Bonds. We were not engaged to, and did not, perform an examination or a review in accordance with Statements on Standards for Attestation Engagements established by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, the objective of which would be the expression of an examination opinion or limited assurance on the items referred to above. Accordingly we do not express such an opinion or limited assurance. Had we performed additional procedures, other matters might have come to our attention that would have been reported to you. Page 4 This report is intended solely for the information and use of those to whom this letter is addressed and is not intended to be and should not be used by anyone other than these specified parties. Minneapolis, Minnesota December 20, 2011 Town of Westlake, Texas (Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas) SCHEDULE OF SOURCES .AND USES OF FUNDS December 20, 2011 SOURCES: Exhibit A Principal amount of the Bonds $7,375,000.00 Original issue premium 424,195.85 $7,799,195.85 USES: Purchase price of the SLGS $7,650,304.00 Beginning cash deposit to the escrow account 0.76 Costs of issuance 97,025.00 Underwriters discount 50,689.92 Contingency 1,176.17 $7,799,195.85 Dates Cash deposit on December 20, 2011 05-01-12 11-01-12 05-01-13 11-01-13 05-01-14 Town of Westlake, Texas (Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas) ESCROW ACCOUNT CASH FLOW Cash receipts from SLGS (Exhibit B-1) $181,832.70 181,832.39 181,831.87 181,832.74 6,966,832.12 $7,694,161.82 Debt service payments on the Refunded Certificates (Exhibits B-2 and B-3) $181,832.50 181,832.50 181,832.50 181,832.50 6,966,832.50 $7,694,162.50 Exhibit B Cash balance $0.76 0.96 0.85 0.22 0.46 0.08 Receipt date 05-01-12 11-01-12 05-01-13 11-01-13 05-01-14 Town of Westlake, Texas (Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas) CASH RECEIPTS FROM AND YIELD ON THE SLGS Principal $175,002 172,398 172,502 172,615 6,957,787 $7,650,304 Purchase price of the SLGS Interest rate 0.020% 0.070% 0.130% 0.200% 0.260% Interest $6,830.70 9,434.39 9,329.87 9,217.74 9,045.12 $43,857.82 Cash receipts from SLGS $181,832.70 181,832.39 181,831.87 181,832.74 6,966,832.12 $7,694,161.82 Exhibit B-1 Present value on December 20, 2011 using a yield of 0.254734% $181,664.34 181,432.94 181,201.63 180,972.00 6,925,033.09 $7,650,304.00 $7,650,304.00 The sum of the present values of the cash receipts from the SLGS on December 20, 2011, using a yield of 0.254734%, is equal to the purchase price of the SLGS. Town of Westlake, Texas (Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas) DEBT SERVICE PAYMENTS ON THE 2002 CERTIFICATES Date Principal 05-01-12 payments 11-01-12 $106,537.50 05-01-13 106,537.50 11-01-13 106,537.50 05-01-14 $3,660,000 (1) 106,537.50 $3,660,000 Exhibit B-2 Interest Debt service rate Interest payments $106,537.50 $106,537.50 106,537.50 106,537.50 106,537.50 106,537.50 106,537.50 106,537.50 (1) 106,537.50 3,766,537.50 $532,687.50 $4,192,687.50 (1) Actual maturity dates, principal amounts and interest rates are as follows: Maturity Principal Interest date amount rate 05-01-15 $350,000 6.500% 05-01-24 3,310,000 5.750% $3,660,000 Town of Westlake, Texas (Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas) DEBT SERVICE PAYMENTS ON THE 2003 CERTIFICATES Date Principal 05-01-12 11-01-12 05-01-13 11-01-13 05-01-14 $3,125,000 $3,125,000 Exhibit B-3 Interest Debt service rate Interest payments $75,295.00 $75,295.00 75,295.00 75,295.00 75,295.00 75,295.00 75,295.00 75,295.00 (1) 75,295.00 3,200,295.00 $376,475.00 $3,501,475.00 (1) Actual maturity dates, principal amounts and interest rates are as follows: Maturity Principal Interest date amount rate 05-01-17 $200,000 4.300% 05-01-18 210,000 4.400% 05-01-23 1,200,000 4.750% 05-01-28 1,515,000 5.000% $3,125,000 Date 02-15-12 08-15-12 02-15-13 08-15-13 02-15-14 08-15-14 02-15-15 08-15-15 02-15-16 08-15-16 02-15-17 08-15-17 02-15-18 08-15-18 02-15-19 08-15-19 02-15-20 08-15-20 02-15-21 08-15-21 02-15-22 08-15-22 02-15-23 08-15-23 02-15-24 08-15-24 02-15-25 08-15-25 02-15-26 08-15-26 02-15-27 08-15-27 02-15-28 Town of Westlake, Texas (Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas) DEBT SERVICE PAYMENTS AND YIELD ON THE BONDS $7,375,000 issue dated December 1, 2011* Interest Principal rate Interest Total debt service Exhibit C Page 1 of 2 Present value on (1) December 20, 2011 Adjusted using a yield of debt service 2.339627% $34,435.74 111,395.67 207,461.83 107,872.17 201,740.70 104,451.81 512,131.37 98,008.66 187,667.71 94,857.81 337,699.21 89,060.07 694,687.43 78,017.77 682,525.42 67,247.84 670,369.30 56,747.93 3,462,817.43 $7,799,195.85 $34,558.33 $34,558.33 $34,558.33 113,100.00 113,100.00 113,10 0.00 $100,000 2.000% 113,100.00 213,100.00 213,100.00 112,100.00 112,100.00 112,10 0.00 100,000 2.000% 112,100.00 212,100.00 212,100.00 111,100.00 111,100.00 111,100.00 440,000 2.000% 111,100.00 551,100.00 551,100.00 106,700.00 106,700.00 106,700.00 100,000 2.000% 106,700.00 206,700.00 206,700.00 105,700.00 105,700.00 105,700.00 275,000 3.000% 105,700.00 380,700.00 380,700.00 , 101,575.00 101,575.00 101,575.00 700,000 3.000% 101,575.00 801,575.00 801,575.00 91,075.00 91,075.00 91,075.00 715,000 3.000% 91,075.00 806,075.00 806,075.00 80,350.00 80,350.00 80,350.00 730,000 3.000% 80,350.00 810,350.00 810,350.00 69,400.00 69,400.00 69,400.00 750,000 3.000% 69,400.00 819,400.00 4,284,400.00 58,150.00 58,150.00 770,000 3.000% 58,150.00 828,150.00 46,600.00 46,600.00 790,000 3.000% 46,600.00 836,600.00 34,750.00 34,750.00 820,000 3.500% 34,750.00 854,750.00 20,400.00 20,400.00 260,000 3.500% 20,400.00 280,400.00 15,850.00 15,850.00 260,000 3.500% 15,850.00 275,850.00 11,300.00 11,300.00 275,000 4.000% 11,300.00 286,300.00 5,800.00 5,800.00 290,000 4.000% 5,800.00 295,800.00 $7,375,000 $2,202,458.33 $9,577,458.33 $9,191,758.33 $34,435.74 111,395.67 207,461.83 107,872.17 201,740.70 104,451.81 512,131.37 98,008.66 187,667.71 94,857.81 337,699.21 89,060.07 694,687.43 78,017.77 682,525.42 67,247.84 670,369.30 56,747.93 3,462,817.43 $7,799,195.85 Town of Westlake, Texas (Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas) DEBT SERVICE PAYMENTS AND YIELD ON THE BONDS The present value of the future payments is equal to: Principal amount of the Bonds Original issue premium Exhibit C Page 2 of 2 $7,375,000.00 424,195.85 $7,799,195.85 The sum of the present values of the adjusted debt service payments of the Bonds on December 20, 2011, using a yield of 2.339627%, is equal to the issue price of the Bonds. * Interest on the Bonds will accrue from December 20, 2011. (1) Assumes that the February 15, 2022 through February 15, 2028 maturities are called on February 15, 2021 at 100 percent of par plus accrued interest. Exhibit C-1 Town of Westlake, Texas (Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas) ORIGINAL ISSUE PREMIUM ON THE BONDS (1) Maturities were priced to call on February 15, 2021 at 100 percent of par. (2) Represents the yield -to -call Bonds included for purposes of computing yield on the Bonds. Initial public Original Maturity Interest offering issue date Principal rate Yield price premium 02-15-13 $100,000 2.000% 0.650% 101.547% $1,547.00 02-15-14 100,000 2.000% 0.850% 102.447% 2,447.00 02-15-15 440,000 2.000% 1.150% 102.623% 11,541.20 02-15-16 100,000 2.000% 1.350% 102.615% 2,615.00 02-15-17 275,000 3.000% 1.550% 107.153% 19,670.75 02-15-18 700,000 3.000% 1.750% 107.259% 50,813.00 02-15-19 715,000 3.000% 2.000% 106.632% 47,418.80 02-15-20 730,000 3.000% 2.150% 106.323% 46,157.90 02-15-21 750,000 3.000% 2.250% 106.170% 46,275.00 02-15-22 770,000 3.000% 2.400% 104.902% (1) (2) 37,745.40 02-15-23 790,000 3.000% 2.500% 104.065% (1) (2) 32,113.50 02-15-24 820,000 3.500% 2.650% 106.865% (1) (2) 56,293.00 02-15-25 260,000 3.500% 2.800% 105.614% (1) (2) 14,596.40 02-15-26 260,000 3.500% 2.900% 104.790% (1) (2) 12,454.00 02-15-27 275,000 4.000% 3.000% 107.948% (1) (2) 21,857.00 02-15-28 290,000 4.000% 3.100% 107.121% (1) (2) 20,650.90 $7,375,000 $424,195.85 (1) Maturities were priced to call on February 15, 2021 at 100 percent of par. (2) Represents the yield -to -call Bonds included for purposes of computing yield on the Bonds. APPENDIX I Applicable schedules provided by Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Sources & Uses Dated 12/01/20111 Delivered 12/20/2011 Sources Of Funds Par Amount of Bonds $7,375,000.00 Reoffering Premium 424,195.85 Total Sources $7,799,195.85 Uses Of Funds Deposit to Net Cash Escrow Fund 7,650,304.76 Costs of Issuance 97,025.00 Total Underwriter's Discount (0.687%) 50,689.92 Rounding Amount 1,176.17 Total Uses $7,799,195.85 2011 Rfd x i SINGLE PURPOSE 1 1111 M011 1 1:58 PM ConsultingLawrence Financial LLC Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Escrow Fund Cashflow Date Principal Rate Interest Receipts Disbursements Cash Balance Fiscal Total 12120/2011 - - 05/01/2012 175,002.00 0.020% 09/30/2012 - - 11/01/2012 172,398.00 0.070% 05/01/2013 172,502.00 0.130% - 6,830.67 - 9,434.37 9,329.85 0.76 181,832.67 - 181,832.37 181,831.85 - 181,832.50 - 181,832.50 181,832.50 0.76 0.93 - 0.80 0.15 - 181,832.50 - 09/30/2013 - - 11/01/2013 172,615.00 0.200% 05/01/2014 6,957,787;00 0.260% 09/30/2014 - - 9,217.73 9,045.12 - - 181,832.73 6,966,832.12 - 181,832.50 6,966,832.50 - 0.38 - 363,665.00 - 7,148,665.00 Total $7,650,304.00 $43,857.74 $7,694,162.50 $7,694,162.50 Investment Parameters Investment Model [PV GIC or Securities) Securities Default investment yield target Bond Yield Cash Deposit 0.76 Cost of Investments Purchased with Bond Proceeds 7,650,304.00 Total Cost of Investments $7,650,304.76 Target Cost of Investments at bond yield $7,302,888.33 Actual positive or (negative) arbitrage (347,416.43) Yield to Receipt 0.2547332% Yield for Arbitrage Purposes 2.3396265% State and Local Government Series (SLGS) rates for 11/16/2011 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Lawrence• •Consulting Town of Westlake, Texas _ Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation Series 2002 Debt Service To Maturity And To Call Refunded Interest to Refunded Date Bonds Call D/S To Call Principal Coupon Interest D/S 05/01/2012 106,537.50 106,537.50 6.500% 106,537.50 106,537.50 05/01/2013 213,075.00 213,075.00 6.500% 213,075.00 213,075.00 05/01/2014 3,660,000.00 213,075.00 3,873,075.00 6.500% 213,075.00 213,075.00 05/01/2015 - 350,000.00 6.500% 213,075.00 563,075.00 05/01/2016 - - 190,325.00 190,325.00 05/01/2017 - - 190,325.00 190,325.00 05/01/2018 405,000.00 5.750% 190,325.00 595,325.00 05/01/2019 425,000.00 5.750% 167,037.50 592,037.50 05/01/2020 445,000.00 5.750% 142,600.00 587,600.00 05/01/2021 - 470,000.00 5.750% 117,012.50 587,012.50 05/01/2022 - - 495,000.00 5.750% 89,987.50 584,987.50 05/01/2023 - - 520,000.00 5.750% 61,525.00 581,525.00 05/01/2024 - - 550,000.00 5.750% 31,625.00 581,625.00 Total $3,660,000.00 $532,687.50 $4,192,687.50 $3,660,000.00 $1,926,525.00 $5,586,525.00 Yield Statistics Average Life 9.027 Years Weighted Average Maturity (Par Basis) 8.975 Years Average Coupon 5,7771451% Refunding Bond Information Refunding Dated Date 12/01/2011 Refunding Delivery Date 12/20/2011 2002 after rfd I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC RegisteredMunicipaliTexas SecuritiesDealer'r- Town of Westlake, Texas Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation Series 2003 Debt Service To Maturity And To Call Refunded Interest to Refunded Date Bonds Call D/S To Call Principal Coupon Interest D/S 05/01/2012 75,295.00 75,295.00 3.650% 75,295.00 75,295.00 05/01/2013 150,590.00 150,590.00 3.700% 150,590.00 150,590.00 05/01/2014 3,125,000.00 150,590.00 3,275,590.00 3.875% 150,590.00 150,590.00 05/01/2015 - 4.000% 150,590.00 150,590.00 05/01/2016 4.200% 150,590.00 150,590.00 05/01/2017 200,000.00 4.300% 150,590.00 350,590.00 05/01/2018 210,000.00 4.400% 141,990.00 351,990.00 05/01/2019 220,000.00 4.750% 132,750.00 352,750.00 05/01/2020 230,000.00 4.750% 122,300.00 352,300.00 05/01/2021 240,000.00 4.750% 111,375.00 351,375.00 05/01/2022 250,000.00 4.750% 99,975.00 349,975.00 05/01/2023 260,000.00 4.750% 88,100.00 348,100.00 05/01/2024 275,000.00 5.000% 75,750.00 350,750.00 05/01/2025 290,000.00 5.000% 62,000.00 352,000.00 05/01/2026 300,000.00 5.000% 47,500.00 347,500.00 05/01/2027 315,000.00 5.000% 32,500.00 347,500.00 05/01/2028 335,000.00 5.000% 16,750.00 351,750.00 05/01/2029 - 5.000% - - 05/01/2030 5.000% 05/01/2031 5.000% 05/01/2032 5.000% Total $3,125,000.00 $376,475.00 $3,501,475.00 $3,125,000.00 - $1,759,235.00 $4,884,235.00 Yield Statistics Average Life 11,461 Years Weighted Average Maturity (Par Basis) 11.409 Years Average Coupon 4.8766836% Refunding Bond Information Refunding Dated Date 12/01/2011 Refunding Delivery Date 12/20/2011 2003 1 SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Lawrence Financial Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Debt Service Schedule Part 2 of 2 Date Principal Coupon Interest Total P+I Fiscal Total 02/15/2026 260,000.00 3.500% 08/15/2026 15,850.00 11,300.00 275,850.00 11,300.00 09/30/2026 - - 02/15/2027 275,000.00 4.000% 08/15/2027 - - 09/30/2027 - - 02/15/2028 290,000.00 4.000% - 11,300.00 5,800.00 - 5,800,00 - 286,300.00 5,800.00 - 295,800.00 287,150.00 - - 292,100.00 - 09/30/2028 - - - 295,800.00 Total $7,375,000.00 $2,202,458.33 $9,577,458.33 - Yield Statistics Bond Year Dollars $68,331.74 Average Life 9.265 Years Average Coupon 3.2231851% Net Interest Cost (NIC) 2.6765783% True Interest Cost (TIC) 2.5816292% Bond Yield for Arbitrage Purposes 2.3396265% All Inclusive Cost (AIC) 2.7400242% IRS Form 8038 Net Interest Cost 2.4562462% Weighted Average Maturity 9.283 Years 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:58 PM Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Pricing Summary Type of Maturity Bond Coupon Yield Maturity Value Price Dollar Price 02/15/2013 Serial Coupon 2.000% 0.650% 100,000.00 101.547% 101,547.00 02/15/2014 Serial Coupon 2.000% 0.850% 100,000.00 102.447% 102,447.00 02/15/2015 Serial Coupon 2.000% 1.150% 440,000.00 102.623% 451,541.20 02/15/2016 Serial Coupon 2.000% 1.350% 100,000.00 102.615% 102,615.00 02/15/2017 Serial Coupon 3.000% 1.550% 275,000.00 107.153% 294,670.75 02/15/2018 Serial Coupon 3.000% 1.750% 700,000.00 107.259% 750,813.00 02/15/2019 Serial Coupon 3.000% 2.000% 715,000.00 106.632% 762,418.80 02/15/2020 Serial Coupon 3.000% 2.150% 730,000.00 106.323% 776,157.90 02/15/2021 Serial Coupon 3.000% 2.250% 750,000.00 106.170% 796,275.00 02/15/2022 Serial Coupon 3.000% 2.400% 770,000.00 , 104.902% c 807 745.40 02/15/2023 Serial Coupon' .-X3.000% ' " 2.500% 790,000.00 104.065% a 822,113.50 02/15/2024 Serial Coupon 3.500% 2.650% 820,000.00 106.865% c 876,293.00 02/15/2025 Serial Coupon 3.500% 2.800% 260,000.00 105.614% c 274,596.40 02/15/2026 Serial Coupon 3.500% 2.900% 260,000.00 104.790% c 272,454.00 02/15/2027 Serial Coupon 4.000% 3.000% 275,000.00 107.948% c 296,857.00 02/15/2028 Serial Coupon 4.000% 3.100% 290,000.00 107.121% c 310,650.90 Total - $7,375,000.00 - $7,799,195.85 Bid Information Par Amount of Bonds $7,375,000.00 Reoffering Premium or (Discount) 424,195.85 Gross Production $7,799,195.85 Total Underwriters Discount (0.687%) $(50,689192) Bid (105.064%) 7,748,505.93 Total Purchase Price $7,748,505.93 Bond YearDollars $68,331.74 Average Life 9.265 Years Average Coupon 3.2231851% Net Interest Cost (NIC) 2.6765783% True Interest Cost (TIC) 2.5816292% 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC GENERAL AND NO -LITIGATION CERTIFICATE We, the undersigned, Mayor and Town Secretary of the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Town"), hereby certify the following information: I. General 1.1 This certificate relates to the Town of Westlake, Texas, General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011, in the aggregate principal amount of $7,375,000 (the "Bonds"). Capitalized terms shall have the meanings assigned to such terms in the ordinance authorizing the issuance of the Bonds. 1.2 The Town is a duly incorporated Type A general law municipality, having less than 5,000 inhabitants, operating under the Constitution and laws of the State of Texas. 1.3 As of the date hereof, the members of the Board of Alderman and certain other officers of the Town are as follows: Laura Wheat, Mayor Clifton Cox, Member David Levitan, Member Rick Rennhack, Member Tim Brittan, Member Carol Langdon, Member Thomas E. Brymer, Town Manager Debbie Piper, Finance Director Kelly Edwards, Town Secretary 1.4 The total principal amount of the presently outstanding general obligation indebtedness of the Town, excluding the Bonds and the Refunded Obligations, is $21,725,000. 1.5 The assessed value ofproperty for the purpose of taxation in the Town as shown by its official tax rolls for tax year 2011, being its latest approved official assessment rolls, is $938,361,252, which does not include the amount of any exemptions to which property otherwise subject to taxation was entitled pursuant to applicable provisions of the Constitution and laws of the State of Texas. 1.6 The debt service requirements of the Town's outstanding debt secured by a pledge of ad valorem taxes, including the Bonds (but excluding the Refunded Obligations), are set forth on Exhibit A attached hereto. 1.7 The Town is not in default in the payment of principal or interest on any of its outstanding obligations; and neither the corporate existence nor boundaries of the Town nor the title of its present officers to their respective offices is being contested, and no authority or proceedings for the issuance of the Bonds have been repealed, revoked, or rescinded. 1.8 None of the Refunded Obligations have been held in, or purchased for the account of, the Interest and Sinking Fund created and maintained for the benefit of such obligations being so refunded, or purchased with any money collected from any taxes levied for the benefit thereof and none of the Refunded Obligations will be taken up and paid for with money in said interest and sinking fund and there is no money in said interest and sinking fund with which to pay the principal of any of said Refunded Obligations. Il. Signature Identification and No -Litigation 2.1 The undersigned Mayor and Town Secretary officially executed and signed the Bonds, including the initial Bond to be delivered to the purchaser thereof (the "Initial Bond"), and each copy of the Official Statement, by manual signature or by causing facsimiles of our manual signatures to be imprinted or lithographed on each of the Bonds and each copy of the Official Statement, and we hereby adopt said facsimile signatures as our own, respectively, and declare that said facsimile signatures constitute our signatures the same as if we had manually signed each of the Bonds and each copy of the Official Statement; at the time we so executed and signed the Bonds and Official Statement we were, and at the time of executing this certificate we are, the duly chosen, qualified, and acting officers indicated therein and authorized to execute the same; and we have caused the official seal of the Town to be impressed, printed, lithographed, stamped or otherwise placed on each of the Bonds, and said seal on the Bonds has been duly adopted as, and is hereby declared to be, the official seal of the Town. 2.2 The Bonds, including the Initial Bond, are substantially in the form, and have been duly executed and signed in the manner prescribed in the ordinance authorizing the issuance of the Bonds. 2.3 No litigation is pending or, to our knowledge, threatened in any court to restrain or enjoin the issuance or delivery of the Bonds, the levy or the collection of the ad valorem taxes pledged or to be pledged to pay the principal of and interest on the Bonds, or the pledge thereof, or in any way contesting or affecting the validity of the Bonds, the ordinance authorizing the issuance of the Bonds, the powers of the Town or contesting the authorization of the Bonds or such ordinance, or contesting in any way the accuracy, completeness or fairness of the Official Statement relating to the Bonds. (Execution Page Follows) 2 EXECUTED AND DELIVERED ON December 20. 2011 Manual Signatures Official Titles Mayor, Town of Westlake, Texas Town Secretary, Town of Westlake, Texas ACKNOWLEDGMENT BEFORE ME, the undersigned authority, on this day personally appeared the foregoing individuals, known to me to be the persons and officers whose true and genuine signatures were subscribed to the foregoing instrument in my presence. 2011. GIVEN UNDER MY HAND AND SEAL OF OFFICE, this 0 day of &aAlg&, Y AMANDA DEC -AN My Commission Eores wsL_ December 11, 2014 Notary Public, State of Texas [NOTARY SEAL] EXHIBIT A SCHEDULE OF DEBT SERVICE REQUIREMENTS Fiscal Less: Debt Svc. Plus: Debt Service on the Bonds Year End On Refunded Total Combined 9/30 Existing Debt Obligations Principal Interest Total Debt Service 2012 $ 1,653,107 $ (181,833) $ - $ 147,658 $ 147,658 $ 1,618,933 2013 1,652,293 (363,665) 100,000 225,200 325,200 1,613,828 2014 1,650,697 (363,665) 100,000 223,200 323,200 1,610,232 2015 1,653,146 (713,665) 440,000 217,800 657,800 1,597,281 2016 1,652,366 (340,915) 100,000 212,400 312,400 1,623,851 2017 1,654,672 (540,915) 275,000 207,275 482,275 1,596,032 2018 1,659,714 (947,315) 700,000 192,650 892,650 1,605,049 2019 1,655,832 (944,788) 715,000 171,425 886,425 1,597,470 2020 1,654,195 (939,900) 730,000 149,750 879,750 1,594,045 2021 1,655,336 (938,388) 750,000 127,550 877,550 1,594,499 2022 1,654,944 (934,963) 770,000 104,750 874,750 1,594,732 2023 1,651,994 (929,625) 790,000 81,350 871,350 1,593,719 2024 1,656,485 (932,375) 820,000 55,150 875,150 1,599,260 2025 1,652,205 (352,000) 260,000 36,250 296,250 1,596,455 2026 1,646,129 (347,500) 260,000 27,150 287,150 1,585,779 2027 1,653,057 (347,500) 275,000 17,100 292,100 1,597,657 2028 1,657,343 (351,750) 290,000 5,800 295,800 1,601,393 2029 1,473,995 - - - - 1,473,995 2030 1,470,170 - - - - 1,470,170 2031 1,473,810 - - - - 1,473,810 2032 1,316,160 - - - - 1,316,160 Totals $ 33,847,646 $ (10,470,760) $ 7,375,000 $ 2,202,458 $ 9,577,458 $ 32,954,344 A-1 CLOSING CERTIFICATE We, the undersigned Mayor and Town Manager of the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Issuer"), in connection with the issuance and delivery by the Issuer of $7,375,000 aggregate principal amount of its Town of Westlake, Texas, General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 (the 'Bonds"), hereby certify the following information pursuant to paragraph 6(i)(8) of the Purchase Agreement (the "Purchase Agreement") with respect to the Bonds between the Issuer and Southwest Securities, Inc., dated November 16, 2011. Capitalized words used herein as defined terms and not otherwise defined herein have the respective meanings assigned to them in the Purchase Agreement. 1. The representations and warranties of the Issuer contained in the Purchase Agreement are true and correct in all material respects on and as of the date of the Closing as if made on the date of the Closing. 2. Except as may be disclosed in the Official Statement, no litigation, proceeding or tax challenge against the Issuer is pending or, to the best of our knowledge, threatened in any court or administrative body nor is there a basis for litigation which would (a) contest the right of the council members, officers or officials of the Issuer to hold and exercise their respective positions, (b) contest the due organization and valid existence of the Issuer, (c) contest the validity, due authorization and execution of the Bonds or the Issuer Documents or (d) attempt to limit, enjoin or otherwise restrict or prevent the Issuer from functioning and collecting ad valorem taxes, including payments on the Bonds, pursuant to the Ordinance, and other income or the levy or collection of the taxes pledged or to be pledged to pay the principal of and interest on the Bonds, or the pledge thereof. 3. All official action of the Issuer relating to the Official Statement, the Bonds and the Issuer Documents have been duly taken by the Issuer, are in full force and effect and have not been modified, amended, supplemented or repealed. 4. To the best of our knowledge, no event affecting the Issuer has occurred since the date of the Official Statement which should be disclosed in the Official Statement for the purpose for which it is to be used or which it is necessary to disclose therein in order to make the statements and information therein, in light of the circumstances under which made, not misleading in any respect as of the time of the Closing, and the information contained in the Official Statement is correct in all material respects and, as of the date of the Official Statement did not, and as of the date of the Closing does not, contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements made therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading. 5. There has not been any material adverse change in the financial condition of the Issuer since September 30, 2010, the latest date as of which audited financial information is available. [Execution page follows] DATED: December 20, 2011 " k%x� Mayor� Town of Westlake, Texas Town Manager Town of Westlake, Texas CERTIFICATE OF NOTICE OF REDEMPTION I, the undersigned authorized officer of The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. (the 'Bank"), acting on behalf of the Bank, hereby certify as follows: 1. The Bank is the paying agent/registrar for the following series of obligations (the "Outstanding Obligations"): Town of Westlake, Texas Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2002 Town of Westlake, Texas Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2003 2. The Bank, as paying agent/registrar for the Outstanding Obligations hereby acknowledges that it received the Notice of Redemption attached hereto as Exhibit A setting forth the maturity dates, principal amounts and redemption dates of the Outstanding Obligations to be refunded and redeemed (the "Redeemed Obligations"). 3. The Bank will cause notice of redemption to be furnished to the registered bondholders of the Redeemed Obligations at least 30 days prior to the date of redemption, in accordance with the ordinances authorizing the Redeemed Obligations. 4. The Bank hereby acknowledges and represents that it will not demand the payment of or collect future fees or expenses, if any, from funds to be provided to it for the payment of the principal of and interest on the Redeemed Bonds, and agrees to look to the issuer of such Redeemed Bonds for the payment of such fees and expenses and to continue to provide services as paying agent/registrar for the life of the Redeemed Bonds with the remedy for nonpayment being solely an action for amounts owing under the paying agent/registrar agreement with the issuer. Executed this December 6, 2011 THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON TRUST COMPANY, N.A. , F4, I City? Ml� EXHIBIT A NOTICE OF REDEMPTION TOWN OF WESTLAKE CUSIP Prefix No. 96048P NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the Town of Westlake, Texas has called for redemption the outstanding Certificates of Obligation as follows (collectively, the "Refunded Obligations"): Town of Westlake, Texas Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2002, dated February 1, 2002, maturing May 1, 2015 and May 1, 2024, in the aggregate principal amount of $3,660,000 (the "Series 2002 Certificates"), to the call date of the Series 2002 Certificates so called for redemption at The Bank ofNew York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. Call date: May 1, 2014. Principal Amount Principal Amount CUSIP Maturity Date Outstanding To Be Refunded Suffix 5/1/2015 $ 350,000 $ 350,000 AK 2 5/1/2024 3,310.000 3,310,000 AU 0 $ 3,660,000 $ 3,660,000 On May 1, 2014, interest on the Series 2002 Certificates shall cease to accrue and be payable. Town of Westlake, Texas Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2003, dated June 1, 2003, maturing May 1, 2017 through May 1, 2018, May 1, 2023 and May 1, 2028, in the aggregate principal amount of $3,125,000 (the "Series 2003 Certificates"), to the call date of the Series 2003 Certificates so called for redemption at The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. Call date: May 1, 2014. Maturity Date 5/1/2017 5/1/2018 5/1/2023 5/1/2028 Principal Amount Outstanding $ 200,000 210,000 1,200,000 Principal Amount To Be Refunded $ 200,000 210,000 1,200,000 1,515,000 1,515,000 $ 3,125,000 $ 3,125,000 CUSIP Suffix On May 1, 2014, interest on the Series 2003 Certificates shall cease to accrue and be payable. THE REFUNDED OBLIGATIONS shall be redeemed in whole at The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., Dallas, Texas, as the Paying Agent/Registrar for said Refunded Obligations. Upon presentation of the Refunded Obligations at the Paying Agent/Registrar on the aforementioned redemption date, the holder thereof shall be entitled to receive the redemption price equal to par and accrued interest to the redemption date. A-1 NOTICE IS GIVEN that due and proper arrangements have been made for providing the place of payment of said Refunded Obligations called for redemption with funds sufficient to pay the principal amount of said Refunded Obligations and the interest thereon to the redemption date. In the event said Refunded Obligations, or any of them are not presented for redemption by the date fixed for their redemption, they shall not thereafter bear interest. UNDER THE PROVISIONS of Section 3406 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended paying agents making payments of interest and principal on municipal securities may be obligated to withhold a tax from remittance to individuals who have failed to furnish the paying agent with a valid taxpayer identification number. Registered holders who wish to avoid the imposition of the tax should submit certified taxpayer identification numbers (via form W-9) when presenting the Refunded Obligations for payment. THIS NOTICE is issued and given pursuant to the redemption provisions in the proceedings authorizing the issuance of the aforementioned Refunded Obligations and in accordance with the recitals and provisions of said Refunded Obligations. NOTICE IS FURTHER GIVEN that the Refunded Obligations should be submitted to the following address: First Class/Registered/ Certified Mail The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. Global Corporate Trust P.O. Box 396 East Syracuse, New York 13057 Express Delivery The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. Global Corporate Trust 111 Sanders Creek Parkway East Syracuse, New York 13057 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS A-2 Hand Delivery The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. Global Corporate Trust Corporate Trust Window 101 Barclay Street 1ST Floor East New York, New York 10286 ATTORNEY GENERAL OF TEXAS GREG ABBOTT December 15, 2011 THIS IS TO CERTIFY that the "Town of Westlake, Texas (ihe "Issuer"). has submitted to me Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bond, Series 2011 (the 'Bond") in the principal amount of $7,375,000 for approval. The Bond is dated December 1, 2011, numbered T-1, and was authorized by Ordinance No. 672 of the Issuer passed on November 14, 2011. I have examined the law and such certified proceedings and other papers as I deem necessary to render this opinion. As io questions of fact material to my opinion, I have relied upon. representations ofthe Issuer c)ntained in the certified proceedings and other certifications of public officials furnished to me NV;.thout undertaking to verify the same by independent investigation. I express no opinion relating to any official statement or any other offering material relating t1:, the Bond. Based on my examination, I am. of the opinion, as of the date hereof and under existing law, as follows. (1) The Bond has been issued in accordance with law and is a, valid and binding obligation of the Issuer. (2) In accordance with the provisions of the law, including an Escrow Agreement dated as. of December 1, 2011, firm banking arrangements have been made for the discharge and final payment or redemption of the obligations being refunded upon deposit of an amount sufficient to pay said obligations when due. (3) The Bond is payable from the proceeds of an annual ad valorem tax levied, within the limits prescribed. by law, against all taxable property in the issuer. Therefore, the Bond is approved. The Comptroller is instnicted that she may register the Bond without the cancellation of the to-,.t_Ierlying securities being refilnded thereby. f --'A orney �ral of the State of Texas No, 52?90 Bo & No. 2011-D 1\-.' POST OFFICE BOX 12548, AUSTIN, TEXAS 78711-2548 TEL: (512)" 463-2100 WWW.TEXASATTO RNEYGENERAL. GOV An Equal Employment Opportunity Employer • Printed on Recycled Paper OFFICE OF COMPTROLLER OF THE STATE OF TEXAS I, SUSAN COMBS, Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas, do hereby certify that the attachment is a true and correct copy of the opinion of the Attorney General approving the: Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bond, Series 2011 numbered T-1, of the denomination of $ 7,375,000, dated December 1, 2011, as authorized by issuer, interest various percent, under and by authority of which said bonds/certificates were registered electronically in the office of the Comptroller, on the 15th day of December, 2011, under Registration Number 7aa9ti Given under my hand and seal of office, at Austin, Texas, the 15th day of December, 2011. 11404� &It� SUSAN COMBS Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas OFFICE OF COMPTROLLER OF THE STATE OF TEXAS I, Melissa Mora, ❑ Bond Clerk 0 Assistant Bond Clerk in the office of the Comptroller of the State of Texas, do hereby certify that, acting under the direction and authority of the Comptroller on the 15th daV of December, 2011, 1 signed the name of the Comptroller to the certificate of registration endorsed upon the: Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bond, Series 2011, numbered T=1, dated December 1, 2011, and that in signing the certificate of registration I used the following signature: IN WITNESS WHEREOF I have executed this ertificate this the 15th day of December, 2011. I, Susan Combs, Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas, certify that the person who has signed the above certificate was duly designated and appointed by me under authority vested in me by Chapter 403, Subchapter H, Government Code, with authority to sign my name to all certificates of registration, and/or cancellation of bonds required by law to be registered and/or cancelled by me, and was acting as such on the date first mentioned in this certificate, and that the bonds/certificates described in this certificate have been duly registered in the office of the Comptroller, under Registration Number 79425. 2011. GIVEN under my hand and seal of office at Austin, Texas, this the 15th day of December, /' 44� a t SUSAN COMBS Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas The McG Ytrw*111 C0MPW1k$ STANDARD &POOR)S November 14, 2011 Town of Westlake 3 Village Circle Suite 202 Westlake, TX 76262 Attention: Mr. Tom Brymer, City Manager 500 North Akard Street Lincoln Plaza, Suite 3200 Dallas, TX 75201 tel (214) 871.1400 reference no.: 1192691 Re: US$7,845,000 Town of Westlake, Texas, General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011, dated: December 01,2011, due: May 01,2028 Dear Mr. Brymer: Pursuant to your request for a Standard & Poor's rating on the above -referenced issuer, we have reviewed the information submitted to us and, subject to the enclosed Terms and Conditions, have assigned a rating of "AA-". Standard & Poor's views the outlook for this rating as positive. A copy of the rationale supporting the rating is enclosed. 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PF Ratings U.S. (05/17/11) Summary: Westlake, Texas; General Obligation Primary Credit Analyst: Emmanuelle Lawrence, Dallas 214-871-1473; emmanuelle_lawrence@standardandpoors.com Secondary Contact: Kate Choban, Dallas (1) 214-871-1420; kate_choban@standardandpoors.com Table Of Contents Rationale Outlook Related Criteria And Research www.standardandpoors.com/ratingsdirect 9140291301664051 Summary: Westlake, General Obligation Many issues are enhanced by bond insurance. Rationale Standard & Poor's Ratings Services revised the outlook on its 'AA-' long-term rating and underlying rating (SPUR) on Westlake, Texas' general obligation (GO) debt to positive from stable. The outlook revision reflects our assessment of the town's historically strong finances due to the recent implementation of a property tax levy, which we understand should stabilize the general fund and lessen the capital project fund's reliance on the operating fund and the somewhat volatile sales tax revenue stream. Standard & Poor's also assigned its 'AA-' long-term rating and positive outlook to the town's series 2011 GO refunding bonds and affirmed its 'AA-' long-term rating and SPUR on the town's existing GO debt. The rating reflects our view of the town's: • Inclusion in the deep and diverse Dallas -Fort Worth metropolitan statistical area (MSA) economy, including its location between the region's international airport and Alliance Gateway Airport; and • Extremely strong wealth and income, evidenced by market value per capita and median household effective buying income. We believe the town's concentrated tax base and, what we consider, its moderately high overall net debt as a percent of market value and extremely high per capita debt somewhat constrain the rating. The town's full -faith -and -credit pledge secures the bonds. Officials plan to use bond proceeds to refund a portion of the town's series 2002 and 2003 certificates of obligation. Representatives estimate a present value savings of no less than 6%. Despite three years of consecutive general fund drawdowns to finance one-time capital needs, Westlake's finances have been, in our view, very strong. Officials adopted a $200,000 deficit general fund budget for fiscal 2012, which they credit to capital expenditures. According to management, the town has historically transferred a portion of general fund revenue into the capital projects fund. Despite these deficits, management affirms the town will continue to sustain, in our opinion, its historically strong fund balance. Historically, sales tax receipts have been the primary operating revenue source. Officials indicate Westlake has not levied a property tax rate for several years Standard & Poors I RatingsDirect on the Global Credit Portal I November 15, 2011 2 914029 1301664051 Summary: Westlake, Texas; General Obligation since sales and use revenue has been sufficient to cover operating and capital needs. In fiscal 2011, however, Westlake began levying a property tax rate. Management states the town instituted a tax rate to lessen pressure on the general fund to support capital needs. Therefore, it is projecting general fund deficit amounts to decline. Management currently expects audit results to reflect a $600,000 deficit due to capital needs. Audited results for fiscal years 2008 and 2009 indicate operating deficits of $290,000 and $81,000, respectively. Management attributes the deficits, in large part, to improvements to Westlake Academy, a town -owned and -operated charter school. Despite these drawdowns, the town closed fiscal years 2008 and 2009 with unreserved fund balances of about $2.5 million, or, in our opinion, a very strong 59% and 60%, respectively, of operating expenditures. Westlake ended fiscal 2010 with a $1.1 million surplus that boosted reserves to $3.6 million, or 95% of general fund expenses. Sales tax and building permit receipts, the primary income sources, accounted for 33% and 36%, respectively, of fiscal 2010 general fund revenue. The property tax rate is about 15.7 cents per $100 of assessed value (AV), including a 13.8 -cent operations levy. The current debt service rate of 1.8 cents is about a 1.5 -cent increase over the previous year, and management affirms it enacted the increase to support debt service needs. Officials have not indicated any additional plans to adjust the tax rate. Westlake participates in the Texas Municipal Retirement System (TMRS). The annual pension contribution to TMRS totaled $130,590, or about 3% of operating expenses, in 2010, up from $138,554 in 2009. The town also participates in the TMRS-administered supplemental death benefits fund (SDBF). It has made 100% of the annual required contribution to the SDBF. Standard & Poor's deems Westlake's financial management practices "good" under its Financial Management Assessment methodology, indicating financial practices exist in most areas but that governance officials might not formalize or regularly monitor all of them. Serving a population estimate of 992 and encompassing portions of Denton and Tarrant counties, Westlake is approximately 25 miles northeast of Fort Worth, 30 miles west of Dallas, and 18 miles south of Denton. Its favorable location among the three leading regional cities offers residents several employment opportunities, including nearby Dallas -Fort Worth International Airport and Fort Worth's Alliance Gateway Airport. The town's location also helps boost income. Median household effective buying income is, what we consider, a very strong 228% of the national level. Despite a 7% AV decline from fiscal years 2010-2011 due to the economic downturn, Westlake has experienced, what we regard as, historically strong property tax base growth. It has also experienced an uptick in AV growth from fiscal years 2011-2012. Current AV of $938.4 million is a 10% increase over the previous year. From fiscal years 2006-2010, AV increased by 72% to approximately $920.3 million. Management attributes historical AV growth to residential and commercial development. The average home value, according to representatives, is $1." million. In addition to restaurant and small retailers, the town is home to Deloitte University -- an international training facility for Deloitte, Fidelity, Chrysler Financial, and the Solana complex. The Solana mixed-use complex contains several offices, eateries, and a Marriot Hotel. Officials expect tax base expansion to continue since gas drilling has taken place and a few establishments are developing along U.S. Highway 114 within the town's limits. The tax base is concentrated with the 10 leading taxpayers accounting for 40.5% of fiscal 2012 AV. Maguire Thomas et al, a www.standardandpoors.com/ratingsdirect 3 Summary: Westlake, Texas; General Obligation commercial real estate firm and the leading taxpayer, accounts for 16% of AV. Overall net debt is, what we view as, moderately high at about 8.2% of AV, or an extremely high $77,804 per capita. Debt service carrying charges accounted for, in our view, an elevated 15% of fiscal 2010 expenditures. We consider amortization below average with officials planning to retire 33% of principal over 10 years and 88% over 20 years. Officials tentatively plan to issue additional debt to finance capital needs for Westlake Academy within the next 12-24 months. Over the next two years, the positive outlook reflects Standard & Poor's opinion that officials will likely sustain, what Standard & Poor's considers, the town's very strong unreserved general fund balance. It is also our opinion that the town's recent implementation of a property tax levy will likely provide a more stable revenue stream for the general and capital projects funds, improving the performance and stability of finances. The town's inclusion in the diverse Dallas -Fort Worth MSA economy provides additional support for the positive outlook. Related Criteria And Research USPF Criteria: GO Debt, Oct. 12, 2006 Complete ratings information is available to subscribers of RatingsDirect on the Global Credit Portal at www.globalcreditportal.com. All ratings affected by this rating action can be found on Standard & Poor's public Web site at www.standardandpoors.com. Use the Ratings search box located in the left column. 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Additional information about our ratings fees is available at www.standardandpoors.com/usratingsfees. 7 -he McGrow-H111companhe www.standardandpoors.com/ratingsdirect 914029 1301664051 FEDERAL TAX CERTIFICATE 1. In General. 1.1. The undersigned is the Finance Director of the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Issuer"). 1.2. This Certificate is executed for the purpose of establishing the reasonable expectations of the Issuer as to future events regarding the Issuer's General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 (the "Bonds"). The Bonds are being issued pursuant to an ordinance of the Issuer (the "Ordinance") adopted on the date of sale of the Bonds. The Ordinance is incorporated herein by reference. 1.3. To the best of the undersigned's knowledge, information and belief, the expectations contained in this Federal Tax Certificate are reasonable. 1.4. The undersigned is an officer of the Issuer delegated with the responsibility, among others, of issuing and delivering the Bonds. 1.5. The undersigned is not aware of any facts or circumstances that would cause him to question the accuracy of the representations made by Southwest Securities (the "Underwriter") in the Issue Price Certificate attached hereto as Exhibit "D", and by Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC (the "Financial Advisor") in Subsections 2.2 and 4.1 of this Certificate and with respect to the Schedules attached hereto as Exhibit "E". 2. The Purpose of the Bonds and Useful Lives of Projects. 2.1. The purpose for the issuance of the Bonds, as more fully described in the Ordinance, is to establish an Escrow Fund (the "Escrow Fund") pursuant to an Escrow Agreement (the "Escrow Agreement") between the Issuer and an escrow agent to advance refund the outstanding obligations of the Issuer as listed in Exhibit "B" to the Escrow Agreement (the "Outstanding Bonds") and to pay the related expenses of issuing the Bonds. The Escrow Agreement is included in the transcript for the Bonds and incorporated herein by reference. 2.2. The Financial Advisor has represented that the Issuer will realize a present value debt service savings (determined without regard to administrative expenses) in connection with the issuance of the Bonds and the refunding of the Outstanding Bonds. The Outstanding Bonds will be redeemed on the earliest date on which the Outstanding Bonds can be redeemed. 2.3. The Bonds are the first advance refunding of the Outstanding Bonds, which were originally issued by the Issuer after December 31, 1985. 2.4. The proceeds of the Outstanding Bonds were used to provide for the acquisition of and improvements to facilities for fire protection, law enforcement, civic administration, recreation, economic development, cultural and civic improvement and educational development (the "Outstanding Projects"). The Outstanding Projects remain in service and have not been sold or otherwise disposed of by the Issuer. 2.5. The Issuer expects that 120 percent of the aggregate useful lives of the Outstanding Projects, on the later of the respective date that the Outstanding Projects were placed in service or the respective date of issuance of the Outstanding Bonds, will exceed 19 years. 2.6. Other than members of the general public, the Issuer expects that throughout the lesser of the term of the Bonds, or the useful lives of the Outstanding Projects, the only user of the Outstanding Projects will be the Issuer or the Issuer's employees and agents. The Issuer will be the manager of the Outstanding Projects. In no event have the proceeds of the Outstanding Bonds in an amount greater than $15 million or facilities financed therewith be used for private business use. 2.7. Except as stated below, the Issuer expects not to sell or otherwise dispose of property constituting the Outstanding Projects prior to the earlier of the end of such property's useful life or the final maturity of the Bonds. The Ordinance provides that the Issuer will not sell or otherwise dispose of the Outstanding Projects unless the Issuer receives an opinion of nationally -recognized bond counsel that such sale or other disposition will not adversely affect the tax-exempt status of the Bonds. 2.8. For purposes of Subsection 2.7 hereof, the Issuer has not included the portion of the Outstanding Projects comprised of personal property that is disposed in the ordinary course at a price that is expected to be less than 25 percent of the original purchase price. The Issuer, upon any disposition of such property, will transfer the receipts from the disposition of such property to the general operating fund and expend such receipts within six months for other governmental programs. Source and Disbursement of Funds. 3.1. The source and disbursement of the proceeds of the Bonds is shown in the report (the "Report") prepared by Grant Thornton LLP, certified public accountants (the "Accountants"), which is included in the transcript for the Bonds and is incorporated herein by reference. The Report shows that a portion of the proceeds of the Bonds will be applied to acquire United States Treasury Obligations -- State and Local Government Series (the "Acquired Obligations") to be deposited in the Escrow Fund. 3.2. The principal of and interest on the Acquired Obligations and the beginning cash balance will not exceed the amount required to pay the principal of and interest on the Outstanding Bonds. The beginning cash balance will not be invested and the maturing principal of and interest on the Acquired Obligations will not be reinvested. Accordingly, after taking into account proceeds used to pay costs of issuance and accrued interest, the Issuer expects that "excess gross proceeds" within the meaning of section 1.148-10(c) of the Treasury Regulations will not exceed one percent of the sale proceeds of the Bonds. 4. Yields. 4.1. The Financial Advisor has prepared certain schedules (the "Schedules") relating to the Bonds, the refunding of the Outstanding Bonds, the yield of the Bonds and the yield of the Acquired Obligations. The Accountants have verified these Schedules. The Accountants' opinion states that the yield on the Bonds and the Acquired Obligations has been computed by determining the yield which when used in computing the present worth of all payments of principal and interest to be paid on the Bonds or the Acquired Obligations produces an amount equal to their purchase price. An adjustment has been made to the computation of yield on the Bonds as provided in section 1.148-4(b)(3) of the Treasury Regulations. In the case of the Bonds, the term "purchase price" means the initial offering price of the Bonds to the public plus accrued interest. In the case of the Acquired Obligations, the term "purchase price" means their cost. The Schedules show that the yield on the Acquired Obligations is less than the yield on the Bonds. 4.2. The issue price of the Bonds included in the Form 8038-G, is based on the Issue Price Certificate attached hereto. 4.3. The Issuer has not entered into any qualified guarantee or qualified hedge with respect to the Bonds. The yield on the Bonds will not be affected by subsequent unexpected events, except to the extent provided in section 1.148-4(h)(3) of the Treasury Regulations when and if the Issuer enters into a qualified hedge or into any transaction transferring, waiving or modifying any right that is part of the terms of any Bond. The Issuer will consult with nationally recognized bond counsel prior to entering into any of the foregoing transactions. 5. Transferred Proceeds. Excess Proceeds and Disposition Proceeds. As of the date of this Certificate, all of the amounts received from the sale of the Outstanding Bonds and the investment earnings thereon have been expended. 6. Interest and SinkingFes. 6.1. A separate and special Interest and Sinking Fund has been created and established, other than as described herein, solely to pay the principal of and interest on the Bonds (the "Bona Fide Debt Service Portion"). The Bona Fide Debt Service Portion constitutes a fund that is used primarily to achieve a proper matching of revenues and debt service within each bond year. Such portion will be completely depleted at least once each year except for an amount not in excess of the greater of (a) one -twelfth of the debt service on the Bonds for the previous year, or (b) the previous year's earnings on such portion of the Interest and Sinking Fund. Amounts deposited in the Interest and Sinking Fund constituting the Bona Fide Debt Service Portion will be spent within a thirteen -month period beginning on the date of deposit, and any amount received from the investment of money held in the Interest and Sinking Fund will be spent within a one-year period beginning on the date of receipt. 6.2. Any money deposited in the Interest and Sinking Fund and any amounts received from the investment thereof that accumulate and remain on hand therein after thirteen months from the date of deposit of any such money or one year after the receipt of any such amounts from the investment thereof shall constitute a separate portion of the Interest and Sinking Fund. The yield on any investments allocable to the portion of the Interest and Sinking Fund exceeding the sum of (a) the Bona Fide Debt Service Portion and (b) an amount equal to the lesser of five percent of the sale and investment proceeds of the Bonds or $100,000 will be restricted to a yield that does not exceed the yield on the Bonds. 7. Invested Sinking Fund Proceeds, Replacement Proceeds. 7.1. The Issuer has, in addition to the moneys received from the sale of the Bonds, certain other moneys that are invested in various funds which are pledged for various purposes. These other funds are not available to accomplish the purposes described in Section 2. 7.2. Other than the Interest and Sinking Fund there are, and will be, no other funds or accounts established, or to be established, by or on behalf of the Issuer that (a) are reasonably expected to be used, or to generate earnings to be used, to pay debt service on the Bonds, or (b) are reserved or pledged as collateral for payment of debt service on the Bonds and for which there is reasonable assurance that amounts therein will be available to pay such debt service if the Issuer encounters financial difficulties. Accordingly, there are no other amounts constituting "gross proceeds" of the Bonds, within the meaning of section 148 of the Code. 8. Other Obligations. atm. There are no other obligations of the Issuer, that (a) are sold at substantially the same time as the Bonds, i.e., within 15 days of the date of sale of the Bonds, (b) are sold pursuant to a common plan of financing with the Bonds, and (c) will be payable from the same source of funds as the Bonds. 9. Federal Tax Audit Responsibilities. The Issuer acknowledges that in the event of an examination by the Internal Revenue Service (the "Service") to determine compliance of the Bonds with the provisions of the Code as they relate to tax-exempt obligations, the Issuer will respond, and will direct its agents and assigns to respond, in a commercially reasonable manner to any inquiries from the Service in connection with such an examination. The Issuer understands and agrees that the examination may be subject to public disclosure under applicable Texas law. 10. Record Retention and Private Business Use. The Issuer has covenanted in the Ordinance that it will comply with the requirements of the Code relating to the exclusion of the interest on the Bonds under section 103 of the Code. The Service has determined that certain materials, records and information should be retained by the issuers of tax-exempt obligations for the purpose of enabling the Service to confirm the exclusion of the interest on such obligations under section 103 of the Code. ACCORDINGLY, THE ISSUER SHALL TAKE STEPS TO ENSURE THAT ALL MATERIALS, RECORDS AND INFORMATION NECESSARY TO CONFIRM THE EXCLUSION OF THE INTEREST ON THE BONDS UNDER SECTION 103 OF THE CODE ARE RETAINED FOR THE PERIODS BEGINNING ON THE RESPECTIVE ISSUE DATE OF THE OUTSTANDING BONDS OR, IN THE CASE OF A SEQUENCE OF REFUNDINGS, THE ISSUE DATE OF THE OBLIGATIONS ORIGINALLY FINANCING THE OUTSTANDING PROJECTS AND ENDING THREE YEARS AFTER THE DATE THE BONDS ARE RETIRED. The Issuer acknowledges receipt of the letters attached hereto as Exhibit "B" which discusses limitations related to private business use and Exhibit "C" which, in part, discusses specific guidance by the Service with respect to the retention of records relating to tax-exempt bond transactions. The Issuer also acknowledges that Exhibit "C" does not constitute an opinion of Bond Counsel as to the proper record retention policy applicable to any specific transaction. 11. Rebate to United States. The Issuer has covenanted in the Ordinance that it will comply with the requirements of the Code, including section 148(f) of the Code, relating to the required rebate to the United States. Specifically, the Issuer will take steps to ensure that all earnings on gross proceeds of the Bonds in excess of the yield on the Bonds required to be rebated to the United States will be timely paid to the United States. The Issuer acknowledges receipt of the memorandum attached hereto as Exhibit "A" which discusses regulations promulgated pursuant to section 148(f) of the Code. This memorandum does not constitute an opinion of Bond Counsel as to the proper federal tax or accounting treatment of any specific transaction. [THE REMAINDER OF THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK] 4 DATED as of December 20, 2011. TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS B Y•: Finance Director $7,375,000 Town of Westlake, Texas, General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 The undersigned represents that, to the best of the undersigned's knowledge, information and belief, the representations contained in Subsections 2.2 and 4.1 of this Federal Tax Certificate and the Schedules attached hereto as Exhibit "E" are, as of December 20, 2011, accurate and complete. We understand that the foregoing information will be relied upon by the Issuer with respect to certain of the representations set forth in this Federal Tax Certificate and by McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. (i) in connection with rendering its opinion to the Issuer that interest on the Bonds is excludable from gross income thereof for income tax purposes, and (ii) for purposes of completing the IRS Form 8038-G. The undersigned is certifying only as to facts in existence on the date hereof. Nothing herein represents the undersigned's interpretation of any laws or the application of any laws to these facts. LAWRENCE FINANCIAL CONSULTING LLC By: ��._ -- Name: 70—,�y Lct a,, e en e C , Title: 57,375,000 Town of Westlake, Texas, General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 Exhibit "A" LAW OFFICES M -CALL, PARKHURST & HORTON L.L.P. 600 CONGRESS AVENUE 717 NORTH HARW OOD SUITE 1800 SUITE 900 AUSTIN, TEXAS 78701-3248 DALLAS, TEXAS 75201-6587 TELEPHONE: (512) 478-3805 TELEPHONE: (214) 754-9200 FACSIMILE: (512) 472-0871 FACSIMILE: (214) 754-9250 January 1, 2006 ARBITRAGE REBATE REGULATIONSc 700 N. ST. MARYS STREET SUITE 1525 SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS 78205-3503 TELEPHONE: (210) 225-2800 FACSIMILE: (210) 225-2984 The arbitrage rebate requirements set forth in section 148(f) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (the "Code") generally provide that in order for interest on any issue of bonds' to be excluded from gross income (i.e., tax-exempt) the issuer must rebate to the United States the sum of, (1) the excess of the amount earned on all "nonpurpose investments" acquired with "gross proceeds" of the issue over the amount which would have been earned if such investments had been invested at a yield equal to the yield on the issue, and (2) the earnings on such excess earnings. On June 18, 1993, the U. S. Treasury Department promulgated regulations relating to the computation of arbitrage rebate and the rebate exceptions. These regulations, which replace the previously -published regulations promulgated on May 15, 1989, and on May 18, 1992, are effective for bonds issued after June 30, 1993. This memorandum was prepared by McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. and provides a general discussion of these arbitrage rebate regulations. This memorandum does not otherwise discuss the general arbitrage regulations, other than as they may incidentally relate to rebate. This memorandum also does not attempt to provide an exhaustive discussion of the arbitrage rebate regulations and should not be considered advice with respect to the arbitrage rebate requirements as applied to any individual or governmental unit or any specific transaction. Any tax advice contained in this memorandum is of a general nature and is not intended to be used, and should not be used, by any person to avoid penalties under the Code. McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. remains available to provide legal advice to issuers with respect to the provisions of these tax regulations but recommends that issuers seek competent financial and accounting assistance in calculating the amount of such issuer's rebate liability under section 148(f) of the Code and in making elections to apply the rebate exceptions. In this memorandum the word "bond" is defined to include any bond, note, certificate, financing lease or other obligation of an issuer. Copyright 2006 by Harold T. Flanagan, McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. All rights reserved. Effective Dates The regulations promulgated on June 18, 1993, generally apply to bonds delivered after June 30, 1993, although they do permit an issuer to elect to apply the rules to bonds issued prior to that date. The temporary regulations adopted by the U. S. Treasury Department in 1989 and 1992 incorporated the same effective dates which generally apply for purposes of section 148(f) of the Code. As such, the previous versions of the rebate regulations generally applied to bonds issued between August 1986 and June 30, 1993 (or, with an election, to bonds issued prior to August 15, 1993). The statutory provisions of section 148(f) of the Code, other than the exception for construction issues, apply to all bonds issued after August 15, 1986, (for private activity bonds) and August 31, 1986, (for governmental public purpose bonds). The statutory exception to rebate applicable for construction issues generally applies if such issue is delivered after December 19, 1989. The regulations provide numerous transitional rules for bonds sold prior to July 1, 1993. Moreover, since, under prior law, rules were previously published with respect to industrial development bonds and mortgage revenue bonds, the transitional rules contained in these regulations permit an issuer to elect to apply certain of these rules for computing rebate on pre -1986 bonds. The regulations provide for numerous elections which would permit an issuer to apply the rules (other than 18 -month spending exception) to bonds which were issued prior to July 1, 1993 and remain outstanding on June 30, 1993. Due to the complexity of the regulations, it is impossible to discuss in this memorandum all circumstances for which specific elections are provided. If an issuer prefers to use these final version of rebate regulations in lieu of the computational method stated under prior law (e.g., due to prior redemption) or the regulations, please contact McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. for advice as to the availability of such options. Future Value Computation Method The regulations employ an actuarial method for computing the rebate amount based on the future value of the investment receipts (i.e., earnings) and payments. The rebate method employs a two-step computation to determine the amount of the rebate payment. First, the issuer determines the bond yield. Second, the issuer determines the arbitrage rebate amount. The regulations require that the computations be made at the end of each five-year period and upon final maturity of the issue (the "computation dates"). THE FINAL MATURITY DATE WILL ACCELERATE IN CIRCUMSTANCES IN WHICH THE BONDS ARE OPTIONALLY REDEEMED PRIOR TO MATURITY. AS SUCH, IF BONDS ARE REFUNDED OR OTHERWISE REDEEMED, THE REBATE MAY BE DUE EARLIER THAN INITIALLY PROJECTED. In order to accommodate accurate record-keeping and to assure that sufficient amounts will be available for the payment of arbitrage rebate liability, however, we recommend that the computations be performed at least annually. Please refer to other materials provided by McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. relating to federal tax rules regarding record retention. Under the future value method, the amount of rebate is determined by compounding the aggregate earnings on all the investments from the date of receipt by the issuer to the computation date. Similarly, a payment for an investment is future valued from the date that the payment is made to the computation date. The receipts and payments are future valued at a discount rate equal to the yield on the bonds. The rebatable arbitrage, as of any computation date, is equal to the excess of the (1) future value of all receipts from investments (i.e., earnings), over (2) the future value of all payments. The following example is provided in the regulations to illustrate how arbitrage rebate is computed under the future value method for a fixed -yield bond: McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. - Page 2 - "On January 1, 1994, City A issues a fixed yield issue and invests all the sale proceeds of the issue ($49 million). There are no other gross proceeds. The issue has a yield of 7.0000 percent per year compounded semiannually (computed on a 30 day month/360 day year basis). City A receives amounts from the investment and immediately expends them for the governmental purpose of the issue as follows: Date Amount 2/1/1994 $ 3,000,000 4/1/1994 5,000,000 6/1/1994 14,000,000 9/1/1994 20,000,000 7/1/1995 10,000,000 City A selects a bond year ending on January 1, and thus the first required computation date is January 1, 1999. The rebate amount as of this date is computed by determining the future value of the receipts and the payments for the investment. The compounding interval is each 6 -month (or shorter) period and the 30 day month/360 day year basis is used because these conventions were used to compute yield on the issue. The future value of these amounts, plus the computation credit, as of January 1, 1999, is: Date Receipts (Payments) FY (7.0000 percent) 01/1/1994 ($49,000,000) ($69,119,339) 02/1/1994 3,000,000 4,207,602 04/1/1994 5,000,000 6,932,715 06/1/1994 14,000,000 19,190,277 09/1/1994 20,000,000 26,947,162 01/1/1995 (1,000) (1,317) 07/1/1995 10,000,000 12,722,793 01/1/1996 (1,000) (1,229) Rebate amount (01/01/1999) $878,664" General Method for Computing Yield on Bonds In general, the term "yield," with respect to a bond, means the discount rate that when used in computing the present value of all unconditionally due payments of principal and interest and all of the payments for a qualified guarantee produces an amount equal to the issue price of the bond. The term "issue price" has the same meaning as provided in sections 1273 and 1274 of the Code. That is, if bonds are publicly offered (i.e., sold by the issuer to a bond house, broker or similar person acting in the capacity of underwriter or wholesaler), the issue price of each bond is determined on the basis of the initial offering price to the public (not to the aforementioned intermediaries) at which price a substantial amount of such bond was sold to the public (not to the aforementioned intermediaries). The "issue price" is separately determined for each bond (i.e., maturity) comprising an issue. McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. - Page 3 - The regulations also provide varying periods for computing yield on the bonds depending on the method by which the interest payment is determined. Thus, for example, yield on an issue of bonds sold with variable interest rates (i.e., interest rates which are reset periodically based on changes in market) is computed separately for each annual period ending on the first anniversary of the delivery date that the issue is outstanding. In effect, yield on a variable yield issue is determined on each computation date by "looking back" at the interest payments for such period. The regulations, however, permit an issuer of a variable -yield issue to elect to compute the yield for annual periods ending on any date in order to permit a matching of such yield to the expenditure of the proceeds. Any such election must be made in writing, is irrevocable, and must be made no later than the earlier of (1) the fifth anniversary date, or (2) the final maturity date. Yield on a fixed interest rate issue (i.e., an issue of bonds the interest rate on which is determined as of the date of the issue) is computed over the entire term of the issue. Issuers of fixed -yield issues generally use the yield computed as of the date of issue for all rebate computations. Such yield on fixed -yield issues generally is recomputed only if (1) the issue is sold at a substantial premium, may be retired within five years of the date of delivery, and such date is earlier than its scheduled maturity date, or (2) the issue is a stepped - coupon bond. In such cases, the regulations require the issuer to recompute the yield on such issues by taking into account the early retirement value of the bonds. Similarly, recomputation may occur in circumstances in which the issuer or bondholder modify or waive certain terms of, or rights with respect to, the issue or in sophisticated hedging transactions. IN SUCH CIRCUMSTANCES, ISSUERS ARE ADVISED TO CONSUL TMcCALL, PARKHURST & HORTONL.L.P. TOADDRESS THE FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSEQUENCES OF THESE TRANSACTIONS. For purposes of determining the principal or redemption payments on a bond, different rules are used for fixed-rate and variable-rate bonds. The payment is computed separately on each maturity of bonds rather than on the issue as a whole. In certain circumstances, the yield on the bond is determined by assuming that principal on the bond is paid as scheduled and that the bond is retired on the final maturity date for the stated retirement price. For bonds subject to early redemption or stepped -coupon bonds, described above, or for bonds subject to mandatory early redemption, the yield is computed assuming the bonds are paid on the early redemption date for an amount equal to their value. Premiums paid to guarantee the payment of debt service on bonds are taken into account in computing the yield on the bond. Payments for guarantees are taken into account by treating such premiums as the payment of interest on the bonds. This treatment, in effect, raises the yield on the bond, thereby permitting the issuer to recover such fee with excess earnings. The guarantee must be an unconditional obligation of the guarantor enforceable by the bondholder for the payment of principal or interest on the bond or the tender price of a tender bond. The guarantee may be in the form of an insurance policy, surety bond, irrevocable letter or line of credit, or standby purchase agreement. Importantly, the guarantor must be legally entitled to full reimbursement for any payment made on the guarantee either immediately or upon commercially reasonable repayment terms. The guarantor may not be a co -obligor of the bonds or a user of more than 10 percent of the proceeds of the bonds. Payments for the guarantee may not exceed a reasonable charge for the transfer of credit risk. This reasonable charge requirement is not satisfied unless it is reasonably expected that the guarantee will result in a net present value savings on the bond (i.e., the premium does not exceed the present value of the interest savings resulting by virtue of the guarantee). If the guarantee is entered into after June 14, 1989, then any fees charged for the nonguarantee services must be separately stated or the guarantee fee is not recoverable. McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. - Page 4 - The regulations also treat certain "hedging" transactions in a manner similar to qualified guarantees. "Hedges" are contracts, e.g., interest rate swaps, futures contracts or options, which are intended to reduce the risk of interest rate fluctuations. Hedges and other financial derivatives are sophisticated and ever -evolving financial products with which a memorandum, such as this, can not readily deal. IN SUCH CIRCUMSTANCES, ISSUERS ARE ADVISED TO CONSUL TMcCALL, PARKHURST & HORTON L.L.P. TO ADDRESS THE FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSEQUENCES OF THESE TRANSACTIONS. Earnings on Nonpurpose Investments The arbitrage rebate provisions apply only to the receipts from the investment of "gross proceeds" in "nonpurpose investments." For this purpose, nonpurpose investments are stock, bonds or other obligations acquired with the gross proceeds of the bonds for the period prior to the expenditure of the gross proceeds for the ultimate purpose. For example, investments deposited to construction funds, reserve funds (including surplus taxes or revenues deposited to sinking funds) or other similar funds are nonpurpose investments. Such investments include only those which are acquired with "gross proceeds." For this purpose, the term "gross proceeds" includes original proceeds received from the sale of the bonds, investment earnings from the investment of such original proceeds, amounts pledged to the payment of debt service on the bonds or amounts actually used to pay debt service on the bonds. The regulations do not provide a sufficient amount of guidance to include an exhaustive list of "gross proceeds" for this purpose; however, it can be assumed that "gross proceeds" represent all amounts received from the sale of bonds, amounts earned as a result of such sale or amounts (including taxes and revenues) which are used to pay, or secure the payment of, debt service for the bonds. The total amount of "gross proceeds" allocated to a bond generally can not exceed the outstanding principal amount of the bonds. The regulations provide that an investment is allocated to an issue for the period (1) that begins on the date gross proceeds are used to acquire the investment, and (2) that ends on the date such investment ceases to be allocated to the issue. In general, proceeds are allocated to a bond issue until expended for the ultimate purpose for which the bond was issued or for which such proceeds are received (e.g., construction of a bond - financed facility or payment of debt service on the bonds). Deposit of gross proceeds to the general fund of the issuer (or other fund in which they are commingled with revenues or taxes) does not eliminate or ameliorate the Issuer's obligation to compute rebate in most cases. As such, proceeds commingled with the general revenues of the issuer are not "freed -up" from the rebate obligation. An exception to this commingling limitation for bonds, other than private activity bonds, permits "investment earnings" (but not sale proceeds or other types of gross proceeds) to be considered spent when deposited to a commingled fund if those amounts are reasonably expected to be spent within six months. Other than for these amounts, issuers may consider segregating investments in order to more easily compute the amount of such arbitrage earnings by not having to allocate investments. Special rules are provided for purposes of advance refundings. These rules are too complex to discuss in this memorandum. Essentially, the rules relating to refundings, however, do not require that amounts deposited to the escrow fund to defease the prior obligations of the issuer be subject to arbitrage rebate to the extent that the investments deposited to the escrow fund do not have a yield in excess of the yield on the bonds. Any loss resulting from the investment of proceeds in an escrow fund below the yield on the bonds, however, may be recovered by combining those investments with investments deposited to other funds, e.g., reserve or construction funds. McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. - Page 5 - The arbitrage regulations also provide an exception to the arbitrage limitations for the investment of bond proceeds in tax-exempt obligations. As such, investment of proceeds in tax exempt bonds eliminates the Issuer's rebate obligation. A caveat; this exception does not apply to gross proceeds derived allocable to a bond, which is not subject to the alternative minimum tax under section 57(a)(5) of the Code, if invested in tax- exempt bonds subject to the alternative minimum tax, i.e., " private activity bonds." Such "AMT -subject" investment is treated as a taxable investment and must comply with the arbitrage rules, including rebate. Earnings from these tax-exempt investments are subject to arbitrage restrictions, including rebate. Similarly, the investment of gross proceeds in certain tax-exempt mutual funds are treated as a direct investment in the tax-exempt obligations deposited in such fund. While issuers may invest in such funds for purposes of avoiding arbitrage rebate, they should be aware that if "private activity bonds" are included in the fund then a portion of the earnings will be subject to arbitrage rebate. Issuers should be prudent in assuring that the funds do not contain private activity bonds. The arbitrage regulations provide a number of instances in which earnings will be imputed to nonpurpose investments. Receipts generally will be imputed to investments that do not bear interest at an arm's-length (i.e., market) interest rate. As such, the regulations adopt a "market price" rule. In effect, this rule prohibits an issuer from investing bond proceeds in investments at a price which is higher than the market price of comparable obligations, in order to reduce the yield. Special rules are included for determining the market price for investment contracts, certificates of deposit and certain U.S. Treasury obligations. For example, to establish the fair market value of investment contracts a bidding process between three qualified bidders must be used. The fair market value of certificates of deposit which bear a fixed interest rate and are subject to an early withdrawal penalty is its purchase price if that price is not less than the yield on comparable U. S. Treasury obligations and is the highest yield available from the institution. In any event, a basic "common sense" rule -of -thumb that can be used to determine whether a fair market value has been paid is to ask whether the general funds of the issuer would be invested at the same yield or at a higher yield. An exception to this market price rule is available for United States Treasury Obligations - State or Local Government Series in which case the purchase price is always the market price. Reimbursement and Working Capital The regulations provide rules for purposes of determining whether gross proceeds are used for working capital and, if so, at what times those proceeds are considered spent. In general, working capital financings are subject to many of the same rules that have existed since the mid-1970s. For example, the regulations generally continue the 13 -month temporary period. By adopting a "proceeds -spent -last" rule, the regulations also generally require that an issuer actually incur a deficit (i.e., expenditures must exceed receipts) for the computation period (which generally corresponds to the issuer's fiscal year). Also, the regulations continue to permit an operating reserve, but unlike prior regulations the amount of such reserve may not exceed five percent of the issuer's actual working capital expenditures for the prior fiscal year. Another change made by the regulations is that the issuer may not finance the operating reserve with proceeds of a tax-exempt obligation. Importantly, the regulations contain rules for determining whether proceeds used to reimburse an issuer for costs paid prior to the date of issue of the obligation, in fact, are considered spent at the time of reimbursement. These rules apply to an issuer who uses general revenues for the payment of all or a portion of the costs of a project then uses the proceeds of the bonds to reimburse those general revenues. Failure to McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. - Page 6 - comply with these rules would result in the proceeds continuing to be subject to federal income tax restrictions, including rebate. To qualify for reimbursement, a cost must be described in an expression (e.g., resolution, legislative authorization) evidencing the issuer's intent to reimburse which is made no later than 60 days after the payment of the cost. Reimbursement must occur no later than 18 months after the later of (1) the date the cost is paid or (2) the date the project is placed in service. Except for projects requiring an extended construction period or small issuers, in no event can a cost be reimbursed more than three years after the cost is paid. Reimbursement generally is not permitted for working capital; only capital costs, grants and loans may be reimbursed. Moreover, certain anti -abuse rules apply to prevent issuers from avoiding the limitations on refundings. IN CASES INVOLVING WORKING CAPITAL OR REIMBURSEMENT, ISSUERS ARE ADVISED TO CONTACT McCALL, PARKHURST & HORTON L.L.P. TO ADDRESS THE FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSEQUENCES OF THE TRANSACTION. Rebate Payments Rebate payments generally are due 60 days after each installment computation date. The interim computation dates occur each fifth anniversary of the issue date. The final computation date is on the latest of (1) the date 60 days after the date the issue of bonds is no longer outstanding, (2) the date eight months after the date of issue for certain short-term obligations (i.e., obligations retired within three years), or (3) the date the issuer no longer reasonably expects any spending exception, discussed below, to apply to the issue. On such payment dates, other than the final payment date, an issuer is required to pay 90 percent of the rebatable arbitrage to the United States. On the final payment date, an issuer is required to pay 100 percent of the remaining rebate liability. Failure to timely pay rebate does not necessarily result in the loss of tax -exemption. Late payments, however, are subject to the payment of interest, and unless waived, a penalty of 50 percent (or, in the case of private activity bonds, other than qualified 501(c)(3) bonds, 100 percent) of the rebate amount which is due. IN SUCH CIRCUMSTANCES, ISSUERS ARE ADVISED TO CONSULT McCALL, PARKHURST & HORTON L.L.P. TO ADDRESS THE FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSEQUENCES OF THESE TRANSACTIONS. Rebate payments are refundable. The issuer, however, must establish to the satisfaction of the Commissioner of the Internal Revenue Service that the issuer paid an amount in excess of the rebate and that the recovery of the overpayment on that date would not result in additional rebatable arbitrage. An overpayment of less than $5,000 may not be recovered before the final computation date. Alternative Penalty Amount In certain cases, an issuer of a bond the proceeds of which are to be used for construction may elect to pay a penalty, in lieu of rebate. The penalty may be elected in circumstances in which the issuer expects to satisfy the two-year spending exception which is more fully described under the heading "Exceptions to Rebate." The penalty is payable, if at all, within 60 days after the end of each six-month period. This is more often than rebate. The election of the alternative penalty amount would subject an issuer, which fails the two- year spend -out requirements, to the payment of a penalty equal to one and one-half of the excess of the amount McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. - Page 7 - ofproceeds which was required to be spent during that period over the amount which was actually spent during the period. The penalty has characteristics which distinguish it from arbitrage rebate. First, the penalty would be payable without regard to whether any arbitrage profit is actually earned. Second, the penalty continues to accrue until either (1) the appropriate amount is expended or (2) the issuer elects to terminate the penalty. To be able to terminate the penalty, the issuer must meet specific requirements and, in some instances, must pay an additional penalty equal to three percent of the unexpended proceeds. Exceptions to Rebate The Code and regulations provide certain exceptions to the requirement that the excess investment earnings be rebated to the United States. a. Small Issuers. The first exception provides that if an issuer (together with all subordinate issuers) during a calendar year does not issue tax-exempt bondsZ in an aggregate face amount exceeding $5 million, then the obligations are not subject to rebate. Only issuers with general taxing powers may take advantage of this exception. Subordinate issuers are those issuers which derive their authority to issue bonds from the same issuer, e.g., a city and a health facilities development corporation, or which are controlled by the same issuer, e.g., a state and the board of a public university. In the case of bonds issued for public school capital expenditures, the $5 million cap may be increased to as much as $15 million. For purposes of measuring whether bonds in the calendar year exceed these dollar limits, current refunding bonds can be disregarded if they meet certain structural requirements. Please contact McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. for further information. b. Spending Exceptions. Six -Month Exception. The second exception to the rebate requirement is available to all tax-exempt bonds, all of the gross proceeds of which are expended during six months. The six month rule is available to bonds issued after the effective date of the Tax Reform Act of 1986. See the discussion of effective dates on page two. For this purpose, proceeds used for the redemption of bonds (other than proceeds of a refunding bond deposited to an escrow fund to discharge refunded bonds) can not be taken into account as expended. As such, bonds with excess gross proceeds generally can not satisfy the second exception unless the amount does not exceed the lesser of five percent or $100,000 and such de minimis amount must be expended within one year. Certain gross proceeds are not subject to the spend -out requirement, including amounts deposited to a bona fide debt service fund, to a reserve fund and amounts which become gross proceeds received from purpose investments. These amounts themselves, however, maybe subject to rebate even though the originally expended proceeds were not. The Code provides a special rule for tax and revenue anticipation notes (i.e., obligations issued to pay operating expenses in anticipation of the receipt of taxes and other revenues). Such notes are referred to as TRANs. To determine the timely expenditure of the proceeds of a TRAN, the computation of the "cumulative cash flow deficit" is important. If the "cumulative cash flow deficit" (i.e., the For this purpose, "private activity bonds" neither are afforded the benefit of this exception nor are taken into account for purposes of determining the amount of bonds issued. McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. - Page 8 - point at which the operating expenditures of the issuer on a cumulative basis exceed the revenues of the issuer during the fiscal year) occurs within the first six months of the date of issue and must be equal to at least 90 percent of the proceeds of the TRAN, then the notes are deemed to satisfy the exception. This special rule requires, however, that the deficit actually occur, not that the issuer merely have an expectation that the deficit will occur. In lieu of the statutory exception for TRANS, the regulations also provide a second exception. Under this exception, 100 percent of the proceeds must be spent within six months, but before note proceeds can be considered spent, all other available amounts of the issuer must be spent first ("proceeds -spent -last" rule). In determining whether all available amounts are spent, a reasonable working capital reserve equal to five percent of the prior year's expenditures may be set aside and treated as unavailable. 18 -Month Exception. The regulations also establish a non -statutory exception to arbitrage rebate if all of the gross proceeds (including investment earnings) are expended within 18 months after the date of issue. Under this exception, 15 percent of the gross proceeds must be expended within a six-month spending period, 60 percent within a 12 -month spending period and 100 percent within an 18 -month spending period. The rule permits an issuer to rely on its reasonable expectations for computing investment earnings which are included as gross proceeds during the first and second spending period. A reasonable retainage not to exceed five percent of the sale proceeds of the issue is not required to be spent within the 18 -month period but must be expended within 30 months. Rules similar to the six-month exception relate to the definition of gross proceeds. Two Year Exception. Bonds issued after December 19, 1989 (i.e., the effective date of the Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1989), at least 75 percent of the net proceeds of which are to be used for construction, may be exempted from rebate if the gross proceeds are spent within two years. Bonds more than 25 percent of the proceeds of which are used for acquisition or working capital may not take advantage of this exception. The exception applies only to governmental bonds, qualified 501(c)(3) bonds and private activity bonds for governmentally -owned airports and docks and wharves. The two-year exception requires that at least 10 percent of the available construction proceeds must be expended within six months after the date of issue, 45 percent within 12 months, 75 percent within 18 months and 100 percent within 24 months. The term "available construction proceeds" generally means sale proceeds of the bonds together with investment earnings less amounts deposited to a qualified reserve fund or used to pay costs of issuance. Under this rule, a reasonable retainage not to exceed five percent need not be spent within 24 months but must be spent within 36 months. The two-year rule also provides for numerous elections which must be made not later than the date of issuance of the bonds. Once made, the elections are irrevocable. Certain elections permit an issuer to bifurcate bond issues, thereby treating only a portion of the issue as a qualified construction bond; and, permit an issuer to disregard earnings from reserve funds for purposes of determining "available construction proceeds." Another election permits an issuer to pay the alternative penalty amount discussed above in lieu of rebate if the issuer ultimately fails to satisfy the two-year rule. Issuers should discuss these elections with their financial advisors prior to issuance of the bonds. Of course, McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. remains available to assist you by providing legal interpretations thereof. Debt Service Funds. Additionally, an exception to the rebate requirement, whether or not any of the previously discussed exceptions are available, applies for earnings on "bona fide debt service funds." A "bona fide debt service fund" is one in which the amounts are expended within 13 months of the accumulation of such amounts by the issuer. In general, most interest and sinking funds (other than any excess taxes or revenues accumulated therein) satisfy these requirements. For private activity bonds, short term bonds (i.e., have a term of less than five years) or variable rate bonds, the exclusion is available only if the gross earnings in such fund does not exceed $100,000, for the bond year. For other bonds issued after November 11, 1988, no limitation McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. - Page 9 - is applied to the gross earnings on such funds for purposes of this exception. Therefore, subject to the foregoing discussion, the issuer is not required to take such amounts into account for purposes of the computation. FOR BONDS ISSUED AFTER THE EFFECTIVE DATE OF THE TAX REFORM ACT OF 1986 WHICH WERE OUTSTANDING AS OF NOVEMBER 11, 1988, OTHER THAN PRIVATE ACTIVITY BONDS, SHORT TERM BONDS OR VARIABLE RATE BONDS, A ONE-TIME ELECTION MAY BE MADE TO EXCLUDE EARNINGS ON "BONA FIDE DEBT SERVICE FUNDS" WITHOUT REGARD TO THE $100,000, LIMITATION. THE ELECTION MUST BE MADE IN WRITING (AND MAINTAINED AS PART OF THE ISSUER'S BOOKS AND RECORDS) NO LATER THAN THE LATER OF MARCH 21, 1990, OR THE FIRST DATE A REBATE PAYMENT IS REQUIRED. Convincinn McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. hopes that this memorandum will prove to be useful as a general guide to the arbitrage rebate requirements. Again, this memorandum is not intended as an exhaustive discussion nor as specific advice with respect to any specific transaction. We advise our clients to seek competent financial and accounting assistance. Of course, we remain available to provide legal advice regarding all federal income tax matters, including arbitrage rebate. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact either Harold T. Flanagan or Stefano Taverna at (214) 754-9200. McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. - Page 10 - EXHIBIT "B" LAW OFFICES WCALL, PARKHURST & HORTON L.L.P. 600 CONGRESS AVENUE 717 NORTH HARWOOD 700 N. ST. MARY'S STREET SUITE 1800 SUITE 900 SUITE 1525 AUSTIN, TEXAS 78701-3248 DALLAS, TEXAS 75201-6587 SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS 78205-3503 TELEPHONE: (512) 478-3805 TELEPHONE: (214) 754-9200 TELEPHONE: (210) 225-2800 FACSIMILE: (512) 472-0871 FACSIMILE: (214) 754-9250 FACSIMILE: (210) 225-2984 November 1, 2011 Certain Federal Income Tax Considerations for Private Business Use of Bond -Financed Facilities This memorandum provides a general discussion of those types of contractual arrangements which give rise to private business use, and to what extent that use rises to a prohibited level. Generally, in order for bonds issued by governmental units to be tax- exempt, no more than a de minimis amount of the proceeds of the bonds or the facilities financed with such proceeds may be used by non-governmental users. That is, there may be no more than an incidental use by persons, other than state or local governments. Too much private business use can cause the bonds to become taxable. Private business use for this purpose can be direct or can result from indirect benefits being conveyed to a private person by contractual arrangement. The following discussion describes, in general terms, those types of arrangements which need to be scrutinized. We hope that this general guideline will be useful to you in interacting with private parties regarding the use of bond proceeds or bond -financed facilities. While the statements contained herein are not intended as advice with regard to any specific transaction, McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. remains available should you have questions about these rules. If you have any specific questions or comments, please feel free to contact Stefano Taverna or Harold T. Flanagan at (214) 754-9200. Private Business Use Arrangements that involve use in a trade or business by a nongovernmental person of bond proceeds or facilities financed with bond proceeds may cause a "private business use" problem. Bond -financed facilities may be used by a variety of people with differing consequences under these rules. For example, students, teachers, employees and the general public may use bond -financed facilities on a non-exclusive basis without constituting private business use. More problematic, however, is use of bond -financed facilities by groups such as managers, lessees (e.g., book store owners), persons providing services (e.g., food or cleaning), seminar groups, sports and entertainment groups, and even alumni associations. The benefits also may be considered to pass to a private person where the right to the output produced by the facility is transferred. For this purpose, the federal government is considered a non-governmental person. Use by an organization organized under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code in a trade or business unrelated to the exempt purpose of such organization also is considered use by a private person. The term "use" includes both actual and beneficial use. As such, private business use may arise in a variety of ways. For example, ownership of a bond -financed facility by a non-governmental person is private business use. The leasing of a bond -financed facility by a non-governmental person can also cause a private business use problem. Along the same line, management of such facilities by a non-governmental person can cause a problem with private business use, absent compliance with the management contract rules discussed below. Essentially, such use can occur in connection with any arrangement in which the non- governmental user has a preference to benefit from the proceeds or the facilities. Therefore, any arrangement which results in a non-governmental person being the ultimate beneficiary of the bond financing must be considered. 1. Sales and Leases. The sale of a bond -financed facility to a non- governmental person would cause a private business use problem if that facility involved the use of more than 10 percent of the bond proceeds. Since state law often prohibits a governmental issuer from lending credit, this circumstance generally does not occur. Leases, however, also could be a problem because such arrangements grant a possessory interest in the facility which results in the lessee receiving a right to use the facility which is superior to members of the general public. 2. Management Contracts. Having a private manager will give rise to private business use unless certain terms of the management agreement demonstrate that beneficial use has not been passed to the manager. These factors relate to the compensation arrangements, contract term, cancellation provisions, and the relationship of the parties. The primary focus of these rules is on compensation. In general, compensation must be reasonable and not be based, in whole or in part, on a share of net profits. Compensation arrangements may take one of four forms: (1) periodic fixed fee; (2) capitation fee; (3) per- unit fee; or (4) percentage of fees charged. In general, a periodic fixed fee arrangement, however, is required in which at least 50 percent of annual compensation be based on a predetermined fee. During the initial two year start-up period, compensation may be based on a percentage of fees charged (i.e., gross revenues, adjusted gross revenues or expenses). The term of a management contract, generally, may not exceed five years, including all renewal options, and must be cancelable by the governmental unit at the end of the third year. If per-unit fee compensation is used, the term is limited to three years, with a cancellation option for the governmental unit at the end of two years. Where compensation is based on a percentage of gross revenues, the contract may not extend beyond a term of two years, cancelable by the governmental unit at the end of the first year. In each instance, cancellation may be upon reasonable notice, but must be "without penalty or cause," meaning no covenant not to compete, buy-out provision or liquidated damages provision is allowed. Finally, the manager may not have any role or relationship with the governmental unit that would limit the ability of the governmental unit to exercise its rights under the contract. Any voting power of either party which is vested in the other party, including its officers, directors, shareholders and employees, may not exceed 20 percent. Further, the chief executive officer of either party may not serve on the governing board of the other party. Similarly, the two parties must not be members of the same controlled group or be related persons, as defined in certain provisions of federal tax law. 3. Cooperative Research Agreements. A cooperative research agreement with a private sponsor whereby the private party uses bond -financed facilities may cause a private business use problem. Nevertheless, such use of a bond -financed facility by a non- governmental person is to be disregarded for purposes of private business use if the arrangement is in one of the following forms. First, the arrangement may be disregarded if the sponsoring party is required to pay a competitive price for any license or other use of resulting technology, and such price must be determined at the time the technology is available. Second, an arrangement may also qualify if a four-part requirement is met: (1) multiple, unrelated industry sponsors must agree to fund university -performed basic research; (2) the university must determine the research to be performed and the manner in which it is to be performed; (3) the university must have exclusive title to any patent or other product incidentally resulting from the basic research; and (4) sponsors must be limited to no more than a nonexclusive, royalty -free license to use the product of any such research. McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. - Page 2 4. Output Contracts. In some circumstances, private business use arises by virtue of contractual arrangements in which a governmental unit agrees to sell the output from a bond -financed facility to a non-governmental person. If the non-governmental person is obligated to take the output or to pay for output even if not taken, then private business use will arise. This is because the benefits and burdens of the bond -financed facility are considered as inuring to the non-governmental purchaser. In addition to the general rule, output -type facilities, including electric and gas generation, transmission and related facilities (but not water facilities) are further limited in the amount of private business use which may be permitted. If more than 5 percent of the proceeds are used for output facilities and if more than 10 percent of the output is sold pursuant to an output arrangement, then the aggregate private business use which may result (for all bond issues) is $15,000,000. How Much Private Business Use is Too Much? In general, there is too much private business use if an amount in excess of 10 percent of the proceeds of the bond issue are to be used, directly or indirectly, in a trade or business carried on by persons other than governmental units, and other than as members of the general public. All trade or business use by persons on a basis different than that of the general public is aggregated for the 10 percent limit. Private business use is measured on a facility or bond issue basis. On a facility basis, such use is generally measured by relative square footage, fair market rental value or the percentage of cost allocable to the private use. On a bond issue basis, the proceeds of the bond issue are allocated to private and governmental (or public) use of the facility to determine the amount of private business use over the term of the bond issue. Temporary use is not necessarily "bad" (i.e, private use) even though it results in more than 10 percent of the facility being so used. For example, if 100 percent of a facility is used for a period equal to five percent of the term of the bond such use may not adversely impact the bonds. The question is whether the benefits and burdens of ownership have transferred to the private user, as in the case of a sale, lease or management contract. If these benefits and burdens have not transferred, such use may be disregarded for purposes of private business use. In addition, if the private use is considered "unrelated or disproportionate" to the governmental purpose for issuance of the bonds, the private business use test is met if the level of the prohibited private use rises to 5 percent. The "unrelated" question turns on the operational relationship between the private use and use for the governmental purpose. In most cases, a related use facility must be located within or adjacent to the related governmental facility, e.g., a privately -operated school cafeteria would be related to the school in which it is located. Whereas, the use of a bond -financed facility as an administrative office building for a catering company that operates cafeterias for a school system would not be a related use of bond proceeds. Nonetheless, even if a use is related, it is disproportionate to the extent that bond proceeds used for the private use will exceed proceeds used for the related governmental use. III. When are the tests applied to analyze the qualification of a bond? A bond is tested both (1) on the date of issue, and (2) over the term. The tests are applied to analyze the character of the bond on the date of issue, based on how the issuer expects to use the proceeds and the bond -financed property. This is known as the "reasonable expectations" standard. The tests also continuously are applied during the term of the bonds to determine whether there has been a deviation from those expectations. This is known as the "change of use" standard. When tested, bonds are viewed on an "issue -by -issue" basis. Generally, bonds secured by the same sources of funds are part of the same "issue" if they are sold within 15 days of one another. McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. - Page 3 IV. What is the reasonable expectations standard? The reasonable expectations standard will be the basis on which McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P., as bond counsel, will render the federal income tax opinion on the bonds. The statement of expectations will be incorporated into the Federal Tax Certificate, previously referred to as the Federal Tax Certificate. The certificate also will contain information about the amounts to be expended on different types of property, e.g., land, buildings, equipment, in order to compute a weighted useful life of the bond -financed property. Based on the information on useful life, the maximum weighted average maturity of the bonds tested to ensure that is restricted to no more than 120 percent of the useful life of the property being financed or refinanced. V. Chanae of Use Standard. The disqualified private business use need not exist on the date of issue. Subsequent use by non-governmental persons also can cause a loss of tax -exemption. Post - issuance "change of use" of bond -financed facilities could result in the loss of the tax-exempt status of the bonds, unless certain elements exist which demonstrate the change was unforeseen. For this purpose, a change in use includes a failure to limit private business use subsequent to the date of issuance of the bonds. A reasonable expectation element requires that, as of the date of issue of the bonds, the governmental unit reasonably have expected to use the proceeds of the issue for qualified facilities for the entire term of the issue. To fall within the safe harbor rules which avoid loss of tax-exempt status the governmental unit must assure that no circumstances be present which indicate an attempt to avoid directly or indirectly the requirements of federal income tax law. Finally, the safe harbor requires that the governmental unit take remedial action that would satisfy one of the following provisions: redemption of bonds; alternative use of disposition proceeds of a facility that is financed by governmental bonds; or, alternative use of a facility that is financed by governmental bonds. For purposes of the latter two remedial action provisions, the governmental unit has 90 days from the date of the change of use to satisfy the requirements. In addition, there is an exception for small transactions for dispositions at a loss. VI. Written Procedures. The Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") has initiated an active audit program intended to investigate the compliance of governmental issuers with the private activity bond rules described herein and the arbitrage rules described in the other memorandum provided to you by our firm. In connection with the expansion of this program, auditors and their supervisors have expressed the viewpoint that each governmental issuer should establish written procedures to assure continuing compliance. Moreover, the IRS is asking issuers to state in a bond issue's informational return (such an 8038-G) whether such procedures have been adopted. The federal tax certificate, together with the attached memoranda and bond covenants can be supplemented by standard written practices adopted by the executive officer or legislative bodies of the issuer. Accordingly, our firm is prepared to advise you with respect to additional practices which we believe would be beneficial in monitoring compliance and taking remedial action in cases of change in use. There is no standard uniform practice for all issuers to adopt because each issuer operates in unique fashion. However, if you wish us to assist you in developing practices which might assist you in complying with the viewpoints expressed by the IRS and its personnel, please contact your bond lawyer at McCall, Parkhurst & Horton LLP. Disclosure Under IRS Circular 230: McCall Parkhurst & Horton LLP informs you that any tax advice contained in this memorandum, including any attachments, was not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used, for the purpose of avoiding federal tax McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. - Page 4 related penalties or promoting, marketing or recommending to another party any transaction or matter addressed herein. McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. - Page 5 Exhibit "C" LAW OFFICES M -'-CALL, PARKHURST & HORTON L.L.P. 600 CONGRESS AVENUE 717 NORTH HARWOOD SUITE 1800 SUITE 900 AUSTIN, TEXAS 78701-3248 DALLAS, TEXAS 75201-6587 TELEPHONE: 512 478-3805 TELEPHONE: 214 754-9200 FACSIMILE: 512 472-0871 Debbie Piper Finance Director 3 Village Circle Suite 202 Westlake, Texas 76262 FACSIMILE: 214 754-9250 November 16, 2011 Re: Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 Dear Ms. Piper: 700 N. ST. MARY'S STREET SUITE 1525 SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS 78205-3503 TELEPHONE: 210 225-2800 FACSIMILE: 210 225-2984 As you know, the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Issuer") will issue the captioned bonds in order to provide for the refunding, in advance of their maturities, of portions of bonds previously issued by the Issuer. As a result of that issuance, the federal income tax laws impose certain restrictions on the investment and expenditure of amounts to be used for the project or to be deposited to the interest and sinking fund for the captioned bonds. The purpose of this letter is to set forth, in somewhat less technical language, those provisions of the tax law which require the timely use of bond proceeds and that investment of these amounts be at a yield which is not higher than the yield on the captioned bonds. For this purpose, please refer to line 21(e) of the Form 803 8-G included in the transcript of proceedings for the yield on the captioned bonds. Please note that the Form 803 8-G has been prepared based on the information provided by or on your behalf by your financial advisor. Accordingly, while we believe that the information is correct you may wish to have the yield confirmed before your rebate consultant or the paying agent attempt to rely on it. The Issuer has determined that there are no unexpended original and investment proceeds of the outstanding bonds deposited to the construction fund. [TO BE CONFIRMED] Generally, the federal tax laws provide that, unless excepted, amounts to be used for the project or to be deposited to the interest and sinking fund must be invested in obligations the combined yield on which does not exceed the yield on the bonds. Importantly, for purposes of administrative convenience, the bonds, however, have been structured in such a way as to avoid, for the most part, this restriction on investment yield. They also contain certain covenants relating to expenditures of proceeds designed to alert you to unintentional failures to comply with the laws affecting expenditures of proceeds and dispositions of property. First, the interest and sinking fund is made up of amounts which are received annually for the payment of current debt service on all the Issuer's outstanding bonds. Any taxes or revenues deposited to the interest and sinking fund which are to be used for the payment of current debt service on the captioned bonds, or any other outstanding bonds, are not subject to yield restriction. By definition, current debt service refers only to debt service to be paid within one year of the date of receipt of these amounts. For the most part, this would be debt service in the current fiscal year. These amounts deposited to the account for current debt service may be invested without regard to any constraint imposed by the federal income tax laws. Second, a portion of the interest and sinking fund is permitted to be invested without regard to yield restriction as a "minor portion." The "minor portion" exception is available for de minimis amounts of taxes or revenues deposited to the interest and sinking fund. The maximum amount that may be invested as part of this account may not exceed the lesser of five percent of the principal amount of the bonds or $100,000. Accordingly, you should review the current balance in the interest and sinking fund in order to determine if such balance exceeds the aggregate amounts discussed above. Additionally, in the future it is important that you be aware of these restrictions as additional amounts are deposited to the interest and sinking fund. The amounts in this fund which are subject to yield restriction would only be the amounts which are in excess of the sum of (1) the current debt service account and (2) the "minor portion" account. Moreover, to the extent that additional bonds are issued by the Issuer, whether for new money projects or for refunding, these amounts will change in their proportion. The ordinance contains covenants that require the Issuer to comply with the requirements of the federal tax laws relating to the tax-exempt obligations. The Internal Revenue Service (the "Service") has determined that certain materials, records and information should be retained by the issuers of tax-exempt obligations for the purpose of enabling the Service to confirm the exclusion of the interest on such obligations under the Internal Revenue Code. Accordingly, the Issuer should retain such materials, records and information for the periods beginning on the respective issue date of the outstanding bonds, or, in the case of a sequence of refundings, the issue date of the obligations originally financing the refinanced projects and ending three years after the date the captioned bonds are retired. Please note this federal tax law standard may vary from state law standards. The material, records and information required to be retained will generally be contained in the transcript of proceedings for the captioned bonds, however, the Issuer should collect and retain additional materials, records and information to ensure the continued compliance with federal tax law requirements. For example, beyond the transcript of proceedings for the bonds, the Issuer should keep schedules evidencing the expenditure of bond proceeds, documents relating to the use of bond -financed property by governmental and any private parties (e.g., leases and management contracts, if any) and schedules pertaining to the investment of bond proceeds. In the event that you have questions relating to record retention, please contact us. The Service also wants some assurance that any failure to comply with the federal tax laws was not due to an issuer's intentional disregard or gross neglect of the responsibilities imposed on it by the federal tax laws. Therefore, to ensure post -issuance compliance, an issuer should consider adopting formalized written guidelines to help the issuer perform diligence reviews at regular intervals. The goal is for issuers to be able to timely identify and resolve violations of the laws necessary to maintain their obligations' tax -favored status. While the federal tax certificate, together with its attachments, may generally provide a basic written guideline when incorporated in an organizations' operations, the extent to which an organization has appropriate written compliance procedures in place is to be determined on a case-by-case basis Moreover, the Service has indicated that written procedures should identify the personnel that adopted the procedures, the personnel that is responsible for monitoring compliance, the frequency of compliance check activities, the nature of the compliance check activities undertaken, and the date such procedures were originally adopted and subsequently updated, if applicable. The Service has stated that the adoption of such procedures will be a favorable factor that the Service will consider when determining the amount of any penalty to be imposed on an issuer in the event of an unanticipated and non -curable failure to comply with the tax laws. Finally, you should notice that the ordinance contains a covenant that limits the ability of the Issuer to sell or otherwise dispose of bond -financed property for compensation. Beginning for obligations issued after May 15, 1997 (including certain refunding bonds), or in cases in which an issuer elects to apply new private activity bond regulations, such sale or disposition causes the creation of a class of proceeds referred to as "disposition proceeds." Disposition proceeds, like sale proceeds and investment earnings, are tax -restricted funds. Failure to appropriately account, invest or expend such disposition proceeds would adversely affect the tax-exempt status of the bonds. In the event that you anticipate selling property, even in the ordinary course, please contact us. Obviously, this letter only presents a fundamental discussion of the yield restriction rules as applied to amounts deposited to the interest and sinking fund. Moreover, this letter does not address the rebate consequences with respect to the interest and sinking fund. You should review the memorandum attached to the Federal Tax Certificate as Exhibit "A" for this purpose. If you have certain concerns with respect to the matters discussed in this letter or wish to ask additional questions with regards to certain limitations imposed, please feel free to contact our firm. Thank you for your consideration and we look forward to our continued relationship. Very truly yours, McCALL, PARKHURST & HORTON L.L.P. cc: Leroy Grawunder, Jr. Exhibit "D" ISSUE PRICE CERTIFICATE The undersigned, as the duly authorized representative of Southwest Securities, Inc. (the "Underwriter"), with respect to the underwriting of General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 (the "Bonds") issued by the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Issuer"), hereby certifies and represents on behalf of the Underwriter, but not in his/her own right, based on the Underwriter's records and information available to it that it believes, after reasonable inquiry, to be accurate and complete as of the date hereof, as follows: (a) The Underwriter has offered all of the Bonds to members of the public in a bona fide initial offering at a price which, on the date of such offering, was reasonably expected by the Underwriter to be equal to the fair market value of such maturity. For purposes of this Issue Price Certificate, the term "public" does not include any bondhouses, brokers, dealers, and similar persons or organizations acting in the capacity of underwriters or wholesalers (including the Underwriter or members of the selling group or persons that are related to, or controlled by, or are acting on behalf of or as agents for the undersigned or members of the selling group). (b) Other than the obligations maturing in 2025 through 2028 (the "Retained Maturity or Maturities"), the first price at which a substantial amount (i.e., at least 10 percent) ofthe principal amount of each maturity of the Bonds was sold to the public is set forth in the Official Statement. In the case of the Retained Maturities, the Underwriter reasonably expected on the offering date to sell a substantial amount (i.e., at least 10 percent) of each Retained Maturity at the initial offering price set forth in the Official Statement. The Official Statement is included in the transcript for the Bonds and is incorporated herein by reference, The Underwriter understands that the representations made in this Issue Price Certificate will be relied upon, by the Issuer with respect to certain of the representations set forth in this Federal Tax Certificate and by McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. (i) in connection with rendering its opinion to the Issuer that interest on the Bonds is excludable from gross income thereof for income tax purposes, and (ii) for purposes of completing the IRS Form 8038-G. The undersigned is certifying only as to facts in existence on the date hereof. Nothing herein represents the undersigned's interpretation of any laws or the application of any laws to these facts. EXECUTED and DELIVERED as of December 20, 2011 SOUTHWEST SECURITIES, INC. By: qja '�Vuv - Name: Michael Wadsworth Title: Senior Vice President Exhibit "E" SCHEDULES OF FINANCIAL ADVISOR [To be attached hereto] Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Table of Contents Report Sources & Uses 1 Debt Service Schedule 2 Pricing Summary 4 Debt Service Comparison 5 PROOF OF GROSS D/S SAVINGS @ 2.5816292% 8 Escrow Fund Cashflow 10 Escrow Summary Cost 11 Refunding Summary 12 Total Refunded Debt Service 14 Debt, Service To Maturity And To Call 16 Refunding Analysis By Maturity 18 Summary Of Underwriter's Discount 20 Detail Of Underwriter's Discount 21 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Sources & Uses Dated 12/01/2011 1 Delivered 12/20/2011 Sources Of Funds Par Amount of Bonds $7,375,000.00 Reoffering Premium 424,195.85 Total Sources $7,799,195.85 Uses Of Funds Deposit to Net Cash Escrow Fund 7,650,304.76 Costs of Issuance 97,025.00 Total Underwriter's Discount (0.687%) 50,689.92 Rounding Amount 1,176.17 Total Uses $7,799,195.85 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:58 PM Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Debt Service Schedule Part 1 of 2 Date Principal Coupon Interest Total PA Fiscal Total 12/20/2011 - - - - - 02/15/2012 34,558.33 34,558.33 08/15/2012 113,100.00 113,100.00 - 09/30/2012 - - - - 147,658.33 02/15/2013 100,000.00 2.000% 113,100.00 213,100.00 - 08/15/2013 - - 112,100.00 112,100.00 - 09/30/2013 - - - - 325,200.00 02/15/2014 100,000.00 2.000% 112,100.00 212,100.00 - 08/15/2014 - - 111,100.00 111,100.00 - 09/30/2014 - - - - 323,200.00 02/15/2015 440,000.00 2.000% 111,100.00 551,100.00 - 08/15/2015 - - 106,700.00 106,700.00 - 09/30/2015 - - - - 657,800.00 02/15/2016 100,000.00 2.000% 106,700.00 206,700.00 - 08/15/2016 - - 105,700.00 105,700.00 - 09/30/2016 - - - - 312,400.00 02/15/2017 275,000.00 3.000% 105,700.00 380,700.00 - 08/15/2017 - - 101,575.00 101,575.00 - 09/30/2017 - - - - 482,275.00 02/15/2018 700,000.00 3.000% 101,575.00 801,575.00 - 08/15/2018 - - 91,075.00 91,075.00 - 09/30/2018 - - - 892,650.00 02/15/2019 715,000.00 3.000% 91,075.00 806,075.00 - 08/15/2019 - - 80,350.00 80,350.00 - 09/30/2019 - - - - 886,425.00 02/15/2020 730,000.00 3.000% 80,350.00 810,350.00 - 08/15/2020 - - 69,400.00 69,400.00 - 09/30/2020 - - - - 879,750.00 02/15/2021 750,000.00 3.000% 69,400.00 819,400.00 - 08/15/2021 - - 58,150.00 58,150.00 - 09/30/2021 - - - - 877,550.00 02/15/2022 770,000.00 3.000% 58,150.00 828,150.00 - 08/15/2022 - - 46,600.00 46,600.00 - 09/30/2022 - - - - 874,750.00 02/15/2023 790,000.00 3.000% 46,600.00 836,600.00 - 08/15/2023 - - 34,750.00 34,750.00 - 09/30/2023 - - - - 871,350.00 02/15/2024 820,000.00 3.500% 34,750.00 854,750.00 - 08/15/2024 - - 20,400.00 20,400.00 - 09/30/2024 - - - - 875,150.00 02/15/2025 260,000.00 3.500% 20,400.00 280,400.00 08/15/2025 - - 15,850.00 15,850.00 - 09/30/2025 - - 296,250.00 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:58 PM Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Registered Municipal Advisori Texas Securities D' .g- Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Debt Service Schedule Part 2 of 2 Date Principal Coupon Interest Total P+I Fiscal Total 02/15/2026 260,000.00 3.500% 15,850.00 275,850.00 08/15/2026 - - 11,300.00 11,300.00 - 09/30/2026 - - - - 287,150.00 02/15/2027 275,000.00 4.000% 11,300.00 286,300.00 - 08/15/2027 - - 5,800.00 5,800.00 - 09/30/2027 - - - - 292,100.00 02/15/2028 290,000.00 4.000% 5,800.00 295,800.00 - 09/30/2028 - - - - 295,800.00 Total $7,375,000.00 $2,202,458.33 $9,577,458.33 Yield Statistics Bond Year Dollars $68,331.74 Average Life 9.265 Years Average Coupon 3.2231851% Net Interest Cost (NIC) 2.6765783% True Interest Cost (TIC) 2.5816292% Bond Yield for Arbitrage Purposes 2.3396265% All Inclusive Cost (AIC) 2.7400242% IRS Form 8038 Net Interest Cost 2.4562462% Weighted Average Maturity 9.283 Years 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:58 PM ConsOing LLC Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Pricing Summary Type of Maturity Maturity Bond Coupon Yield Value Price Dollar Price 02/15/2013 Serial Coupon 2.000% 0.650% 100,000.00 101.547% 101,547.00 02/15/2014 Serial Coupon 2.000% 0.850% 100,000.00 102.447% 102,447.00 02/15/2015 Serial Coupon 2.000% 1.150% 440,000.00 102.623% 451,541.20 02/15/2016 Serial Coupon 2.000% 1.350% 100,000.00 102.615% 102,615.00 02/15/2017 Serial Coupon 3.000% 1.550% 275,000.00 107.153% 294,670.75 02/15/2018 Serial Coupon 3.000% 1.750% 700,000.00 107.259% 750,813.00 02/15/2019 Serial Coupon 3.000% 2.000% 715,000.00 106.632% 762,418.80 02/15/2020 Serial Coupon 3.000% 2.150% 730,000.00 106.323% 776,157.90 02/15/2021 Serial Coupon 3.000% 2.250% 750,000.00 106.170% 796,275.00 02/15/2022 Serial Coupon 3.000% 2.400% 770,000.00 104.902% c 807,745.40 02/15/2023 Serial Coupon 3.000% 2.500% 790,000.00 104.065% c 822,113.50 02/15/2024 Serial Coupon 3.500% 2.650% 820,000.00 106.865% c 876,293.00 02/15/2025 Serial Coupon 3.500% 2.800% 260,000.00 105.614% c 274,596.40 02/15/2026 Serial Coupon 3.500% 2.900% 260,000.00 104.790% c 272,454.00 02/15/2027 Serial Coupon 4.000% 3.000% 275,000.00 107.948% c 296,857.00 02/15/2028 Serial Coupon 4.000% 3.100% 290,000.00 107.121% c 310,650.90 Total - $7,375,000.00 - - $7,799,195.85 Bid Information Par Amount of Bonds $7,375,000.00 Reoffering Premium or (Discount) 424,195.85 Gross Production $7,799,195.85 Total Underwriter's Discount (0.687%) $(50,689.92) Bid (105.064%) 7,748,505.93 Total Purchase Price $7,748,505.93 Bond Year Dollars $68,331.74 Average Life 9.265 Years Average Coupon 3.2231851% Net Interest Cost (NIC) 2.6765783% True Interest Cost (TIC) 2.5816292% 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Lawrence Financial Consulti6g LLC R'• '• Municipal Advisor i Texas Securities D' -g- Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Debt Service Comparison Part 1 of 3 Date Total P+I Existing D/S Net New D/S Old Net D/S Savings Fiscal Total 12/20/2011 - - 02/15/2012 34,558.33 - 34,558.33 - (34,558.33) 05/01/2012 - 545,411.88 545,411.88 727,244.38 181,832.50 08/15/2012 113,100.00 - 113,100.00 - (113,100.00) - 09/30/2012 - - - - - 34,174.17 11/01/2012 - 72,813.13 72,813.13 254,645.63 181,832.50 - 02/15/2013 213,100.00 - 213,100.00 - (213,100.00) 05/01/2013 - 557,813.13 557,813.13 739,645.63 181,832.50 08/15/2013 112,100.00 - 112,100.00 - (112,100.00) - 09/30/2013 - - - - - 38,465.00 11/01/2013 - 59,430.63 59,430.63 241,263.13 181,832.50 - 02/15/2014 212,100.00 - 212,100.00 - (212,100.00) 05/01/2014 - 564,430.63 564,430.63 746,263.13 181,832.50 08/15/2014 111,100.00 - 111,100.00 - (111,100.00) - 09/30/2014 - - - - - 40,465.00 11/01/2014 - 45,315.00 45,315.00 227,147.50 181,832.50 - 02/15/2015 551,100.00 - 551,100.00 - (551,100.00) 05/01/2015 - 230,315.00 230,315.00 762,147.50 531,832.50 08/15/2015 106,700.00 - 106,700.00 - (106,700.00) - 09/30/2015 - - - - - 55,865.00 11/01/2015 - 41,615.00 41,615.00 212,072.50 170,457.50 02/15/2016 206,700.00 - 206,700.00 - (206,700.00) - 05/01/2016 - 231,615.00 231,615.00 402,072.50 170,457.50 08/15/2016 105,700.00 - 105,700.00 - (105,700.00) - 09/30/2016 - - - - - 28,515.00 11/01/2016 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 208,082.50 170,457.50 - 02/15/2017 380,700.00 - 380,700.00 - (380,700.00) 05/01/2017 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 408,082.50 370,457.50 08/15/2017 101,575.00 - 101,575.00 - (101,575.00) - 09/30/2017 - - - - - 58,640.00 11/01/2017 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 203,782.50 166,157.50 02/15/2018 801,575.00 - 801,575.00 - (801,575.00) - 05/01/2018 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 818,782.50 781,157.50 08/15/2018 91,075.00 - 91,075.00 - (91,075.00) - 09/30/2018 - - - - - 54,665.00 11/01/2018 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 187,518.75 149,893.75 - 02/15/2019 806,075.00 - 806,075.00 - (806,075.00) 05/01/2019 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 832,518.75 794,893.75 08/15/2019 80,350.00 - 80,350.00 - (80,350.00) - 09/30/2019 - - - - - 58,362.50 11/01/2019 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 170,075.00 132,450.00 - 02/15/2020 810,350.00 - 810,350.00 - (810,350.00) 05/01/2020 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 845,075.00 807,450.00 - 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Registered Municipal Advisori Texas Securities Dealer Page Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Debt Service Comparison Part 2 of 3 Date Total P+I Existing D/S Net New D/S Old Net D/S Savings Fiscal Total 08/15/2020 69,400.00 69,400.00 (69,400.00) - 09/30/2020 - - - - - 60,150.00 11/01/2020 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 151,818.75 114,193.75 - 02/15/2021 819,400.00 - 819,400.00 - (819,400.00) 05/01/2021 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 861,818.75 824,193.75 08/15/2021 58,150.00 - 58,150.00 - (58,150.00) - 09/30/2021 - - - - - 60,837.50 11/01/2021 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 132,606.25 94,981.25 - 02/15/2022 828,150.00 - 828,150.00 - (828,150.00) 05/01/2022 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 877,606.25 839,981.25 08/15/2022 46,600.00 - 46,600.00 - (46,600.00) - 09/30/2022 - - - - - 60,212.50 11/01/2022 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 112,437.50 74,812.50 - 02/15/2023 836,600.00 - 836,600.00 - (836,600.00) 05/01/2023 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 892,437.50 854,812.50 08/15/2023 34,750.00 - 34,750.00 - (34,750.00) - 09/30/2023 - - - - - 58,275.00 11/01/2023 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 91,312.50 53,687.50 - 02/15/2024 854,750.00 - 854,750.00 - (854,750.00) 05/01/2024 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 916,312.50 878,687.50 08/15/2024 20,400.00 - 20,400.00 - (20,400.00) - 09/30/2024 - - - - - 57,225.00 11/01/2024 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 68,625.00 31,000.00 - 02/15/2025 280,400.00 - 280,400.00 - (280,400.00) 05/01/2025 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 358,625.00 321,000.00 08/15/2025 15,850.00 - 15,850.00 - (15,850.00) - 09/30/2025 - - - - - 55,750.00 11/01/2025 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 61,375.00 23,750.00 - 02/15/2026 275,850.00 - 275,850.00 - (275,850.00) 05/01/2026 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 361,375.00 323,750.00 08/15/2026 11,300.00 - 11,300.00 - (11,300.00) - 09/30/2026 - - - - - 60,350.00 11/01/2026 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 53,875.00 16,250.00 - 02/15/2027 286,300.00 - 286,300.00 - (286,300.00) 05/01/2027 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 368,875.00 331,250.00 08/15/2027 5,800.00 - 5,800.00 - (5,800.00) - 09/30/2027 - - - - - 55,400.00 11/01/2027 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 46,000.00 8,375.00 - 02/15/2028 295,800.00 - 295,800.00 - (295,800.00) 05/01/2028 - 37,625.00 37,625.00 381,000.00 343,375.00 - 09/30/2028 - - - - 55,950.00 11/01/2028 37,625.00 37,625.00 37,625.00 - 05/01/2029 - 387,625.00 387,625.00 387,625.00 - 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Registered Municipal Advisori Texas Securities Dealer Page Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Debt Service Comparison Part 3 of 3 Date Total P+I Existing D/S Net New D/S Old Net D/S Savings Fiscal Total 11/01/2029 28,875.00 28,875.00 28,875.00 05/01/2030 393,875.00 393,875.00 393,875.00 11/01/2030 19,750.00 19,750.00 19,750.00 05/01/2031 404,750.00 404,750.00 404,750.00 11/01/2031 10,125.00 10,125.00 10,125.00 05/01/2032 415,125.00 415,125.00 415,125.00 Total $9,577,458.33 $4,949,509.40 $14,526,967.73 $15,420,269.40 $893,301.67 PV Analysis Summary (Net to Net) Gross PV Debt Service Savings 704,496.65 Net PV Cashflow Savings @ 2.582%(TIC) 704,496.65 Contingency or Rounding Amount 1,176.17 Net Present Value Benefit $705,672.82 Net PV Benefit / $6,785,000 Refunded Principal 10.400% Net PV Benefit / $7,375,000 Refunding Principal 9.568% Refunding Bond Information Refunding Dated Date 12/01/2011 Refunding Delivery Date 12/20/2011 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 PROOF OF GROSS D/S SAVINGS @ 2.5816292% Part 1 of 2 NEW GROSS OLD GROSS Present Fiscal Date D/S D/S SAVINGS PV Factor Value Total 12/20/2011 1.0000000X 02/15/2012 34,558.33 - (34,558.33) 0.9960888x (34,423.16) 05/01/2012 - 181,832.50 181,832.50 0.9907093x 180,143.15 08/15/2012 113,100.00 - (113,100.00) 0.9833949x (111,221.97) - 09/30/2012 - - - - 34,498.01 11/01/2012 - 181,832.50 181,832.50 0.9780840x 177,847.46 - 02/15/2013 213,100.00 - (213,100.00) 0.9708629x (206,890.89) - 05/01/2013 - 181,832.50 181,832.50 0.9656197x 175,581.04 - 08/15/2013 112,100.00 - (112,100.00) 0.9584906x (107,446.79) - 09/30/2013 - - - - 39,090.82 11/01/2013 - 181,832.50 181,832.50 0.9533142x 173,343.50 - 02/15/2014 212,100.00 - (212,100.00) 0.9462759x (200,705.12) - 05/01/2014 - 181,832.50 181,832.50 0.9411654x 171,134.47 - 08/15/2014 111,100.00 - (111,100.00) 0.9342169x (103,791.50) - 09/30/2014 - - - - - 39,981.35 11/01/2014 - 181,832.50 181,832.50 0.9291716x 168,953.59 - 02/15/2015 551,100.00 - (551,100.00) 0.9223116x (508,285.90) - 05/01/2015 - 531,832.50 531,832.50 0.9173305x 487,866.19 - 08/15/2015 106,700.00 - (106,700.00) 0.9105579x (97,156.53) - 09/30/2015 - - - - 51,377.34 11/01/2015 - 170,457.50 170,457.50 0.9056404x 154,373.20 - 02/15/2016 206,700.00 - (206,700.00) 0.8989541x (185,813.82) - 05/01/2016 - 170,457.50 170,457.50 0.8940992x 152,405.92 - 08/15/2016 105,700.00 - (105,700.00) 0.8874982x (93,808.56) - 09/30/2016 - - - 27,156.75 11/01/2016 - 170,457.50 170,457.50 0.8827051x 150,463.71 - 02/15/2017 380,700.00 - (380,700.00) 0.8761882x (333,564.85) - 05/01/2017 - 370,457.50 370,457.50 0.8714563x 322,837.51 - 08/15/2017 101,575.00 - (101,575.00) 0.8650224x (87,864.65) - 09/30/2017 - - - 51,871.73 11/01/2017 - 166,157.50 166,157.50 0.8603507x 142,953.73 - 02/15/2018 801,575.00 - (801,575.00) 0.8539988x (684,544.10) - 05/01/2018 - 781,157.50 781,157.50 0.8493867x 663,504.80 - 08/15/2018 91,075.00 - (91,075.00) 0.8431158x (76,786.77) - 09/30/2018 - - - - 45,127.66 11/01/2018 - 149,893.75 149,893.75 0.8385624x 125,695.27 - 02/15/2019 806,075.00 - (806,075.00) 0.8323714x (670,953.76) - 05/01/2019 - 794,893.75 794,893.75 0.8278761x 658,073.52 - 08/15/2019 80,350.00 - (80,350.00) 0.8217639x (66,028.73) - 09/30/2019 - - - - - 46,786.30 11/01/2019 - 132,450.00 132,450.00 0.8173259x 108,254.82 - 02/15/2020 810,350.00 - (810,350.00) 0.8112917x (657,430.20) 05/01/2020 - 807,450.00 807,450.00 0.8069102x 651,539.65 - 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 PROOF OF GROSS D/S SAVINGS @ 2.5816292% Part 2 of 2 NEW GROSS OLD GROSS Present Fiscal Date D/S D/S SAVINGS PV Factor Value Total 08/15/2020 69,400.00 (69,400.00) 0.8009528x (55,586.13) - 09/30/2020 - - - - 46,778.14 11/01/2020 - 114,193.75 114,193.75 0.7966272x 90,969.85 - 02/15/2021 819,400.00 - (819,400.00) 0.7907458x (647,937.10) - 05/01/2021 - 824,193.75 824,193.75 0.7864753x 648,208.02 - 08/15/2021 58,150.00 - (58,150.00) 0.7806688x (45,395.89) - 09/30/2021 - - - - - 45,844.88 11/01/2021 - 94,981.25 94,981.25 0.7764527x 73,748.45 - 02/15/2022 828,150.00 - (828,150.00) 0.7707202x (638,271.96) - 05/01/2022 - 839,981.25 839,981.25 0.7665579x 643,894.25 - 08/15/2022 46,600.00 - (46,600.00) 0.7608984x (35,457.87) - 09/30/2022 - - - - 43,912.87 11/01/2022 - 74,812.50 74,812.50 0.7567891x 56,617.29 - 02/15/2023 836,600.00 - (836,600.00) 0.7512018x (628,455.44) - 05/01/2023 - 854,812.50 854,812.50 0.7471449x 638,668.78 - 08/15/2023 34,750.00 - (34,750.00) 0.7416288x (25,771.60) - 09/30/2023 - - - - 41,059.03 11/01/2023 - 53,687.50 53,687.50 0.7376235x 39,601.16 - 02/15/2024 854,750.00 - (854,750.00) 0.7321777x (625,828.90) - 05/01/2024 - 878,687.50 878,687.50 0.7282235x 639,880.90 - 08/15/2024 20,400.00 - (20,400.00) 0.722847lx (14,746.08) - 09/30/2024 - - - - 38,907.08 11/01/2024 - 31,000.00 31,000.00 0.7189433x 22,287.24 - 02/15/2025 280,400.00 - (280,400.00) 0.7136354x (200,103.36) - 05/01/2025 - 321,000.00 321,000.00 0.7097813x 227,839.81 - 08/15/2025 15,850.00 - (15,850.00) 0.704541lx (11,166.98) - 09/30/2025 - - - - 38,856.71 11/01/2025 - 23,750.00 23,750.00 0.700736lx 16,642.48 - 02/15/2026 275,850.00 - (275,850.00) 0.6955626x (191,870.95) - 05/01/2026 - 323,750.00 323,750.00 0.6918062x 223,972.25 - 08/15/2026 11,300.00 - (11,300.00) 0.6866986x (7,759.69) - 09/30/2026 - - - - - 40,984.09 11/01/2026 - 16,250.00 16,250.00 0.6829901x 11,098.59 - 02/15/2027 286,300.00 - (286,300.00) 0.6779476x (194,096.39) - 05/01/2027 - 331,250.00 331,250.00 0.6742863x 223,357.33 - 08/15/2027 5,800.00 - (5,800.00) 0.6693081x (3,881.99) - 09/30/2027 - - - - 36,477.53 11/01/2027 - 8,375.00 8,375.00 0.6656934x 5,575.18 - 02/15/2028 295,800.00 - (295,800.00) 0.6607786x (195,458.32) - 05/01/2028 - 343,375.00 343,375.00 0.6572100x 225,669.50 - 09/30/2028 - - - 35,786.36 Total $9,577,458.33 $10,470,760.00 $893,301.67 $7049496.65 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Escrow Fund Cashflow Cash Date Principal Rate Interest Receipts Disbursements Balance Fiscal Total 12/20/2011 - - - 0.76 - 0.76 05/01/2012 175,002.00 0.020% 6,830.67 181,832.67 181,832.50 0.93 - 09/30/2012 - - - - - - 181,832.50 11/01/2012 172,398.00 0.070% 9,434.37 181,832.37 181,832.50 0.80 - 05/01/2013 172,502.00 0.130% 9,329.85 181,831.85 181,832.50 0.15 - 09/30/2013 - - - - - - 363,665.00 11/01/2013 172,615.00 0.200% 9,217.73 181,832.73 181,832.50 0.38 - 05/01/2014 6,957,787.00 0.260% 9,045.12 6,966,832.12 6,966,832.50 - 09/30/2014 - - 7,148,665.00 Total $7,650,304.00 $43,857.74 $7,694,162.50 $7,6949162.50 Investment Parameters Investment Model [PV, GIC, or Securities] Securities Default investment yield target Bond Yield Cash Deposit 0.76 Cost of Investments Purchased with Bond Proceeds 7,650,304.00 Total Cost of Investments $7,650,304.76 Target Cost of Investments at bond yield $7,302,888.33 Actual positive or (negative) arbitrage (347,416.43) Yield to Receipt 0.2547332% Yield for Arbitrage Purposes 2.3396265% State and Local Government Series (SLGS) rates for 11/16/2011 PURPOSE 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM ftRfdGLE Me�lting LLC Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Escrow Summary Cost Par Principal +Accrued Maturity Type Coupon Yield Price Amount Cost Interest = Total Cost Escrow 05/01/2012 SLGS-CI 0.020% 0.020% 100-.000000 175,002 175,002.00 175,002.00 11/01/2012 SLGS-CI 0.070% 0.070% 100-.000000 172,398 172,398.00 172,398.00 05/01/2013 SLGS-NT 0.130% 0.130% 100-.000000 172,502 172,502.00 172,502.00 11/01/2013 SLGS-NT 0.200% 0.200% 100-.000000 172,615 172,615.00 172,615.00 05/01/2014 SLGS-NT 0.260% 0.260% 100-.000000 6,957,787 6,957,787.00 6,957,787.00 Subtotal - - - $7,650,304 $7,650,304.00 - $7,650,304.00 Total - - - $7,650,304 $7,650,304.00 $7,650,304.00 Escrow Cash Deposit 0.76 Cost of Investments Purchased with Bond Proceeds 7,650,304.00 Total Cost of Investments $7,650,304.76 Delivery Date 12/20/2011 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Registered Municipal Advisor i Texas Securities Dealer Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Refunding Summary Part 1 of 2 Dated 12/01/2011 1 Delivered 12/20/2011 Sources Of Funds Par Amount of Bonds $7,375,000.00 Reoffering Premium 424,195.85 Total Sources $7,799,195.85 Uses Of Funds Deposit to Net Cash Escrow Fund 7,650,304.76 Costs of Issuance 97,025.00 Total Underwriter's Discount (0.687%) 50,689.92 Rounding Amount 1,176.17 Total Uses $7,799,195.85 Flow of Funds Detail State and Local Government Series (SLGS) rates for 11/16/2011 Date of OMP Candidates Net Cash Escrow Fund Solution Method Net Funded Total Cost of Investments $7,650,304.76 Interest Earnings @ 0.255% 43,857.74 Total Draws $7,694,162.50 Issues Refunded And Call Dates 2002 after rfd 2003 PV Analysis Summary (Net to Net) 5/01/2014 5/01/2014 Net PV Cashflow Savings @ 2.582%(TIC) 704,496.65 Contingency or Rounding Amount 1,176.17 Net Present Value Benefit $705,672.82 Net PV Benefit / $6,785,000 Refunded Principal 10.400% Net PV Benefit / $7,375,000 Refunding Principal 9.568% 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Town of Westlake, Texas Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation Series 2002 Total Refunded Debt Service Date Principal Coupon Interest Total P+I 05/01/2012 6.500% 106,537.50 106,537.50 05/01/2013 6.500% 213,075.00 213,075.00 05/01/2014 - 6.500% 213,075.00 213,075.00 05/01/2015 350,000.00 6.500% 213,075.00 563,075.00 05/01/2016 - - 190,325.00 190,325.00 05/01/2017 - - 190,325.00 190,325.00 05/01/2018 405,000.00 5.750% 190,325.00 595,325.00 05/01/2019 425,000.00 5.750% 167,037.50 592,037.50 05/01/2020 445,000.00 5.750% 142,600.00 587,600.00 05/01/2021 470,000.00 5.750% 117,012.50 587,012.50 05/01/2022 495,000.00 5.750% 89,987.50 584,987.50 05/01/2023 520,000.00 5.750% 61,525.00 581,525.00 05/01/2024 550,000.00 5.750% 31,625.00 581,625.00 Total $3,660,000.00 $1,926,525.00 $5,586,525.00 Yield Statistics Average Life 9.027 Years Weighted Average Maturity (Par Basis) 8.975 Years Average Coupon 5.7771451% Refunding Bond Information Refunding Dated Date 12/01/2011 Refunding Delivery Date 12/20/2011 2002 after rfd I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Registered Municipal Advisor i Texas Securities D' - -g 14 Town of Westlake, Texas Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation Series 2003 Total Refunded Debt Service Date Principal Coupon Interest Total P+I 05/01/2012 3.650% 75,295.00 75,295.00 05/01/2013 3.700% 150,590.00 150,590.00 05/01/2014 3.875% 150,590.00 150,590.00 05/01/2015 4.000% 150,590.00 150,590.00 05/01/2016 - 4.200% 150,590.00 150,590.00 05/01/2017 200,000.00 4.300% 150,590.00 350,590.00 05/01/2018 210,000.00 4.400% 141,990.00 351,990.00 05/01/2019 220,000.00 4.750% 132,750.00 352,750.00 05/01/2020 230,000.00 4.750% 122,300.00 352,300.00 05/01/2021 240,000.00 4.750% 111,375.00 351,375.00 05/01/2022 250,000.00 4.750% 99,975.00 349,975.00 05/01/2023 260,000.00 4.750% 88,100.00 348,100.00 05/01/2024 275,000.00 5.000% 75,750.00 350,750.00 05/01/2025 290,000.00 5.000% 62,000.00 352,000.00 05/01/2026 300,000.00 5.000% 47,500.00 347,500.00 05/01/2027 315,000.00 5.000% 32,500.00 347,500.00 05/01/2028 335,000.00 5.000% 16,750.00 351,750.00 Total $3,125,000.00 $1,759,235.00 $4,884,235.00 Yield Statistics Average Life 11.461 Years Weighted Average Maturity (Par Basis) 11.409 Years Average Coupon 4.8766836% Refunding Bond Information Refunding Dated Date 12/01/2011 Refunding Delivery Date 12/20/2011 2003 1 SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Town of Westlake, Texas Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation Series 2002 Debt Service To Maturity And To Call Refunded Interest to Refunded Date Bonds Call D/S To Call Principal Coupon Interest D/S 05/01/2012 - 106,537.50 106,537.50 6.500% 106,537.50 106,537.50 05/01/2013 - 213,075.00 213,075.00 6.500%Q 213,075.00 213,075.00 05/01/2014 3,660,000.00 213,075.00 3,873,075.00 6.500% 213,075.00 213,075.00 05/01/2015 - - 350,000.00 6.500% 213,075.00 563,075.00 05/01/2016 - - - 190,325.00 190,325.00 05/01/2017 - - 190,325.00 190,325.00 05/01/2018 - 405,000.00 5.750% 190,325.00 595,325.00 05/01/2019 - 425,000.00 5.750% 167,037.50 592,037.50 05/01/2020 - 445,000.00 5.750% 142,600.00 587,600.00 05/01/2021 - 470,000.00 5.750%Q 117,012.50 587,012.50 05/01/2022 - 495,000.00 5.750% 89,987.50 584,987.50 05/01/2023 - 520,000.00 5.750% 61,525.00 581,525.00 05/01/2024 - 550,000.00 5.750% 31,625.00 581,625.00 Total $3,660,000.00 $532,687.50 $4,192,687.50 $39660,000.00 $1,926,525.00 $59586,525.00 Yield Statistics Average Life 9.027 Years Weighted Average Maturity (Par Basis) 8.975 Years Average Coupon 5.7771451% Refunding Bond Information Refunding Dated Date 12/01/2011 Refunding Delivery Date 12/20/2011 2002 after rfd I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Town of Westlake, Texas Combination Tax and Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation Series 2003 Debt Service To Maturity And To Call Refunded Interest to Refunded Date Bonds Call D/S To Call Principal Coupon Interest D/S 05/01/2012 75,295.00 75,295.00 3.650% 75,295.00 75,295.00 05/01/2013 - 150,590.00 150,590.00 3.700% 150,590.00 150,590.00 05/01/2014 3,125,000.00 150,590.00 3,275,590.00 3.875% 150,590.00 150,590.00 05/01/2015 - - 4.000% 150,590.00 150,590.00 05/01/2016 - 4.200% 150,590.00 150,590.00 05/01/2017 200,000.00 4.300% 150,590.00 350,590.00 05/01/2018 - 210,000.00 4.400% 141,990.00 351,990.00 05/01/2019 - 220,000.00 4.750% 132,750.00 352,750.00 05/01/2020 - 230,000.00 4.750% 122,300.00 352,300.00 05/01/2021 - 240,000.00 4.750% 111,375.00 351,375.00 05/01/2022 - 250,000.00 4.750% 99,975.00 349,975.00 05/01/2023 - 260,000.00 4.750% 88,100.00 348,100.00 05/01/2024 - 275,000.00 5.000% 75,750.00 350,750.00 05/01/2025 - 290,000.00 5.000% 62,000.00 352,000.00 05/01/2026 - 300,000.00 5.000% 47,500.00 347,500.00 05/01/2027 - 315,000.00 5.000% 32,500.00 347,500.00 05/01/2028 - 335,000.00 5.000% 16,750.00 351,750.00 05/01/2029 - 5.000% - - 05/01/2030 5.000% 05/01/2031 5.000% 05/01/2032 5.000% Total $3,125,000.00 $376,475.00 $3,501,475.00 $3,125,000.00 - $1,759,235.00 $4,884,235.00 Yield Statistics Average Life 11.461 Years Weighted Average Maturity (Par Basis) 11.409 Years Average Coupon 4.8766836% Refunding Bond Information Refunding Dated Date 12/01/2011 Refunding Delivery Date 12/20/2011 2003 1 SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM I�+�{ t Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Refunding Analysis By Maturity Part 1 of 2 Total $ Maturity Type of Bond Coupon Principal Call Date Savings 2002 after rfd 05/01/2015 Serial Coupon 6.500% 350,000 05/01/2014 4,811 05/01/2018 Term 1 Coupon 5.750% 405,000 05/01/2014 35,974 05/01/2019 Term 1 Coupon 5.750% 425,000 05/01/2014 46,075 05/01/2020 Term 1 Coupon 5.750% 445,000 05/01/2014 57,562 05/01/2021 Term 1 Coupon 5.750% 470,000 05/01/2014 67,450 05/01/2022 Term 1 Coupon 5.750% 495,000 05/01/2014 76,694 05/01/2023 Term 1 Coupon 5.750% 520,000 05/01/2014 82,147 05/01/2024 Term 1 Coupon 5.750% 550,000 05/01/2014 87,266 Subtotal - $3,660,000 - $457,978 2003 05/01/2017 Serial Coupon 4.300% 200,000 05/01/2014 5,277 05/01/2018 Serial Coupon 4.400% 210,000 05/01/2014 8,133 05/01/2019 Term 1 Coupon 4.750% 220,000 05/01/2014 13,798 05/01/2020 Term 1 Coupon 4.750% 230,000 05/01/2014 17,328 05/01/2021 Term 1 Coupon 4.750% 240,000 05/01/2014 19,560 05/01/2022 Term 1 Coupon 4.750% 250,000 05/01/2014 21,314 05/01/2023 Term 1 Coupon 4.750% 260,000 05/01/2014 21,063 05/01/2024 Term 2 Coupon 5.000% 275,000 05/01/2014 26,338 05/01/2025 Term 2 Coupon 5.000% 290,000 05/01/2014 27,879 05/01/2026 Term 2 Coupon 5.000% 300,000 05/01/2014 25,659 05/01/2027 Term 2 Coupon 5.000% 315,000 05/01/2014 24,286 05/01/2028 Term 2 Coupon 5.000% 335,000 05/01/2014 27,393 Subtotal - $3,125,000 - $238,029 Total - $6,785,000 - $696,007 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Registered • . • •r & Texas Securities0!aler Page 18 Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Refunding Analysis By Maturity Part 2 of 2 Base Yield Total % Maturity Savings Blending Savings Cumulative Total % 2002 after rfd 05/01/2015 -2.709% 4.083% 1.374% 457,978 12.513% 05/01/2018 4.522% 4.360% 8.882% 453,168 13.691% 05/01/2019 7.003% 3.839% 10.841% 417,194 14.361% 05/01/2020 9.416% 3.519% 12.935% 371,119 14.964% 05/01/2021 11.765% 2.586% 14.351% 313,556 15.408% 05/01/2022 14.051% 1.443% 15.494% 246,106 15.726% 05/01/2023 16.275% -0.478% 15.797% 169,412 15.833% 05/01/2024 18.440% -2.573% 15.867% 87,266 15.867% Subtotal 10.694% 1.819% 12.513% $457,978 12.513% 2003 05/01/2017 -1.798% 4.436% 2.639% 238,029 7.617% 05/01/2018 -0.132% 4.005% 3.873% 232,751 7.957% 05/01/2019 2.731% 3.541% 6.272% 224,618 8.273% 05/01/2020 4.343% 3.191% 7.534% 210,821 8.450% 05/01/2021 5.911% 2.239% 8.150% 193,492 8.543% 05/01/2022 7.437% 1.088% 8.526% 173,932 8.589% 05/01/2023 8.923% -0.822% 8.101% 152,618 8.598% 05/01/2024 12.386% -2.809% 9.577% 131,555 8.684% 05/01/2025 13.968% -4.354% 9.614% 105,217 8.485% 05/01/2026 15.507% -6.954% 8.553% 77,338 8.141% 05/01/2027 17.005% -9.295% 7.710% 51,679 7.951% 05/01/2028 18.463% -10.286% 8.177% 27,393 8.177% Subtotal 9.748% -2.131% 7.617% $238,029 7.617% Total 10.258% - 10.258% $696,007 10.258% Adjustments To Escrow Definition Proposed Refunding Date 12/20/2011 Yield on Escrow Investments 0.2547331% Present Value Savings Discount Rate 2.7400242% 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Financial tonsulting •Registereo Municipal Adviso� i Texas- •' Dealer ---Page 19 Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Summary Of Underwriter's Discount + Issuance Total Maturity Concession Takedown = Total Value Takedown 02/15/2013 0.250% 0.250% 100,000.00 250.00 02/15/2014 0.250% 0.250% 100,000.00 250.00 02/15/2015 0.375% 0.375% 440,000.00 1,650.00 02/15/2016 0.375% 0.375% 100,000.00 375.00 02/15/2017 0.375% 0.375% 275,000.00 1,031.25 02/15/2018 0.500% 0.500% 700,000.00 3,500.00 02/15/2019 - 0.500% 0.500% 715,000.00 3,575.00 02/15/2020 - 0.500% 0.500% 730,000.00 3,650.00 02/15/2021 - 0.500% 0.500% 750,000.00 3,750.00 02/15/2022 - 0.500% 0.500% 770,000.00 3,850.00 02/15/2023 - 0.500% 0.500% 790,000.00 3,950.00 02/15/2024 - 0.500% 0.500% 820,000.00 4,100.00 02/15/2025 - 0.500% 0.500% 260,000.00 1,300.00 02/15/2026 - 0.500% 0.500% 260,000.00 1,300.00 02/15/2027 - 0.500% 0.500% 275,000.00 1,375.00 02/15/2028 - 0.500% 0.500% 290,000.00 1,450.00 Total - - - $7,375,000.00 $35,356.25 Underwriting & Issuance Expenses Total Management Fees (0.100%) $7,375.00 Total Average Takedown (0.479%) $35,356.25 Total Underwriters Expenses (0.108%) $7,958.67 TOTAL UNDERWRITING SPREAD (0.687%) $50,689.92 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds Series 2011 Detail Of Underwriter's Discount Dated 12/01/2011 1 Delivered 12/20/2011 UNDERWRITER'S EXPENSES DETAIL Underwriter's Counsel (0.068%) Day Loan (0.003%) CUSIP ($151 + $18/after 1st maturity + $35 discl) $5,000.00 $202.05 $456.00 Ipreo (bookrunning & order entry) (0.008%) $553.13 Ipreo ($30 per syndicate, sell grp member) (0.000% $30.00 Ipreo ($30 news service) (0.000%) $30.00 Mac Fee ($500 1st MM + $0.10/Addl MM) (0.015%) $1,137.50 DTC (0.007%) $500.00 Miscellaneous (0.001%) $50.00 TOTAL $7,958.67 2011 Rfd x I SINGLE PURPOSE 1 11/16/2011 1 1:59 PM LAW OFFICES McCALL, PARKHURST & HORTON L.L.P. 600 CONGRESS AVENUE 717 NORTH HARWOOD SUITE 1800 SUITE 900 AUSTIN, TEXAS 78701-3248 DALLAS, TEXAS 75201-6587 TELEPHONE: 512 478-3805 TELEPHONE: 214 754-9200 FACSIMILE: 512 472-0871 FACSIMILE: 214 754-9250 January 12, 2012 CERTIFIED MAIL RRR: 70110470 0003 4249 4529 Internal Revenue Service Center Ogden, Utah 84201 Re: Information Reporting - Tax -Exempt Bonds Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 Ladies and Gentlemen: 700 N. ST. MARY'S STREET SUITE 1525 SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS 7 8 205-3503 TELEPHONE: 210 225-2800 FACSIMILE: 210225-2984 Pursuant to the requirements of Section 149(e) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, enclosed please find an original of Form 8038-G which is hereby submitted to you for the above -captioned bonds issued December 20, 2011. Sincerely, McCALL, PARKHURST & HORTON L.L.P. I E Iry l 7064ro2�was Stefano Taverna HTF: ved Enclosures cc: Mr. Leroy Grawunder, Jr. Form 80384; Information Return for Tax -Exempt Governmental Obligations (Rev. September 2011) ► Under Internal Revenue Code section 149(e) OMB No. 1545-0720 ► See separate instructions. Department of the Treasury Caution: If the issue price is under $100,000, use Form 8038 -GC. Internal Revenue Service Reoortina Authority - If Amended Return, check here ► ❑ 1 Issuer's name 2 Issuer's employer Identification number (EIN) WESTLAKE, TEXAS (TOWN OF) 75.2449357 33 Name of person (other than Issuer) with whom the IRS may communicate about this return (see Instructions) 3b Telephone number of other person shown on 3a NONE 12 4 Number and street (or P.O. box If mail is not delivered to street address) Room/suite 5 Report number (For IRS Use Only) 3 VILLAGE CIRCLE 202 3 MW 6 City, town, or post office, state, and ZIP code 7 Date of issue WESTLAKE, TEXAS 76262 12/20/2011 8 Name of issue 9 CUSIP number GENERAL OBLIGATION REFUNDING BONDS, SERIES 2011 96048P DN3 10a Name and title of officer or other employee of the issuer whom the IRS may call for more information (see 10b Telephone number of officer or other instructions) employee shown on 1 Oa THOMAS E. BRYMER, TOWN MANAGER 817-430-0941 29 Total (add lines 24 through 28) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 7,798,020 30 Nonrefunding proceeds of the issue (subtract line 29 from line 23 and enter amount here) 30 1,176 97 Ma Description of Refunded Bonds. Complete this part only for refunding bonds. 31 Enter the remaining weighted average maturity of the bonds to be currently refunded . . . . ► NIA years 32 Enter the remaining weighted average maturity of the bonds to be advance refunded . . . . ► 10.09 years 33 Enter the last date on which the refunded bonds will be called (MM/DD/YYY`1) . . . . . . ► 05/01/2014 34 Enter the date(s) the refunded bonds were issued ► (MM/DD/YYYY) 0212712002; 06/23/2003 For Paperwork Reduction Act Notice, see separate instructions. cat. No. 637735 Form 8038-G (Rev. 9-2o11) Type of Issue (enter the issue price). See the instructions and attach schedule. 11 Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 12 Health and hospital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 13 Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 14 Public safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 15 Environment (including sewage bonds) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 16 Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 17 Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 18 Other. Describe ► VARIOS EDUCATIONAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT & CIVIC IMPROVEMENT PROJETS 1 18 1 7,799,196 19 If obligations are TANS or RANs, check only box 19a . . . . . . . . . . . . . ► ❑ if obligations are BANS, check only box 19b . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ► ❑ 20 If obligations are in the form of a lease or installment sale, check box . . . . . . . . ► ❑ Description of Obligations. Complete for the entire issue for which this form is being filed. (a) Final maturity date (b) Issue price (c) Stated redemption at maturity (d) Weightedprice average maturity (e) Yield 21 02/15/2028 7,799,196 7,375,000 9.28 years 2.3396 Uses of Proceeds of Bond Issue (including underwriters' discount) 22 Proceeds used for accrued interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 -0- 23 Issue price of entire issue (enter amount from line 21, column (b)) . . . . . . 23 7,799,196 24 Proceeds used for bond issuance costs (including underwriters' discount) . . 24 147,715 25 Proceeds used for credit enhancement . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 .0- 26 Proceeds allocated to reasonably required reserve or replacement fund . 26 .0- 27 . Proceeds used to currently refund prior issues . . . . . . . . . 27 .0- 28 Proceeds used to advance refund prior issues . . . . . . . . . 28 7,650,305 29 Total (add lines 24 through 28) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 7,798,020 30 Nonrefunding proceeds of the issue (subtract line 29 from line 23 and enter amount here) 30 1,176 97 Ma Description of Refunded Bonds. Complete this part only for refunding bonds. 31 Enter the remaining weighted average maturity of the bonds to be currently refunded . . . . ► NIA years 32 Enter the remaining weighted average maturity of the bonds to be advance refunded . . . . ► 10.09 years 33 Enter the last date on which the refunded bonds will be called (MM/DD/YYY`1) . . . . . . ► 05/01/2014 34 Enter the date(s) the refunded bonds were issued ► (MM/DD/YYYY) 0212712002; 06/23/2003 For Paperwork Reduction Act Notice, see separate instructions. cat. No. 637735 Form 8038-G (Rev. 9-2o11) WESTLAKE, TEXAS (TOWN OF) EIN: 75-2449357 Form 8038-G (Rev. 9-2011) Page 2 35 Enter the amount of the state volume cap allocated to the issue under section 141(b)(5) . . .35 -0. 36a Enter the amount of gross proceeds invested or to be invested in a guaranteed investment contract (GIC) (see instructions) . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36» .p. b Enter the final maturity date of the GIC lo. c Enter the name of the GIC provider ► 37 Pooled financings: Enter the amount of the proceeds of this issue that are to be used to make loans to other governmental units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 0- 38a If this issue is a loan made from the proceeds of another tax-exempt issue, check box ► ❑ and enter the following information: b Enter the date of the master pool obligation ► c Enter the EIN of the issuer of the master pool obligation 10- d d Enter the name of the issuer of the master pool obligation Do - 39 39 If the issuer has designated the issue under section 265(b)(3)(6)(i)(III) (small issuer exception), check box . . . . ► ❑✓ 40 If the issuer has elected to pay a penalty in lieu of arbitrage rebate, check box . . . . . . . . . . . . . ► ❑ 41a If the issuer has identified a hedge, check here ► ❑ and enter the following information: b Name of hedge provider ► c Type of hedge Po- d d Term of hedge No - 42 42 If the issuer has superintegrated the hedge, check box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ► ❑ 43 If the issuer has established written procedures to ensure that all nonqualified bonds of this issue are remediated according to the requirements under the Code and Regulations (see instructions), check box . . . . . . . . ► ❑ 44 If the issuer has established written procedures to monitor the requirements of section 148, check box . . . . . ► ❑ 45a If some portion of the proceeds was used to reimburse expenditures, check here ► ❑ and enter the amount of reimbursement . . . . . . . . . 10- b b Enter the date the official intent was adopted 0 - Under Under penalties of perjury, I declare that I have examined this return and accompanying schedules and statements, and to the best of my knowledge Signature and belief, they are true, correct, and complete. 1 further declare that I consent to the IRS's disclosure of the issuer's return information, as necessary to and p7ocesEgnis return, to thapers t I have authorized above. Consent t 12!2012011 t Signature of Issuer's authorized re sentative Date Type or print name and tile Paid rnnv i ype preparer's name rCheck ❑ if rep si naru uare r i uv 12!20/2011 self-employed P01067358 Preparer STEFANO TAVERNA Use Only P'in's name ► MCCALL, PARKHUR TO L..P, Firm's EIN ► 75.0799392 Firm's address ► 717 N. HARWOOD, SUITE 900, DALLAS, TX 75201 Phone no. 214.754.9200 Form 8038-6 (Rev. 9-2011) Postal MAILT,., RECEIPT Er I (Domestic Mail Only; No insurance Coverage Provided)CERTIFIED ru Ln �,. &;;;�yyys jw— LU Er Postage $ 1 N S Certified Fee St � Return Receipt Fee ifs Postmai� 1 Q� Here ? , l C3 Q (Endorsement Required) i> c� a01 M Restricted Delivery Fee (Endorsement Required) Total Postage & Fees $ Sent ToInternal Revenue Service enter j r-R Street. Apt. �l ta� V � -------------- -------------------- 0 gden, or PO Box Ml . I t. ---------------------- ------------------------ l i r1 a i /f Westlake, Texas November 16, 2011 U.S. Bank National Association 14241 Dallas Parkway, Suite 490 Dallas, Texas 75254 Re: $7,375,000 Town of Westlake, Texas, General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 Ladies and Gentlemen: The Issuer and the Purchaser of the captioned Bonds have designated your bank as the place, and as their agent, for the delivery and payment of the Bonds. The Bonds, which initially have been issued as a single fully registered Bond payable in installments, will be sent to you in the near future, together with a certified copy of the Ordinance authorizing the issuance of the Bonds. Upon your receipt of the final unqualified approving legal opinion of McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P., Attorneys at Law, 717 North Harwood Street, Suite 900, Dallas, Texas 75201 as to the validity of the Bonds, you are authorized and directed to deliver the Bonds to the Purchaser thereof, to -wit: SOUTHWEST SECURITIES, INC. when you have received payment for the Bonds, in immediately available funds, in the sum of $7,799,196.00, as set forth in the attached closing memorandum. You are further authorized and directed to cause the proceeds of the above -referenced Bonds to be distributed and deposited, and the Bonds to be delivered to the Purchaser and the closing documents to be dated and distributed, in accordance with the attached Closing Memorandum Enclosed herewith is one signedbut undated copy of each of the General and No -Litigation Certificate, Closing Certificate and Issuer's Receipt of Payment for said Bonds. You are hereby authorized and directed to date all copies of each of said documents concurrently with the date of delivery and payment for the Bonds. If any litigation or contest should develop or be filed, or if any event should occur, or any knowledge should come to our attention, which would change or affect the veracity of the statements and representations contained in any of said documents, the undersigned will notify you thereof immediately by telephone. With this assurance you can rely on the absence of any such litigation, contest, event, or knowledge, and on the veracity and currency of each of said documents at the time of delivery of and payment for the Bonds, unless you are notified otherwise as aforesaid. After all copies of each of said documents have been dated in accordance with the foregoing instructions, please send all of them to McCall, Parkhurst & Horton. Sincerely, TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS By: Mayo To: Lawrence Financial Consulting LLC Registered Municipal Advisor & Texas Securities Dealer 9311 Loma Vista Drive Dallas, Texas 75243-7411 Tom Brymer Debbie Piper Scott Dixon Leroy Grawunder Kit Caldwell Julie Villarreal Bobby Lewellen Zula Brown Tanya Fischer Israel Lugo Caresse Tankersley Stephanie Seroogy Dana Johnson From: Tom Lawrence (214) 340-1954 (Phone) (214)343-3456 (Fax) Closing Memorandum Town of Westlake Town of Westlake Town of Westlake McCall Parkhurst Southwest Securities Southwest Securities Southwest Securities Southwest Securities Andrews Kurth LLP U.S. Bank N.A. BNY Mellon Grant Thornton LLP First Financial Bank Lawrence Financial 817-490-5720 (ph) 817-490-5712 (ph) 817-490-5734 (ph) 214-754-9201(ph) 505-563-5860(ph) 214-859-9460(ph) 214-859-9466(ph) 214-859-9464(ph) 713-220-3915 (ph) 972-458-4505 (ph) 214-468-6543 (ph) 612-677-5109 (ph) 817-329-8606(ph) 214-340-1954 (ph) 817-430-1812 (fax) 817-430-1812 (fax) 817-430-1812(fax) 214-754-9250(fax) 505-563-5861 (fax) 214-859-6059 (fax) 214-859-6699(fax) 214-859-6059 (fax) 713-238-7483 (fax) 972-789-9605 (fax) 214-468-6522(fax) 612-332-8984 (fax) 817-329-8612 (fax) 214-343-3456(fax) Re: $7,375,000 Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 Date: December 20, 2011 The purpose of this memorandum is to describe certain events and transfers which will occur on December 20, 2011 (the "Closing" or "Closing Date") with respect to the above captioned General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 (the "Bonds") being issued by the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Town"). The Closing will take place at 10:00 AM, Central Time, at the offices of the Paying Agent/Registrar for the Bonds (the "Paying Agent"), U.S. Bank National Association, 14241 Dallas Parkway, Suite 490, Dallas, Texas 75254, Attention: Israel Lugo, 972-458-4505 (phone). I. Registration of Bonds The Bonds will be initially issued utilizing the Book -Entry -Only System of The Depository Trust Company ("DTC'), and will be in fully registered definitive form, payable to Cede & Co., as nominee for DTC. By December 15, 2011, Southwest Securities, Inc., the underwriter for the Bonds (the "Underwriter"), shall provide registration information to the Paying Agent. Additionally, prior to the Closing, the initial Bond in the name of the Underwriter (the "Initial Bond") will be prepared by McCall, Parkhurst & Horton L.L.P. ("Bond Counsel") and delivered to the Attorney General for approval. Upon approval by the Attorney General, the Initial Bond will be registered by the Comptroller of Public Accounts to the State of Texas and delivered by Bond Counsel to the Paying Agent no later than the Closing Date. II. Payment of Purchase Price Pursuant to the terms of a Purchase Agreement dated November 16, 2011, the Underwriter shall wire transfer, on the Closing Date, the total purchase price for the Bonds in the amount of $7,748,505.93 (representing the original par amount of the Bonds, plus $424,195.85 of original issue premium, less $50,689.92 of Underwriter's discount) to the Paying Agent, as follows: To: U.S. Bank National Association ABA: 091000022 Account Name: U.S. Bank Trust N.A. Account No: 180121167365 FFC: Westlake Bond 2011 Attn: Israel Lugo (972-458-4505) Upon receipt of the full purchase price by the Paying Agent, the Town will promptly return the good faith check to Bobby Lewellen, Southwest Securities, Inc., 1201 Elm Street, Suite 3500, Dallas, Texas 75270, 214-859-9464 (phone). III. Disbursements by the Paying Agent The Paying Agent shall disburse the purchase price (totaling $7,748,505.93) in accordance with the following instructions: A. Transfer to Escrow Agent. As authorized by the Ordinance, there is an Escrow Agreement between the Town and The Bank of New York Mellon, N.A. (the "Escrow Agent"). In accordance with the Ordinance and the Escrow Agreement, the Paying Agent shall wire transfer $7,662,654.76 to the Escrow Agent for deposit to the Escrow Fund established therein, as follows: To: The Bank of New York Mellon, N.A. ABA: 021000018 Account No: 211065 FFC: TAS 441705 Reference: Westlake 2002 & 2003 Attn: Caresse Tankersley (214-468-6543) 2 B. Issuance Costs. The Paying Agent shall retain $300.00 to cover its initial Paying Agent fee. The remaining $85,551.17 shall be used to pay the remaining costs of issuing the Bonds upon receipt of invoices therefor (with wire transfer instructions), including: (1) Bond Counsel fees and expenses (including Attorney General fee), (2) Financial Advisor fee and expenses (including Official Statement printing and shipping charges), (3) Verification Accountant fee, and (4) Rating Agency fee. Invoices should be submitted to the Paying Agent, Attention: Israel Lugo, israel.lugo@usbank.com (e-mail), 972-789-9605 (fax), with a copy to Tom Lawrence, tlawrence@ltctexas.com (e-mail), 214-343-3456 (fax). Funds remaining as of December 29, 2011, if any, shall be transferred to the Town, and the Town shall deposit such funds into the interest and sinking fund established for the Bonds in accordance with the Ordinance. Thereafter remaining expenses, if any, shall be submitted directly to the Town for payment. IV. Disbursements by the Escrow Agent The Escrow Agent shall disburse the $7,662,654.76 received in accordance with section III -A above, as follows: A. Deposit to Escrow Fund. $7,650,304.76 shall be deposited to the Escrow Fund for the purpose of defeasing/redeeming the Town's outstanding Combination Tax & Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2002 (2015, 2024 maturities) and Combination Tax & Limited Pledge Revenue Certificates of Obligation, Series 2003 (2017, 2018, 2023 and 2028 maturities) (collectively, the "Refunded Obligations"). Immediately following such deposit, the Escrow Agent shall wire transfer $7,650,304.00 of such amount to the United States Treasury for the purchase of the State & Local Government Series ("SLGS") Securities applied for in connection with the advance refunding of the Refunded Obligations, as follows: Sender ABA: Sender Name: Receiver ABA: Receiver Name: Type Code: Amount: Bus. Function Code: Originator Name: Beneficiary Name: Originator To Beneficiary Info: FI to FI Info: 021000018 The Bank of New York Mellon, N.A. 051036476 TREAS BPD SIB 1000 $7,650,304.00 BTR The Bank of New York Mellon, N.A. Town of Westlake, Texas 12/20/2011 75-2449357 B. Publication of Redemption Notice. $9,500.00 shall be available to the Escrow Agent to the Escrow Agent to pay the cost of publishing Notice of Redemption of the Refunded Obligations in The Bond Buyer, as well as to mail Notice of Redemption, all in accordance with the notice requirements of the ordinances authorizing the Refunded Obligations. Any portion of such amount remaining after payment of the foregoing expenses shall be returned to the Town, and the Town shall deposit such funds into the interest and sinking fund established for the Bonds in accordance with the Ordinance. C. Escrow Agent Fees. The Esc Escrow Agent fee ($2,250.00) Obligations ($600.00). V. Release of Bonds ..ow Agent shall retain $2,850.00 to cover its and call fee as paying agent for the Refunded Immediately upon receipt of the purchase price for the Bonds (see Section 11 above) and approval of the Closing by Bond Counsel, all the closing documents will be dated the Closing Date and the Paying Agent will cancel the Initial Bond. Bonds in "book -entry - only" form will be released by the Paying Agent to the Underwriter by contacting DTC at 212-855-3752. 4 Westlake, Texas November 16, 2011 The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. 2001 Bryan Street, 11th Floor Dallas, Texas 75201 Re: $7,375,000 Town of Westlake, Texas, General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 Ladies and Gentlemen: The Issuer has designated The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. (the 'Bank") as escrow agent pursuant to that certain Escrow Agreement dated December 1, 2011 (the "Escrow Agreement"), between the Issuer and the Bank. As Escrow Agent, you are hereby instructed to disburse funds you will receive with respect to the captioned Bond pursuant to the terms and provisions of Escrow Agreement, as follows: (a) Pay for the purchase of the United States Treasury Obligations the sum of $7,650,304.00. (b) Deposit cash into the Escrow Fund established by the Escrow Agreement, for a beginning cash balance, the sum of $0.76. Sincerely, TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS i ESCROW AGENT'S RECEIPT AND CERTIFICATION The undersigned representative of The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. (the "Escrow Agent"), acting for and on behalf of the Escrow Agent, hereby acknowledges receipt by the Escrow Agent of the Beginning Cash Balance and the Escrowed Securities set forth in Exhibit B to the Escrow Agreement dated as of December 1, 2011, between the Town of Westlake, Texas, and the Escrow Agent with respect to the Town of Westlake, Texas, General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011, and certifies that (A) all funds required by the Escrow Agreement to be deposited in the Escrow Fund have been so deposited, and (B) all of the Escrow Agent's compensation for its services as Escrow Agent and all of its fees, charges, costs, and expenses with respect to defeasance and payment of the Refunded Obligations have been paid in full or otherwise provided for. EXECUTED THIS December 70 70 11 THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON TRUST COMPANY, N.A. as Escrow Agent 7"!ZSodiat81-1— Title: ISSUER'S RECEIPT OF PAYMENT The undersigned hereby certifies the following information: (a) This certificate is executed and delivered with reference to the Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 (the "Obligations"), issued by Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Town" (b) The undersigned is the duly chosen, qualified and acting officer of the Town hereinafter indicated. (c) The Obligations have been duly delivered to the purchaser thereof, Southwest Securities, Inc., as set forth in the ordinance authorizing the issuance and sale of the Obligations. (d) The Obligations have been paid for in full by said purchaser concurrently with the delivery of this certificate, and the Town has received, and hereby acknowledges receipt of, the agreed purchase price for the Obligations. EXECUTED AND DELIVERED this December 20, 2011 Town Manager Town of Westlake, Texa NO. R-_ INTEREST RATE REGISTERED OWNER: PRINCIPAL AMOUNT: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA STATE OF TEXAS TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS GENERAL OBLIGATION REFUNDING BOND SERIES 2011 DELIVERY DATE MATURITY DA7 A no ON THE MATURITY DATE specified above, the To f e, in Tarrant and Denton Counties, Texas, (the "Issuer"), being a political subdivisi dm ici al c oration of the State of Texas, hereby promises to pay to the Registered Owner speci%ed a ove, ered assigns (hereinafter called the "Registered Owner"), on the Maturity Date specified bove, th incipal ount specified above. The Issuer 41 promises to pay interest on the unpaid principal a nt hereof (c ed on the basis of a 360 -day year of twelve 30 -day months) from the Delivery Date above Rat er annum specified above. Interest is payable on February 15, 2012 and semiannually on ea st 1 and February 15 thereafter to the Maturity Date specified above, or the date of rede* n prior ity; except, if this Bond is required to be authenticated and the date of its authent' on i ter than first Record Date (hereinafter defined), such principal amount shall bear interest frofn the interest Nyme t date next preceding the date of authentication, unless such date of authentication is aft any Record date, in which case such principal amou shall bear provided, however, that if on t date a t tica ;e but on or before the next following interest payment Test from such next following interest payment date; hereof the interest on the Bond or Bonds, if any, for which this Bond is being exc due not been paid, then this Bond shall bear interest from the date to which such interest as leen paid full. THE PRINC�AW OF ANDZNT ST ON this Bond are payable in lawful money of the United States of America, withoutxchan e o ollection charges. The principal of this Bond shall be paid to the registered owner on present on and surrender of this Bond at maturity, or upon the date fixed for its redemption for turity, at ,the principal corporate trust office of U.S. Bank National Association, Dallas, Texa which is e "Paying Agent/Registrar" for this Bond. The payment of interest on this Bond shall be made b in Agent/Registrar to the registered owner hereof on each interest payment date by check or draft, to of such interest payment date, drawn by the Paying Agent/Registrar on, and payable solely from, ds of Issuer required by the ordinance authorizing the issuance of this Bond (the "Bond Ord' c to be on� tisit with the Paying Agent/Registrar for such purpose as hereinafter provided; and s h chec shall be sent by the Paying Agent/Registrar by United States mail, first-class postage repaid, o ch s h interest payment date, to the registered owner hereof, at its address as it appeared on the last business day f the month preceding each such date (the "Record Date") on the Registration Books kept by the Payin gent/Registrar, as hereinafter described. In addition, interest may be paid by such other method, acceptable to the Paying Agent/Registrar, requested by, and at the risk and expense of, the registered owner. In the event of a non-payment of interest on a scheduled payment date, and for 30 days thereafter, a new record date for such interest payment (a "Special Record Date") will be establishe44er. the Paying Agent/Registrar, if and when funds for the payment of such interest have been received from t Notice of the Special Record Date and of the scheduled payment date of the past due interest (which shall b days after the Special Record Date) shall be sent at least five business days prior to the Special Record -D y United States mail, first-class postage prepaid, to the address of each owner of a Bond appearing e Registration Books at the close of business on the last business day next preceding tke date of mailing of such notice. A, _ ANY ACCRUED INTEREST due at maturity or upon the redXg Vpent, rfo maturity as provided herein shall be paid to the registered owner upon presenhis Bond for payment or redemption at the principal corporate trust office of the The Issuer covenants with the registered owner of this Bond that on or before e h principand interest payment date for this Bond it will make available to the Paying Agenjo frt and Sinking Fund" created by the Bond Ordinance the amounts required to ro e for timmediately available funds, of all principal of and interest on the Bonds, when�u, IF THE DATE for any payment of the princip r inter t ons Bond shall be a Saturday, Sunday, a legal holiday or a day on which banking inti w re the principal corporate trust office of the Paying Agent/Registrar is located are au horize law or cutive order to close, then the date for such payment shall be the next succeeding dayat is not suZika S rday, Sunday, legal holiday or day on which banking institutions are authorized to close;d payment o uch date shall have the same force and effect as if made on the original date payment kas du THIS BOND is one of a series of nds�ted Dece er 1, 2011, authorized in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the State of T as in thrilVipal ount of $7,375,000 for the public purposes of providing funds for refunding certain connection with the issuance of the B multiple of $5,000), to the date fixed for, of the Issuer, and to pay the costs incurred in NOWPhereafter, the Bonds of this series may be redeemed prior of the Issuer, with funds derived from any available and lawful the particular Bonds, or portions thereof, to be redeemed shall ded that a portion of a Bond may be redeemed only in an integral Iual to the principal amount to be redeemed plus accrued interest HE TIVE OF MAILING of notice of optional redemption there shall not have either been ie PaAg Agent/Registrar or legally authorized escrow agent immediately available funds em all the Bonds called for redemption, such notice may state that it is conditional, and is %it of the redemption moneys with the Paying Agent/Registrar or legally authorized escrow to the redemption date. If such redemption is not effectuated, the Paying Agent/Registrar ilays)hereafter, give notice in the manner in which the notice of redemption was given that of so received and shall rescind the redemption. ;T 30 days prior to the date fixed for any redemption of Bonds or portions thereof prior to notice of such redemption shall be sent by the Paying Agent/Registrar by United States mail, prepaid, at least 30 days prior to the date fixed for any such redemption, to the registered owner of each Bond to be redeemed at its address as it appeared on the 45th day prior to such *reption date; provided, however, that the failure of the registered owner to receive such notice, or any deerein or in the sending or mailing thereof, shall not affect the validity or effectiveness of the proceedings for the re ption of any Bond. By the date fixed for any such redemption due provision shall be made with the g Agent/Registrar for the payment of the required redemption price for the Bonds or portions th at- o be so redeemed. If such written notice of redemption is sent and if due provision f®r su payment is made, all as provided above, the Bonds or portions thereof that are to be so redeemed thereby auto tically hall be treated as redeemed prior to their scheduled maturities, and they shall not bear ' erest;after the Wixed for redemption, and they shall not be regarded as being outstanding except for t ri of the iste d owner to receive the redemption price from the Paying Agent/Registrar out of the pro for payment. If a portion of any Bond shall be redeemed, a substitute Bond or Bonds h s e y date, bearing interest at the same rate, in any denomination or denominations in any ' tegral multi of $ 5 00, at the written request of the registered owner, and in aggregate principal amoun ual to the ued portion thereof, will be issued to the registered owner upon the surrender thereof fo Ilation, at t expense of the Issuer, all as provided in the Bond Ordinance. , ALL BONDS OF THIS SERIES are issuable solely as fu reg ered bonds, without interest coupons, in the denomination of any integral multiple of $5,000. A d ' the Bond Ordinance, this Bond may, at the request of the registered owner or t7cip ssigne r ass, hereof, be assigned, transferred, converted into and exchanged for a like aggregate al amou of ly registered Bonds, without interest coupons, payable to the appropriate registered owner, ssigne ora gnees, as the case may be, having the same denomination or denominations in any 4ntegr tiple o $5,000 as requested in writing by the appropriate registered owner, assignee or assignees, as t y be, upon surrender of this Bond to the Paying Agent/Registrar for cancellation, all in accordance the form and procedures set forth in the Bond Ordinance. Among other requirement for such assi e and transfer, this Bond must be presented and surrendered to the Paying Agent/Regi ar, together wi proper instruments of assignment, in form and with guarantee of signatures satisfactory to Paying Agen Registrar, evidencing assignment of this Bond or any portion or portions hereof in any inte 1 _ ltiple o 5,000 to the assignee or assignees in whose name or names this Bond or any such ortiW or or reof is or are to be registered. The form of Assignment printed or endorsed on this n may betexecuted by the registered owner to evidence the assignment hereof, but such method is no exclul ve, and other instruments of assignment satisfactory to the Paying Agent/Registrar may, b o evidence t assignment of this Bond or any portion or portions hereof from time to time by the re stere wner. The aying Agent/Registrar's reasonable standard or customary fees and charges for assigni nsferring, con rting and exchanging any Bond or portion thereof will be paid by the Issuer. In any c' rn e, any tars or governmental charges required to be paid with respect thereto shall be paid by th ne requ ing such assignment, transfer, conversion or exchange, as a condition precedent to the exercis ch pr' ilege. The Paying Agent/Registrar shall not be required to make any such transfer, conversi , c a ge (i) during the period commencing with the close of business on any Record Date and ending ith the o ing of b4siness on the next following principal or interest payment date, or (ii) with respect to and or any portion thereof called for redemption prior to maturity, within 45 days prior to its THE NT any Paying Agent/Registrar for the Bonds is changed by the Issuer, resigns, or o ,se cease o act as su ch,se cech, the Issuer has covenanted in the Bond Ordinance that it promptly will appoint aco nd legally qualified substitute therefor, and cause written notice thereof to be mailed to the re2istere ers of the Bonds. IT IS HEREBY certified, recited and covenanted that this Bond has been duly and vali authorized, issued and delivered; that all acts, conditions and things required or proper to be performed, Id be done precedent to or in the authorization, issuance and delivery of this Bond have been performed, existed d been done in accordance with law; and that annual ad valorem taxes sufficient to provide for the pa. e interest on and principal of this Bond, as such interest comes due and such principal matures, hav led and ordered to be levied against all taxable property in said Issuer, and have been pledged for such payment, within the limit prescribed by law. A under some (but not all) circumstances amendments thereto must be majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Bonds. BY BECOMING the registered owner of this Bond, the registered owner the terms and provisions of the Bond Ordinance, agrees to bei bound by s acknowledges that the Bond Ordinance is duly recorded and availabl records of the governing body of the Issuer, and agrees that the terms Ordinance constitute a contract between each registered oA&Where ;e asp ided)herein, and egis owners of a i; acknowledges all of h erms and provisions, the official minutes and of this Bond and the Bond IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Issuer has caused this Bond to be signed with the manuor facsimile signature of the Mayor of the Issuer (or in his absence, the Mayor Pro Tem) and countersignedAR4.he manual or facsimile signature of the Town Secretary of said Issuer, and has caused the official seal of the Iss to be duly impressed, or placed in facsimile, on this Bond. (Signature) Town Secretary PAYING AGENT/REGISTRAR'S AUTHENTICATION CERTIFICATE (To be executed if this Bond is not accompanied by an executed Registration Certificate of the Comptroller of Public Accounts of the State of Texas) It is hereby certified that this Bond has been issued under the provisions 94M Boncc described in the text of this Bond; and that this Bond has been issued in conversion or replacement of, or in exchange for, a Bond, Bonds, or a portion of a Bond or Bonds of a series that originally was akprove4 by the Attorney General of the State of Texas and registered by the Comptroller of P lic Accounts o State of . Texas Dated: For value received, the undersigned U.S. BANK ATION Dallas, Te as Paying Te 4 NN ASSIG ENT (Pleas&print clear Transferee's Social Security or TaxpaTer Ident Transferee's name and address"inchiding zip c Number: unto: the within Bond an ri is ,, thereunder, and hereby irrevocably constitutes and appoints attorney, to register the transfer of the within Bond on the books k gistration thereof, with full power of substitution in the premises. Dated: Signatur - P '40% N014 r Fpsigna e(s) must be guaranteed by an NOTICE: The signature above must correspond with eligib eguara r institution participating in a the name of the registered owner as it appears upon securiti sfer association recognized signature the front of this Bond in every particular, without guarantee ogram. alteration or enlargement or any change whatsoever. ANDREWS ATTORNEYS K U 1 H LLP December 20, 2011 Southwest Securities 6565 Americas Parkway NE Ste 239 Albuquerque, NM 87110 600 Travis, Suite 4200 Houston, Texas 77002 713.220.4200 Phone 713.220.4285 Fax andrewskurth.com Re: $7,375,000 Town of Westlake, Texas General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 Ladies and Gentlemen: We have served as counsel to you, as the Underwriter, in your purchase of the captioned bonds (the "Bonds") issued by the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Town"). In that connection, we have reviewed (1) the ordinance adopted by the Town Council of the Town on November 14, 2011 (the "Ordinance"), authorizing the issuance of the Bonds and containing other matters, (2) the Preliminary Official Statement for the Bonds, dated November 8, 2011, and (3) the Official Statement for the Bonds, dated November 16, 2011. Based on (1) our review of the documents described above, (2) our discussions with bond counsel and with you, (3) our review of the documents, certificates, opinions and other instruments delivered at the closing of the sale of the Bonds on the date hereof and (4) such other matters as we deem relevant, we are of the opinion that the Bonds are exempt securities under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "1933 Act"), and the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended (the "Trust Indenture Act"), and it is not necessary, in connection with the offering and sale of the Bonds, to register the Bonds under the 1933 Act and the Ordinance is not required to be qualified under the Trust Indenture Act. In addition, based upon our participation in the preparation of the Official Statement and our participation at conferences at which the Official Statement was discussed, which does not include our independent inquiry or investigation into the accuracy, completeness or fairness of the statements contained therein, no facts have come to our attention to lead us to believe that the Official Statement (except for any financial, forecast, technical and statistical statements and data included in the Official Statement and the information regarding The Depository Trust Company and its book -entry system, in each case as to which no view need be expressed), as of its date or as of the date hereof, contained or contains any untrue statement of a material fact, or omitted or omits to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading. This opinion may be relied upon only by you. 7867/7866 HOU:3177788.1 Austin Dallas Very truly yours, 1,1,41 11 C Houston London Los Angeles New York The Woodlands Washington, DC 600 CONGRESS AVENUE SUITE 1800 AUSTIN, TEXAS 78701-3248 TELEPHONE: 512 478-3805 FACSIMILE: $12 472-0871 - LAW OFFICES MCCALL PARKHURST & HORTON L.L.P. 717 NORTH HARWOOD SUITE 900 DALLAS, TEXAS 75201-6587 TELEPHONE: 214 754-9200 FACSIMILE: 214 754-9250 December 20, 2011 700 N. ST. MARY'S STREET SUITE 1525 SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS 78205-3503 TELEPHONE: 210 225- 2800 FACSIMILE: 210 225- 2984 TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS GENERAL OBLIGATION REFUNDING BONDS, SERIES 2011 DATED DECEMBER 1, 2011 IN THE AGGREGATE PRINCIPAL AMOUNT OF $7,375,000 AS BOND COUNSEL FOR THE TOWN OF WESTLAKE, TEXAS, (the "Issuer") in connection with the issuance of the General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011, described above (the "Bonds"), we have examined into the legality and validity of the Bonds, which bear interest from the dates and mature on the dates, and are subject to redemption, in accordance with the terms and conditions stated in the text of the Bonds. Terms used herein and not otherwise defined shall have the meaning given in the ordinance of the Issuer authorizing the issuance and sale of the Bonds (the "Ordinance"). WE HAVE EXAMINED the applicable and pertinent provisions of the Constitution and laws of the State of Texas, a transcript of certified proceedings of the Issuer, and other pertinent instruments authorizing and relating to the issuance of the Bonds, including one of the executed Bonds (Bond Number T-1). BASED ON SAID EXAMINATION, IT IS OUR OPINION that the Bonds have been duly authorized, issued and delivered in accordance with law; and except as may be limited by laws applicable to the Issuer relating to bankruptcy, reorganization and other similar matters affecting creditors' rights generally or by general principles of equity which permit the exercise of judicial discretion, the Bonds constitute valid and legally binding obligations of the Issuer; and that ad valorem taxes sufficient to provide for the payment of the interest on and principal of said Bonds have been levied and pledged for such purpose, within the limit prescribed by law, as provided in the Ordinance. IT IS FURTHER OUR OPINION, except as discussed below, that the interest on the Bonds is excludable from the gross income of the owners for federal income tax purposes under the statutes, regulations, published rulings, and court decisions existing on the date of this opinion. We are further of the opinion that the Bonds are not "specified private activity bonds" and that, accordingly, interest on the Bonds. will not be included as an individual or corporate alternative minimum tax preference item under section 57(a)(5) of the Internal. Revenue Code of 1986 (the "Code"). In expressing the aforementioned opinions, we have relied on, certain representations, the accuracy of which we have not independently verified, and assume compliance with certain covenants, regarding the use and investment of the proceeds of the Bonds and the use of the property financed therewith. We call your attention to the fact that if such representations are determined to be inaccurate or upon a failure by the Issuer to comply with such covenants, interest on the Bonds may become includable in gross income retroactively to the date of issuance of the Bonds. EXCEPT AS STATED ABOVE, we express no opinion as to any other federal, state, or local tax consequences of acquiring, carrying, owning, or disposing of the Bonds. WE CALL YOUR ATTENTION TO THE FACT that the interest on tax-exempt obligations, such as the Bonds, is included in a corporation's alternative minimum taxable income for purposes of determining the alternative minimum tax imposed on corporations by section 55 of the Code. WE EXPRESS NO OPINION'as to any insurance policies issued with respect to the payments due for the principal of and interest on the Bonds, nor as to any such insurance policies issued in the future. OUR SOLE ENGAGEMENT in connection with the issuance of the Bonds is as Bond Counsel for the Issuer, and, in that capacity, we have been engaged by the Issuer for the sole purpose of rendering an opinion with respect to the legality and validity of the Bonds under the Constitution and laws of the State of Texas, and with respect to the exclusion from gross income of the interest on the Bonds for federal income tax purposes, and for no other reason or purpose. The foregoing opinions represent our legal judgment based upon a review of existing legal authorities that we deem relevant to render such opinions and are not a guarantee of a result. We have not been requested to investigate or verify, and have not independently investigated or verified any records, data, or other material relating to the financial condition or capabilities of the Issuer, or the disclosure thereof in connection with the sale of the Bonds, and have not assumed any responsibility with respect thereto. We express no opinion and make no comment with respect to the marketability of the Bonds and have relied solely on certificates executed by officials of the Issuer as to the current outstanding indebtedness of, and assessed valuation of taxable property within the Issuer. Our role in connection with the Issuer's Official Statement prepared for use in connection with the sale of the Bonds has been limited as described therein. OUR OPINIONS ARE BASED ON EXISTING LAW, which is subject to change. Such opinions are further.,based on our knowledge of facts as of the date hereof. We assume no duty to update or supplement our opinions to reflect any facts or circumstances that may thereafter come to our attention or to reflect any changes in any law that may thereafter occur or become effective. Moreover, our opinions are not a guarantee of result and are not binding on the Internal Revenue Service (the "Service"); rather, such opinions represent our legal judgment based upon our review of existing law and in reliance upon the representations and covenants referenced above that we deem relevant to such opinions. The Service has an ongoing audit program to determine compliance with rules that relate to whether interest on state or local obligations is includable in gross income for federal income tax purposes. No assurance can be given whether or not the Service will commence an audit of the Bonds. If an audit is commenced, in accordance with its current published procedures the Service is likely to treat the Issuer as the taxpayer. We observe that the Issuer has covenanted not to take any action, or omit to take any action within its control, that if taken or omitted, respectively, may result in the treatment of interest on the Bonds as includable in gross income for federal income tax purposes. Respectfully, dN�C.�li��ik�f'l�vi� a t.�✓ LAW OFFICES MCALL, PARKHURST & HORTON L.L.P. 600 CONGRESS AVENUE SUITE 1800 AUSTIN, TEXAS 78701-3248 TELEPHONE: 512 478-3805 FAC51 M I LE: 512.472- 0871 Town of Westlake, Texas 3 Village Circle, Suite 202 Westlake, Texas 76262 Southwest Securities, Inc. 6565 Americas Parkway NE, Suite 239 Albuquerque, New Mexico 87110 717 NORTH HARWOOD SUITE 900 DALLAS, TEXAS 75201-6587 TELEPHONE: 214 754-9200 FACSIMILE: 214 754-9250 December 20, 2011 700 N. ST. MARY'S STREET SUITE 1525 SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS 78205-3503 TELEPHONE: 210 225-2800 FACSIMILE: 210225-2984 Re: $7,375,000 Town of Westlake, Texas, General Obligation Refunding Bonds, Series 2011 Ladies and Gentlemen: This supplemental opinion is being rendered to you pursuant to paragraph 6(i)(6) of that certain Purchase Contract dated November 16, 2011, between the Town of Westlake, Texas (the "Issuer"), and Southwest Securities, Inc. (the "Underwriter"), relating to the sale by the Issuer to the Underwriter of the above described obligations (the "Bonds"), issued under and pursuant to an ordinance adopted by the City Council of the Issuer on November 14, 2011 (the "Bond Ordinance"), and a Pricing Certificate executed and delivered; November 16, 2011 (collectively, the "Ordinance"). We have examined such documents and satisfied ourselves as to such matters as we have deemed necessary in order to enable us to express the opinions set forth below. As to various questions of fact material to these opinions, we have relied upon representations of the Issuer relating to the Bonds. Based upon our examination, we are of the opinion, that: 1. The Bond Ordinance been duly adopted by the City Council and the Pricing Certificate has been duly executed by the Pricing Officer pursuant to the Bond Ordinance, and both of the foregoing documents are in full force and effect. 2. The Bonds are exempt securities that do not require registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "1933 Act") and the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended (the "Trust Indenture Act"), and it is not necessary, in connection with the offering and sale of the Bonds, to register the Bonds under the 1933; Act or to qualify the Ordinance under the Trust Indenture Act. 3. Except as otherwise specified herein, we have not verified, are not passing upon and do not assume any responsibility for the accuracy, completeness or fairness of the statements and information contained in the Official Statement. In our capacity as Bond Counsel for the Issuer, we have reviewed the statements and information contained in the Official Statement under the captions or subcaptions "PLAN OF FINANCING" (excluding the information under the subcaption "Sources and Uses of Funds"), "DESCRIPTION OF THE BONDS" (excluding the information under the subcaptions "Book -Entry -Only System" and "Bondholders' Remedies"), "LEGAL MATTERS" (excluding the last sentence of the first paragraph thereof), "TAX MATTERS," "OTHER MATTERS - Legal Investments and Eligibility to Secure Public Funds in Texas," "OTHER MATTERS - Registration and Qualification of Bonds for Sale" and "OTHER MATTERS - Continuing Disclosure of Information (excluding the information under the subcaption "Compliance with Prior Undertakings") and we are of the opinion that the information relating to the Bonds and the legal issues contained under such captions and subcaptions is an accurate and fair description of the laws and legal issues addressed therein and, with respect to the Bonds, such information conforms to the provisions of the Ordinance. This letter is furnished to you by us and is solely for your benefit and no one other than the Issuer and the Underwriter is entitled to rely upon this letter. Respectfully, M� cd, /-dh--Zg/�